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1.

Autograph Letter Signed

LINCOLN, Abraham.
(Los Angeles, CA, U.S.A.)
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Book Description: 1863. No Binding. Book Condition: Very Good. No Jacket. ("A. Lincoln") in black ink on Executive Mansion, Washington, letterhead, March 18, 1863. 5" x 8", 1 page with integral leaf. Very good. Integral blank with an autograph endorsement signed by Holt and clerical endorsement from the Adjutant General's office. To Judge Advocate General Joseph Holt: Lincoln requests his Judge Advocate General to investigate the "Strong Mitigating Circumstances" surrounding the court-martial of a member of the West Point Class of 1861. "It is said Lieut. John Benson [Williams], of the 3rd regular infantry, as been sentenced by a Military Commission, to be dismissed the service. I have some reason to believe there are strong mitigating circumstances in his case, which the Commission perhaps, did not deem competent for them to consider, I will thank you to procure the record, examine it and report it to me. . ." Holt forwarded Lincoln's letter to the Adjutant General, noting that "No record or report in regard to [the Williams case] has been received at this office." The letter was returned to Holt, accompanied by the record of William's court-martial and docketed "Please see papers within." After studying the record, Holt made a lengthy report to Secretary of War Stanton, March 30, 1863, which survives in the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library. Holt dismissed the "mitigating circumstances" referenced by Lincoln - Williams's supposedly "severe sickness" - and concluded that "It is evident that Lieut. Williams left his command on the battlefield and returned to Washington, without leave and in known violation of orders and of his duty. . . .[He] has shown himself disqualified for the profession of arms." On April 8th, Stanton, in turn forwarded Holt's deposition to the President, "as requested by his note on the 18th Ulto" (that is, the present letter). Lincoln ended the matter with his own terse endorsement on April 11th: "I decline to interfere in Behalf of Lieut. Williams" (Basler 4:169). Although referred to in Basler's note regarding Lincoln's endorsement, the present letter does not appear in "The Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln". Signed by Author(s). Bookseller Inventory # 604602

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Book Description: In January 1861, he acknowledges a private communication, originally sent by code, from his strongest supporter on-site, Abner Doubleday In 1858, Abner Doubleday was assigned to Fort Moultrie in Charleston harbor, a desirable posting because of its proximity to the city and its elegant society. By the summer of 1860, he was a captain and second in command of the fort, serving under Lt. Col. John Gardner, a Massachusetts man. Mary Doubleday, AbnerÕs wife, was with him and the only woman in the fort. At that time, history came right to their doorstep. The Republicans nominated Abraham Lincoln as their presidential candidate in 1860, and because of their opponentsÕ split, were widely thought to have a good chance to win their first national election. Southerners were having no part of a potential Lincoln presidency. South Carolina went so far as to warn that if the Republicans won, it would withdraw from the Union. Doubleday warned of the Southern discontent and added that he was the only officer at Moultrie who favored Lincoln's election, but ÒAs regards my companions, however, there was no difference of opinion in regard to sustaining the new President should he be legally elected, and they were all both willing and anxious to defend the fort confided to their honor.Ó In the general election on November 8, the Republicans received a minority of the total popular vote, but the vote was distributed to give Lincoln all the electoral votes he needed to assume the office of president on March 4, 1861. The South Carolina General Assembly wasted no time and on November 10, 1860, called for a ÒConvention of the People of South CarolinaÓ to draw up an Ordinance of Secession. It also elected Francis Pickens as Governor. With South CarolinaÕs secession a foregone conclusion, people everywhere began to prepare for a widespread crisis. Lt. Col. Gardner in Fort Moultrie announced his intention to defend the fort to the last extremity against the secessionists. President BuchananÕs Secretary of War, John B. Floyd, a Southerner who would shortly serve as a Confederate general, was displeased with this position and relieved him of command. Just days after LincolnÕs election, Floyd replaced Gardner with Maj. Robert Anderson, a Southern sympathizing Kentuckian descended from one of the first families of Virginia (he was a cousin of Chief Justice John Marshall), and whose wife was a Georgian. Anderson believed that military action would never prevent secession, so many Northerners worried that putting him in charge of Charleston harbor at that moment was tantimount to treason. Of course, events would ultimately prove that both sideÕs advocates had misassessed AndersonÕs conduct when push came to shove. On December 18, 1860, the South Carolina Convention convened in Charleston's Institute Hall and a spirit of southern nationalism and secession filled the air. Two days later, the Ordinance of Secession was adopted on a roll call vote of 169-0. The cry at once went forth, "The Union is dissolved!" The momentous news was flashed by telegraph around the country and it caused a sensation everywhere. On December 25, the Convention issued a call to the other slaveholding states to secede also and join South Carolina in a Southern Confederacy. By then, the Charleston newspapers were filled with military recruiting ads and notices, all designed to augment and train the stateÕs armed forces in preparation for war. As Doubleday later wrote in his book ÒReminiscences of Forts Sumter and Moultrie in 1860-'61Ó, starting about a week before the Convention convened, Fort Moultrie was in the thick of the rush to war, as South Carolinians were calling for it to be turned over from Federal to state authorities. This infuriated Northern patriots on the scene, like DoubledayÕs wife Mary. ÒOn the 11th of December we had the good fortune to get our provisions from town without exciting observation.It was afterward stated in the papers that the captain of the schooner was. Bookseller Inventory # 9050

3.

Complete Works of Abraham Lincoln.

LINCOLN, Abraham.
(New York, NY, U.S.A.)
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Book Description: Tandy-Thomas, New York, 1905. hardcover. Book Condition: fine. Limited. Extremely rare and beautiful set of the Presidential Edition, limited to only 50 copies. Lacking the 24th volume containing original documents. Edited by Nicolay & Hay. 12 volumes, bound in 23. Presidential Edition. 1 of only 50 copies printed. Extra illustrated edition with a profusion of fine engraved portraits, views and maps, photogravures, and facsimile letters. The frontispiece in each volume is an original color watercolor depicting a log cabin. Tall 8vo, superbly bound in full crimson morocco with lovely gilt floral devices on all boards and spines; ornate inner dentelles and green morocco doublures; green silk moire endpapers; uncut edges, t.e.g. New York: Tandy-Thomas Company, (1905). Fine. Bookseller Inventory # 151807

4.

Document Signed, as President

LINCOLN, Abraham.
(Los Angeles, CA, U.S.A.)
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Book Description: 1863. No Binding. Book Condition: Very Good. No Jacket. ("Abraham Lincoln") in black ink on partially printed and accomplished in manuscript. Washington, DC, September 14, 1863. 7 1/2" x 9". Framed in a wooden frame, linen mat with fillets, halftone photograph of Lincoln, map of New York, and metal name plate. Framed size: 19 3/8" x 24 1/4". Document calling for a draft quota for the 11th District of New York. Lincoln's draft call of 1,945 troops for the 11th District, which includes Orange and Sullivan counties, issued not long after the July 1863 draft lottery sparked 5 days of rioting amongst New York City's German and Irish immigrants. Not located in Basler. Lincoln called a special cabinet meeting at 11 a.m. on September 14 to discuss decisions of certain judges releasing drafted men by writ of habeas corpus. (see Miers p. 207 "Lincoln Day by Day"). Signed by Author(s). Bookseller Inventory # 604915

5.

Check Signed

LINCOLN, Abraham.
(Los Angeles, CA, U.S.A.)
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Book Description: 1864. No Binding. Book Condition: Fine. ("A. Lincoln") in black ink and accomplished in Lincoln's hand. Washington, D.C., November 18, 1864. 7 9/16" x 2 3/4". Being check No. 14, payable to "Self" in the amount of $50.00, drawn on Riggs & Co. with lithographed vignette of the bank by Hatch & Co., 29 William St., New York. Discreet closed cancel puncture to center, else fine. Lincoln here withdraws fifty dollars, only ten days after he won his second United States Presidential election, defeating his former top general, Democratic candidate George B. McClellan, by a landslide. Five months later his would be assassinated. Signed by Author(s). Bookseller Inventory # 605152

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Book Description: Days after signing the first Conscription Act,Ê he writes, "The nomination fell, with many others, because the number nominated exceeded the law" On March 3, 1863, because of the great recruiting difficulties caused by the long duration and heavy toll of the war, the government passed the First Conscription Act, making all men between the ages of 20 to 45 liable to be called into service.Ê Service could, however, be avoided by paying $300 or hiring a substitute, a practice criticized as unfair to the poor.Ê It led to riots in New York City, when the working class subject to the draft caused mayhem, and Union Army troops fresh from Gettysburg had to he called to restore order in the city.At the same time as soldiers were in need, officers exceeded the number of places available by law.Ê At the start of the war, the creation of ad hoc units was not uncommon, at the head of which would sit an officer. As the war continued and a quick victory did not materialize, officers and their civil leadership gained more experience in the proper organization and maintenance of a military apparatus. This meant matching the number of recruits to the appropriate number of officers, and that appointments be made consistently and through proper channels. Ward Burnett was a New Yorker who had served with distinction in the military for years, most recently in the Mexican War.Ê However, he had not remained with the military after that, so there was a gap in his service of almost a decade.Ê In 1862, he was nominated for a position as Brigadier General, but the appointment did not materialize, the Union not having enough enlistees to sufficiently expand the officer corp. Following that, Burnett began a behind the scenes campaign to gain his appointment, evidently sending a Col. Diven to speak directly to President Lincoln on his behalf.Ê Lincoln held office hours from 1 until 3 PM at the White House on March 7, 1863.Ê During this time he saw Col. Diven.Ê When Diven left, he sat down and wrote directly to Burnett.Autograph Letter Signed, on Executive Mansion letterhead, Washington, March 7, 1863, to Burnett. "Col. Diven has just been with me seeking to remove a wrong impression which he supposes I might have of you, springing from a report he had once made in the New York Senate, as I understood him. I told him, as I now tell you, that I did not remember to have ever heard of the report, or any thing against you. As I remember, you were nominated last year, and the nomination fell, with many others, because the number nominated exceeded, the law. I call to mind no reason why you have not been re-nominated, except that you have not been in active service, while others more than sufficient to take all the places, have been. Yours truly A. Lincoln."Not content with this refusal, Burnett enlisted the support of New York Mayor George Opdyke, who wrote to Secretary of War Stanton in June requesting that Burnett be placed in command of a regiment. Stanton replied in this Letter Signed (included), Washington, June 20, 1863 to Mayor Opdyke, sayingÊthat if "such power be given to General Ward B. Burnett, to muster men into the United States service, as was given to the late Colonel Baker and others, I have to state, that the request having been considered by the Department, it is not deemed expedient to grant it, great inconvenience and prejudice to the service, having been experienced from irregular authority to muster in recruits. The Department is informed that the force of recruiting officers is amply sufficient to muster in the recruits as fast as is consistent with due examination and proper regard to the interests of the United States." In May 1861, Edward Baker, referenced in Stanton's letter, was authorized to organize a regiment.Ê Baker was a friend of Lincoln and fellow attorney in Illinois.Ê In October of that year, he was killed at the Battle of Ball's Bluff.ÊInterestingly, although Burnett was never given his commission, he served among the troops. Bookseller Inventory # 9743

7.

Rare Lincoln-Signed Sea Letter for a Martha's Vineyard Whaler

ABRAHAM LINCOLN
Bookseller: Seth Kaller Inc.
(White Plains, NY, U.S.A.)
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Book Description: 1864. No binding. Book Condition: Fine. Document Signed "Abraham Lincoln" as President, co-signed by Secretary of State William H.Seward, August 8, 1864. A Lincoln-signed whaling ship sea letter - as much as 100 times scarcer than a Civil War military commission. President Lincoln gives permission for the whaler Almira to sail to the North Pacific. Partial Transcript"TO ALL WHO SHALL SEE THESE PRESENTS, GREETING: BE IT KNOWN, That leave and permission is hereby given to Abraham Osborn Jr master or commander of the Ship called Almira . lying at present in the port of Edgartown bound for Pacific Ocean laden and outfitted with Casks, Provisions, Ship's Stores, and Whaling Utensils for a Whaling voyage. to depart and proceed with the said Ship on his said voyage".Historical BackgroundThe whaling business, hazardous in the best of times, was beset by the threat of Confederate attacks during the Civil War. As a result, the whale-rich waters of the Bering Sea between Siberia and Alaska became a haven for whalers avoiding American waters. Sea letters such as this offered proof of nationality and some protection to a vessel in foreign waters, though they were of no help against Confederate raiders. The owners of the Almira had already lost one vessel to the feared Confederate raider Alabama. In 1865 the CSS Shenandoah destroyed 20 of the 58 Yankee whalers in the Bering Sea, most after Lee's surrender. The 362-ton Almira, commanded by a member of the Osborn shipping family of Martha's Vineyard, did return from her four-year voyage to the North Pacific, in October 1868. She brought back 1,310 barrels of whale oil, having already sent home 1,845 barrels of sperm oil and 70,000 pounds of whale bone. In 1871, after 49 years of plying the world's oceans, the Almira was stove by ice and lost in the Arctic.Additional Historical BackgroundAlmira of Edgartown 1822-1871 The whaling vessel Almira was a 362 ton ship built in 1822 near Edgartown, Massachusetts. She set sail on her first voyage to the Pacific Ocean on February 2, 1822. She worked the whaling grounds for two years under the command of a Captain Daggett, returning on May 8, 1824 with 2300 barrels of sperm oil. Almira was in her home port just four months before returning to the Pacific Ocean whaling grounds on September 9, 1824, under a new Captain, Abraham Osborn, who bought her not long after the trip. She again worked for two years, returning December 14, 1826 with another 2300 barrels of sperm oil. She laid over in port for two years before returning to the whaling grounds in the Pacific for three more trips, each with a different captain. Each trip lasted two-three years and netted about 2000 barrels of oil. In 1837 Almira set sail for New Zealand, returning in 1839 with 1200 barrels of whale oil, having sold 1100 in Bahia. She made five more trips to the Pacific Ocean whaling grounds between 1839 and 1858, under five different Captains, some trips lasting four years. She added whale bone to her bounty in 1847, carrying as much as 30,000 pounds on some voyages. On August 23, 1858 she sailed to the Indian Ocean. In three years she netted just 1500 barrels of sperm oil. Upon her return in May, 1861 the paper trail detailing her activities ends. She was still owned by Abraham Osborn, but nothing is written about her until August 8 1864. The whaling business in the best of times was hazardous, but during the Civil War whalers faced the additional danger of Confederate attacks. From June 22 to June 28, 1865, the Confederate Raider Shenandoah almost completely destroyed the American whaling fleet in the Arctic, burning 20 ships and capturing 4 more. During the war, many privately owned whaling vessels avoided American waters for fear of being confiscated. Many went to a foreign port, or stayed in an isolated location, only to resume their business after the war. In August, 1864 the Almira traveled to the North Pacific Ocean under Captain Osborn. She returned in October,1868 with 1310 . (See website for full description). Document Signed. Bookseller Inventory # 4325

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Book Description: n.p. [Boston]: [John Murray Forbes], [1862], 1862. First edition in book or pamphlet form; 32mo.; 7 pages; wrappers; Monaghan 147; Eberstadt 7: "The only edition of the preliminary proclamation issued in pamphlet form." Slight creasing; a fine copy of a rare book. Issued by Boston industrialist John Murray Forbes, said to be one of a million copies printed for distribution to blacks by Union troops (see Letters and Recollections of John Murray Forbes. Boston, 1899). That number seems highly unlikely given the booklet's rarity; Eberstadt located six copies, including his own; six copies are located by OCLC; only two have appeared at auction in the last 25 years, and we have seen fewer than a handful elsewhere in the market. The Proclamation freed slaves only in those states, or parts of those states, which were in rebellion to the Union; a controversial half-measure: half too much for conservatives; half too little for abolitionists. While of doubtful constitutionality (a defect cured by eventual amendment), it was an important strategic, political and moral decision by Lincoln in secret from his divided cabinet. It did have the effect of undercutting foreign support for the Confederacy, particularly by the cotton-hungry British, and it eventually led to the recruitment of black Union regiments. Forbes was an abolitionist who contributed to raising those troops, including the famous 54th Massachusetts Volunteers. Bookseller Inventory # 21531

9.

Proclamation of Thanksgiving.

LINCOLN, Abraham
(Sherman Oaks, CA, U.S.A.)
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Book Description: [n.p.],, Massachusetts:, 1863. FIRST EDITION. Broadside. 28 x 20 inches. Mounted on cloth, folded in quarters, minor splitting a center fold; light soiling and edgewear with minor chips (without loss of text), very light annotations in ink on verso (visible to recto right margin). Overall an excellent example of this rare and important broadside. First printing of the first proclamation of Thanksgiving as a national holiday. This original broadside produced in Massachusetts is formatted in two halves, the top being Governor John A. Andrew's announcement of Lincoln's Proclamation dated July 27, 1863, and the bottom being Lincoln's actual proclamation dated July 15, 1863, announcing that August 6 shall be set aside as a National Day of Thanksgiving. Though the exact printing date is unknown, it can be assumed that it was printed within the week following July 27.Thanksgiving was observed as a holiday since colonial times and each state would set aside its own day for celebration. This proclamation was the first time that the holiday would be celebrated on a set day nationwide, making it the first observed Thanksgiving as a national holiday.Later the same year, on October 3, 1863, Lincoln made a second proclamation again announcing Thanksgiving as a holiday, but this time in November, a date closer to the time most states had been celebrating it in the past. This earlier proclamation is actually the first time Thanksgiving was given national status, but because the second proclamation was widely accepted, the knowledge of this earlier one has been somewhat forgotten, making this piece a rare and important document in the annals of American history.Though this broadside is for the State of Massachusetts, no other broadsides from any other states announcing this date are known to exist, and only three other copies of this rare document are located through OCLC. Bookseller Inventory # 11224

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Book Description: He became one of ShermanÕs corps commanders on the March to the Sea By 1860, Lincoln had become part of the national political scene due to his debates with Stephen A. Douglas and Cooper Union speech in New York. As the 1860 campaign got underway, he was mentioned for the presidency but was hardly considered a con- tender. However, many felt that he was a viable candidate for Vice-President on a ticket with William A. Seward running for the presidency. It was almost universally believed that the State Republican Convention of Illinois, meeting in Decatur, would present his name for that office to the National Convention in Chicago. On May 6, 1860 the largest step in LincolnÕs political career occurred as the Decatur convention convened at a hastily constructed wood and tent structure called ÔThe Wigwam.Õ The roof was so low that the heads of men as tall as Lincoln, when on the platform, almost touched the canvass roof. The seats were constructed of plank, staked on edge with boards laid over them. But despite the rough-hewn quality of the building, this was to be a momentous convention. John M. Palmer had always been a Democrat, but his anti-slavery position led him to help or- ganize the Illinois Republican Party. In 1856, he was president of the first Illinois Republican Convention, and was a delegate to the national convention in Philadelphia that nominated John C. Fremont. In 1860, he was a strong supporter of Abraham Lincoln and in Decatur for the con- vention. Also very much a presence was Richard Oglesby, a friend of LincolnÕs who was prepar- ing a surprise for the convention. Though the delegates thought the principal business was to nominate a candidate for governor, Oglesby decided to advance LincolnÕs presidential prospects by presenting him as a representative of free labor to show the possibilities that existed for poor men in a free State. So Oglesby and LincolnÕs cousin, John Hanks, went to a clearing John had made with Lincoln when they were splitting rails many years before. They took two of the rails from the area, took them to town, and hid the rails in OglesbyÕs barn until the day of the conven- tion. He talked with Palmer and a few other Republicans about the plan and decided that Hanks would take the rails into the convention. They made a banner and attached it to a board fastened across the top of the rails: ÒAbraham Lincoln, The Railsplitter Candidate, for President in 1860. Two rails from a lot of 3,000 made in 1830 by John Hanks and Abe Lincoln.Ó Things really started to get rolling at the convention. At a prearranged moment, Hanks carried the banner in. Palmer jumped to his feet with a resolution declaring that ÒAbraham Lincoln is the first choice of the Republican Party of Illinois for the presidency,Ó and instructing Òthe delegates to the Chicago convention to use all honorable means to secure the nomination and to cast the vote of the state as a unit for him.Ó Thomas Turner, a champion for Seward, bitterly attacked the resolution. Palmer followed with an impassioned speech for Lincoln, his resolu- tion was adopted, and such was the pro-Lincoln enthusiasm that ensued that the Wigwam was almost wrecked. The roof was cheered off the building as hats, canes, papers, etc. were thrown in the air. At the peak of this excitement, Lincoln could not be found. He was hunted for and discovered in the back room of a jewelry store, where he had wandered in and taken a nap on the couch. He was taken into the convention through a rear entrance, not fully realizing what was happening. He stood dazed for a few moments, but when asked if he had split those rails said, ÒGentlemen, John and I did split some rails down there, and if these are not the identical rails, we certainly made some quite as good.Ó At the national convention a few weeks later, as SewardÕs men were promoting the idea of having LincolnÕs name brought forward as a candi- date for vice president, they were confronted personally by Palmer who followe. Bookseller Inventory # 9161

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Book Description: [Springfield, Il. June 26, 1857]., 1857. 7pp. printed in double-column format. Quarto. Single sheet folded twice, uncut. A fine copy, with the bookplate of James Copley on the blank p.8. In a blue half morocco and cloth case. This speech, delivered on June 26, 1857 in Springfield, Illinois, was a defining moment in Lincoln's political career, propelling him toward his famous run for the Senate against Stephen A. Douglas the following year. It came in direct response to a speech Douglas gave two weeks earlier on Kansas and slavery, the Dred Scott decision, and Utah. In it Lincoln replies to the same burning issues. A sympathetic journalist who was present wrote: "There was no rant - no fustian - no bombast, but there was something in it of more force and power than these; the heart-felt.clothed in the eternal maxims of the purest reasons." Historians since have seen the speech as the real beginning of the Lincoln-Douglas debates during the campaign of 1858. Gerald M. Capers observed that those speeches were ".but forensic repetitions of the points they had already made." David Herbert Donald calls Lincoln's address "powerful," and says that his reaction to the Dred Scott decision marked a significant turning point in his views on constitutional issues: "never again did he give deference to the ruling of the Supreme Court." Lincoln attacked the Dred Scott decision on two bases. First, he claimed it was based on a misunderstanding of historical principles and the intentions of the Founders, asserting that the heavily Southern Supreme Court had bent the meaning of the Constitution to suit their prejudices. He noted that the Court had reversed itself on previous decisions and suggested so ill-founded an argument could not stand. Second, he argued that a decision that went so manifestly against the will of the people could not stand. Taking the opportunity to clarify his position on slavery, Lincoln rails against Douglas' claim that those who argue blacks are covered by the Constitution "do so only because they want to vote, eat, and sleep, and marry with negroes!" Chief Justice Taney had argued in Dred Scott that those imported to be slaves, whether free or not, were not among those envisioned as "equal" in the Declaration of Independence. Lincoln refuted this, but in a qualified form which well demonstrates the evolution of his thought to this point: "I protest against the counterfeit logic which concludes that, because I do not want a black woman for a slave I must necessarily want her for a wife. I need not have her for either. In some respects, she certainly is not my equal; but in her natural right to eat the bread she earns with her own hands, she is my equal, and the equal of all others." Lincoln also discusses Douglas' opinions on the Kansas question and the "Mormon War" in Utah. On the matter of Utah, he exposes Douglas' favored revocation of territorial status as a ruse to attach the region to a territory where the slavery question is settled by its inhabitants. On Kansas, he continues to attack Douglas' popular sovereignty principle, arguing that the spread of slavery westward would undermine all of the previous compromises which had held the Union together. Given almost a year before his famous "A House Divided" speech, this marked a dramatic step forward in Lincoln's quest for the Republican Senate nomination. His considerable stage presence and coruscating oratory helped make the speech a tremendous success. The ILLINOIS STATE JOURNAL advertised copies of the speech for sale, while at least two papers (the ILLINOIS STATE CHRONICLE and the CLINTON CENTRAL TRANSCRIPT) printed the text in full. This is the first issue of this separate printing, with Lincoln's first name misspelled; Monaghan records a similar later printing, with Lincoln's name spelled correctly in the title. This pamphlet is extremely rare in the market. The only one we know of to sell in the last twenty years is the copy the Eberstadts offered in 1964, which we later sold to a private collecto. Bookseller Inventory # WRCAM 42130

12.

Autograph Note Signed on lower portion of a letter, 8vo, Washington, , March 2, 1864.

LINCOLN, ABRAHAM. (1809-65). Sixteenth President of the United States, serving from March 4, 1861 until his assassination.
(Millburn, NJ, U.S.A.)
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Book Description: Book Condition: Very Good. Judge James Hughes was appointed to the U. S. Court of Claims in January 1860, served to December 1864, then became a member of the Indiana House of Representatives until 1866. He asked Lincoln to provide armed escorts to recover a dead soldier from the battlefield. In full. "Mr. President, Will you be pleased to write on the margin of the letter herewith sent or write below this, a note of request, or an order to major Crowninshield, commanding the 2nd Mass. Cavalry, to furnish the bearer, the necessary guides and escort to recover the body and oblige." Signed, "James Hughes." As President during the Civil War, Lincoln answers a letter addressed to him by Judge James Hughes (1823 -1873) regarding Major Casper Crowninshield (1837-97) who commanded the 2d Regiment of the Massachusetts Volunteer Cavalry. In full: "Major Crowninshield is directed as above, unless it will interfere with the military orders, under which he is acting, or in his judgment, is dangerous, or improper." The President signs, " A. Lincoln - March 2. 1864.". Bookseller Inventory # 2402

13.

Lincoln Appoints a Minister to the Papal States

ABRAHAM LINCOLN
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Book Description: Washington, D.C., 1862. No binding. Book Condition: Good. Document Signed as President, appointing Alexander W. Randall as American Minister Resident to Pope Pius IX. Washington, D.C., April 7, 1862. 1 p. President Lincoln signs his authorization to affix the Seal of the United States to a politically important appointment: American minister to Pope Pius IX. The appointee later served as Postmaster General under Andrew Johnson. Partial TranscriptI hereby authorize and direct the Secretary of State to affix the Seal of the United States to the envelope of a letter accrediting Alexander W. Randall Esquire, as Minister Resident of the United States of America near His Holiness Pope Pius IX.Historical BackgroundLincoln's first appointee to the Papal States had been Rufus King, a prominent Republican newspaperman. Before assuming his post, however, King took a leave of absence to join the Union Army, where he was appointed brigadier general and raised the famed Iron Brigade. King then recommended Alexander W. Randall, a fellow Wisconsin Republican, to replace him in Rome. This Lincoln-signed document formally authorizes the affixing of the U.S. seal to Randall's appointment. (The appointment document has not been located, per Basler.[1])The United States had established diplomatic relations with the Papal States in 1848, during the second year of Pope Pius IX's tenure (1846-1878). Pius actively pursued the growth of the Church in America, encouraging synods, and creating new dioceses and archdioceses as well as expanding existing ones. This was particularly true in the West - just a year after his election, Pius created the Diocese of Galveston, which encompassed the entire state of Texas. He was also instrumental in the founding of an American College in Rome for future priests, to which he pledged his personal financial support. The Roman Catholic population of the United States almost tripled during his long papacy.The diplomatic post to the Papal States, territories in Italy ruled by the papacy until 1870, had not been considered of particular political importance to the United States. (In fact, the office had only been raised to the rank of a resident ministry in 1854.) That changed with the advent of the Civil War. Lincoln realized that it was critical to the Union to forestall international recognition of the Confederacy. Though the Papal States had lost four-fifths of their territory during the wars of Italian unification, the Pope still maintained substantial international influence. "The Church of Rome, notwithstanding its difficulties," Randall wrote to Secretary of State William H. Seward, "wields, as you are aware, an immense power in Europe and the British Empire."[2] Seward and Randall worked to convince the Pope that the United States and the Holy See enjoyed a "special relationship." Both entities, Seward implied, were established authorities in difficult circumstances because of rebellion. Cardinal Antonelli, Pius's secretary of state, assured American officials that the Pope would not interfere in American affairs.[3]In late 1862, Pius IX wrote to the archbishops of New York and New Orleans-the highest church officials allied, respectively, with the Union and Confederate causes-urging them to promote a peaceful resolution to the Civil War. The request itself was not particularly controversial, but it did place the pontiff squarely in the camp of the "Peace Democrats," a.k.a. "Copperheads," many of whom were Catholic immigrants. Confederate president Jefferson Davis saw the letter as an opportunity to gain allies both within the Union and abroad. He wrote a sympathetic response and had it delivered in person to the Pope by an emissary. Pius replied in December of 1863, addressing Davis as the "Illustrious and Honorable . President of the Confederate States of America." Confederate officials were gleeful. Though Antonelli insisted that the address did not constitute the Pope's official recognition of the Confederacy, the damage wa. (See website for full description). Document Signed. Bookseller Inventory # 22685

14.

Pardoning a Murderous Mutineer

ABRAHAM LINCOLN
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Book Description: Washington, D.C., 1864. No binding. Book Condition: Fine. Document Signed, as President, countersigned by Secretary of State William H. Seward, Washington, D.C., May 10, 1864. 2 pp. 10 3/4 x 16 3/4". Lincoln pardons Alfred Ryder, a prisoner in New York's Sing Sing prison. Ryder promptly enlisted in the Union navy, only to desert a year after the war ended. Partial Transcript"Whereas . one Alfred Ryder was convicted of Mutiny and sentenced to imprisonment for seven years; And whereas, the said Ryder has now suffered nearly four years of his sentence, and his conduct in confinement has been uniformly exemplary.Now, therefore, be it known, that I, Abraham Lincoln, President of the United States of America, in consideration of the premises, divers other good and sufficient reasons . have granted and do hereby grant unto him . a full and unconditional pardon ." Historical BackgroundOn May 23, 1860 a revolt broke out on board the ship Wm. F. Storer off Governors Island, New York. Several men demanded that the captain open the forecastle, where they likely stashed liquor. "I'll see you d-d arse, you old gray-headed son of a b-h," Ryder cursed the captain. A melee ensued with Ryder and others shooting at the officers. The ship's steward was killed. The ringleaders, including Ryder, were given seven-year prison terms. On sentencing, the judge called the incident "one of the most disgraceful and outrageous [affrays] that has happened in the harbor of New-York." Ryder served less than four years of his sentence before being pardoned. Lincoln's generosity with pardons was well known. He denied every application to execute sentries for sleeping at their posts. In one 1864 order alone, he revoked 60 death sentences. Attorney General Bates lamented that "in nine cases out of ten," a woman's tears were "sure to prevail in winning clemency." History has tended to sympathize with Lincoln's compassion, but his generals complained that it undermined discipline and encouraged desertion. Additional Historical BackgroundThe Wm. F. Storer, was a packet-ship built in Waldoboro, Maine in 1856 by Storer and Comery. Between 1859 and 1863 she brought over a thousand immigrants to the U.S. The ship was owned in New York by Trask and Dearborn and had just embarked for Liverpool, England when the confrontation occurred. In his deposition Captain Benjamin J. H. Trask, said, "it is customary to lock the forecastle when leaving port when it is suspected that the crew have liquor concealed there." After quarreling began, Capt. Trask appeared on the deck and stated that the men "did not want it open while weighing anchor." Prominent (even foremost) among these, was Alfred Ryder, who said: "we do want it open; will you open it?" but was ordered by the Captain: "No; go to your work." After threatening and cursing the captain, Ryder was ordered put in chains. The fighting continued with Capt. Trask narrowly escaping the pistol fire of Ryder, James Dillon, and Robert Craig, and the carpenter's edge tools and rigging spikes in the hands of George Beecher, James Brown, George Cross, Joseph McDonald, and William Smith. The captain remained besieged in his cabin until the Harbor Police arrived. In the melee, the Steward, Andrew H. Mitchell, 47, was killed, leaving a wife and family. It is not clear which man or men caused the fatal blow(s) to Mitchell - "a fractured skull.a considerable portion.having been crushed in" - but the ringleaders, Ryder, Dillon, and Craig or Smith, were given seven year sentences by Judge Smalley whose outrage at the "affray" was proclaimed at the sentencing of Dillon.Ryder appears in the 1860 census at Sing Sing (Ossining, NY), from which we learn that he was born ca. 1837 in Scotland. He is likely the "Alfred Rider" who enlisted May 21, 1864 (eleven days after this pardon) as a seaman in the Union Navy. He deserted May 21, 1866. Lincoln issued twice as many pardons as his predecessor, James Buchanan, granting clemency to some 331 prisoners convict. (See website for full description). Document Signed. Bookseller Inventory # 13446

15.

Document Signed

Lincoln, Abraham.
(Los Angeles, CA, U.S.A.)
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Book Description: Soft cover. ("Abraham Lincoln"), in black ink, Washington, February 10, 1862. Folio. Partially printed document on vellum accomplished in a secretarial hand. Blue wafer seal intact. Lincoln's signature is dark. Appointment of Ethan A[llen] Hitchcock to the rank of Major General of Volunteers. Boldly co-signed by Edwin Stanton, Secretary of War, and Adjutant General L. Thomas (a few small holes at the folds, else fine, fresh and dark). Lincoln (1809-65), 16th President of the United States (1861-65) and one of the most important figures in American history. Hitchcock (1798-1870), Graduated West Point in 1817; served in Florida war; later with Winfield Scott in Mexico. He was commissioned Major-General of Volunteers (as per this document) in 1862 and rendered many valuable services to Lincoln's administration and the Union Army (see Basler's Lincoln for numerous references to him). Signed by Author(s). Bookseller Inventory # 600008

16.

Lincoln as Baseball Champion in The National Game by Currier and Ives

BASEBALL; ABRAHAM LINCOLN
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Book Description: New York, N.Y., 1860. No binding. Book Condition: Fine. Lithograph (attributed to Louis Maurer). The National Game. Three 'Outs' and One 'Run.' Abraham Winning the Ball. New York, N.Y.: Currier & Ives, 1860. 16 x 11 3/4 in. From the year baseball stepped forward as the national sport: Lincoln, the 'Rail Splitter,' is depicted as a victorious player, with candidates Bell, Douglas and Breckinridge looking on. This not only is the first identified reference of baseball as the "national game," but also can be considered the start of the tradition of sports metaphors in American politics. The print portrays three candidates holding baseball bats inscribed with their respective political positions -- "fusion" for John Bell of the border state Constitutional Union party; "non-intervention" (on the slavery issue) for Stephen Douglas, a northern Democrat; and "slavery extension" for John C. Breckinridge, a southern Democrat. Lincoln's bat is a rail, labeled "equal rights and free territory." He is also raising a ball, signifying that he was the winner.The words in each figure's text bubble contain the baseball slang of the era. Bell thinks that it is "very singular that we three should strike 'foul' and be 'put out' while old Abe made such a 'good lick.'"Douglas explains: "That's because he had that confounded rail, to strike with. I thought our fusion would be a 'short stop' to his career."Breckinridge, holding his nose and turning away, proclaims: "I guess I'd better leave for Kentucky, for I smell something strong around here, and begin to think that we are completely 'skunk'd.'"Lincoln has the last word: "Gentlemen, if any of you should ever take a hand in another match at this game, remember that you must have 'a good bat' and strike a 'fair ball' to make a 'clean score' & a 'home run.'"The image is widely known from reproductions of the Library of Congress copy, but the print is particularly rare. No other copies have been found in WorldCat; only one other copy -- also handled by Kaller -- appears in major auction recordsConditionExpertly cleaned, mended, and de-acidified; conservation treatment report available on request. Lithograph. Bookseller Inventory # 22627

17.
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Book Description: Washington, D.C.: 1863, 1863. Partially engraved military appointment on vellum with the sections accomplished in manuscript (445 × 330 mm). Mounted, framed and glazed with UV conservation glass in dark wood frame with gilt slip. Originally folded into sixths leaving light creases as usual - it was common to carry such documents as instruments of authority, or means of identification - with two very small losses at the confluence of the upper centre folds, some light soiling verso, Stanton's signature is faded to brown, Lincoln's still quite strong. Blue wafer seal at left, with one small chip, and War Department docketing notations at upper left. Attractive cartouche of the American eagle at the head, and large trophy of arms at the foot, engraved by by J.V.N. and O.H. Throop. The document appoints Carl Proegler as an Assistant Surgeon of Volunteers, effective from October 4, 1862, signed in full Lincoln and Stanton. This appointment was made four months before the Battle of Gettysburg. Dr. Proegler (1837-1907), was born in Cologne and educated Erlangen, Würzburg, and Berlin, graduating from the last in 1859, and studying in Paris and London the following year, before emigrating to the United States. At the outbreak of the Civil War, he broke off from the practice that he had established in New York and "offered his services to the Government and was appointed Junior Surgeon of a hospital in Washington, where he remained for a few months. He afterward served as surgeon of various regiments, including the Twenty-fifth New York Infantry, of which he had charge in his professional capacity for about ten months. At the close of the war Dr. Proegler entered the navy and was made Fleet Surgeon under General Farragut — a position which he filled until 1868" (Memorial Record of Northeastern Indian, p.225). Proegler returned to Germany during the Franco-Prussian War, but in 1872 came back to America and settled in Fort Wayne, Indiana, where "from the beginning he maintained a place among the most able practitioners of this section of the State", a member of the Allen County Medical Society, he was twice Secretary to the State Board of Health. Highly appealing military-medical Lincoln document from the Civil War. Bookseller Inventory # 90344

18.

Autograph Endoresment Signed ("A. Lincoln")

LINCOLN, Abraham.
(Los Angeles, CA, U.S.A.)
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Book Description: Soft cover. in black ink as President, Washington, D.C., December 23, 1863. Six lines plus signature and date, on verso of the integral blank of an Autograph Letter Signed from General John M. Schofield, Washington, D.C., December 23, 1863. 8vo. 2 pages. Fine, fresh example, dark and clean. In his letter, Schofield addresses his commander in chief deferentially: "Mr. President, I desire simply to ask you if I may be absent from Washington a few days pending the settlement of my affairs, I wish to spend Christmas day with my relatives at West Point. If there is any reason for my remaining here of course I do not wish to go." On verso, Lincoln writes: "Not the slightest objection to Gen. Schofield's visiting West Point, so that he be in call by Telegraph." This letter serves as an interesting footnote to the long-simmering problem in Missouri, where Schofield had been in command. A slave state, Missouri had seethed with pro and anti-slavery conflicts, and was terrorized by armed bands of southern sympathizers. Schofield and the provisional governor had engaged in bitter jurisdictional quarrels until all factions finally united to criticize Schofield for his "high-handed" administration and demand his removal. In early December 1863, a congressman who had visited Missouri told Lincoln first hand of Schofield's increasing difficulties, prompting the President on December 11 to telegraph a simple order to Schofield: "Please come see me at once." After his White House interview, Lincoln recommended that Schofield be promoted to major general, transferred, and Rosecrans appointed to take his place. Lincoln's recommendation was quickly approved by the Senate. Schofield (1831-1906), Graduated West Point, 1853. In Missouri at the outbreak of the Civil War, he became chief of staff to Gen. Nathaniel Lyon and served until Lyon’s death at the battle of Wilson's Creek, August 1861. Promoted brigadier-general of volunteers in November, he was engaged in field operations in Missouri and later commanded the Department of the Missouri as major-general. Assuming command of XXIII Corps in February 1864, he took part in Sherman's Atlanta campaign as one of the three army commanders and badly shattered Hool's confederate force at the fierce battle of Franlklin, Tenn. Moving the XXIII Corps to the mouth of the Cape Fear river, He occupied Wilmington, N.C., and effected a junction with Sherman at Goldsboro, March 23, 1865, for the final moves against Gen. J.E. Johnston. In the spring of 1868 served briefly as U.S. secretary of war. Promoted major-general, regular army, 1869, he commanded several departments successively and made the recommendations that led to the acquisition of Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, as a naval base. Superintendent at West Point, 1876-81. Lincoln (1809-65), 16th President of the United States (1861-65) and one of the most important figures in American history. Signed by Author(s). Bookseller Inventory # 601017

19.

The Gettysburg Address-First Day of Printing, New York

ABRAHAM LINCOLN. GETTYSBURG ADDRESS
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Book Description: New York, 1863. No binding. Book Condition: Fine. The World (illustrator). Newspaper, The World, New York, November 20, 1863. 8 pp., 15 3/8 x 23 in. ".It is for us, the living, rather to be dedicated here to the refinished work that they have thus so far nobly carried on.A rare first day of publication newspaper, with Lincoln's timeless embodiment of American ideals prominently placed.This printing from November 20, the day after the Address, contains Lincoln's speech on the front page. This original issue also includes Edward Everett's speech, a report on the ceremonies, and a map of the "Great National Soldiers' Cemetery at Gettysburg." Partial Transcript"Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth upon this continent a new nation, conceived in liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal. (Applause.) Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation so conceived, and so dedicated, can long endure. We are met on a great battle-field of that war. We are met to dedicate a portion of it as the final resting place of those who here gave their lives that that nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this. But in a larger sense we cannot dedicate, we cannot consecrate, we cannot hallow this ground. The brave men, living and dead, who struggled here, have consecrated it far above our power to add or detract. (Applause.) The world will little note nor long remember, what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here. (Applause.) It is for us, the living, rather to be dedicated here to the refinished work that they have thus so far nobly carried on. (Applause.) It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us, that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they here gave the last full measure of devotion: that we here highly resolve that the dead shall not have died in vain (applause): that the nation shall, under God, have a new birth of freedom, and that governments of the people, by the people, and for the people, shall not perish from the earth. (Long continuous applause.)"The text is the Associated Press version, delivered by telegraph from the battlefield ceremonies. There are some slight variations between different newspapers and typesetters in terms of punctuation and capitalization, but the original AP version is easily identifiable by the use of the phrase "to the refinished work ." instead of the more appropriate "to the unfinished work."Additional differences between this and other versions of the text include:"We are met to dedicate" is "We have come to dedicate" in Lincoln's written copies.the word "poor," heard by some reporters and present in both of Lincoln's drafts, is excluded here: " far above our [poor] power to add or detract" "carried on" is found here and in Lincoln's second draft, but he replaced it with "advanced" in subsequent drafts: "have thus so far [so] nobly [carried on advanced]" For Full Historical Background of the Gettysburg Address click here. Newspaper. Bookseller Inventory # 22381

20.

Autograph Endorsement (22 words) Signed

LINCOLN, Abraham.
(Los Angeles, CA, U.S.A.)
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Book Description: 1863. No Binding. Book Condition: Very Good. No Jacket. ("A. Lincoln") in black ink [Washington, DC], May 12, 1863, being 7 lines on the verso of the second leaf of an autograph letter to Lincoln from Robert Chester, Buffalo, May 9, 1863, 2 pages; 7 7/8" x 12 3/4", on a bifolium of blue-ruled paper, neatly reinforced at folds. Lincoln deals with an officer seeking "An Honorable Discharge & to Avoid a Dishonorable One." Robert Chester, who identifies himself as "late Capt. 17th Infantry, US Army," petitions the President: "I would most respectfully request a suspension of Special Orders No. 201, (Extract 4) by which I am dismissed the service of the United States. The reasons for such request are that my case has not been properly submitted to Your Excellency. I would respectfully ask that the order my be suspended until a Court of Inquiry, or Court Martial; can be convened, when I may have the opportunity to defend myself." Chester's appeal is joined by ten other prominent citizens of Buffalo, including her postmaster, one the justices of the city's Superior Court, and three Union officers hailing from the Bison City. Lincoln forwarded Chester's petition to Judge Advocate General Joseph Holt, directing him to "please examine & report on this case. The officer only seeks an honorable discharge, & to avoid a dishonorable one." Nothing further on the case is recorded, and Holt - influenced, perhaps, by the President's none-too-subtle insinuation - evidently found no merit to Chester's claim. See "The Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln", ed. Basler, Supplement: 187. Signed by Author(s). Bookseller Inventory # 604601

21.

Autograph Endorsement Signed as President

Lincoln, Abraham
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Book Description: Washington, D.C., 1864. 30 January 1864, seven lines plus signature and date on verso of a manuscript petition from James S. Henderson and 13 others, to His Excellency A. Lincoln, Calloway County, Missouri, 18 January 1864. 2 pages, 4to. The letter respectfully petitions President Lincoln on behalf of three young Confederates " now prisoners of war at Point Lookout." They were captured at the Battle of Black Water (near Vicksburg) after entering "the Rebel Army.in the fall of 1861." Now, they are "desirous to return to their homes.and comply with the Laws." They are "willing to take the necessary Oath." Lincoln as was so often his wont, is happy to comply, and writes: "Let these three young men take the oarth of Dec. * and be discharged. Also let J.J. Neal go to Point Lookout & return with these young men. A. Lincoln." The three here pardoned were among the 1700 Confederate prisoners taken in the Battle of Big Black River, 17 May 1863, in the late phases of General Grant;s Vicksburg campaign. Bookseller Inventory # 884614

22.

34-Line Document Written Entirely in Lincoln's Hand

LINCOLN, Abraham
(New York, NY, U.S.A.)
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Book Description: Sangamon County, 1842. unbound. .For that whereas the said defendant.was indebted to the said plaintiffs in the sum of one hundred and twenty three dollars, and eighty five, for scanting, joists, sheeting, rafters, weatherboarding, flooring and other lumber.yet the said defendant although often requested to do so has not as yet paid the said sum of money. Signed "Logan & Lincoln PQ," the name of Lincoln's law firm; a writ on behalf of Illinois lumber merchants William Porter, James Donnell, and Joseph P. Eagen, who were seeking restitution and damages from a debtor, Frederick A. Patterson. 1 1/4 pages, tall 4to (tears along folds, silked on verso, slight staining, signature slightly smudged). Sangamon County, Illinois. March 1, 1842. Bookseller Inventory # 234068

23.

Lincoln-Signed Military Commission of James P. Kimball

ABRAHAM LINCOLN
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Book Description: Washington D.C., 1862. No binding. Book Condition: Fine. Document Signed, as President, appointing James P. Kimball as Assistant Adjutant General of Volunteers, co-signed by Edward Stanton, Washington D.C., April 18, 1862, 1p. Kimball served General Patrick, and fought at Manassas, Antietam, Fredericksburg, and Gettysburg. He later became Director of the U.S. Mint. Historical BackgroundJames Kimball was born in Salem, MA in 1836, attended Harvard University, the University of Frederick Wilhelm, Berlin, the University of George Augusta, and the Mining School at Freiberg, graduating with degrees in Mining and Metallurgy. He began his career as a state geologist and academic.When the Civil War broke out, Kimball was appointed Assistant Adjutant General to General Marsena Rudolph Patrick, who was named as the provost marshal for the Army of the Potomac in 1862. During his service with Patrick, Kimball saw action at Manassas, Antietam, Fredericksburg, and Gettysburg, among other battles. At the Battle of Gettysburg, Patrick's brigade of troops oversaw the processing of thousands of Confederate prisoners of war.Kimball eventually resigned from the army due to ill health, and returned to his career as a mining engineer and geologist. In 1885 President Cleveland appointed him as Director of the U.S. Mint. Kimball was the first metallurgist in that position, and his tenure is marked by his famous (to numismatists) report in which he criticized the quality of U.S. coinage, and started the process that eventually led to St. Gaudens designing the "Double Eagles," considered by many as the most beautiful coins of the world.ConditionSome toning, otherwise fine and with excellent Lincoln signature. The engrossment, typically lighter than Lincoln's signature, has been touched up to make it more legible. Document Signed. Bookseller Inventory # 22109

24.

Field Promotion of Joseph A. Slipper, Signed

Abraham Lincoln
(Hollywood, FL, U.S.A.)
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Book Description: 1863. Book Condition: Very Good. Signed vellum field promotion of Joseph A. Slipper to to Assistant Adjutant General with the rank of Captain. (Slipper survived the war and was a journalist and bookprinter in New York City.) Framed and matted with plaque and 19th century portrait of Lincoln; also signed by by Edwin M. Stanton, Secretary of War ; Autograph; 36.5 in x 30 in; Signed by Author. Bookseller Inventory # 985

25.

A New York Newspaper Prints Lincoln's Cooper Union Speech on the Front Page

ABRAHAM LINCOLN
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Book Description: New York, NY, 1860. No binding. Book Condition: Fine. New York Semi-Weekly Tribune (illustrator). Newspaper. New York Semi-Weekly Tribune, New York, N.Y., February 28, 1860, 8 pp., disbound. The complete text of Lincoln's speech is printed under the headline: "NATIONAL POLITICS, A Speech, Delivered at the Cooper Institute Last Evening, by, ABRAHAM LINCOLN, of Illinois." "Let us have faith that right makes might." Brief Excerpt"Let all who believe that 'our fathers, who framed the Government under which we live, understood this question just as well, and even better, than we do now,' speak as they spoke, and act as they acted upon it. This is all Republicans ask -- all Republicans desire -- in relation to slavery. As those fathers marked it, so let it be again marked, as an evil not to be extended, but to be tolerated and protected only because of and so far as is actual presence among us makes that toleration and protection a necessity. Let all the guaranties those fathers gave it, be, not grudgingly, but fully and fairly maintained.Neither let us be slandered from our duty by false accusations against us, nor frightened from it by menaces of destruction to the Government nor of dungeons to ourselves. Let us have faith that right makes might, and in that faith, let us, to the end, dare to do our duty as we understand it." Historical BackgroundLincoln gave his speech at the Cooper Institute in New York City before he captured the Republican presidential nomination, and its success catapulted him to national attention as a viable presidential candidate. Using James Elliot's The Debates in the Several State Conventions on the Adoption of the Federal Constitution, he delivered a speech that concentrated on the Founders' original intent about the contentious issue of slavery. As in his "House Divided Speech" two years earlier, Lincoln used the occasion to differentiate his positions from those of the Democrats, who accused Republicans of being a sectional party, or of helping John Brown's raid on Harpers Ferry, or threatened secession if Lincoln was elected. Lincoln begins by arguing that twenty-one of the thirty-nine Constitution signers believed that the federal government could ban slavery in the territories. He then explained the Republican position did not threaten slavery where it already existed, though he did insist on limiting slavery's expansion into the territories.Unlike most of Lincoln's important speeches, the Cooper Union address is neither short nor particularly quotable. Nevertheless, Lincoln the lawyer lays out his arguments, building to the unassailable conclusion that the Founding Fathers saw slavery as an institution that would wither and die with time and isolation.On the afternoon of the speech, Lincoln sat for a photographic portrait in Matthew Brady's New York studio. He later reputedly said, "Brady and the Cooper Institute made me President." Lincoln dined with supporters, and the then went to the New York Tribune offices to read and correct the typeset text of his speech. According to the young typesetter who worked with Lincoln that night, the manuscript was left on a table and then discarded.Later, on page 4, Tribune editor Horace Greeley comments in an editorial, "The Speech of Abraham Lincoln at the Cooper Institute last evening was one of the happiest and most convincing political arguments ever made in this City." Greeley was so pleased that he rushed this edition into print, but also commented that "We shall print an extra edition of the Semi Weekly Tribune containing the speech . We shall soon issue his speech of last night in pamphlet form." The extra was printed later in the day on February 28; the pamphlet was printed March 6. As a result this is the first printing of Lincoln's Cooper Institute Speech.ConditionTreated by a professional paper conservator. Newspaper. Bookseller Inventory # 22847

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Book Description: Washington, 1863. Autograph. Book Condition: Very Good. A small laid paper scrap to an unnamed recipient inclining to support Illinois Senator Lyman Trumbull's recommendation that Nathan M. Knapp be appointed [as Paymaster in the United States Army]. Certainly the same N.M Knapp from the Springfield/Winchester delegation to the 1860 Republican convention who had written to Lincoln during the 1860 convention: "Things are working: keep a good nerve - be not surprised at any result - but I tell you your chances are not the worst. We have got Seward in the attitude of the representative Republican of the East - you at West. We are laboring to make you the second choice of all the delegations we can, where we can't make you first choice. We are dealing tenderly with the delegates taking them in detail and making no fuss. Be not too expectant, but rely upon our discretion. Again I say brace your nerves for any result."(James A. Hamilton, Reminiscences of James A. Hamilton; or Men and Events at Home and Abroad, during Three Quarters of a Century (Letter to James A. Hamilton). , May 31, 1860, pp. 453-454, footnote 19). Even earlier, in March, Knapp wrote: "I want Abe to run; then I want a picture of him splitting rails on the Sangamon Bottom, with 50 cts per hundred marked on a chip placed in the fork of a tree nearby. I think it will win." (N. M. Knapp to Ozias M. Hatch, Winchester, Illinois, 12 March 1860, Hatch Papers, Lincoln Presidential Library, Springfield.); 32mo; Signed by Author. Bookseller Inventory # 1432

27.
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Book Description: Washington, DC, 1865. Printed broadside on vellum, 20 1/2 x 16 1/2 inches, wood engravings of the American Eagle (3 1/4 x 7 1/2 inches) at the top and a patriotic image of folded flags and military equipment (4 1/2 x 12 1/2 inches) at the bottom; docketed in upper corner by E.D. Townsend as Assistant Adjutant General. Glazed and framed; folded (crease lines visible). Handwriting in document faded, signatures less so, a very good example of an important promotion document. Charles S. Wainwright (1826-1907), a prosperous farmer in the Hudson River Valley of New York when the Civil War began, was commissioned a major in the 1st New York Artillery on 17 October 1861 and served throughout the war in the Army of the Potomac as an artillery officer. Rising to command the artillery of the First Corps, he was praised for his performance in the defeat at Chancellorsville and became a hero at Gettysburg commanding all the guns on the eastern part of Cemetery Hill on the second day of the battle, his batteries being instrumental in helping repulse the Confederates' twilight attack. When Gen. Meade reorganized the Army of the Potomac in 1864, Wainwright became chief of artillery for the Fifth Corps and served in that capacity to the end of the war.Wainwright's journal of the war "A Diary of Battle: The Personal Journals of Colonel Charles S. Wainwright, 1861-1865" was published in 1962 (NY: Harcourt, Brace & World, edited by Allan Nevins): "One of the best primary sources uncovered and published in recent years; contains a reservoir of data on almost every aspect of the Army of the Potomac" ("Civil War Books"). From the introduction: "That evening [July 2], Wainwright had to withstand the heavy assault of Robert E. Rodes's troops, his men serving twenty-one guns as fast as they could load and fire. The cannoneers stood at their pieces even when Confederates droves into the batteries, fighting the enemy off with fence rails and stones, and capturing a few prisoners. Thus they saved Cemetery Hill." Though Lincoln promotion documents appear with regularity on the market, ones for contributors like Wainwright, a hero of Gettysburg, are uncommon. (2676). Bookseller Inventory # 56036

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Book Description: Washington. July 1, 1864., 1864. Broadside, measuring 19 1/2 x 16 inches; mounted and framed to 24 3/4 x 20 3/4 inches. Old fold lines. Minor soiling and wear. Very good. Attractive engraved broadside, completed in manuscript and signed by President Abraham Lincoln and Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton, appointing Arthur B. Carpenter to the rank of First Lieutenant in the Nineteenth Regiment of Infantry in the Union Army. Carpenter survived the Civil War and was promoted to Captain, serving with Philip Sheridan in the Indian wars on the Western frontier. With the embossed seal of the War Department and contemporary docketing near the top. Very nice and framed for display. Bookseller Inventory # WRCAM 43457

29.

In Lincoln's Name, General Halleck Puts a Troublesome General in His Place

HENRY W. HALLECK. ABRAHAM LINCOLN
Bookseller: Seth Kaller Inc.
(White Plains, NY, U.S.A.)
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Book Description: Washington, D.C., 1863. No binding. Book Condition: Fine. Autograph Letter with Lincoln's Secretarial Signature. Washington, D.C., June 16, 1863. 1 p., 8 x 10 in., on War Department letterhead cancelled. Complete Transcript4: 45 PMTo remove all misunderstanding I now place you in the strict military relation to Genl Halleck of a commander of one of the armies, to the Genl in Chief of all the armies. I have not intended differently: but as it seems to be differently understood I shall direct him to give you orders, & you to obey them. A. LincolnHistorical BackgroundAfter a poor performance at the Battle of Chancellorsville in early May 1863, Major General Joseph Hooker's support among both his fellow generals and Lincoln ebbed. Here, less than two weeks before Lincoln accepted his resignation, Union General in Chief Henry Halleck writes, under the president's authority, to remind a troublesome major general of the chain of command. Ultimately, this order would be released under Lincoln's hand, so this may be an early draft of a telegram to Hooker. Autograph Letter. Bookseller Inventory # 23055

30.

The Gettysburg Address - First Day of Printing, Boston

ABRAHAM LINCOLN. GETTYSBURG ADDRESS
Bookseller: Seth Kaller Inc.
(White Plains, NY, U.S.A.)
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Book Description: Boston, 1863. No binding. Book Condition: Fine. Boston Evening Transcript (illustrator). Newspaper, Boston Evening Transcript, Boston, November 20, 1863. 4 pp., 17 1/2 x 23 in. ".Three cheers were here given for the President and the Governors of the States."This rare first day of publication newspaper contains Lincoln's timeless embodiment of American ideals on page 4. This printing from November 20, a day after the speech, includes Edward Everett's entire speech, and a report on the ceremonies. Mercifully, the afternoon paper adjusts two widely reported textual errors-one in Associated Press versions, and the other in a competing Boston newspaper from earlier that day. With:EDITORIAL COMMENTARY on the GETTYSBURG ADDRESS. Newspaper, Boston Evening Transcript, Boston, November 21, 1863. 4 pp., 17 1/2 x 23 in. Partial Transcript"Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth upon this continent a new nation, conceived in liberty and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal. (Applause.) Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation so conceived and so dedicated, can long endure. We are met on a great battle field of that war; we are met to dedicate a portion of it as the final resting place of those who have given their lives that that nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this, but in a larger sense we cannot dedicate, we cannot consecrate, we cannot hallow this ground. The brave men living and dead who struggled here, have consecrated it far above our power to add or detract. (Applause.) The world will note nor long remember what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here. (Applause). It is for us, the living, rather, to be dedicated here to the unfinished work that they have thus far so nobly carried on. (Applause). It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us; that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they here gave the last full measure of devotion; that we here highly resolve that the dead shall not have died in vain (applause); that the nation shall, under God, have a new birth of freedom, and that government of the people by the people and for the people, shall not perish from the earth. (Long continued applause.)Three cheers were here given for the President and the Governors of the States."The AP version of Lincoln's speech was the most widely distributed first-day printing of the text. However, many other newspapers had reporters in the field. Charles Hale, who worked for a competing Boston newspaper, the Daily Advertiser, was an eyewitness copyist at Gettysburg. His newspaper published a morning edition that differed from the AP version, and despite his careful account, the paper nevertheless introduced two unique errors to the text. The Daily Advertiser omitted the word "little" before "note" and changed "forget" to "forbid" in the line: "The world will [little] note nor long remember, what we say here, but it can never forbid [forget] what they did here."Neither the Boston Daily Advertiser nor the Boston Evening Transcript used the AP's text, because both papers correctly quoted Lincoln as saying the nation had "unfinished work" instead of the AP's "refinished work." However, it appears that the Evening Transcript used some of the morning paper's copy, because while correctly printing the much more sensible "forget" in place of "forbid," the afternoon paper still left out the word "little" in exactly the same place. Other than that, the text from these two competing newspapers is nearly exact, except for a few commas. Ultimately, the speed with which first-day printings were produced, as well as the vagaries of nineteenth-century communications, produced many slightly unique versions of Lincoln's words.Additional differences between this and other versions of the text include:"We are met to dedicate" is "We have come to dedicate" in Lincoln's written copies.the word "poor," hear. (See website for full description). Newspaper. Bookseller Inventory # 22513

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