By 1890, most (90.3%) African Americans remained in the South. The literacy rate had risen from 18.6% in 1870 to 42.9% in 1890, more reflective of progress in Black education in the North than in the former slave states of the South, where public school education remained defective through 1900. By 1900, twice as many acres were in cultivation compared to 1860. While 60% of American workers labored in agriculture in 1860, only 37% remained in that category by 1900, with their contribution to the American economy dropping from one-third to one-fourth. Over 50% of the white farmers and 75% of Black farmers had fallen into tenancy. Per capita income in the South changed little between 1880 and 1900. Death had erased the generation of militant activist leaders raised in slavery and anti-slavery protest. Sojourner Truth died in 1883. Henry Highland Garnet had died in 1882, shortly after arriving in Monrovia as the ambassador to Liberia. By 1885, Martin Delany died. In 1890 the Crafts’ left Woodville for Charleston, South Carolina to live with their daughter’s family. Ellen Craft died the following year. Mary Ann Shadd Cary died by the time of the Columbian Exposition in 1893. By 1895, the death of Frederick Douglass removed the leading spokesman for racial justice, integration, and equality. Just before his death, he lamented the conditions in America: “It sometimes seems we are denied the benefits of heaven and earth. . . . If the American conscience were only half alive, if the American church and clergy were only half Christianized, if American moral sensibility were not hardened by persistent infliction of outrage and crime against colored people, a scream of horror, shame, and indignation would rise to Heaven . . . “ The actual death of Frederick Douglass, leader of the nineteenth century, was the figurative death of militance and the pragmatic embrace of accommodation. The actual death of Frederick Douglass, leader of the nineteenth century, was the figurative death of militance and the pragmatic embrace of accommodation.
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Book Description Learning Solutions, 2007. Book Condition: New. Brand New, Unread Copy in Perfect Condition. A+ Customer Service! Summary: Chapter 13: Journey to the Nadir: 1877-1895 Chapter 14:Journey from Accommodation to Protest: 1895-1915 Chapter 15:Journey to the Cities: The Great Migration and Urbanization Chapter 16:Journey to Identity: The Shaping of Nationalism Chapter 17:Journey from Depression to New Deal Chapter 18:Journey to War, Racism and Freedom Chapter 19:Journey to the Mountain Top: Communism, Conservatism and Civil Rights: 1950-1965 Chapter 20:Journey to Liberation and Black Power: (1966-1980) Chapter 21:Journey to the Center (1980-2000): From the Reagan Revolution to the end of the 20st Century Chapter 22:The Millennium: Issues of Race, Class, Gender, Religion and Power Glossary of Terms: Journey II. Bookseller Inventory # ABE_book_new_0073387932
Book Description Learning Solutions. PAPERBACK. Book Condition: New. 0073387932 NEW BOOK! MIGHT HAVE SOME SLIGHT SHELF WEAR! NO CD OR ACCESS CODE!!! FAST SHIPPING! GREAT CUSTOMER SERVICE! ENERGETIC TEAM! HONDY. Bookseller Inventory # SKU1006116
Book Description Learning Solutions, 2007. Paperback. Book Condition: New. book. Bookseller Inventory # 0073387932
Book Description Learning Solutions, 2007. Paperback. Book Condition: New. 1. Bookseller Inventory # DADAX0073387932
Book Description McGraw-Hill Primis Custom Pub, 2007. Paperback. Book Condition: Brand New. 1st edition. 468 pages. 10.70x8.30x0.87 inches. In Stock. Bookseller Inventory # 0073387932