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Madonna’s heartbroken after losing to a book on military incompetence in latest BookFinder report

Madonna's not happy

As you can see, Madonna is absolutely heartbroken after her Sex book fell to third place in the latest BookFinder.com report on the most searched for out-of-print books. The popstar was beaten by On the Psychology of Military Incompetence by Norman F Dixon and Lovely Reed: An Enthusiast’s Guide to Building Bamboo Fly by Jack Howell.

Read the report.


Cognitive Cooking with Chef Watson: A Computer-Generated Cookbook

This is fascinating to me as a food lover, a tech employee and member of the book industry. Jeopardy devotees may remember the 2011 episodes in which Watson – IBM’s famed cognitive computing system – was pitted against human contenders on the trivia show. Brad Rutter, who first appeared on Jeopardy in 2000 and is now the all-time highest money-winner on the show, and Ken Jennings, who holds the title for longest run of wins on Jeopardy (74 days) both lost to Watson, all three times they played.

Now, Watson is being used to enhance the lives of humans, rather than just crushing their hopes and dreams: Watson is putting out its very own cookbook – Cognitive Cooking with Chef Watson, set for release in April, from Sourcebooks.

In a creative attempt to break free of culinary ruts and open the minds of chefs to new flavor combinations, project members at IBM trained Watson, by inputting tens of thousands of recipes, flavor profiles, chemical composition of foods, complementary ingredients and the like, and Watson “learned”.

The computer then used three different metrics to analyse ingredients, rating them for surprise (suggesting ingredients which are rarely found together), pleasantness (“researchers have carried out studies on the flavours that give people pleasure at a molecular level,” says the book), and synergy (“studies indicate that foods sharing common chemical flavour compounds taste good together”).

“The system essentially worked as follows: the cook enters some basic elements that serve as a foundation for a dish, which Watson then processes using an extensive database of recipes, cultural studies, and chemical flavour composition, all of which results in an ‘output’ of ingredient lists that Watson finds interesting on scales of pleasantness, surprise, and flavour pairing,” said Michael Laiskonis, Institute of Culinary Education creative director.

The result is often surprising, sometimes strange, but usually delicious, using different criteria for combinations than a human might, and without our expectations and limitations. Some of the most successful recipes Watson has invented so far include Creole Shrimp-Lamb Dumplings, Peruvian Potato Poutine, and an Austrian Chocolate Burrito.

Three of my favorite things (books, food and technology) embodying two of my favorite adjectives (weird and delicious). I’m in!

via The Guardian


A Handbook on Hanging by Charles Duff

handbook-hanging-charles-duffIf you’re in the mood for some scathing, dark and wickedly barbed satire, look no further – A Handbook on Hanging by Charles Duff will fit the bill nicely. First published in 1928, this slim volume is a withering condemnation of capital punishment and the bloodthirsty nation that condones the practice, disguised as a helpful how-to manual. Its full title is A Handbook on Hanging: Being a short introduction to the fine art of Execution, and containing much useful information on Neckbreaking, Throttling, Strangling, Asphyxiation, Decapitation and Electrocution; as well as Data and Wrinkles for Hangmen, an account of the late Mr. Berry’s method of Killing and his working list of Drops; to which is added a Hangman’s Ready Reckoner and Certain Other Items of Interest, All Very Proper to Be Read and Kept in Every Family

A member of the European AbeBooks office, Charlotte, came across the book on her recent visit to the Ludwigsburg Antiquarian Book Fair in Germany.

A-Handbook-on-Hanging

The book has been compared to Jonathan Swift’s A Modest Proposal by nearly everyone who has come in contact with it, and it’s no wonder. Swift’s 18th-century acerbic essay outlining his plan to alleviate Irish poverty by eating spare Irish babies (thus securing a food source while effectively reducing mouths to feed) is one of the most famous pieces of satire in existence. And following in its footsteps, Duff’s book uses the deadpan, total embrace of a hideous subject to elucidate its point. Written as a tribute to the art of hanging (and other means of execution), backed up with genuine facts and statistics, it masterfully forces the reader to see the grotesque, brutal hypocrisy inherent in the practice. Even while much attention is paid to the humor of the writing, there is no pulling punches, and consequently no denying the absolute horror involved in execution. The guide is quite thorough, with Duff covering everything from cases of bungled hanging, to executions of innocent men, to the dying (ha!) art of hanging.

In some passages, he writes wistfully about the depreciation of the ceremony and artistry of execution, lamenting its inability to achieve its fair recognition:

In the United Kingdom there is an average of about 150 cases of murder known to the police every year. Of these only ninety on an average are proceeded against, and in only about twenty-five are there actual convictions for murder. We execute a mere baker’s dozen of human beings every year. It will be seen from this that, unless the emoluments of the English hangman were very high or at all events brought with them very substantial perquisites, our public executioner could never hope merely by virtue of his office to become a rich man. Although this may be in the best tradition of the Government Service, you will agree that it is deplorable. And it is all the more deplorable when we compare the delicate art of the hangman with that of the ‘electrocutioner’ or the guillotiner, or the garrotter of other countries less civilized than ourselves.

What skill is required to turn a switch? What skill is required to twist a garrote? What skill is required to decapitate with the aid of an elaborate engine? I do not include in the same category as these three the German method of beheading with a sword. Thank Heaven there is still some art — or rather science — remaining on the Continent of Europe. The Germans go even further than we do in recognition of their science, for their executioner performs his ceremony in full evening dress, like a violinist playing a symphony to an enraptured audience at the Wigmore Hall; like Smeterlin playing Szymanowski; or any other virtuoso appearing at a public function. Our hangman performs in a lounge suit; or, for all I know, in plus fours. He certainly does not function either in evening dress or even a smoking jacket, though in Scotland he has before now worked in kilts. This shows how casually we English treat the business.

Charles Duff (1894-1966) was an English naval officer and linguist, by and large. A Handbook on Hanging was only one of nearly two dozen books he wrote, but the subject matter of the others stuck to more straightforward fare, chiefly language studies and travel guides. He was passionately anti-fascist, a fact which led him to resign from the Foreign Office in the 1930s, less than a decade after publishing A Handbook on Hanging.

The New York Review of Books issued a reprinting in 2001 with a foreword by Christopher Hitchens, fittingly enough. All in all, the book remains somewhat obscure, but has garnered a devoted cult following and has been reprinted many times, as recently as 2011.


Canada Reads 2015: The Five Finalists

cr2015-2
Earlier in January we posted that the CBC’s  Canada Reads competition for 2015 was kicking off and the longlist had been announced. Now, two thirds of that list has been whittled away, leaving just five remaining titles. Sadly, the single entry on the list that I had read did not make the cut, so I’m going to have to get reading! The five finalists will each be championed by a Canadian involved in the country’s media culture in some way. The debates will take place in front of a live audience and be broadcast on CBC Radio One for the English-language edition, and on Première Chaîne for the French. From March 16th to 19th, the five panelists will hotly debate why their selection should be declared the winner. The 2015 theme is “One Book to Break Barriers”, and challenges panelists to prove that the horse they’re backing has what it takes to increase accessibility between marginalized subcultures, challenge stereotypes and give a voice to silenced people.

Here are this year’s finalists and their defenders, with plenty of time to get your hands on copies to read:

1. Ru by Kim Thuy, defended by film critic and festival programmer Cameron Bailey

2. When Everything Feels Like the Movies by Raziel Reid , defended by reporter and TV personality Elaine Lui

3. And the Birds Rained Down by Jocelyne Saucier, defended by folk-rock singer/songwriter Martha Wainwright

4. The Inconvenient Indian by Thomas King, defended by children’s activist Craig Kielburger

5. Intolerable by Kamal Al-Solaylee, defended by actress Kristin Kreuk

 


Guantánamo Diary – Mohamedou Ould Slahi Writes From Captivity

guantanamo-diary-slahi

Portions (heavily, repeatedly redacted portions) of the diary of a Guantánamo Bay prisoner have been released – even if the author hasn’t. Mohamedou Ould Slahi has been detained at the infamous facility since August, 2002 after turning himself in to the Mauritanian authorities for questioning months earlier. Slahi, who admits to past Al Qaeda ties, maintains that he has been removed from all connections to the organization since 1992.

The American government clearly disagrees, and Slahi remains in custody today. In 2005, Slahi wrote a memoir of his experiences in Guantánamo, and (some version of) that book is finally available today, a decade later, called Guantánamo Diary. The memoir is written in English, Slahi’s fourth language, which he has learned through his time in captivity. Excerpts were first seen published in Slate in 2013. The book contains vivid and frank descriptions of beatings, extreme temperature exposure, sexual assault, relentless interrogations, and all manner of torture. Given the US government subjected the manuscript to over 2,000 redactions before declassifying it, it makes one uncomfortable to imagine what was stricken.

Slahi’s book is available in both hardcover and paperback. It is the first book ever published by a prisoner still held at the Guantánamo Bay facility.


Five books Mark Zuckerberg won’t be recommending

I had some fun with this one. Mark Zuckerberg, of Facebook fame, has a book club. So far he’s recommended The End of Power by Moisés Naim – a non-fiction book about how power is shifting around the world – and Steven Pinker’s The Better Angels of Our Nature – another non-fiction title about about how and why violence has steadily decreased throughout history. Here’s five books that he won’t be recommending and I’m sure you can guess one of my recommendations before watching the video.


2014 Stuttgart Antiquarian Book Fair opens on Friday

Visitors to the 2013 Stuttgart Antiquarian Book Fair

Dasa Pahor, one of the sellers to be found at this year’s fair

The 54th Stuttgart Antiquarian Book Fair begins on Friday. It’s one of the major events in the European rare book calendar.  More than 80 booksellers from Germany, the UK, the United States, Hungary, Switzerland, Austria, France and the Netherlands are displaying rare books and manuscripts, autographs, and prints.

One of the themes of this year’s fair is women in bookselling. They are making a major effort to prove that antiquarian bookselling is not entirely a man’s world. A number of female booksellers have been profiled in the fair’s website.

All of Germany’s finest rare booksellers will be present and many events have been scheduled in conjunction with the event.

The three-day fair concludes on Sunday and more details can  be found at the fair’s website.


Ghost Boy by Martin Pistorius – Conscious But Paralyzed

ghost-boyIt sounds like the stuff of nightmares, like it must be invented by a tortured imagination. But Locked-in Syndrome is a real affliction, a rare neurological disorder. It is characterized by total paralysis of muscles throughout the body, excepting the muscles that allow for eye movement.

South African man Martin Pistorius – whose 2012 book Ghost Boy details the entire journey – was just 12 years old, a normal boy like any other, when his body began its descent into paralysis. What first began as symptoms of a flu soon revealed itself as something far more horrific, and with baffled doctors at a loss (far, far later, doctors eventually diagnosed cryptococcal meningitis), Pistorius was rendered entirely immobile over the course of the next 18 months. In the beginning, he was even unable to think. and was for all intents and purposes unconscious. Pistorius’ parents were informed he was entirely vegetative, with no brainpower remaining, and would likely remain that way until he died, for which they should prepare themselves.

Unbelievably, when Martin was (he thinks) somewhere between 14-16 years old, he “woke up”. That is, he was suddenly conscious and aware of his surroundings. He could see, hear and think, but was unable to alert anyone around him to his new state, or communicate in any way, so the people around them continued as if he were brain-dead. The medical community has thus far been unable to explain what “woke” him.

barneyA more terrifying, isolating and panic-inducing predicament is difficult to conjure, but Pistorius found strength and determination in a very strange place – that polarizing big purple television dinosaur, Barney. Being made to watch repeated, seemingly endless episodes of the antics of Barney and his friends made Pistorius focus on a goal – learning to tell time and to count down time without the use of a clock, by the length of each episode.

All in all, the paralysis-coma lasted 14 years, 12 of which he was conscious.

Astonishingly, today, Martin Pistorius now lives in with his wife, and is a freelance web designer/developer. For more about how that came to be, you’ll have to read Ghost Boy.


Oxford Junior Dictionary Says: Goodbye Apricot, Acorn, Holly, Hamster

ojdInteresting and distressing read on the Melville House web site this morning. It seems that since 2007, Oxford University Press have been quietly making some editorial changes to the Oxford Junior Dictionary that have a group of authors up in arms.

Nature-associated words such as almond, blackberry, crocus, hamster, gerbil, ferret, goldfish and similar have been edged out of the publication in favor of words the OUP feel more relevant to today’s early childhood education. The new additions include words such as broadband, blog, chatroom, block graph and more in that vein.

The 28 authors – including Canadian literacy champion Margaret Atwood – are appealing via a January 12th letter to have Oxford University Press reverse their decision, reinstating the removed words in subsequent editions. The full text of the letter can be read on naturemusicpoetry.com. The crux, to my mind, is the snippet I’ve posted here:

“In all, the names for thirty species of common or important British plants and animals have been removed – such as acorn and bluebell – along with many words connected with farming and food. Many are highly symbolic of our cultural ties with the land, its wildlife and produce.

This is what the National Trust says in their Natural Childhood campaign:
“Every child should have the right to connect with nature. To go exploring, sploshing, climbing, and rolling in the outdoors, creating memories that’ll last a lifetime. Their list of 50 things to do before you’re 11 ¾ includes many for which the OJD once had words, but no longer: like playing conkers,
picking blackberries, various trees to climb, minnows to catch in a net and so on.”

I realize it’s unrealistic now to cling to visions of childhood painted as long days gamboling about in the forest, overturning mushrooms to catch salamaders, or wandering through meadows learning birdcalls and wildflowers, or watching tidepools teeming with life at the beach. Those days, for most children, are the exception, not the rule. But they are important, and they are part of our world, and the loss of that would be profound.

If OUP refuse to listen to the impassioned plea from these authors, perhaps they would listen to parents. We are not willing to let our children live exclusively indoors, and not willing to let hard, manmade light and surfaces define their constant environment. We know in our bones and our very spirits that our children need to be outside, with grass-stained knees and their hands in the dirt, learning what the world is made of. A snippet of proof: there is a school here, in our city of Victoria, BC, which offers a nature-based kindergarten program, promising to have kids spending days outside, rain or shine, learning in nature. Last week, beginning Friday night, parents lined up and camped out, some for days, to ensure their child received a spot in the program.

I very much hope the OUP will hear these authors, and give the children back the words they need. It’s extremely hard to favor pragmatism and practicality over preciousness where our children are involved, particularly when it involves the arena in which we lovingly store our own nostalgia, and our desire for our children to experience the same sweetness, freedom and meaningful experiences that we did.

Even when I am briefly able to set aside my love of language and absolutely unshakeable belief in its crucial importance, however; even when I am able to see past my revulsion at what-is-the-world-coming-to, I simply can’t see why, at worst, these words can’t co-exist together peacefully in the pages of the first reference book small hands might ever encounter. Our world is changing, and there’s no getting away from that, and no denying it, whether you see it as a positive, a negative, or a muddied grey area full of wonder and loss. But certainly, we owe it to our kids to preserve what is and what was, and show it to them. There must be a place both for bluebells and broadband, to let our children’s minds marvel at what the world wonderfully, perfectly created without us and before us, and what we, as human beings, have been able to bring forth since.


10 Beautiful Bookshops That Will Stop You in Your Tracks

A bibliophile cannot walk past a bookshop without slowing their step. We will linger at the window, gazing through the glass at stacks of books we have not yet read. We hover, telling ourselves we must read the pile on the nightstand before buying another. But we can’t resist the lure. Before long, we open the door, sounding the tiny bell that rouses the shop cat. We’re in, and we’re going to be a while.

The only thing that tops a bookstore full of amazing books, is a beautiful bookstore full of amazing books – a bookstore so charming not even a TV-addict can resist it. Many stunning bookstores list their books for sale on the AbeBooks marketplace, so we rounded up a few of the most alluring storefronts from Paris to Boston and everywhere in between. Even those immune to the magnetic pull of the smell of old books will stop dead in their tracks at the sight of these pretty AbeBooks bookstores, so before you step inside to bury your nose in a book, take a moment to enjoy the view from outside.

10 Beautiful Bookshops on AbeBooks - Brattle Bookshop

Located in Boston, MA, Brattle Book Shop first opened its doors in 1825. George Gloss took ownership in 1949 and his son Ken (pictured above) runs it today. The three-story building in downtown Boston is home to over 250,000 books, including two floors of used books and one floor of rare & antiquarian books. The books have even poured into the neighboring outside lot, nestled under the watchful eyes of Toni Morrison, Kafka, and Yeats.

10 Beautiful Bookshops on AbeBooks - Eureka Books

For most of the 20th century this charming storefront in Eureka, CA was a rough-and-tumble speakeasy called the High Lead Saloon, where in 1933 the two owners had a shootout in the back hallway. Only owner Tom Slaughter survived, and his family owned the building into the 1970s. It’s also said that author Raymond Carver indulged at the High Lead, and a picture of the building can be seen in his book Carver Country. Today, the building is occupied by a slightly softer crowd. Eureka Books moved in in 1992, and all signs of scandal seem to be gone. One of the last classic antiquarian booksellers on the west coast, Eureka Books offers first editions, ephemera, and new and used books.

10 Beautiful Bookshops on AbeBooks - Peter Harrington

A list of beautiful bookstores isn’t complete without a proper London shop. Peter Harrington has been dealing in the rare books business since 1969 and boasts an impressive selection of exquisite modern first editions, manuscripts, and more.

See all 10 Beautiful Bookshops here, and leave a comment about a beautiful bookshop in your city!