Recent years have seen an expansion in speciality uses of activated carbons including medicine, filtration, and the purification of liquids and gaseous media. Much of current research and information surrounding the nature and use of activated carbon is scattered throughout various literature, which has created the need for an up-to-date comprehensive and integrated review reference. In this book, special attention is paid to porosities in all forms of carbon, and to the modern-day materials which use activated carbons - including fibres, clothes, felts and monoliths. In addition, the use of activated carbon in its granular and powder forms to facilitate usage in liquid and gaseous media is explored. Activated Carbon will make essential reading for Material Scientists, Chemists and Engineers in academia and industry.
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A comprehensive review of the most important literature on activated carbon in one up-to-date, integrated resource.From the Back Cover:
With its immense capacity for adsorption from gas and liquid phases, activated carbon is a unique material. It occupies a special place in terms of producing a clean environment involving water purification as well as separations and purification in the chemical and associated industries. In these roles, it exhibits a remarkable efficiency. Effective use of activated carbon requires knowledge of the structure of its micro- and mesoporosity. Effective use also requires knowledge of the composition of the carbon surfaces on to which adsorption occurs and of the dynamics of adsorption to indicate its effectiveness in industrial use. Central to activated carbon are the activation processes which enhance original porosity, such processes using carbon dioxide, steam, zinc chloride, phosphoric acid and hydroxides of alkali metals. Mechanisms of the chemistry of these activation processes are set out. The concept of constituent graphitic crystallites within activated carbons is rejected. The concept of surface area is critically debated. This book, essentially, elaborates upon the origins of activated carbons, their structure and manufacture as well as their effectiveness for purification and separation.
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