Published by N.p.] 1879-81, [N.p. (1879)

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From: SOPHIA RARE BOOKS (Koebenhavn V, Denmark)

**Item Description: **N.p.] 1879-81, [N.p., 1879. Provenance: The January 1879 printing is Dodgson’s own copy with his autograph emendations. The other two printings are the copies of Dodgson’s child friend Agnes Caroline Smith: the February 1879 printing is signed by her (evidently the hand of a child), and the 1881 printing is inscribed to her by Dodgson. Agnes Smith was the daughter of Charles Smith (d. 1869), vicar of Tarrington, and his wife, Frances Elizabeth (née Boddington) (b. 1834). Dodgson writes in his Diaries of the day he met Agnes and her family on 6 September 1877: "Met Mr. Dymes with a friend (over from Brighton for the day) Mrs. Smith, with two girls (Agnes and Gracille, 10 and 8) and a boy, Reginald: Agnes is beautiful." A unique collection comprising four extraordinarily rare documents relating to Dodgson’s invention of Lanrick, a chessboard game for two players. 1) First edition, dated 16 January 1879, with the title A Game for Two Players. Only one other copy of this earliest printing is known, that in the Parrish collection (see Williams & Green, The Lewis Carroll Handbook, 1970, no. 135). Dodgson records the receipt of ten proof copies on 11 February 1879, "in nearly its final state, I hope". The sheet is annotated by Dodgson, who added the game’s title, and made corrections in manuscript in his customary violet ink: "Lanrick. ‘The muster-place be Lanrick mead’"; Rule 1 was altered from "The men are set alternately, on any border-squares" to "The Players set their men, in turn, on any border squares". 2) Second edition, dated 20 February 1879. This variant is unknown to bibliographers (no other copy recorded). The alterations made by Dodgson to the first issue are printed here. 3) "Second" (i.e., fifth? – see below) edition, inscribed presentation copy from Dodgson to Agnes Smith, with "July 1881" inscribed to verso in violet ink (presumably in Dodgson’s hand). The "second" edition appeared in the August 1881 edition of Charlotte Yonge’s Monthly Packet. 4) A cyclostyled copy of the manuscript for the game, dated 25 October 1880, and written by Dodgson in violet ink. Dodgson invented this game in 1878. It is first mentioned in his diary on 31 December, 1878, where he calls it "my new invention, Natural Selection, afterwards called Lanrick." Dodgson was well acquainted with Darwin’s theory, having served on the reception committee for the scientists visiting Oxford in 1860 for the famous "apes and angels" debate (which he may well have attended). In 1874 Charles read Mivart’s Genesis of Species (1871), "a most interesting and satisfactory book, showing, as it does, the insufficiency of ‘Natural Selection’ alone to account for the universe, and its perfect compatibility with the creative and guiding power of God." "Charles made a modest bow toward "Natural Selection" when he invented a chessboard game that, in 1878, he called first by that name (he later changed it to Lanrick), and in which of course the winner is the survivor of the fittest" (Cohen, p. 352). The name Dodgson finally settled upon derived from "The muster-place be Lanrick-Mead," a line in Sir Walter Scott's poem The Lady of the Lake. Lanrick Mead, a valley in the Scottish Highlands, was the place at which the poem’s tragic hero, Sir Roderick Dhu, gathered his men for the battle against the King of Scotland, James V. Lanrick Mead thus echoes the "rendezvous" which play an important role in the game (see below). The game is played on a chessboard, each player having five men; the other requisites are a die and dice box, and something (such as a coin) to mark a square. The interior of the board, excluding the border squares, is regarded as containing six rows and six columns. It must be agreed which is the first row and first column. In the earliest printed version, the rules are given as follows: 1. The men are set, alternately, on any border-squares. 2. The die is thrown twice, and a square marked accordingly, the first throw fixing the row, the second, the column; the marked square, with t. Bookseller Inventory # 3951

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Published by Cambridge Library Collection

ISBN 10: 1108001009 ISBN 13: 9781108001007

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From: Kennys Bookstore (Olney, MD, U.S.A.)

**Item Description: **Cambridge Library Collection. Book Condition: New. Euclid and His Modern Rivals, while humorously executed, is deeply serious in its convictions surrounding Euclid's teachings of elementary geometry. Series: Cambridge Library Collection - Mathematics. Num Pages: 336 pages, black & white illustrations. BIC Classification: PB. Category: (P) Professional & Vocational. Dimension: 143 x 216 x 27. Weight in Grams: 446. . 2009. Reissue. Paperback. . . . . Bookseller Inventory # V9781108001007

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Published by Cambridge Library Collection

ISBN 10: 1108001009 ISBN 13: 9781108001007

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From: Kennys Bookshop and Art Galleries Ltd. (Galway, Ireland)

**Item Description: **Cambridge Library Collection. Book Condition: New. Euclid and His Modern Rivals, while humorously executed, is deeply serious in its convictions surrounding Euclid's teachings of elementary geometry. Series: Cambridge Library Collection - Mathematics. Num Pages: 336 pages, black & white illustrations. BIC Classification: PB. Category: (P) Professional & Vocational. Dimension: 143 x 216 x 27. Weight in Grams: 446. . 2009. Reissue. Paperback. . . . . Bookseller Inventory # V9781108001007

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Published by Lindemann Press

ISBN 10: 1443721158 ISBN 13: 9781443721158

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From: BuySomeBooks (Las Vegas, NV, U.S.A.)

**Item Description: **Lindemann Press. Hardcover. Book Condition: New. Hardcover. 332 pages. Dimensions: 9.3in. x 5.7in. x 1.1in.EUCLID AND HIS MODERN RIVALS by CHARLES L. DODGSON. Originally published in 1879. PROLOGUE: THE object of this little book is to furnish evidence, first, that it is essential, for the purpose of teaching or examining in elementary Geometry, to employ one text book only secondly, that there are strong a priori reasons for retaining, in all its main features, and specially in its sequence and numbering of propositions and in its treat ment of parallels, the Manual of Euclid and thirdly, that no sufficient reasons have yet been shown for aban doning it in favour of any one of the modern Manuals which have been offered as substitutes. It is presented in a dramatic form, partly because it seemed a better way of exhibiting in alternation the argu ments on the two sides of the question partly that I might feel myself at liberty to treat it in a rather lighter style than would have suited an essay, and thus to make it a little less tedious and a little more acceptable to unscientific readers. In one respect this book is an experiment, and may chance to prove a failure I mean that I have not thought . it necessary to maintain throughout the gravity of style which scientific writers usually affect, and which has some how come to be regarded as an f inseparable accident of scientific teaching. I never could quite see the reason ableness of this immemorial law subjects there are, no doubt, which are in their essence too serious to admit of any lightness of treatment but I cannot recognise Geometry as one of them. Nevertheless it will, I trust, be found that I have permitted myself a glimpse of the comic side of things only at fitting seasons, when the tired reader might well crave a moments breathing-space, and not on any occasion where it could endanger the continuity of a line of argument. Pitying friends have warned me of the fate upon which I am rushing they have predicted that, in thus abandon ing the dignity of a scientific writer, 1 shall alienate the sympathies of all true scientific readers, who will regard the book as a m iejeu d esprit, and will not trouble them selves to look for any serious argument in it. But it must be borne in mind that, if there is a Scylla before me, there is also a Charybdis and that, in my fear of being read as a jest, I may incur the darker destiny of not being read at all. In furtherance of the great cause which I have at heart the vindication of Euclid s masterpiece I am content to run some risk thinking it far better that the purchaser of this little book should read it, though it be with a smile, than that, with the deepest conviction of its seriousness of purpose, he should leave it unopened on the shelf. To all the authors, who are here reviewed, I beg to tender my sincerest apologies, if I shall be found to have transgressed, in any instance, the limits of fair criticism. To Mr. Wilson especially such apology is due partly because I have criticised his book at great length and with no sparing hand partly because it may well be deemed an impertinence in one, whose line of study has been chiefly in the lower branches of Mathematics, to dare to pronounce any opinion at all on the work of a Senior Wrangler. Nor should I thus dare, if it entailed my following him np f yonder mountain height which Jie has scaled, but which I can only gaze at from a distance it is only when he ceases c to move so near the heavens and comes down into the lower regions of Elementary Geometry, which I have been teaching for nearly five and-twenty years, that I feel sufficiently familiar with the matter in hand to venture to speak. . . This item ships from multiple locations. Your book may arrive from Roseburg,OR, La Vergne,TN. Hardcover. Bookseller Inventory # 9781443721158

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ISBN 10: 1108001009 ISBN 13: 9781108001007

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From: Ria Christie Collections (Uxbridge, United Kingdom)

**Item Description: **Paperback. Book Condition: New. Not Signed; Euclid and His Modern Rivals is a deeply convincing testament to the Greek mathematician's teachings of elementary geometry. Published in 1879, it is humorously constructed and written by Charles Dodgson (better known outside the mathematical world as Lewis Carroll, the author of Alice in Wonderland) in the form of an intentionally unscientific dramatic comedy. Dodgson, mathematical lecturer at Christ Church, Oxford, sets out to provide evidentiary support for the claim that The Manual of Euclid is essentially the defining and exclusive textbook to be used for teaching elementary geometry. Euclid's sequence and numbering of propositions and his treatment of parallels, states Dodgson, make convincing arguments that the Greek scholar's text stands alone in the field of mathematics. The author pointedly recognises the abundance of significant work in the field, but maintains that none of the subsequent manuals can effectively serve as substitutes to Euclid's early teachings of elementary geometry. book. Bookseller Inventory # ria9781108001007_rkm

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Published by Clarkson Potter, New York, New York, U.S.A. (1977)

ISBN 10: 0517523833 ISBN 13: 9780517523834

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**Hardcover**
**First Edition**

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From: Kaboom Books (Houston, TX, U.S.A.)

**Item Description: **Clarkson Potter, New York, New York, U.S.A., 1977. Hard Cover. Book Condition: Good Plus. Dust Jacket Condition: Good. First. Green cloth with gilt lettering on spine. Mild wear to spine edges. Sunning to top and bottom of board edges. Previous owner's name stamped on fly leaf. Foxing on fly leaf. Text & pages clean and bright with scattered foxing to pages and fore edges. Publisher's review slip laid in. DJ: bright with nicks and chips to extremities, some scruffing, Vertical crease to inside flap of DJ. Foxing to inside of DJ. DJ protected by mylar cover. Bookseller Inventory # 005754

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Published by Cambridge Library Collection, United Kingdom (2009)

ISBN 10: 1108001009 ISBN 13: 9781108001007

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From: The Book Depository (London, United Kingdom)

**Item Description: **Cambridge Library Collection, United Kingdom, 2009. Paperback. Book Condition: New. Reissue. 212 x 140 mm. Language: English . Brand New Book. Euclid and His Modern Rivals is a deeply convincing testament to the Greek mathematician s teachings of elementary geometry. Published in 1879, it is humorously constructed and written by Charles Dodgson (better known outside the mathematical world as Lewis Carroll, the author of Alice in Wonderland) in the form of an intentionally unscientific dramatic comedy. Dodgson, mathematical lecturer at Christ Church, Oxford, sets out to provide evidentiary support for the claim that The Manual of Euclid is essentially the defining and exclusive textbook to be used for teaching elementary geometry. Euclid s sequence and numbering of propositions and his treatment of parallels, states Dodgson, make convincing arguments that the Greek scholar s text stands alone in the field of mathematics. The author pointedly recognises the abundance of significant work in the field, but maintains that none of the subsequent manuals can effectively serve as substitutes to Euclid s early teachings of elementary geometry. Bookseller Inventory # AAZ9781108001007

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Published by Cambridge Library Collection, United Kingdom (2009)

ISBN 10: 1108001009 ISBN 13: 9781108001007

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**Paperback**

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From: The Book Depository US (London, United Kingdom)

**Item Description: **Cambridge Library Collection, United Kingdom, 2009. Paperback. Book Condition: New. Reissue. 212 x 140 mm. Language: English . Brand New Book. Euclid and His Modern Rivals is a deeply convincing testament to the Greek mathematician s teachings of elementary geometry. Published in 1879, it is humorously constructed and written by Charles Dodgson (better known outside the mathematical world as Lewis Carroll, the author of Alice in Wonderland) in the form of an intentionally unscientific dramatic comedy. Dodgson, mathematical lecturer at Christ Church, Oxford, sets out to provide evidentiary support for the claim that The Manual of Euclid is essentially the defining and exclusive textbook to be used for teaching elementary geometry. Euclid s sequence and numbering of propositions and his treatment of parallels, states Dodgson, make convincing arguments that the Greek scholar s text stands alone in the field of mathematics. The author pointedly recognises the abundance of significant work in the field, but maintains that none of the subsequent manuals can effectively serve as substitutes to Euclid s early teachings of elementary geometry. Bookseller Inventory # AAZ9781108001007

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Published by Dover Publications (1973)

ISBN 10: 0486229688 ISBN 13: 9780486229683

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**Hardcover**

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From: Books on the Boulevard (Sherman Oaks, CA, U.S.A.)

**Item Description: **Dover Publications, 1973. Paperback. Book Condition: Very Good. First. Edgewear to covers. Embossed stamp to title page. Contents include: Equations, Arguement of Drama. ; 8vo. Bookseller Inventory # 29861

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Published by Dover Publications, New York (1973)

ISBN 10: 0486229688 ISBN 13: 9780486229683

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**Paperback**

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From: Time Tested Books (Sacramento, CA, U.S.A.)

**Item Description: **Dover Publications, New York, 1973. Paperback. Book Condition: Very Good. Minor wear and yellowing of pages. Crack in paper at front hinge, though it is cosmetic and does not affect the binding. Bookseller Inventory # 005680

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