With the composition of today's classroom in mind, this book approaches teaching and planning elementary mathematics by using methods that accommodate the diverse learning needs of any student having difficulties with basic math concepts. The authors use personal experience and research that supports a complete set of developmental concepts and skills to outline the effective development of mathematical concepts and skills. It stresses lesson planning that will result in learning, understanding, and retaining important concepts and skills. NCTM's Curriculum and Evaluation Standards for School Mathematics are integrated into every chapter. Other topics include: Diversity in the Classroom; Lesson Design: Creating Lessons That Meet the Needs of a Diverse Classroom; Mathematics Learning in Early Childhood; Whole Numbers and Numeration; Fractions; Decimals and Percents; Measurement; and Geometry.
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Why This Book?
Recently, elementary classrooms have become increasingly diverse. This diversity includes differences in gender, race and ethnicity, religion, culture, ability and interest, learning styles, family background and support, and availability of resources such as books and technology. Furthermore, there is a current trend toward inclusion of special needs children in the regular classroom, a trend unlikely to be reversed in the foreseeable future. Typical preparation of special education teachers and regular classroom teachers does not equip either group to operate effectively in the kind of inclusion settings that they are now likely to see. In this text, we provide an approach to the planning and teaching of elementary school mathematics that will better equip teachers to be successful with diverse groups of students and in inclusion classrooms. We hope the teaching suggestions in this text will help teachers be more effective as they attempt to teach mathematics to all children.
Structure of the Book
The text begins with three introductory chapters that provide a basic understanding of instructional activities, diversity, and lesson planning. Then there are eight chapters devoted to teaching the content that most commonly appears in elementary school mathematics textbooks. The final chapter is devoted to practice activities that can be adapted to a wide variety of content.
We have not attempted to provide comprehensive coverage of every mathematics topic that might appear in an elementary school mathematics textbook. Rather, our intent has been to emphasize a way of teaching effectively that will result in learning, understanding, retention of important concepts and skills, and ability to apply those concepts and skills to solve problems. An important part of that way of teaching is effective planning. Therefore, we have made planning for effective teaching an important part of this text.
Emphasis on Concept and Skill Development
Based on findings of educational research that support more complete development of concepts and skills, calls from the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics for more effective development in lessons, and our personal experiences, we have chosen to make more effective development of mathematical concepts and skills a major emphasis. As a result of that emphasis, virtually all activities suggested in the chapters related to specific mathematics content are developmental activities. Since we made a conscious choice not to include practice activities in those chapters, the final chapter is devoted to effective practice. In that chapter, we present a selection of practice activities that can be used after the concepts and skills have been taught.
We believe that successful teaching results in understanding, that understanding provides the most sound basis for skill development, and that understanding results in better retention of what is learned. We believe that the best way to help students understand mathematical ideas is to lead them to connect those ideas to other ideas that they already understand. We believe that, for elementary children, understanding of mathematical concepts and skills depends on the development of appropriate mental imagery for those concepts and skills. And, we believe that all children should be given the opportunity to develop that kind of understanding of mathematics.
This book evolved over several years from informal conversations with many colleagues about how teachers could plan to teach more effectively, from preservice and inservice teachers who responded to our ideas before they were fully formed, and from reactions of children who demonstrated that the more fully evolved teaching methods really worked. And, of course, invaluable assistance was provided by these professionals, whose reviews of the preliminary manuscript helped to direct the text into its final form: Bruce F. Godsave, SUNY Genesco; Dennis Munk, Northern Illinois University; Ann L. Lee, Bloomsburg University of PA; Thomasenia Lott Adams, University of Florida; and Dorothy Spethman, Dakota State University.
Benny F. Tucker
Ann H. Singleton
Terry L. Weaver
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Book Description Prentice Hall, 2001. Paperback. Book Condition: New. book. Bookseller Inventory # 0130270210