As the human population increases, many decisions concerning our use of natural resources will determine our standard of living and the quality of our environment. This reader-friendly book helps readers develop an understanding of how geology interacts with major environmental problems facing society. Included with every text, the Hazard City CD-ROM gives instructors meaningful, easy-to-assign, and easy-to-grade assignments based on the idealized town of Hazard City.
Focuses on five fundamental concepts of environmental geology: Human Population Growth, Sustainability, Earth as a System, Hazardous Earth Processes, and Scientific Knowledge and Values. Features new chapters on Impacts of Extraterrestrial Objects and Waste as a Resource: Waste Management. Presents new or extensively revised discussion of human population growth, Alaska earthquake of 2002, emerging global water shortage, cleaning Boston Harbor, and much more. Revises many figures to more clearly illustrate the topics under discussion, based on user feedback. An informative reference for anyone interested in learning more about the environment.
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This text presents geologic processes in context with their impact on humans, our lives and societies. The author's goal is to both create informed citizens and nurture an understanding of geologic science. Part I introduces philosophy and fundamental concepts, the structure of the Earth and plate tectonics, and the origin and significance of rocks and minerals. Part II addresses the major natural hazards including earthquakes, volcanic activity, rivers and flooding, landslides, and coastal processes. Part III discusses the major natural resources associated with the geological environment and the subject of pollution. Part IV presents the important topic of global change, environmental management, and relationships between the environment. For individuals looking for an environmental perspective on physical geology.Excerpt. © Reprinted by permission. All rights reserved.:
The main objective of Introduction to Environmental Geology, 2nd edition, is to help equip students—particularly those who intend to take only a single science course—with an understanding of the interactions between geologic processes and society. During the first half of the twenty-first century, as the human population increases and the use of resources grows, many decisions concerning our use of those resources, such as water, soil air, minerals energy, and space to live will determine our standard of living and the quality of our environment. Scientific knowledge combined with our values will dictate those decisions. Your charge, whether as a future leader or simply an informed citizen, is to choose paths of development that are good for people and the environment, that larger community that includes plants, animals, water, and air—in other words, the environment consisting of ecosystems that we and all living things depend upon for our well-being.
Earth's dynamic and changing environment constitutes one of the most compelling and exciting areas of study. Environmental geology is the application of geologic information to the entire spectrum of interactions between people and the physical environment. During a course in environmental geology, you will develop an understanding of how geology interacts with major environmental problems facing people and society. This is the essence of Introduction to Environmental Geology, 2nd edition. Our strategy with this text is to:
After finishing your course in environmental geology, you will be better prepared to make decisions concerning where you build or buy a home, what resources you choose to utilize, and appropriate environmental actions relevant to society and Earth's ecosystems from a local to a global scale.
Five Fundamental Concepts
To this end, this book introduces a device we call the "Fundamental Concepts of Environmental Geology." These five concepts are designed to provide a memorable, transportable framework of understanding that you can carry away from the class and use throughout life to make informed choices about your interaction with and effect upon geologic processes:
These concepts are introduced in the first chapter and then highlighted throughout the text (look for the icon in the margin). By tying the content to these five principles, the text provides a framework for understanding that will extend far beyond the confines of this course and into your everyday life.
Introduction to Environmental Geology, 2nd edition, is well suited to your study of environmental geology, whether you are a geology major or are taking this class as a science elective. I have organized Introduction to Environmental Geology, 2nd edition, to naturally flow from the introduction of fundamental principles of environmental science and geology, to more specific information concerning how Earth works, to natural processes and hazards, to understanding natural resources and their management, with the objective of minimizing environmental degradation. We end with a detailed discussion of global change, focusing on climate and some important interactions between society and the geologic environment.
Introduction to Environmental Geology, 2nd edition, consists of 17 chapters arranged in four parts:
Major New Material in the 2nd Edition
The second edition of Introduction to Environmental Geology has three new chapters: Chapter 4, Introduction to Natural Hazards, discusses relations between hazardous events, land use, and human population; how we predict hazardous events; basic components of risk assessment; and how we perceive and adjust to natural hazards. Chapter 11, Water Pollution, focuses on the major water pollutants, processes that result in water pollution and how pollution may be minimized; water quality issues, and principles of water treatment. Chapter 15, Air Pollution, discusses the major air pollutants and their environmental effects.
The second edition directly addresses personal actions people may take to minimize their exposure to and damage from natural hazards. As, for example, what to do to prepare for earthquakes, floods, and hurricanes.
Finally, the second edition has new sections for Chapters 4 through 17 that revisit the five Fundamental Concepts introduced in Chapter 1. These concepts are also highlighted in the margin of the text where appropriate. Understanding of the five concepts is a primary learning objective of Introduction to Environmental Geology, 2nd edition.
Features of the Text
This book is sensitive to the study needs of students. Each chapter is clearly structured to help you understand the material and effectively review the major concepts. To help you use the material from the book, each chapter is organised with the following study aids:
The appendixes in Introduction to Environmental Geology, 2nd edition, are intended to add additional information useful in helping. you understand some of the more applied aspects of environmental geology This information may be most useful in supplementing laboratory exercises and field exercises in which you may participate. Specific topics include:
The New Instructional Package
Prentice Hall has assembled a greatly improved resource package for Introduction to Environmental Geology, 2nd ed.
For the Instructor:
For the Student:
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