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Portrait of Abraham Lincoln, a vignetted bust portrait once owned by John Hay

LINCOLN, ABRAHAM.) GARDNER, ALEXANDER

Published by Washington: Alexander Gardner, August 9, 1863 (1863)

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Item Description: Washington: Alexander Gardner, August 9, 1863, 1863. No Binding. Book Condition: Near Fine. "A previously unknown portrait of exceptional quality"-Ostendorf. Albumen print, retouched in the print, trimmed to oval, 15 x 12 in. Original mahogany frame. This is the only known example of this highly important large-format photograph of Lincoln, once owned by the President’s private secretary John Hay, taken one month after the Battle of Gettysburg. Lincoln sat for six photographs on August 9, 1863 to inaugurate Alexander Gardner’s new gallery in Washington. “Lincoln had promised to be Gardner’s first sitter and chose Sunday for his visit to avoid ‘curiosity-seekers and other seekers” while on the way to the gallery” (Ostendorf). Lincoln’s secretary John Hay wrote in his diary: “I went down with the President to have his picture taken at Gardner’s. He was in very good spirits.” Six portrait were made at the session, but this example, kept by John Hay for himself, is the only known example. “From the Gardner Gallery sitting of August 9, 1863 emerges this previously unknown portrait of exceptional quality. It had remained lost, its existence unsuspected by historians until 1969. John Hay, the grandson of Lincoln’s secretary, John Hay, sought identification of the photograph and sent a copy to Lloyd Ostendorf for evaluation. It was clear that somehow this view from the sitting was not distributed commercially by the gallery, but had been retained only by the Hay family” (Ostendorf, Lincoln’s Photographs: A Complete Album, p. 360). Provenance: John Hay, Lincoln’s secretary and later secretary of state under McKinley. Bookseller Inventory # ABE-12944409439

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Autograph Letter Signed

LINCOLN, Abraham.

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Item Description: 1863. No Binding. Book Condition: Very Good. No Jacket. ("A. Lincoln") in black ink on Executive Mansion, Washington, letterhead, March 18, 1863. 5" x 8", 1 page with integral leaf. Very good. Integral blank with an autograph endorsement signed by Holt and clerical endorsement from the Adjutant General's office. To Judge Advocate General Joseph Holt: Lincoln requests his Judge Advocate General to investigate the "Strong Mitigating Circumstances" surrounding the court-martial of a member of the West Point Class of 1861. "It is said Lieut. John Benson [Williams], of the 3rd regular infantry, as been sentenced by a Military Commission, to be dismissed the service. I have some reason to believe there are strong mitigating circumstances in his case, which the Commission perhaps, did not deem competent for them to consider, I will thank you to procure the record, examine it and report it to me. . ." Holt forwarded Lincoln's letter to the Adjutant General, noting that "No record or report in regard to [the Williams case] has been received at this office." The letter was returned to Holt, accompanied by the record of William's court-martial and docketed "Please see papers within." After studying the record, Holt made a lengthy report to Secretary of War Stanton, March 30, 1863, which survives in the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library. Holt dismissed the "mitigating circumstances" referenced by Lincoln - Williams's supposedly "severe sickness" - and concluded that "It is evident that Lieut. Williams left his command on the battlefield and returned to Washington, without leave and in known violation of orders and of his duty. . . .[He] has shown himself disqualified for the profession of arms." On April 8th, Stanton, in turn forwarded Holt's deposition to the President, "as requested by his note on the 18th Ulto" (that is, the present letter). Lincoln ended the matter with his own terse endorsement on April 11th: "I decline to interfere in Behalf of Lieut. Williams" (Basler 4:169). Although referred to in Basler's note regarding Lincoln's endorsement, the present letter does not appear in "The Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln". Signed by Author(s). Bookseller Inventory # 604602

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Item Description: Autograph letter signed, 2 pages 8 x 5 inches, on Executive Mansion letterhead, with file dockets on verso of second leaf; lightly soiled at vertical crease. "Hon. Mr. Tracy, of Pennsylvania, is here saying that a Col. Allen McKean has been nominated, and confirmed by the Senate, and that his commission is withheld, upon a charge presented and pressed by Judge Wilmot, which charge is rather old, and was well known to Judge Wilmot when, two years ago, he wrote a letter, urging McKean to be a candidate for Congress. I believe this Senate also had knowledge of this charge. My estimate of Judge Wilmot was shown by my appointment of him to the Claims Court; and yet I do think his irritability, proceeding from bad health, is leading him to give us a good deal of unnecessary trouble. I think in this case, Mr. Tracy's wishes better be followed, unless there be something more serious than I have heard of." Allen McKean had joined the Republican party and been a candidate in several elections, both as a Republican and in 1862 as a member of the People's party. A popular politician and public servant, like both David Wilmot, and Representative Henry W. Tracy, he lived in Towanda. It seems that Wilmot, whom Lincoln appointed judge on the Court of Claims at the conclusion of his Senate term in 1863, had some grudge against McKean rooted in Pennsylvania politics. McKean's appointment as army paymaster was nevertheless approved, effective from 23 February 1864. Provenance: Elsie O. and Philip D. Sang collection. Ref. The Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln, ed. Basler, Supp.: 250. Bookseller Inventory # 23628

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Item Description: In January 1861, he acknowledges a private communication, originally sent by code, from his strongest supporter on-site, Abner Doubleday In 1858, Abner Doubleday was assigned to Fort Moultrie in Charleston harbor, a desirable posting because of its proximity to the city and its elegant society. By the summer of 1860, he was a captain and second in command of the fort, serving under Lt. Col. John Gardner, a Massachusetts man. Mary Doubleday, AbnerÕs wife, was with him and the only woman in the fort. At that time, history came right to their doorstep. The Republicans nominated Abraham Lincoln as their presidential candidate in 1860, and because of their opponentsÕ split, were widely thought to have a good chance to win their first national election. Southerners were having no part of a potential Lincoln presidency. South Carolina went so far as to warn that if the Republicans won, it would withdraw from the Union. Doubleday warned of the Southern discontent and added that he was the only officer at Moultrie who favored Lincoln's election, but ÒAs regards my companions, however, there was no difference of opinion in regard to sustaining the new President should he be legally elected, and they were all both willing and anxious to defend the fort confided to their honor.Ó In the general election on November 8, the Republicans received a minority of the total popular vote, but the vote was distributed to give Lincoln all the electoral votes he needed to assume the office of president on March 4, 1861. The South Carolina General Assembly wasted no time and on November 10, 1860, called for a ÒConvention of the People of South CarolinaÓ to draw up an Ordinance of Secession. It also elected Francis Pickens as Governor. With South CarolinaÕs secession a foregone conclusion, people everywhere began to prepare for a widespread crisis. Lt. Col. Gardner in Fort Moultrie announced his intention to defend the fort to the last extremity against the secessionists. President BuchananÕs Secretary of War, John B. Floyd, a Southerner who would shortly serve as a Confederate general, was displeased with this position and relieved him of command. Just days after LincolnÕs election, Floyd replaced Gardner with Maj. Robert Anderson, a Southern sympathizing Kentuckian descended from one of the first families of Virginia (he was a cousin of Chief Justice John Marshall), and whose wife was a Georgian. Anderson believed that military action would never prevent secession, so many Northerners worried that putting him in charge of Charleston harbor at that moment was tantimount to treason. Of course, events would ultimately prove that both sideÕs advocates had misassessed AndersonÕs conduct when push came to shove. On December 18, 1860, the South Carolina Convention convened in Charleston's Institute Hall and a spirit of southern nationalism and secession filled the air. Two days later, the Ordinance of Secession was adopted on a roll call vote of 169-0. The cry at once went forth, "The Union is dissolved!" The momentous news was flashed by telegraph around the country and it caused a sensation everywhere. On December 25, the Convention issued a call to the other slaveholding states to secede also and join South Carolina in a Southern Confederacy. By then, the Charleston newspapers were filled with military recruiting ads and notices, all designed to augment and train the stateÕs armed forces in preparation for war. As Doubleday later wrote in his book ÒReminiscences of Forts Sumter and Moultrie in 1860-'61Ó, starting about a week before the Convention convened, Fort Moultrie was in the thick of the rush to war, as South Carolinians were calling for it to be turned over from Federal to state authorities. This infuriated Northern patriots on the scene, like DoubledayÕs wife Mary. ÒOn the 11th of December we had the good fortune to get our provisions from town without exciting observation.It was afterward stated in the papers that the captain of the schooner was. Bookseller Inventory # 9050

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Lincoln is Thrice Rejected

ABRAHAM LINCOLN

Published by Washington, D.C. (1862)

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Item Description: Washington, D.C., 1862. No binding. Book Condition: Fine. Autograph Letter Signed as President, to Edwin Stanton. Washington, D.C., May 15, 1862. With Lincoln Autographed Endorsement Signed, December 15 1862, 4 p., with internal blank leaves, 5 x 8 in. On verso: Autograph Endorsement Signed by Lorenzo Thomas, May 15, 1862, and a second Lincoln Autograph Endorsement Signed, December 11, 1862. Lincoln runs into red tape as he advocates for Captain Symmes Gardner's renomination as assistant quartermaster. Lincoln adds two endorsements seven months after his initial letter to the Secretary of War, making this an exceedingly rare, triple-signed Lincoln letter. Complete Transcript Executive Mansion May 15, 1862Hon. Sec. of WarMy Dear SirCapt. Symmes Gardner, was nominated to the Senate as Assistant Quarter-Master, and rejected. My impression is that I directed his renomination, on information from Senators, that the rejection probably resulted from mistake. If there be such direction of mine on file, please send me the re-nomination at once. Yours truly A. LincolnIf there is a vacancy of Asst. Q. M. not already promised-let Capt. Gardner have it. Dec. 15, 1862 A. Lincoln[on verso]:If Gen. Meigs will say in writing that this re-nomination may properly be made, I will do it. A. Lincoln December 11, 1862[In Lorenzo Thomas's hand]This officer is a 1st Lieut 18 Infantry. He was nominated as Assistant Quartermaster with the rank of Captain to fill an original Vacancy. He was rejected by the senate, and the vacancy filled by another officer. There is now no vacancy in the Quartermasters Department, to which he could be re-nominated. L Thomas/Adjt Gen/May 15, 1862Historical BackgroundLincoln expends a great deal of effort to secure Captain Symmes Gardner's reappointment as Assistant Quartermaster. Gardner, a Vermont native, joined the Army in New York on May 14, 1861 as a 1st lieutenant in the 18th Infantry. He was promoted to captain and assistant quartermaster on August 12, 1861, but his renomination was rejected by the Senate on February 2, 1862. This May letter of support directly from the president to Secretary of War Edwin Stanton failed to have the desired result. Stanton passed the letter on to Adjutant General Lorenzo Thomas, who responded in an endorsement which was sent back to Lincoln: "This officer is a 1st Lieut 18 Infantry. He was nominated as Assistant Quartermaster with the rank of Captain to fill an original Vacancy. He was rejected by the senate, and the vacancy filled by another officer. There is now no vacancy in the Quartermasters Department, to which he could be re-nominated. /L Thomas/Adjt Gen/May 15, 1862." Lincoln's request that Stanton help renominate Gardner was deferred immediately by Thomas (both on May 15, 1862), and seven months later, Lincoln's endorsement (directed back to Thomas) on December 11, as well as a second request directed to Stanton (December 15) were unsuccessful.We haven't been able to find the reason Gardner's initial rejection, nor his subsequent rejection after Lincoln's follow up notes. Gardner might have been stuck in a web of War Department or general Washington politicking. He did attain his former rank of captain again on June 30, 1863, but not adjutant general, before being "Dropped" from the Army on November 13, 1863.Lorenzo Thomas (1804 - 1875) was the adjutant general of the Union army. He attended West Point and fought in the second Seminole War. During the Civil War, he helped recruit African American soldiers. Thomas and Secretary of War Edwin Stanton disliked each other, and after the war, President Andrew Johnson tried to replace Stanton with Thomas. Stanton refused to vacate his office and had Thomas arrested, but dropped the charges once he realized that arresting Thomas would allow a court to review the Tenure of Office Act and play directly into Johnson's hands.Montgomery Meigs (1816 - 1892) Although born in Georgia, Meigs remained loyal to the United States and was the Quartermaster General d. (See website for full description). Autograph Letter Signed. Bookseller Inventory # 22828

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Complete Works of Abraham Lincoln.

LINCOLN, Abraham.

Published by Tandy-Thomas, New York (1905)

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Item Description: Tandy-Thomas, New York, 1905. hardcover. Book Condition: fine. Limited. Extremely rare and beautiful set of the Presidential Edition, limited to only 50 copies. Lacking the 24th volume containing original documents. Edited by Nicolay & Hay. 12 volumes, bound in 23. Presidential Edition. 1 of only 50 copies printed. Extra illustrated edition with a profusion of fine engraved portraits, views and maps, photogravures, and facsimile letters. The frontispiece in each volume is an original color watercolor depicting a log cabin. Tall 8vo, superbly bound in full crimson morocco with lovely gilt floral devices on all boards and spines; ornate inner dentelles and green morocco doublures; green silk moire endpapers; uncut edges, t.e.g. New York: Tandy-Thomas Company, (1905). Fine. Bookseller Inventory # 151807

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Document Signed, as President

LINCOLN, Abraham.

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Item Description: 1863. No Binding. Book Condition: Very Good. No Jacket. ("Abraham Lincoln") in black ink on partially printed and accomplished in manuscript. Washington, DC, September 14, 1863. 7 1/2" x 9". Framed in a wooden frame, linen mat with fillets, halftone photograph of Lincoln, map of New York, and metal name plate. Framed size: 19 3/8" x 24 1/4". Document calling for a draft quota for the 11th District of New York. Lincoln's draft call of 1,945 troops for the 11th District, which includes Orange and Sullivan counties, issued not long after the July 1863 draft lottery sparked 5 days of rioting amongst New York City's German and Irish immigrants. Not located in Basler. Lincoln called a special cabinet meeting at 11 a.m. on September 14 to discuss decisions of certain judges releasing drafted men by writ of habeas corpus. (see Miers p. 207 "Lincoln Day by Day"). Signed by Author(s). Bookseller Inventory # 604915

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Check Signed

LINCOLN, Abraham.

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Item Description: 1864. No Binding. Book Condition: Fine. ("A. Lincoln") in black ink and accomplished in Lincoln's hand. Washington, D.C., November 18, 1864. 7 9/16" x 2 3/4". Being check No. 14, payable to "Self" in the amount of $50.00, drawn on Riggs & Co. with lithographed vignette of the bank by Hatch & Co., 29 William St., New York. Discreet closed cancel puncture to center, else fine. Lincoln here withdraws fifty dollars, only ten days after he won his second United States Presidential election, defeating his former top general, Democratic candidate George B. McClellan, by a landslide. Five months later his would be assassinated. Signed by Author(s). Bookseller Inventory # 605152

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Item Description: Days after signing the first Conscription Act,Ê he writes, "The nomination fell, with many others, because the number nominated exceeded the law" On March 3, 1863, because of the great recruiting difficulties caused by the long duration and heavy toll of the war, the government passed the First Conscription Act, making all men between the ages of 20 to 45 liable to be called into service.Ê Service could, however, be avoided by paying $300 or hiring a substitute, a practice criticized as unfair to the poor.Ê It led to riots in New York City, when the working class subject to the draft caused mayhem, and Union Army troops fresh from Gettysburg had to he called to restore order in the city.At the same time as soldiers were in need, officers exceeded the number of places available by law.Ê At the start of the war, the creation of ad hoc units was not uncommon, at the head of which would sit an officer. As the war continued and a quick victory did not materialize, officers and their civil leadership gained more experience in the proper organization and maintenance of a military apparatus. This meant matching the number of recruits to the appropriate number of officers, and that appointments be made consistently and through proper channels. Ward Burnett was a New Yorker who had served with distinction in the military for years, most recently in the Mexican War.Ê However, he had not remained with the military after that, so there was a gap in his service of almost a decade.Ê In 1862, he was nominated for a position as Brigadier General, but the appointment did not materialize, the Union not having enough enlistees to sufficiently expand the officer corp. Following that, Burnett began a behind the scenes campaign to gain his appointment, evidently sending a Col. Diven to speak directly to President Lincoln on his behalf.Ê Lincoln held office hours from 1 until 3 PM at the White House on March 7, 1863.Ê During this time he saw Col. Diven.Ê When Diven left, he sat down and wrote directly to Burnett.Autograph Letter Signed, on Executive Mansion letterhead, Washington, March 7, 1863, to Burnett. "Col. Diven has just been with me seeking to remove a wrong impression which he supposes I might have of you, springing from a report he had once made in the New York Senate, as I understood him. I told him, as I now tell you, that I did not remember to have ever heard of the report, or any thing against you. As I remember, you were nominated last year, and the nomination fell, with many others, because the number nominated exceeded, the law. I call to mind no reason why you have not been re-nominated, except that you have not been in active service, while others more than sufficient to take all the places, have been. Yours truly A. Lincoln."Not content with this refusal, Burnett enlisted the support of New York Mayor George Opdyke, who wrote to Secretary of War Stanton in June requesting that Burnett be placed in command of a regiment. Stanton replied in this Letter Signed (included), Washington, June 20, 1863 to Mayor Opdyke, sayingÊthat if "such power be given to General Ward B. Burnett, to muster men into the United States service, as was given to the late Colonel Baker and others, I have to state, that the request having been considered by the Department, it is not deemed expedient to grant it, great inconvenience and prejudice to the service, having been experienced from irregular authority to muster in recruits. The Department is informed that the force of recruiting officers is amply sufficient to muster in the recruits as fast as is consistent with due examination and proper regard to the interests of the United States." In May 1861, Edward Baker, referenced in Stanton's letter, was authorized to organize a regiment.Ê Baker was a friend of Lincoln and fellow attorney in Illinois.Ê In October of that year, he was killed at the Battle of Ball's Bluff.ÊInterestingly, although Burnett was never given his commission, he served among the troops. Bookseller Inventory # 9743

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Rare Lincoln-Signed Sea Letter for a Martha's Vineyard Whaler

ABRAHAM LINCOLN

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Item Description: 1864. No binding. Book Condition: Fine. Document Signed "Abraham Lincoln" as President, co-signed by Secretary of State William H.Seward, August 8, 1864. A Lincoln-signed whaling ship sea letter - as much as 100 times scarcer than a Civil War military commission. President Lincoln gives permission for the whaler Almira to sail to the North Pacific. Partial Transcript"TO ALL WHO SHALL SEE THESE PRESENTS, GREETING: BE IT KNOWN, That leave and permission is hereby given to Abraham Osborn Jr master or commander of the Ship called Almira . lying at present in the port of Edgartown bound for Pacific Ocean laden and outfitted with Casks, Provisions, Ship's Stores, and Whaling Utensils for a Whaling voyage. to depart and proceed with the said Ship on his said voyage".Historical BackgroundThe whaling business, hazardous in the best of times, was beset by the threat of Confederate attacks during the Civil War. As a result, the whale-rich waters of the Bering Sea between Siberia and Alaska became a haven for whalers avoiding American waters. Sea letters such as this offered proof of nationality and some protection to a vessel in foreign waters, though they were of no help against Confederate raiders. The owners of the Almira had already lost one vessel to the feared Confederate raider Alabama. In 1865 the CSS Shenandoah destroyed 20 of the 58 Yankee whalers in the Bering Sea, most after Lee's surrender. The 362-ton Almira, commanded by a member of the Osborn shipping family of Martha's Vineyard, did return from her four-year voyage to the North Pacific, in October 1868. She brought back 1,310 barrels of whale oil, having already sent home 1,845 barrels of sperm oil and 70,000 pounds of whale bone. In 1871, after 49 years of plying the world's oceans, the Almira was stove by ice and lost in the Arctic.Additional Historical BackgroundAlmira of Edgartown 1822-1871 The whaling vessel Almira was a 362 ton ship built in 1822 near Edgartown, Massachusetts. She set sail on her first voyage to the Pacific Ocean on February 2, 1822. She worked the whaling grounds for two years under the command of a Captain Daggett, returning on May 8, 1824 with 2300 barrels of sperm oil. Almira was in her home port just four months before returning to the Pacific Ocean whaling grounds on September 9, 1824, under a new Captain, Abraham Osborn, who bought her not long after the trip. She again worked for two years, returning December 14, 1826 with another 2300 barrels of sperm oil. She laid over in port for two years before returning to the whaling grounds in the Pacific for three more trips, each with a different captain. Each trip lasted two-three years and netted about 2000 barrels of oil. In 1837 Almira set sail for New Zealand, returning in 1839 with 1200 barrels of whale oil, having sold 1100 in Bahia. She made five more trips to the Pacific Ocean whaling grounds between 1839 and 1858, under five different Captains, some trips lasting four years. She added whale bone to her bounty in 1847, carrying as much as 30,000 pounds on some voyages. On August 23, 1858 she sailed to the Indian Ocean. In three years she netted just 1500 barrels of sperm oil. Upon her return in May, 1861 the paper trail detailing her activities ends. She was still owned by Abraham Osborn, but nothing is written about her until August 8 1864. The whaling business in the best of times was hazardous, but during the Civil War whalers faced the additional danger of Confederate attacks. From June 22 to June 28, 1865, the Confederate Raider Shenandoah almost completely destroyed the American whaling fleet in the Arctic, burning 20 ships and capturing 4 more. During the war, many privately owned whaling vessels avoided American waters for fear of being confiscated. Many went to a foreign port, or stayed in an isolated location, only to resume their business after the war. In August, 1864 the Almira traveled to the North Pacific Ocean under Captain Osborn. She returned in October,1868 with 1310 . (See website for full description). Document Signed. Bookseller Inventory # 4325

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Lincoln Calls for a Draft Two Days Before the Battle of Gettysburg

ABRAHAM LINCOLN

Published by Washington, D.C. (1863)

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Item Description: Washington, D.C., 1863. No binding. Book Condition: Very Good. Partially Printed Document Signed as President. Washington, D.C., June 30, 1863. 1p., 7 3/4 x 9 3/4 in. Lincoln signed this draft call establishing quotas for the State of Connecticut only two days before the massive bloodletting at the Battle of Gettysburg. Two weeks later in New York, a similar call led to four-day rioting, with widespread looting, arson, and murder. Complete TranscriptExecutive Mansion,Washington, D.C., June 30, 1863 I, Abraham Lincoln, President of the United States of America, and Commander-in-chief of the Army and Navy thereof, having taken into consideration the number of volunteers and militia furnished by and from the several States, including the State of Connecticut, and the period of service of said volunteers and militia since the commencements of the present rebellion, in order to equalize the numbers among the Districts of the said States, and having considered and allowed for the number already furnished as aforesaid, and the time of their service aforesaid, do hereby assign Two Thousand One Hundred and Sixty Two (2,162) as the first proportional part of the quota of troops to be furnished by the First District of the Connecticut under this, the first call made by me on the State of Connecticut, under the act approved March 3, 1863, entitled 'An Act for Enrolling and Calling out the National Forces, and for other purposes,' and, in pursuance of the act aforesaid, I order that a draft be made in the said First District of the State of Connecticut for the number of men herein assigned to said District, and Fifty Percent in addition. In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed. Done at the City of Washington, this Thirtieth day of June, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-three, and of the independence of the United States, the eighty-seventh. Abraham LincolnHistorical BackgroundThe first effective draft by the federal government, signed into law by President Lincoln on March 3, 1863, called for all men between the ages of 18 and 45 to be enrolled into local militia units and be available to be called into national service. The actual draft was managed by the states, which most often used a lottery system. The number of draftees required by Lincoln's order varied, and was difference between a district's quota and its number of volunteers. However, the system was ripe for abuse, and controversial, because it allowed a draftee to hire a substitute for $300. The inequities of the system resulted in four days of draft riots in New York City just two weeks after this order from Connecticut. Federal troops were called in and eventually restored order on July 16.ConditionVery good. Minor toning, folds and a few light wrinkles. Partly Printed Document Signed. Bookseller Inventory # 22642

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The Proclamation of Emancipation By the President of the United States, To Take Effect January 1st, 1863

LINCOLN, ABRAHAM] .

Published by n.p. [Boston]: [John Murray Forbes], [1862] (1862)

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Item Description: n.p. [Boston]: [John Murray Forbes], [1862], 1862. First edition in book or pamphlet form; 32mo.; 7 pages; wrappers; Monaghan 147; Eberstadt 7: "The only edition of the preliminary proclamation issued in pamphlet form." Slight creasing; a fine copy of a rare book. Issued by Boston industrialist John Murray Forbes, said to be one of a million copies printed for distribution to blacks by Union troops (see Letters and Recollections of John Murray Forbes. Boston, 1899). That number seems highly unlikely given the booklet's rarity; Eberstadt located six copies, including his own; six copies are located by OCLC; only two have appeared at auction in the last 25 years, and we have seen fewer than a handful elsewhere in the market. The Proclamation freed slaves only in those states, or parts of those states, which were in rebellion to the Union; a controversial half-measure: half too much for conservatives; half too little for abolitionists. While of doubtful constitutionality (a defect cured by eventual amendment), it was an important strategic, political and moral decision by Lincoln in secret from his divided cabinet. It did have the effect of undercutting foreign support for the Confederacy, particularly by the cotton-hungry British, and it eventually led to the recruitment of black Union regiments. Forbes was an abolitionist who contributed to raising those troops, including the famous 54th Massachusetts Volunteers. Bookseller Inventory # 21531

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Proclamation of Thanksgiving.

LINCOLN, Abraham

Published by [n.p.],, Massachusetts: (1863)

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Item Description: [n.p.],, Massachusetts:, 1863. FIRST EDITION. Broadside. 28 x 20 inches. Mounted on cloth, folded in quarters, minor splitting a center fold; light soiling and edgewear with minor chips (without loss of text), very light annotations in ink on verso (visible to recto right margin). Overall an excellent example of this rare and important broadside. First printing of the first proclamation of Thanksgiving as a national holiday. This original broadside produced in Massachusetts is formatted in two halves, the top being Governor John A. Andrew's announcement of Lincoln's Proclamation dated July 27, 1863, and the bottom being Lincoln's actual proclamation dated July 15, 1863, announcing that August 6 shall be set aside as a National Day of Thanksgiving. Though the exact printing date is unknown, it can be assumed that it was printed within the week following July 27.Thanksgiving was observed as a holiday since colonial times and each state would set aside its own day for celebration. This proclamation was the first time that the holiday would be celebrated on a set day nationwide, making it the first observed Thanksgiving as a national holiday.Later the same year, on October 3, 1863, Lincoln made a second proclamation again announcing Thanksgiving as a holiday, but this time in November, a date closer to the time most states had been celebrating it in the past. This earlier proclamation is actually the first time Thanksgiving was given national status, but because the second proclamation was widely accepted, the knowledge of this earlier one has been somewhat forgotten, making this piece a rare and important document in the annals of American history.Though this broadside is for the State of Massachusetts, no other broadsides from any other states announcing this date are known to exist, and only three other copies of this rare document are located through OCLC. Bookseller Inventory # 11224

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Item Description: He became one of ShermanÕs corps commanders on the March to the Sea By 1860, Lincoln had become part of the national political scene due to his debates with Stephen A. Douglas and Cooper Union speech in New York. As the 1860 campaign got underway, he was mentioned for the presidency but was hardly considered a con- tender. However, many felt that he was a viable candidate for Vice-President on a ticket with William A. Seward running for the presidency. It was almost universally believed that the State Republican Convention of Illinois, meeting in Decatur, would present his name for that office to the National Convention in Chicago. On May 6, 1860 the largest step in LincolnÕs political career occurred as the Decatur convention convened at a hastily constructed wood and tent structure called ÔThe Wigwam.Õ The roof was so low that the heads of men as tall as Lincoln, when on the platform, almost touched the canvass roof. The seats were constructed of plank, staked on edge with boards laid over them. But despite the rough-hewn quality of the building, this was to be a momentous convention. John M. Palmer had always been a Democrat, but his anti-slavery position led him to help or- ganize the Illinois Republican Party. In 1856, he was president of the first Illinois Republican Convention, and was a delegate to the national convention in Philadelphia that nominated John C. Fremont. In 1860, he was a strong supporter of Abraham Lincoln and in Decatur for the con- vention. Also very much a presence was Richard Oglesby, a friend of LincolnÕs who was prepar- ing a surprise for the convention. Though the delegates thought the principal business was to nominate a candidate for governor, Oglesby decided to advance LincolnÕs presidential prospects by presenting him as a representative of free labor to show the possibilities that existed for poor men in a free State. So Oglesby and LincolnÕs cousin, John Hanks, went to a clearing John had made with Lincoln when they were splitting rails many years before. They took two of the rails from the area, took them to town, and hid the rails in OglesbyÕs barn until the day of the conven- tion. He talked with Palmer and a few other Republicans about the plan and decided that Hanks would take the rails into the convention. They made a banner and attached it to a board fastened across the top of the rails: ÒAbraham Lincoln, The Railsplitter Candidate, for President in 1860. Two rails from a lot of 3,000 made in 1830 by John Hanks and Abe Lincoln.Ó Things really started to get rolling at the convention. At a prearranged moment, Hanks carried the banner in. Palmer jumped to his feet with a resolution declaring that ÒAbraham Lincoln is the first choice of the Republican Party of Illinois for the presidency,Ó and instructing Òthe delegates to the Chicago convention to use all honorable means to secure the nomination and to cast the vote of the state as a unit for him.Ó Thomas Turner, a champion for Seward, bitterly attacked the resolution. Palmer followed with an impassioned speech for Lincoln, his resolu- tion was adopted, and such was the pro-Lincoln enthusiasm that ensued that the Wigwam was almost wrecked. The roof was cheered off the building as hats, canes, papers, etc. were thrown in the air. At the peak of this excitement, Lincoln could not be found. He was hunted for and discovered in the back room of a jewelry store, where he had wandered in and taken a nap on the couch. He was taken into the convention through a rear entrance, not fully realizing what was happening. He stood dazed for a few moments, but when asked if he had split those rails said, ÒGentlemen, John and I did split some rails down there, and if these are not the identical rails, we certainly made some quite as good.Ó At the national convention a few weeks later, as SewardÕs men were promoting the idea of having LincolnÕs name brought forward as a candi- date for vice president, they were confronted personally by Palmer who followe. Bookseller Inventory # 9161

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Manuscript document signed

LINCOLN, Abraham; SEWARD, William H.

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Item Description: 1862. First Edition. Signed. LINCOLN, Abraham.Manuscript document signed.Washington, November 5, 1862.1862 official manuscript document signed by Lincoln and countersigned by Secretary of State Seward, a rare official presidential pardon in a secretarial hand offering key insight into Lincoln's decision-making process as well as his deeply considered reasoning in issuing any offer of clemencyÑthe "range of explicit justifications offered by Lincoln is quite remarkable, especially in comparison to that of the warrants issued by Washington, Adams, Jefferson and Madison"Ñwith embossed wax Seal of the United States affixed alongside the signatures of Lincoln and Seward.This rare official pardon from Abraham Lincoln, signed by him and countersigned by Secretary of State William Seward, grants clemency to a Richard Maryman on his serving most of a three-year sentence for grand larceny. Lincoln's pardons are especially prized by historians, for they offer clear evidence of the President's "decision making processesÉ the warrants issued by Lincoln reveal a clemency process that isÑ unlike that of the first four presidentsÑ remarkably public in natureÉ Lincoln readily utilized the pardoning power, gaining a reputation for being moved by appeals for mercy with his magnanimous approach to clemency requests. It is further evident that Lincoln at times granted clemency (and amnesty) with an eye toward certain political ends or as a component of military strategy. Additionally, acts of pardon extended by Lincoln drew praise or fire depending on the circumstances surrounding particular exercises of clemency." Lincoln's distinctive use of pardons is perhaps best known in his issuance, in the year after this pardon, of his "Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction": his attempt to outline a plan for dealing with a rebellious South. To presidential and legal scholars that Proclamation and pardons such as this point to Lincoln's very particular attention, at all times, to evaluating the basis, as well as political usefulness, of any offer of clemency. "The range of explicit justifications offered by Lincoln is quite remarkable, especially in comparison to that of the warrants issued by Washington, Adams, Jefferson and Madison. The nation's first four presidents offered little explanation for their decisions and often relied on vague phrases" (Ruckman and Kincaid, The Forgotten Side of Lincoln's Clemency Policy). As this document shows, Lincoln made sure to be clear about the factors influencing his decisionÑ especially when he speaks of Maryman's "penitent and exemplary manner" and "good character," and cites the influential positions of those who brought Maryman's case to his attentionÑ"the Mayor of the City of Washington, and other resepctable townsmen." This signed pardon also hold particular interest in its countersignature by Secretary of State Seward, who was targeted by assassins the same night Lincoln was shot. As John Hay observes, Seward was "the first man named in Lincoln's Cabinet and the first who acknowledged his personal preeminenceÉ From the beginning of the Administration to that dark and terrible hour when they were both struck down by the hand of murderous treason, there was no shadow of jealousy or doubt ever disturbed their mutual confidence and regard" (At Lincoln's Side, 128-9).The text of the document reads: [secretarial hand] "Abraham Lincoln. President of the United States of America. To all to whom these Presents shall come, Greeting: Whereas at the June Term, A.D. 1860, of the Criminal Court of the District of Columbia, one Richard Maryman was convicted of Grant Larceny and sentenced to imprisonment in the Penitentiary for the period of three years; And whereas, the said Richard Maryman has now suffered more than two-thirds of his allotted term, conducting himself in a penitent and exemplary manner; And whereas, it appears that the said Richard Maryman sustained a good character prior to the commission of the offence for which he was co. Bookseller Inventory # 87671

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SPEECH OF THE HON. ABRAM [sic] LINCOLN, IN REPLY TO JUDGE DOUGLAS [caption title].

Lincoln, Abraham]:

Published by [Springfield, Il. June 26, 1857]. (1857)

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Item Description: [Springfield, Il. June 26, 1857]., 1857. 7pp. printed in double-column format. Quarto. Single sheet folded twice, uncut. A fine copy, with the bookplate of James Copley on the blank p.8. In a blue half morocco and cloth case. This speech, delivered on June 26, 1857 in Springfield, Illinois, was a defining moment in Lincoln's political career, propelling him toward his famous run for the Senate against Stephen A. Douglas the following year. It came in direct response to a speech Douglas gave two weeks earlier on Kansas and slavery, the Dred Scott decision, and Utah. In it Lincoln replies to the same burning issues. A sympathetic journalist who was present wrote: "There was no rant - no fustian - no bombast, but there was something in it of more force and power than these; the heart-felt.clothed in the eternal maxims of the purest reasons." Historians since have seen the speech as the real beginning of the Lincoln-Douglas debates during the campaign of 1858. Gerald M. Capers observed that those speeches were ".but forensic repetitions of the points they had already made." David Herbert Donald calls Lincoln's address "powerful," and says that his reaction to the Dred Scott decision marked a significant turning point in his views on constitutional issues: "never again did he give deference to the ruling of the Supreme Court." Lincoln attacked the Dred Scott decision on two bases. First, he claimed it was based on a misunderstanding of historical principles and the intentions of the Founders, asserting that the heavily Southern Supreme Court had bent the meaning of the Constitution to suit their prejudices. He noted that the Court had reversed itself on previous decisions and suggested so ill-founded an argument could not stand. Second, he argued that a decision that went so manifestly against the will of the people could not stand. Taking the opportunity to clarify his position on slavery, Lincoln rails against Douglas' claim that those who argue blacks are covered by the Constitution "do so only because they want to vote, eat, and sleep, and marry with negroes!" Chief Justice Taney had argued in Dred Scott that those imported to be slaves, whether free or not, were not among those envisioned as "equal" in the Declaration of Independence. Lincoln refuted this, but in a qualified form which well demonstrates the evolution of his thought to this point: "I protest against the counterfeit logic which concludes that, because I do not want a black woman for a slave I must necessarily want her for a wife. I need not have her for either. In some respects, she certainly is not my equal; but in her natural right to eat the bread she earns with her own hands, she is my equal, and the equal of all others." Lincoln also discusses Douglas' opinions on the Kansas question and the "Mormon War" in Utah. On the matter of Utah, he exposes Douglas' favored revocation of territorial status as a ruse to attach the region to a territory where the slavery question is settled by its inhabitants. On Kansas, he continues to attack Douglas' popular sovereignty principle, arguing that the spread of slavery westward would undermine all of the previous compromises which had held the Union together. Given almost a year before his famous "A House Divided" speech, this marked a dramatic step forward in Lincoln's quest for the Republican Senate nomination. His considerable stage presence and coruscating oratory helped make the speech a tremendous success. The ILLINOIS STATE JOURNAL advertised copies of the speech for sale, while at least two papers (the ILLINOIS STATE CHRONICLE and the CLINTON CENTRAL TRANSCRIPT) printed the text in full. This is the first issue of this separate printing, with Lincoln's first name misspelled; Monaghan records a similar later printing, with Lincoln's name spelled correctly in the title. This pamphlet is extremely rare in the market. The only one we know of to sell in the last twenty years is the copy the Eberstadts offered in 1964, which we later sold to a private collecto. Bookseller Inventory # WRCAM 42130

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Autograph Note Signed on lower portion of a letter, 8vo, Washington, , March 2, 1864

LINCOLN, ABRAHAM

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Item Description: Book Condition: Very Good. As President during the Civil War, Lincoln answers a letter addressed to him by Judge James Hughes (1823 -1873) regarding Major Casper Crowninshield (1837-97) who commanded the 2d Regiment of the Massachusetts Volunteer Cavalry. In full: "Major Crowninshield is directed as above, unless it will interfere with the military orders, under which he is acting, or in his judgment, is dangerous, or improper." The President signs, " A. Lincoln - March 2. 1864." Judge James Hughes was appointed to the U. S. Court of Claims in January 1860, served to December 1864, then became a member of the Indiana House of Representatives until 1866. He asked Lincoln to provide armed escorts to recover a dead soldier from the battlefield. In full. "Mr. President, Will you be pleased to write on the margin of the letter herewith sent or write below this, a note of request, or an order to major Crowninshield, commanding the 2nd Mass. Cavalry, to furnish the bearer, the necessary guides and escort to recover the body and oblige." Signed, "James Hughes.". Bookseller Inventory # 2402

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Lincoln Appoints a Minister to the Papal States

ABRAHAM LINCOLN

Published by Washington, D.C. (1862)

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Item Description: Washington, D.C., 1862. No binding. Book Condition: Good. Document Signed as President, appointing Alexander W. Randall as American Minister Resident to Pope Pius IX. Washington, D.C., April 7, 1862. 1 p. President Lincoln signs his authorization to affix the Seal of the United States to a politically important appointment: American minister to Pope Pius IX. The appointee later served as Postmaster General under Andrew Johnson. Partial TranscriptI hereby authorize and direct the Secretary of State to affix the Seal of the United States to the envelope of a letter accrediting Alexander W. Randall Esquire, as Minister Resident of the United States of America near His Holiness Pope Pius IX.Historical BackgroundLincoln's first appointee to the Papal States had been Rufus King, a prominent Republican newspaperman. Before assuming his post, however, King took a leave of absence to join the Union Army, where he was appointed brigadier general and raised the famed Iron Brigade. King then recommended Alexander W. Randall, a fellow Wisconsin Republican, to replace him in Rome. This Lincoln-signed document formally authorizes the affixing of the U.S. seal to Randall's appointment. (The appointment document has not been located, per Basler.[1])The United States had established diplomatic relations with the Papal States in 1848, during the second year of Pope Pius IX's tenure (1846-1878). Pius actively pursued the growth of the Church in America, encouraging synods, and creating new dioceses and archdioceses as well as expanding existing ones. This was particularly true in the West - just a year after his election, Pius created the Diocese of Galveston, which encompassed the entire state of Texas. He was also instrumental in the founding of an American College in Rome for future priests, to which he pledged his personal financial support. The Roman Catholic population of the United States almost tripled during his long papacy.The diplomatic post to the Papal States, territories in Italy ruled by the papacy until 1870, had not been considered of particular political importance to the United States. (In fact, the office had only been raised to the rank of a resident ministry in 1854.) That changed with the advent of the Civil War. Lincoln realized that it was critical to the Union to forestall international recognition of the Confederacy. Though the Papal States had lost four-fifths of their territory during the wars of Italian unification, the Pope still maintained substantial international influence. "The Church of Rome, notwithstanding its difficulties," Randall wrote to Secretary of State William H. Seward, "wields, as you are aware, an immense power in Europe and the British Empire."[2] Seward and Randall worked to convince the Pope that the United States and the Holy See enjoyed a "special relationship." Both entities, Seward implied, were established authorities in difficult circumstances because of rebellion. Cardinal Antonelli, Pius's secretary of state, assured American officials that the Pope would not interfere in American affairs.[3]In late 1862, Pius IX wrote to the archbishops of New York and New Orleans-the highest church officials allied, respectively, with the Union and Confederate causes-urging them to promote a peaceful resolution to the Civil War. The request itself was not particularly controversial, but it did place the pontiff squarely in the camp of the "Peace Democrats," a.k.a. "Copperheads," many of whom were Catholic immigrants. Confederate president Jefferson Davis saw the letter as an opportunity to gain allies both within the Union and abroad. He wrote a sympathetic response and had it delivered in person to the Pope by an emissary. Pius replied in December of 1863, addressing Davis as the "Illustrious and Honorable . President of the Confederate States of America." Confederate officials were gleeful. Though Antonelli insisted that the address did not constitute the Pope's official recognition of the Confederacy, the damage wa. (See website for full description). Document Signed. Bookseller Inventory # 22685

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Document signed

LINCOLN, Abraham

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Item Description: 1864. Signed Trade. LINCOLN, Abraham.Engraved document signed.Washington, DC: March 19, 1862.Fine Lincoln document signed as President, appointing Alexander M.C. Bishop as Assistant Paymaster to the Navy during the Civil War, countersigned by Gideon Welles, Secretary of the Navy, with fragile embossed paper seal present.When Gideon Welles became Secretary of the Navy he was immediately faced with the loss of more than half of the officer corpsÑover 300 of whom either resigned or were dismissed as disloyal. Welles moved quickly to expand the navy, first by initiating a river fleet that would assist in the internal blockade of the Confederacy, and then by purchasing merchant vessels that could be converted rapidly into fighting ships.Document with a bit of spotting and toning. Lincoln's signature bold and fine. An excellent framed piece. Bookseller Inventory # 86854

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Pardoning a Murderous Mutineer

ABRAHAM LINCOLN

Published by Washington, D.C. (1864)

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Item Description: Washington, D.C., 1864. No binding. Book Condition: Fine. Document Signed, as President, countersigned by Secretary of State William H. Seward, Washington, D.C., May 10, 1864. 2 pp. 10 3/4 x 16 3/4". Lincoln pardons Alfred Ryder, a prisoner in New York's Sing Sing prison. Ryder promptly enlisted in the Union navy, only to desert a year after the war ended. Partial Transcript"Whereas . one Alfred Ryder was convicted of Mutiny and sentenced to imprisonment for seven years; And whereas, the said Ryder has now suffered nearly four years of his sentence, and his conduct in confinement has been uniformly exemplary.Now, therefore, be it known, that I, Abraham Lincoln, President of the United States of America, in consideration of the premises, divers other good and sufficient reasons . have granted and do hereby grant unto him . a full and unconditional pardon ." Historical BackgroundOn May 23, 1860 a revolt broke out on board the ship Wm. F. Storer off Governors Island, New York. Several men demanded that the captain open the forecastle, where they likely stashed liquor. "I'll see you d-d arse, you old gray-headed son of a b-h," Ryder cursed the captain. A melee ensued with Ryder and others shooting at the officers. The ship's steward was killed. The ringleaders, including Ryder, were given seven-year prison terms. On sentencing, the judge called the incident "one of the most disgraceful and outrageous [affrays] that has happened in the harbor of New-York." Ryder served less than four years of his sentence before being pardoned. Lincoln's generosity with pardons was well known. He denied every application to execute sentries for sleeping at their posts. In one 1864 order alone, he revoked 60 death sentences. Attorney General Bates lamented that "in nine cases out of ten," a woman's tears were "sure to prevail in winning clemency." History has tended to sympathize with Lincoln's compassion, but his generals complained that it undermined discipline and encouraged desertion. Additional Historical BackgroundThe Wm. F. Storer, was a packet-ship built in Waldoboro, Maine in 1856 by Storer and Comery. Between 1859 and 1863 she brought over a thousand immigrants to the U.S. The ship was owned in New York by Trask and Dearborn and had just embarked for Liverpool, England when the confrontation occurred. In his deposition Captain Benjamin J. H. Trask, said, "it is customary to lock the forecastle when leaving port when it is suspected that the crew have liquor concealed there." After quarreling began, Capt. Trask appeared on the deck and stated that the men "did not want it open while weighing anchor." Prominent (even foremost) among these, was Alfred Ryder, who said: "we do want it open; will you open it?" but was ordered by the Captain: "No; go to your work." After threatening and cursing the captain, Ryder was ordered put in chains. The fighting continued with Capt. Trask narrowly escaping the pistol fire of Ryder, James Dillon, and Robert Craig, and the carpenter's edge tools and rigging spikes in the hands of George Beecher, James Brown, George Cross, Joseph McDonald, and William Smith. The captain remained besieged in his cabin until the Harbor Police arrived. In the melee, the Steward, Andrew H. Mitchell, 47, was killed, leaving a wife and family. It is not clear which man or men caused the fatal blow(s) to Mitchell - "a fractured skull.a considerable portion.having been crushed in" - but the ringleaders, Ryder, Dillon, and Craig or Smith, were given seven year sentences by Judge Smalley whose outrage at the "affray" was proclaimed at the sentencing of Dillon.Ryder appears in the 1860 census at Sing Sing (Ossining, NY), from which we learn that he was born ca. 1837 in Scotland. He is likely the "Alfred Rider" who enlisted May 21, 1864 (eleven days after this pardon) as a seaman in the Union Navy. He deserted May 21, 1866. Lincoln issued twice as many pardons as his predecessor, James Buchanan, granting clemency to some 331 prisoners convict. (See website for full description). Document Signed. Bookseller Inventory # 13446

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The $5 bill portrait, large albumen photograph

LINCOLN, ABRAHAM.) BRADY, MATHEW

Published by Washington: Mathew Brady (1864)

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Item Description: Washington: Mathew Brady, 1864. No Binding. Book Condition: Very Good. Photographed by Anthony Berger at Brady's Gallery, Washington, February 9, 1864. Oval albumen print, 8 1/8 x 6 1/8 in. Original printed mount captioned "PRESIDENT LINCOLN" with Brady & Co. imprint. Some soiling and offsetting to mount, some fading and marks to photograph. A handsome large-format photograph. THE CLASSIC BRADY FIVE DOLLAR BILL PHOTOGRAPH. This celebrated portrait, the basis for the five dollar bill engraving, is one of seven poses taken by Anthony Berger at Mathew Brady's Washington, D. C. studio on February 9, 1864. The most prolific photographer of Lincoln, Brady himself did not actually operate his cameras during the war years, instead training and employing men like Alexander Gardner and his successor Anthony Berger, who took this picture, to operate the camera. Lincoln's son Robert Todd Lincoln declared this famous portrait to be "the most satisfactory likeness" of Abraham Lincoln. Bookseller Inventory # ABE-13216697086

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Document Signed

Lincoln, Abraham.

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Item Description: Soft cover. Book Condition: Very Good. ("Abraham Lincoln"), in black ink, Washington, February 10, 1862. Folio. Partially printed document on vellum accomplished in a secretarial hand. Blue wafer seal intact. Lincoln's signature is dark. Appointment of Ethan A[llen] Hitchcock to the rank of Major General of Volunteers. Boldly co-signed by Edwin Stanton, Secretary of War, and Adjutant General L. Thomas (a few small holes at the folds, else fine, fresh and dark). Lincoln (1809-65), 16th President of the United States (1861-65) and one of the most important figures in American history. Hitchcock (1798-1870), Graduated West Point in 1817; served in Florida war; later with Winfield Scott in Mexico. He was commissioned Major-General of Volunteers (as per this document) in 1862 and rendered many valuable services to Lincoln's administration and the Union Army (see Basler's Lincoln for numerous references to him). Signed by Author(s). Bookseller Inventory # 600008

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Civil War Commission Document] Abraham Lincoln

Lincoln, Abraham, Edwin Stanton and Lyman Bridges

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Item Description: [Civil War Commission Document] Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865) U.S President (1861-1865) Official Civil War commission document pictorially engraved on vellum with blue seal present. Presidential appointment of Lyman Bridges who had enlisted in June of 1861. This appointment, to rank of Major, was signed by the President Abraham Lincoln and counter-signed by Secretary of the War Edwin Stanton (1814-1869), dated March 22, 1865, just 25 days before Lincoln was assassinated and six days after Lee surrendered to Grant. Framed under glass (not examined out of frame). Document measures approx. 18 ½ " x 15". Frame measures 26" x 22". Upper left hand corner is recorder’s name and date in red ink. Signatures are fading, fold lines, Bookseller Inventory # 019261

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Lincoln Sues a Bridge Contractor for Payment

ABRAHAM LINCOLN

Published by Springfield, IL (1839)

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Item Description: Springfield, IL, 1839. No binding. Book Condition: Fine. Autograph Document Signed. Legal Brief. [Springfield, Ill., April 16, 1839]. 1 p., 7 5/8 x 12 5/8 in. Complete TranscriptState of IllinoisSangamon County }sb2nd CircuitOf the July term of the Sangamon Circuit Court in the year of ourLord one thousand eight hundredand thirtynine-Moses Hoffman, plaintiff, complains of William H. Wernwag, defendant, being in custody &c of a plea in assumpsit: For that whereas heretofore, towit, on the [blank] day of [blank] in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and thirtynine at the county and circuit aforesaid, the said defendant was indebted to the said plaintiff in the sum of one hundred an[d] twentyeight dollars and sixtyfive cents lawful money of the United States, for the work and labour care and diligence of the said plaintiff, but him the said plaintiff before that time done performed and bestowed in and about the business of the said defendant, and for the said defendant, and at his special instance and request-And also for divers goods, wares and merchandize by the said plaintiff before that time sold and delivered to the said defendant, and at his like special instance and request; and being so indebted, he the said defendant, in consideration thereof, afterwards, towit, on the day and year aforesaid, at the county and circuit aforesaid undertook, and then and there faithfully promised, the said plaintiff to pay him the said sum of money when he the said defendant when he the said defendant should be there unto afterwards requested-Yet the said defendant (Although often requested so to do) hath not as yet paid to the said plaintiff the said sum of money or any part thereof, but so to do, hath hitherto wholly neglected and refused, and still doth neglect and refuse. To the damage of the said plaintiff of the sum of two hundred dollars, and there he sues &c. Stuart & Lincoln p .g.Docketing on verso:Moses Huffman vs} DeclnWilliam H. Wemway Filed June 28 1839Wm Butler clerkHistorical BackgroundWilliam H. Wernwag, nephew of the more famous bridge builder Louis Wernwag, was contracted to build a bridge over the Sangamon River at Carpenter's Ferry, a site north of Springfield, Illinois. After contracting with suppliers and laborers, he died, leaving many creditors in the lurch. Lincoln filed suit on behalf of at least three of the nine creditors who sued Wernwag's estate. Here, Lincoln files a plea in assumpsit, (taking on a promise, in this case, to pay) on behalf of Moses Hoffman, who claimed that Wernwag owed him $128.65 for goods and services.It is unknown whether or not Lincoln won this case, but he was forced to dismiss another of his cases against Wernwag's estate because Wernwag died deeply in debt. Considering that he introduced an "Act for the Relief of the Creditors of the late William Wernwag" in the Illinois Legislature on December 29, 1840, it is likely that even if he won on behalf of Hoffman, the estate had few assets from which Hoffman could recover damages. The relief bill relied on creditors petitioning the county commissioners for payment, and took effect February 27, 1841.Sources"Biog. of the Wernwag Family, Bridge Builders."http://genealogytrails.com/penn/philadelphia/phlbioswernwag.htmlWilliam E. Baringer, Lincoln Day by Day, A Chronology 1809-1865, Volume I (Dayton, Ohio: Morningside, 1991) pp. 108-110; 150.Laws of the State of Illinois Passed by the Twelfth General Assembly. (Springfield: Willia, Walters, 1841) pp. 212-213.http://books.google.com/books?id=CAs4AAAAIAAJ&pg=PA212&lpg=PA212&dq=William+Wernwa g&source=bl&ots=74HVjW6RrX&sig=E2LSbX1_tN5tzogLxrJOydsscTk&h l=en&sa=X&ei=4hj3UIiXGY_h0wHYzYH4BQ&ved=0CEoQ6AEwBjgK#v=onep age&q=William%20Wernwag&f=falseKay MacLean, The Broadwells of Clayville and Their Roots, Part II: Family Land Dealings in Illinois (Clayville Rural Life Center and Museum, Sangamon State University, Springfield, Illinois) pp. 24-25.https://www.ideals.illinois.edu/bitstream/handle/2142/15358/Research . (See website for full description). Autograph Document Signed. Bookseller Inventory # 22878

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Appointment Document dated 2 March 1863, signed by Lincoln as President, and countersigned by his Secretary of War, Edwin M.Stanton.

LINCOLN, Abraham.

Published by Washington, D.C.: 1863 (1863)

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Item Description: Washington, D.C.: 1863, 1863. Partially engraved military appointment on vellum with the sections accomplished in manuscript (445 × 330 mm). Mounted, framed and glazed with UV conservation glass in dark wood frame with gilt slip. Originally folded into sixths leaving light creases as usual - it was common to carry such documents as instruments of authority, or means of identification - with two very small losses at the confluence of the upper centre folds, some light soiling verso, Stanton's signature is faded to brown, Lincoln's still quite strong. Blue wafer seal at left, with one small chip, and War Department docketing notations at upper left. Attractive cartouche of the American eagle at the head, and large trophy of arms at the foot, engraved by by J.V.N. and O.H. Throop. The document appoints Carl Proegler as an Assistant Surgeon of Volunteers, effective from October 4, 1862, signed in full Lincoln and Stanton. This appointment was made four months before the Battle of Gettysburg. Dr. Proegler (1837-1907), was born in Cologne and educated Erlangen, Würzburg, and Berlin, graduating from the last in 1859, and studying in Paris and London the following year, before emigrating to the United States. At the outbreak of the Civil War, he broke off from the practice that he had established in New York and "offered his services to the Government and was appointed Junior Surgeon of a hospital in Washington, where he remained for a few months. He afterward served as surgeon of various regiments, including the Twenty-fifth New York Infantry, of which he had charge in his professional capacity for about ten months. At the close of the war Dr. Proegler entered the navy and was made Fleet Surgeon under General Farragut — a position which he filled until 1868" (Memorial Record of Northeastern Indian, p.225). Proegler returned to Germany during the Franco-Prussian War, but in 1872 came back to America and settled in Fort Wayne, Indiana, where "from the beginning he maintained a place among the most able practitioners of this section of the State", a member of the Allen County Medical Society, he was twice Secretary to the State Board of Health. Highly appealing military-medical Lincoln document from the Civil War. Bookseller Inventory # 90344

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Lincoln as Baseball Champion in The National Game by Currier and Ives

BASEBALL; ABRAHAM LINCOLN

Published by New York, N.Y. (1860)

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Item Description: New York, N.Y., 1860. No binding. Book Condition: Fine. Lithograph (attributed to Louis Maurer). The National Game. Three 'Outs' and One 'Run.' Abraham Winning the Ball. New York, N.Y.: Currier & Ives, 1860. 16 x 11 3/4 in. From the year baseball stepped forward as the national sport: Lincoln, the 'Rail Splitter,' is depicted as a victorious player, with candidates Bell, Douglas and Breckinridge looking on. This not only is the first identified reference of baseball as the "national game," but also can be considered the start of the tradition of sports metaphors in American politics. The print portrays three candidates holding baseball bats inscribed with their respective political positions -- "fusion" for John Bell of the border state Constitutional Union party; "non-intervention" (on the slavery issue) for Stephen Douglas, a northern Democrat; and "slavery extension" for John C. Breckinridge, a southern Democrat. Lincoln's bat is a rail, labeled "equal rights and free territory." He is also raising a ball, signifying that he was the winner.The words in each figure's text bubble contain the baseball slang of the era. Bell thinks that it is "very singular that we three should strike 'foul' and be 'put out' while old Abe made such a 'good lick.'"Douglas explains: "That's because he had that confounded rail, to strike with. I thought our fusion would be a 'short stop' to his career."Breckinridge, holding his nose and turning away, proclaims: "I guess I'd better leave for Kentucky, for I smell something strong around here, and begin to think that we are completely 'skunk'd.'"Lincoln has the last word: "Gentlemen, if any of you should ever take a hand in another match at this game, remember that you must have 'a good bat' and strike a 'fair ball' to make a 'clean score' & a 'home run.'"The image is widely known from reproductions of the Library of Congress copy, but the print is particularly rare. No other copies have been found in WorldCat; only one other copy -- also handled by Kaller -- appears in major auction recordsConditionExpertly cleaned, mended, and de-acidified; conservation treatment report available on request. Lithograph. Bookseller Inventory # 22627

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Autograph Endoresment Signed ("A. Lincoln")

LINCOLN, Abraham.

Used Soft cover First Edition Signed

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Item Description: Soft cover. Book Condition: Very Good. in black ink as President, Washington, D.C., December 23, 1863. Six lines plus signature and date, on verso of the integral blank of an Autograph Letter Signed from General John M. Schofield, Washington, D.C., December 23, 1863. 8vo. 2 pages. Fine, fresh example, dark and clean. In his letter, Schofield addresses his commander in chief deferentially: "Mr. President, I desire simply to ask you if I may be absent from Washington a few days pending the settlement of my affairs, I wish to spend Christmas day with my relatives at West Point. If there is any reason for my remaining here of course I do not wish to go." On verso, Lincoln writes: "Not the slightest objection to Gen. Schofield's visiting West Point, so that he be in call by Telegraph." This letter serves as an interesting footnote to the long-simmering problem in Missouri, where Schofield had been in command. A slave state, Missouri had seethed with pro and anti-slavery conflicts, and was terrorized by armed bands of southern sympathizers. Schofield and the provisional governor had engaged in bitter jurisdictional quarrels until all factions finally united to criticize Schofield for his "high-handed" administration and demand his removal. In early December 1863, a congressman who had visited Missouri told Lincoln first hand of Schofield's increasing difficulties, prompting the President on December 11 to telegraph a simple order to Schofield: "Please come see me at once." After his White House interview, Lincoln recommended that Schofield be promoted to major general, transferred, and Rosecrans appointed to take his place. Lincoln's recommendation was quickly approved by the Senate. Schofield (1831-1906), Graduated West Point, 1853. In Missouri at the outbreak of the Civil War, he became chief of staff to Gen. Nathaniel Lyon and served until Lyon¿s death at the battle of Wilson's Creek, August 1861. Promoted brigadier-general of volunteers in November, he was engaged in field operations in Missouri and later commanded the Department of the Missouri as major-general. Assuming command of XXIII Corps in February 1864, he took part in Sherman's Atlanta campaign as one of the three army commanders and badly shattered Hool's confederate force at the fierce battle of Franlklin, Tenn. Moving the XXIII Corps to the mouth of the Cape Fear river, He occupied Wilmington, N.C., and effected a junction with Sherman at Goldsboro, March 23, 1865, for the final moves against Gen. J.E. Johnston. In the spring of 1868 served briefly as U.S. secretary of war. Promoted major-general, regular army, 1869, he commanded several departments successively and made the recommendations that led to the acquisition of Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, as a naval base. Superintendent at West Point, 1876-81. Lincoln (1809-65), 16th President of the United States (1861-65) and one of the most important figures in American history. Signed by Author(s). Bookseller Inventory # 601017

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The Gettysburg Address-First Day of Printing, New York

ABRAHAM LINCOLN. GETTYSBURG ADDRESS

Published by New York (1863)

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Item Description: New York, 1863. No binding. Book Condition: Fine. The World (illustrator). Newspaper, The World, New York, November 20, 1863. 8 pp., 15 3/8 x 23 in. ".It is for us, the living, rather to be dedicated here to the refinished work that they have thus so far nobly carried on.A rare first day of publication newspaper, with Lincoln's timeless embodiment of American ideals prominently placed.This printing from November 20, the day after the Address, contains Lincoln's speech on the front page. This original issue also includes Edward Everett's speech, a report on the ceremonies, and a map of the "Great National Soldiers' Cemetery at Gettysburg." Partial Transcript"Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth upon this continent a new nation, conceived in liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal. (Applause.) Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation so conceived, and so dedicated, can long endure. We are met on a great battle-field of that war. We are met to dedicate a portion of it as the final resting place of those who here gave their lives that that nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this. But in a larger sense we cannot dedicate, we cannot consecrate, we cannot hallow this ground. The brave men, living and dead, who struggled here, have consecrated it far above our power to add or detract. (Applause.) The world will little note nor long remember, what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here. (Applause.) It is for us, the living, rather to be dedicated here to the refinished work that they have thus so far nobly carried on. (Applause.) It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us, that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they here gave the last full measure of devotion: that we here highly resolve that the dead shall not have died in vain (applause): that the nation shall, under God, have a new birth of freedom, and that governments of the people, by the people, and for the people, shall not perish from the earth. (Long continuous applause.)"The text is the Associated Press version, delivered by telegraph from the battlefield ceremonies. There are some slight variations between different newspapers and typesetters in terms of punctuation and capitalization, but the original AP version is easily identifiable by the use of the phrase "to the refinished work ." instead of the more appropriate "to the unfinished work."Additional differences between this and other versions of the text include:"We are met to dedicate" is "We have come to dedicate" in Lincoln's written copies.the word "poor," heard by some reporters and present in both of Lincoln's drafts, is excluded here: " far above our [poor] power to add or detract" "carried on" is found here and in Lincoln's second draft, but he replaced it with "advanced" in subsequent drafts: "have thus so far [so] nobly [carried on advanced]" For Full Historical Background of the Gettysburg Address click here. Newspaper. Bookseller Inventory # 22381

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Autograph Endorsement (22 words) Signed

LINCOLN, Abraham.

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Item Description: 1863. No Binding. Book Condition: Very Good. No Jacket. ("A. Lincoln") in black ink [Washington, DC], May 12, 1863, being 7 lines on the verso of the second leaf of an autograph letter to Lincoln from Robert Chester, Buffalo, May 9, 1863, 2 pages; 7 7/8" x 12 3/4", on a bifolium of blue-ruled paper, neatly reinforced at folds. Lincoln deals with an officer seeking "An Honorable Discharge & to Avoid a Dishonorable One." Robert Chester, who identifies himself as "late Capt. 17th Infantry, US Army," petitions the President: "I would most respectfully request a suspension of Special Orders No. 201, (Extract 4) by which I am dismissed the service of the United States. The reasons for such request are that my case has not been properly submitted to Your Excellency. I would respectfully ask that the order my be suspended until a Court of Inquiry, or Court Martial; can be convened, when I may have the opportunity to defend myself." Chester's appeal is joined by ten other prominent citizens of Buffalo, including her postmaster, one the justices of the city's Superior Court, and three Union officers hailing from the Bison City. Lincoln forwarded Chester's petition to Judge Advocate General Joseph Holt, directing him to "please examine & report on this case. The officer only seeks an honorable discharge, & to avoid a dishonorable one." Nothing further on the case is recorded, and Holt - influenced, perhaps, by the President's none-too-subtle insinuation - evidently found no merit to Chester's claim. See "The Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln", ed. Basler, Supplement: 187. Signed by Author(s). Bookseller Inventory # 604601

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Autograph Endorsement Signed as President

Lincoln, Abraham

Published by Washington, D.C., (1864)

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From: Quaker Hill Books (Redding, CT, U.S.A.)

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Item Description: Washington, D.C., 1864. 30 January 1864, seven lines plus signature and date on verso of a manuscript petition from James S. Henderson and 13 others, to His Excellency A. Lincoln, Calloway County, Missouri, 18 January 1864. 2 pages, 4to. The letter respectfully petitions President Lincoln on behalf of three young Confederates " now prisoners of war at Point Lookout." They were captured at the Battle of Black Water (near Vicksburg) after entering "the Rebel Army.in the fall of 1861." Now, they are "desirous to return to their homes.and comply with the Laws." They are "willing to take the necessary Oath." Lincoln as was so often his wont, is happy to comply, and writes: "Let these three young men take the oarth of Dec. * and be discharged. Also let J.J. Neal go to Point Lookout & return with these young men. A. Lincoln." The three here pardoned were among the 1700 Confederate prisoners taken in the Battle of Big Black River, 17 May 1863, in the late phases of General Grant;s Vicksburg campaign. Bookseller Inventory # 884614

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