This state-of-the-art exploration of the theory and applications of geometrics recognizes the expansion and advances in the field and the broadening of the allied disciplines that have a direct interest in the newest technological approaches to geo-data collection, processing, analysis, management, and presentation. Exceptionally well-written by a teacher/surveyor manager with many years of experience, it provides a comprehensive insider's view of what's important, what works, and how it all fits together. Divided into three parts—Fundamentals, Remote Sensing, and Engineering Applications—it covers both traditional topics in surveying and the more recently developed topics in geographic information systems (GIS), global positioning (GPS) and airborne imagery, together with satellite imagery (remote sensing)—all with a focus on applications of interest to the fields of in civil, surveying, and geological engineering, physical geography, environmental, natural resources, etc. Features an appendix of 11 field projects involving the fundamentals of taping, leveling, and angle acquisition, and applications in data gathering, stake-outs for buildings, curves, and pipelines. An Introduction to Geometrics. Distance Measurement—Taping. Electronic Distance Measurement (EDM). Leveling. Angles and Directions. Transits/Theodolites. Traverse Surveys. Electronic Surveying Measurements. Topographic Surveying and Mapping. Geogramic Information Systems (GIS). Global Positioning Systems (GPS). Control Surveys. Land Surveying. Airborne Imagery. Satellite Imagery. Highway Curves. Construction Surveying. For anyone interested in the state-of-the-art theory and applications of Geomatics/Surveying.
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Intended for technicians, constructors, and engineers seeking a broad introduction to surveying, Geographic Information Systems (GIS), and Geographic Positioning Systems (GPS), this new text by Barry Kavanagh offers the needed coverage in a well-written presentation of principles and applications.
Some of the key features include:
Not so long ago, many of the topics in this text were found mostly in texts simply titled Surveying or Surveying and Mapping Technological advances have not only changed traditional data collection, processing, analysis, and presentation, they have changed the very way that surveyors look at their discipline. The surveying and mapping field is an excellent example of a discipline forever altered by new and expanding technologies.
Geomatics is a relatively new term that describes this new and emerging science and technology that brings together all forms of geospatial data activities: collection, processing, analysis, design, and plotting (as well as other presentation techniques). The catalyst for the centralization of these activities is the modern computer with all its peripheral equipment. (Please see Figure 1.1 for a geomatics data model that illustrates this concept.)
The teaching of surveying and related disciplines has also changed. This now much broader discipline still has to be covered in much the same class time as previously allocated. Because the advances in this discipline are not unique—advances are occurring in all disciplines—the competitive demands for additions to overall college curricula content continue unabated. While the surveying/mapping fields themselves are changing, we now find that previously separate fields such as civil engineering, surveying, and geological engineering; physical geography; and environmental and natural resources have developed common interests in areas such as field data collection, GIS, and remote sensing. This text has been designed to recognize both the expanding field of surveying and the broadened scope of interest in surveying activities.
This text has been divided into three parts: Fundamentals, Remote Sensing, and Engineering Applications. Part I, Fundamentals, covers the basics, such as geomatics overview, taping and EDM, leveling, angles/directions, theodolite, traverse surveys and computations, electronic surveying, topographic surveying and manual plotting, geographic information systems (GIS), control surveys, and land surveying. Discussion of electronic surveying measurements (Chapter 8) has been delayed until after the chapter on traverse computations and coordinate geometry (Chapter 7) so that the reader may first receive a grounding in these concepts before encountering the available total station onboard applications software.
Part II, Remote Sensing, covers both airborne and satellite imagery. Chapter 14 describes the processes involved in aerial photography acquisition, photogrammetric analysis, and image interpretation. The more recent (2001/2002) developments in digital airborne imagery are also discussed. Chapter 15 introduces the reader to the acquisition and processing of satellite imagery.
Part III, Engineering Applications, covers highway curves and construction surveying techniques, topics that will be of interest to readers enrolled in engineering and engineering technology programs. The appendixes cover random errors and basic trigonometry. They also provide a glossary, answers to selected problems, Internet websites, a full-color insert depicting modern geomatics technology, and detailed descriptions (including sample field notes) for nine typical field projects.
Geomatics is a very broad field. This text was designed for use by those studying in most fields involved in geomatics. Not all college programs will cover all material in the text in one course. Instead, they will concentrate on those chapters of primary interest to their specific program. Content in chapters that are not included in specifically tailored geomatics curricula will be valuable for reference purposes for later curriculum subjects and for postgraduate and professional activities. Some programs will not go into the same depth of analysis and instead will approach selected topics from a more descriptive point of view. End-of-chapter review questions are included for those taking a more descriptive approach, and end-of-chapter problems are included for those who wish to pursue a more analytical approach to geomatics topics.
I have drawn freely from previous work in Surveying: Principles and Applications and Surveying with Construction Applications published by Prentice Hall. Please send any questions, comments, or suggestions to firstname.lastname@example.org.
Barry F. Kavanagh
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