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On the origin of species by means of natural selection, or the preservation of favoured races in the struggle for life.

DARWIN, Charles

Published by London, John Murray, 1859 (1859)

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Item Description: London, John Murray, 1859, 1859. 8vo in 12s, (200 x 124 mm), pp ix 502; 32 (publisher's advertisements, dated June 1859), with a folding diagram facing p 117; a very clean, bright copy, tight in its binding, original publisher's cloth, in a morocco-backed box. £150,000First edition of the single most important biological book ever published. 'The publication of the Origin of species ushered in a new era in our thinking about the nature of man. The intellectual revolution it caused and the impact it had on man's concept of himself and the world were greater than those caused by the works of Copernicus, Newton, and the great physicists of more recent times ? Every modern discussion of man's future, the population explosion, the struggle for existence, the purpose of man and the universe, and man's place in nature rests on Darwin' (Ernst Mayr).This copy has an interesting and early provenance. It belonged to a Henry Orme Wood, a student at St. Johns, Cambridge, who received his MA in 1840. Little is known about him apart from his being a subscriber to George Robert Gray's Genera of birds (1838-49). He was clearly a close reader of the Origin, with passages relating to the variation of species marked throughout the text. He was presumably also responsible for the two contemporary newspaper clippings neatly tipped onto the endleaves, front and back. The one on the front is an account of a lecture given by Professor Owen on '27th ultimo' (with Wood's ms note that this was January 1860) at the Royal Institution 'On the Cerebral Classification of the Mammalia'. 'Whilst speaking of the cetacea, Professor Owen referred to the recently enunciated theory of the origin of species and expressed his disbelief in the possibility of producing a warm-blooded animal so peculiarly constituted as the whale by any process of "natural selection"'. The second insert is 'Objections to Mr. Darwin's Theory of the Origin of Species', an extensive critique several columns in length, published in The Spectator on April 7, 1860 (it had originally appeared on March 24 but was hastily reprinted in April in order to correct two mistakes). Although the article was anonymous the author was the distinguished geologist and Darwin's geological tutor Adam Sedgwick (1785-1873). He was one of the recipients of a presentation copy of the first edition of the Origin, which he received 'with more pain than pleasure'. Sedgwick ends this review with the words 'I cannot conclude without expressing my detestation of the theory, because of its unflinching materialism.' Upon reading Sedgwick's review, Darwin wrote immediately to Charles Lyell (Darwin Correspondence Project letter 2734): 'I now feel certain that Sedgwick is author of article in Spectator. No one else would use such abusive terms. And what misrepresentation of my notions! Any ignoramus would suppose that I had first broached the doctrine that the breaks between successive formations marked long intervals of time. It is very unfair.- But poor dear old Sedgwick seems rabid on question.- Demoralised understanding!! If ever I talk with him, I will tell him that I never could believe that an inquisitor could be a good man, but now I know that a man may roast another & yet have as kind & noble a heart as Sedgwick's'.On April 3 Darwin wrote to Asa Gray as follows:Sedgwick (as I & Lyell feel certain from internal evidence) has reviewed me savagely & unfairly in the Spectator. The notice includes much abuse & is hardly fair in several respects. He would actually lead anyone, who was ignorant of geology, to suppose that I had invented the great gaps between successive geological formations; instead of its being an almost universally admitted dogma. But my dear old friend Sedgwick with his noble heart is old & is rabid with indignation.' (letter 2743). Despite Sedgwick's rejection of the theory of natural selection he and Darwin remained good friends throughout.The inclusion of these early references and reviews indicate that Wood had his copy in hand whe. Bookseller Inventory # 3897

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On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life.

DARWIN, Charles.

Published by London: John Murray, 1859 (1859)

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Item Description: London: John Murray, 1859, 1859. Octavo. Original green diagonal-wave-grain cloth, covers blocked in blind, spine lettered and decorated in gilt, brown coated endpapers, Edmonds & Remnants binder's ticket to rear pastedown. Housed in a green morocco-backed folding case (spine sunned). Ink ownership inscription of G. W. H. Taylor, Helsington Parsonage, Kendal, Westmorland dated June 1860 on front free endpaper. Extremities lightly rubbed, head and foot of spine and corners a bit bumped, front joint worn through in two small areas, front hinge with superficial cracks, overall an excellent copy in the original cloth. Folding diagram. Binding variant a (no priority); without the inserted advertisements usually but not always found, clearly as issued. First edition of "the most influential scientific work of the 19th century" (Horblit) and "the most important biological book ever written" (Freeman); one of 1,250 copies. Dibner 199; Freeman 373; Garrison–Morton 220; Horblit 23b; Norman 593; Printing and the Mind of Man 344b. Bookseller Inventory # 94265

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Item Description: London, Henry Colburn, 1839, 1839. 3 vols in four (vol 2 having a separate Appendix), 8vo (235 x 145 mm), pp xxviii [iv] 1-559, 556-597 [recte 601]; xiv [ii] 694 [2]; viii 352; xiv 629 [609]-615, with 8 engraved folding maps and charts (loosely inserted in pockets at the front of each volume, as issued, the ribbon for extracting the charts still present in each pocket), 48 plates and charts, and 6 text illustrations; some slight foxing to plates, a few of the charts split at folds, overall a very good copy in original cloth, spines somewhat faded, minor repairs to spines but intact in its original binding, in morocco-backed boxes. £110,000First edition, an extraordinary presentation copy inscribed by the Commander of the Beagle Robert Fitzroy (see below), the man who chose Darwin to accompany him on the epochal voyage. This work is the complete narrative of 'one of the most famous scientific expeditions in history' (DSB). The third volume comprises Darwin's own journal of his voyage in the Beagle, which is the first issue of his first published book. 'The voyage of the Beagle has been by far the most important event in my life, and has determined my whole career' (Charles Darwin, Life and Letters I p 61).Darwin's Journal of researches, as it became known, was his first formal publication and a classic of natural history travel narrative. It was the most important scientific voyage ever undertaken, for it gave impetus and direction to all of Darwin's later researches. 'The five years of the voyage were the most important event in Darwin's intellectual life and in the history of biological science. Darwin sailed with no formal scientific training. He returned a hard-headed man of science, knowing the importance of evidence, almost convinced that species had not always been as they were since the creation but had undergone change. He also developed doubts of the value of the Scriptures as a trustworthy guide to the history of the earth and of man, with the result that he gradually became an agnostic. The experiences of his five years in the Beagle, how he dealt with them, and what they led to, built up into a process of epoch-making importance in the history of thought' (Gavin de Beer in DSB).Volume I of the Narrative concerns the initial surveying expedition, 1826-30, under Philip Parker King in the Adventure, during which Fitzroy succeeded Pringle Stokes as commander of the accompanying Beagle. Volume II describes Fitzroy's continuation and completion of the survey with the Beagle alone, ending in 1836. 'The surveys he carried out in South American waters established Fitzroy as a first-rate hydrographer and won for him the gold medal of the Royal Geographical Society (1837). Because his marine surveys were accurate to such a high degree they are still used as the foundation for a number of charts of that area' (DSB).Provenance: inscribed and signed on the half-title by the Captain of the Beagle, Robert Fitzroy, to 'Dr. Lee, LL.D., a tribute of esteem and respect from Robt. Fitzroy, Sept. 19th, 1856.' Also inscribed by Lee on the front pastedown, 'John Lee, Hartwell, a present from the accomplished author, 22 September 1856', with Lee's armorial bookplate on front pastedown in all volsAn extraordinary presentation copy connecting two exceptional Victorians. Besides their other formidable accomplishments, they were both pioneer meteorologists,xand this was probably the reason for the gift of these volumes.Robert Fitzroy (1805-1865) commander of the Beagle on its second voyage, chose Charles Darwin to accompany him on what became the most famous scientific expedition ever undertaken. Following completion of the voyage in 1835, Fitzroy prepared these volumes for publication. In 1843 he was appointed to the gouvernorship of New Zealand, returning to England in 1845; in 1857 he became Rear Admiral and in 1863 Vice Admiral.'In the years of his retirement, Fitzroy turned his attention to the emerging science of meteorology and devoted all of his energies to the advancem. Bookseller Inventory # 3874

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Item Description: London, John Murray, 1859. 8vo, ix, 502; 32 (publisherÕs advertisements, dated June 1859) pp. with a folding diagram facing p. 117. A remarkably good copy in the original publisherÕs blindstamped green cloth, backstrip lettered and decorated in gilt, binderÕs ticket of Edmonds & Remnants on rear paste-down, hinges invisibly repaired, title-page with vertical crease as usual, one or two very minor tears in text margins, preserved in a cloth box. First edition, a very good copy, with slight wear to the cloth as usual, of the single most important scientific book ever published. ÒThe publication of [On the Origin] ushered in a new era in our thinking about the nature of man. The intellectual revolution it caused and the impact it had on manÕs concept of himself and the world were greater than those caused by the works of Copernicus, Newton, and the great physicists of more recent times. . . . Every modern discussion of manÕs future, the population explosion, the struggle for existence, the purpose of man and the universe, and manÕs place in nature rests on DarwinÓ (Ernst Mayr). Dibner 199. Freeman 373. Garrison and Morton 220. Horblit 23b. Norman Library I, 594. Printing and the Mind of Man 344b. Note: 1250 copies were printed; they occur in various binding variants with no priority established and with various states of the adverts also with no priority established (June 1859 is generally seen as the earliest). Provenance: bookplate of P.W. Phipps (family name of the Barons Mulgrave): private collection Canada. This copy has never been sold at auction or through the trade. Bookseller Inventory # 105793

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On the origin of species by means of natural selection.

DARWIN, Charles

Published by John Murray, London (1859)

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From: B & L Rootenberg Rare Books, ABAA (Sherman Oaks, CA, U.S.A.)

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Item Description: John Murray, London, 1859. FIRST EDITION. 8vo. ix, [i], 502 pp. With 1 folding plate. Half-morocco over marbled boards of the period. An excellent copy inscribed by Leonard Darwin, Charles Darwin's son, with related material bound in at the end, including a 2-page letter signed by Darwin, and an unrecorded offprint of a paper on Darwin's work. Preserved in a half-morocco solander box (see provenance). First edition, first issue, of Darwin’s historic and pioneering work on the theory of evolution; certainly the most important biological book ever written. Bound in: 1. Half-title inscribed by Leonard Darwin: This is the first edition of the Origin -- written by my father -- containing a passage on p. 184 which he always regretted to have omitted in later editions -- 10 April 1927. Refers to the black bear and the possibility of their development by natural selection into aquatic animals, reprinted in the first four American editions (Osborn, Book Collector, Vol. 9, No. 1, pp. 77-78 (1960); Freeman, p. 76).2. ALS. Charles Darwin to Lady Drysdale. [ca. 1859]. 2 pp. (possibly lacking 1 page). The letter is addressed to the mother-in-law of Dr. Lane, whose Moor Park spas Darwin and his wife frequented after 1857. The letter was probably written while Darwin was at a hydropathic spa in Ilkley, Yorkshire from October to December, 1859. At that time Lane was moving to Sudbrooke Park, Surrey, which Darwin and his wife visited the following year.3. ALS. George Augustus Rowell to Sir James Emerson Tennent (of Tempo Manor). 3 Alfred Street, Oxford, December 12, 1860. 3 pages.4. ROWELL, George Augustus. "Mr. Darwin’s Theory." Reprinted from the Oxford Chronicle of Dec. 8, 1860. 8 pp.First edition of this unrecorded offprint on Darwin’s theory of how instincts are neither endowed nor learned, but a result of "accidental natural selection." Rowell states that Darwin fails to sufficiently support his case, and "actually his examples of the cuckoo and the bee sting demonstrate the wisdom of the Creator." Interestingly enough, the author unwittingly offers further evidence in support of Darwin’s theory.Provenance: This copy of the Origin was presented to Sir James Emerson Tennent (1804-1869), best known for his works on the natural history of Ceylon, by George Augustus Rowell (1804-1892), underkeeper of the Ashmolean and of the Oxford University Museum. The Rowell letter notes that he became despondent about his scientific work and burned all his manuscripts, papers and apparatus. He eventually changed his mind, and in 1862 published a second edition of his pamphlet on pain. A slip bound in at the end by Sir Charles Langham, Baronet of Tempo Manor notes that Leonard Darwin had signed the book while visiting him, and that in 1946, the book was appraised at £ 20. Dibner, Heralds of Science, 199; Freeman, 373; Printing & the Mind of Man, 344b. Bookseller Inventory # 13831

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NARRATIVE OF THE SURVEYING VOYAGES OF HIS MAJESTY'S SHIPS ADVENTURE AND BEAGLE Between the Years 1826 and 1836 , Describing Their Examination of the Southern Shores of South America , and the Beagle's Circumnavigation of the Globe

Darwin, Charles; King, Parker P. Captain; Fitz-Roy, Robert, Captain

Published by Henry Colburn, Great Marlborough Street, London (1839)

Used Hardcover First Edition

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Item Description: Henry Colburn, Great Marlborough Street, London, 1839. Hardcover. Book Condition: Very Good+. First Edition. Boards with light rubbing to extremities but in lovely shape for its age ; 3 volume set and appendix in separate book. Vol. I: Proceedings of the first expedition, 1826 - 1830, under the command of Captain P. Parker King. Vol. II: Proceedings of the second expedition, 1831 - 1836, under the command of Captain Robert Fitz-Roy, Vol. III: Journal and Remarks. 1832 - 1836, by Charles Darwin, Appendix to the second volume in separate book. - Original dark green boards with blindstamped decoration. Maps in front pockets of each volume. This is the official account of the most famous nineteenth century naval exploring expedition, of which Darwin's contribution amounts to the entire third volume of the work. This third volume is here in its very first issue and includes all Darwin's observations made during the expedition. Darwin's volume is twenty years before he published one of the most influential books ever written, "Origin of Species"; 8vo; xxiii, 597; xiv, 694; xiv, 615; 352, 16 pages. Bookseller Inventory # 12568

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The Zoology of the Voyage of H.M.S. Beagle

Darwin Charles

Published by Royal Geographical Society (C.I.L. Limited), London (1994)

ISBN 10: 1899394001 ISBN 13: 9781899394005

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Item Description: Royal Geographical Society (C.I.L. Limited), London, 1994. Three-Quarter Leather. Book Condition: As New. No Jacket. First Thus. Folio - over 12" - 15" tall. This is a four-volume commemorative facsimile reprint edition issed in 1,000 copies by the Royal Geographical Society and signed by Dr. John Hemming, Director R.G.S. This set is #916. It has marbled boards and endpapers and gilt titles and decoration on leather. Features numerous fold-out b&w Illustrations. Appears not to have been read. It comes with an oak slip-case with folding lectern-type top. This case has been shabbily produced. The one with this set has splits on two oak panels, one side and one rear. To become serviceabe this case will need repair and reinforcement. Inscribed By Director R.G.S. Limited Edition. Bookseller Inventory # 003389

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Item Description: London, Henry Colburn, 1839, 1839. 3 vols in four (vol 2 having a separate Appendix), 8vo (235 x 145 mm), pp xxviii [iv] 1-559, 556-597 [recte 601]; xiv [ii] 694 [2]; viii 352; xiv 629 [609]-615, with 8 engraved folding maps and charts (loosely inserted in pockets at the front of each volume, as issued, the ribbon for extracting the charts still present in each pocket), 48 plates and charts, and 6 text illustrations; very faint marginal waterstain on lower margin of a few of the plates, otherwise a remarkably fresh and clean copy, without the foxing that often occurs, in original publisher's cloth, spines slightly sun-faded as often, minor repairs to binding. £60,000First edition, a very attractive set, of the complete narrative of 'one of the most famous scientific expeditions in history' (DSB). The third volume comprises Darwin's own journal of his voyage in the Beagle, which is the first issue of his first published book.Darwin's Journal of researches as it became known was his first formal publication and a classic of natural history travel narrative. It was perhaps the most important scientific voyage ever undertaken, for it gave impetus and direction to all of Darwin's later research. 'The five years of the voyage were the most important event in Darwin's intellectual life and in the history of biological science. Darwin sailed with no formal scientific training. He returned a hard-headed man of science, knowing the importance of evidence, almost convinced that species had not always been as they were since the creation but had undergone change. He also developed doubts of the value of the Scriptures as a trustworthy guide to the history of the earth and of man, with the result that he gradually became an agnostic. The experiences of his five years in the Beagle, how he dealt with them, and what they led to, built up into a process of epoch-making importance in the history of thought' (Gavin de Beer in DSB).Volume I of the Narrative concerns the initial surveying expedition, 1826-30, under Philip Parker King in the Adventure, during which FitzRoy succeeded Pringle Stokes as commander of the accompanying Beagle. Volume II describes FitzRoy's continuation and completion of the survey with the Beagle alone, ending in 1836. 'The surveys he carried out in South American waters established FitzRoy as a first-rate hydrographer and won for him the gold medal of the Royal Geographical Society (1837). Because his marine surveys were accurate to such a high degree they are still used as the foundation for a number of charts of that area' (DSB).Freeman 10; Freeman Companion p 213; Norman 584. Bookseller Inventory # 3849

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Working Manuscript Leaf from Insectivorous Plants (1888)

DARWIN, CHARLES.

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Item Description: About 65 words, entirely in DarwinÕs hand; with ink corrections; the text is slightly different than that in the published text. This ms. leaf is tipped into a copy of The Life and Letters of Charles Darwin, Including an Autobiographical Chapter. Edited by His Son Francis Darwin. London: John Murray, 1887. First Edition; three volumes; bound in 3/4 leather and marbled paper boards by Bickers & Son, Leicester. Very minor wear and spotting. On the first blank, prior to the tipped-in leaf, it is inscribed ÒGood Wishes for the welfare of the Germantown Hospital. Francis Darwin, Feb 6, 1900.Ó Below it is inscribed by his brother, The annexed paper is from the M.S of Insectivorous Plants. Feb. 6 1900. G.H. Darwin.Ó Just below, George has endorsed it at Haverford [Pennsylvania] on April 16, 1906, also signing the verso of the leaf, which bears his calculations, Ò(mathematical work by G.H. Darwin Apr 16 1906).Ó George, a prominent astronomer and mathematician, married a Philadelphian. [With] a second edition of Insectivorous Plants. London: John Murray, 1888. This edition was revised by Francis, and printed drawings by Charles Darwin, as well as some by Francis and George. The hinges of this copy are cracked, but it is largely in very good condition. The Life and Letters is in a custom quarter-morocco clamshell box. Bookseller Inventory # 32776

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Item Description: Down, Beckenham, 24 November 1869, 1869. 4 pages, 8vo (203 x 128 mm), ink on paper, small loss of blank corner margin, creases from posting. £37,500A fine and substantial autograph letter to an unnamed person at Appleton & Co., Darwin's American publishers. Darwin is anxious for them to bring out a new American edition of the Origin, incorporating corrections and additions since the second edition of 1860, 'as it is 92 pages longer than the 2nd. edition, besides endless small though important corrections'. He states his belief that 'the continued large sale of this book in England Germany & France has depended on my keeping up each edition to the existing standard of science', and threatens that if Appleton is unable to comply he will ask Asa Gray to find another publisher. He also threatens that he will not give Appleton his 'new book' (i.e. The Descent of Man) unless they agree to a new edition of the Origin. In the event, Appleton published a new edition in 1870 as Darwin had demanded (note that their 1869 edition was just a reprint of their 1860 edition), and published the first American edition of The Descent of Man in 1871.Provenance: Sotheby's 21 May 1968 to Ralph Colp, JrDarwin Correspondence Project 7007 (partial transcription). Bookseller Inventory # 3574

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Item Description: London: Henry Colburn, 1839., 1839. Four volumes, including appendix volume. xxviii,[4],597,24; xiv,[2],694,[1]; xiv,615,16; viii,352pp, including half titles in three primary volumes; plus forty-six plates (including two frontispieces), one plan, and ten maps and charts (nine folding). Original green publisher's cloth, stamped in blind and gilt. Cloth on the first two volumes lightly sunned; spine lightly faded on the fourth volume. Corners lightly rubbed. Light scattered foxing and soiling, some slight offsetting. Several leaves loosening in the second volume. Overall, a very good to near fine set, in the original binding. First issue of the first, second, and fourth volumes, with the second issue of the third volume. The account of the Beagle's two voyages, edited by Robert Fitzroy, who served as commander of both voyages. The third volume of this work represents the first edition (second issue) of Darwin's account of the voyage, which provided the basis for his ON THE ORIGIN OF SPECIES, found here in its second issue entitled, JOURNAL OF RESEARCHES INTO THE GEOLOGY AND NATURAL HISTORY OF THE VARIOUS COUNTRIES VISITED BY H.M.S. BEAGLE. "The third volume contains Darwin's account of the voyage, now famous as the genesis of his theory of evolutionary biology. The demand for Darwin's JOURNAL immediately exceeded that for the companion volumes of the NARRATIVE. Colburn therefore brought out a separate edition of it in the same year" - Hill. Freeman notes that Darwin's "first published book is undoubtedly the most often read and stands second only to ON THE ORIGIN OF SPECIES as the most often printed. It is an important travel book in its own right and its relation to the background of his evolutionary ideas has often been stressed." The first volume contains Captain King's account of the first coastal surveys of Patagonia and Terra del Fuego, produced on the first expedition between 1826 and 1830. The other volumes comprise the account of the second voyage of the Beagle. Between 1831 and 1836 the ship visited Brazil, Argentina, Terra del Fuego, Chile, Peru, the Galapagos Islands, Tahiti, New Zealand, and Australia. The appendix to the second volume, bound here as the fourth volume of this set, includes a meteorological journal, official instructions, correspondence, and notes. Four of the six plates in the appendix volume consist of sixteen separate illustrations of various cloud formations. An attractive set of a landmark of scientific exploration, one of the most important Pacific voyages, and Darwin's first substantial book publication. HILL 607. FREEMAN 10, pp.31-39. BORBA DE MORAES, p.247. SABIN 37826. Bookseller Inventory # WRCAM 43209

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Autograph letter signed, to the American biologist and Darwin advocate Asa Gray (1810-1888).

DARWIN, Charles

Published by Downe, Bromley, Kent, February 9, 1868 (1868)

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Item Description: Downe, Bromley, Kent, February 9, 1868, 1868. 2 pages on a single sheet, 8vo (200 x 123 mm); creases from folding £28,500An important unpublished and hitherto unknown letter from Darwin to his 'best advocate', the Harvard botanist Asa Gray, discussing the publication of The Variation of Animals and Plants under Domestication (1868). It also sheds a new light on the relationship of the Variation to the Origin and explicity confirms that the Variation was largely composed as part of Darwin's 'big species' book before the Origin. It comprised in fact the first two chapters of the manuscript.The present letter is addressed from Downe House on February 9 of 1868, only a few weeks after the January publication of The Variation of Animals and Plants under Domestication. Beginning in October 1867 Darwin had sent proof sheets of the first volume of the Variation to Gray. Gray arranged the American publication of the work, and also wrote a preface to the American edition. The Variation was originally part of Darwin's 'big book' on evolution, of which the Origin was a hastily written abstract. The Variation was the first work presenting some of the wealth of detailed evidence Darwin had collected in support of his theory.Darwin writes, 'My dear Gray, Last August you gave me Dr. Butterick's address simply "New York" & to day the letter despatched in September has been returned to me, as "not found". As I do not like that he should think me uncourteous & ungrateful, will you address & forward the enclosed, though it is in itself not worth sending. I despatched about 2 or 3 weeks ago the last sheets, titles &c of my Book [the Variation]. I have become fairly disgusted with it, but yesterday I heard the whole edition of 1500 copies was sold in a week! & a new edition is to be printed in a fortnight, so urgent is the demand. Unfortunate people, they clearly do not know what they are eager for. The book has been an inhuman labour to me & I have the greatest doubt whether it is worth a half or a quarter of the labour. Anyhow it will show to the public that I did not speak out without having worked out my subject - almost all the chapters were partially & some fully written before I published the Origin - If you can help me about expression [re The Expression of Emotions], pray give any [three illegible words] - My dear Gray yours most sincerely, C. Darwin. [P. S.] We have been so much pleased at our second son being second Wrangler at our Cambridge, which signifies proper mathematical knowledge & talent'.As Darwin makes clear in the letter, much of the material published in The Variation of Animals and Plants Under Domestication had been gathered and written-up during his decades-long investigations into natural selection, and the book formed an important companion volume to The Origin of Species, as well as the jumping-off point for his later book, The Descent of Man. A wonderfully intimate letter, combining both the personal and professional, to an important friend and colleague, which provides a window onto Darwin's working process, publication history, and emotions regarding one of his most important books.Although we have letters from Asa Gray in reply to Darwin from this period, there are no recorded letters for the crucial period of the publication of the Variation, until the discovery of the present letter.Asa Gray (1810-1888) was one of the leading American biologists of the nineteenth-century, and was introduced to Darwin through Joseph Hooker, the head of Kew Gardens. The two became friends and lifelong correspondents, and Gray served as one of Darwin's most important sources of plant specimens. He was also one of the first to whom Darwin confided his theory of evolution by natural selection, and an 1857 letter from Darwin to Gray was used as evidence of intellectual priority when his and Wallace's papers were read at the Royal Society. Gray, a devout Christian, was a firm supporter of Darwin's theories, and was responsible for arranging the US publication of The Origin of Speci. Bookseller Inventory # 3684

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Item Description: 1838. 3 pages, 8vo (182 x 117 mm), addressed in ink to 'Mr. Gould' and docketed 'Charles Darwin Feb. 1838', traces of red wax seal, slight damage to signature from opening of seal, edges a bit browned, creases from posting. £27,500An important early letter to the ornithological artist John Gould concerning the illustrations for the Zoology of the Voyage of H.M.S. Beagle (1838-43). It is now known that Darwin did not fully realise the significance of the inter-island speciation of the Galapagos finches until Gould studied Darwin's specimens; in fact, Darwin had not been diligent in recording the exact island locations for his specimens. John Gould (1804-81) was the outstanding ornithological artist of his day and was commissioned to describe the birds and draw the plates, 50 in number, for the Birds volume of the Zoology. His drawings were transferred to the lithographic stones by his wife, as stated on a printed note to the beginning of the plates: ''The accompanying illustrations, which are fifty in number, were taken from sketches made by Mr. Gould himself, and executed in stone by Mrs. Gould'. The publisher of the volumes was Smith, Elder & Co. The colouring was executed by Bayfield, who at the time was principal colourist for John Gould. The text was begun by Gould and completed by George Robert Gray. The letter reads as follows:My dear SirI have just seen my publisher. We have fixed to have fifty plates of birds, so will you at once take into consideration which are most worthy being done.Will you also oblige me by the favour of seeing Bayfield, & see whether he will undertake the birds (which are chiefly small ones) at something less than 5d a piece, as it is rather more than our estimate calculated upon.If he would also undertake my quadrupeds I should be very glad.- There will be about 28 plates, chiefly small animals. See if you cannot make for me some kind of agreement to take the whole at something under 5d.-It will be rendering me a very great assistance if you can effect thisYours most truly | Chas DarwinDarwin Correspondence Project 401. Bookseller Inventory # 3562

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Narrative of the Surveying Voyages of His Majesty's Ships Adventure and Beagle, Between the Years 1826 and 1836, Describing Their Examination of the Southern Shores of South America, and the Beagle's Circumnavigation of the Globe

Darwin, Charles, Phillip Parker King and Robert Fitzroy

Published by Henry Colborn, London (1839)

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Item Description: Henry Colborn, London, 1839. Book Condition: Very Good. 1st. 8vo - over 7¾" - 9¾" tall. Three volumes in four (including Appendix to the second volume), octavo, with 48 etched and engraved plates and charts (one folding) after P.P. King, R. Fitzroy, A. Earle, C. Martens, T. Landseer, and others, eight folding engraved maps, six text woodcuts, half-titles in volumes 1-3 (none called for in the Appendix). Occasional spotting, the voyage narrative and appendix in matching contemporary half calf (rubbed) and marbled boards, the Darwin journal in sympathetic but non-matching contemporary half calf with spine decorations and marbled boards. London, Henry Colburn, 1839. First edition: Charles Darwin's first book, Journal of Researches into the Geology and Natural History of the Various Countries Visited by H.M.S. Beagle. The first two volumes and appendix of this complete set comprise the official commanders' narratives of the proceedings of the two expeditions, 1826 - 1830 under the command of Captain P. Parker King, and 1831 - 1836 under the command of Captain Robert Fitz-Roy. The Voyage of the Beagle is generally regarded as scientifically and intellectually the most important travel book of all time, providing the evidence for what would become Darwin's life-long quest to uncover the processes of evolution that has had such a profound effect on mankind in all spheres of human activity. For Darwin himself the voyage of the Beagle was "by far the most important event in my life, and has determined my whole career" (Life and Letters). As is usual with copies of the complete work sold by Colburn from late 1839 the Darwin volume is in the second state with an expanded title and without reference to its being the third volume of the complete narrative. Within a short time of publication Colburn was advertising the King and Fitzroy narrative as available in two volumes, quite separate from the Darwin journal which had been sold under its expanded title from at least August 1839. Offered with: 'The Darwin Experience', by John Van Wyhe with 27 rare removable facsimile documents of historical significance, National Geographic Society, 2008, pp 64, mint and, 'Darwin's Notebook', compiled by J Clements, Running Press, 2009, mint. Bookseller Inventory # 002438

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Original Signed Carte de visite of Charles Darwin

Darwin, Charles, Oscar Gustave Rejlander, and Francis Ellingwood Abbot

Published by Studio of Oscar Gustave Rejlander (1871)

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Item Description: Studio of Oscar Gustave Rejlander, 1871. No Binding. Book Condition: Fine. No Jacket. 1st Edition. Fine. 4 x 2 1/2 inches. Original Carte de visite portrait of an older Charles Darwin in profile by noted Swedish/British photographer and Darwin collaborator (The Expressions of the Emotions in Man and Animals, 1872) Oscar Gustave Rejlander. The portrait is firmly and neatly signed on bottom center beneath the portrait by Darwin by the great man himself, and is signed in full by Rejlander on verso with his London studio address, 1 Albert Mansions, Victoria Street S.W. The carte de visite is also annotated on verso by American theologian Francis Ellingwood Abbot, "Received June 12, 1871 at Toledo, O. from Mr. Darwin in a private letter dated May 27." The Darwin/Abbot correspondence is at Harvard and includes the original letter from Darwin to Abbot in which he mentions sending along the Carte de visite as a token of his esteem and appreciation. "Francis Ellingwood Abbot (1836-1903) was a founder of the Free Religious Association and first editor of the radical journal, the Index. He developed an evolutionary philosophy of science and yearned to free humankind from pre-scientific religions, believing that people could escape the trap of agnosticism by adopting his vision of free religion." As such, Abbot was one of the first influential American supporters of Darwin's then radical ideas. A spectacular artifact in superb condition with exceptional association value and impeccable provenance. Darwin was a photography enthusiast. This is evident not only in his use of photography for the study of Expression and Emotions in Man and Animal, but can be witnessed in his many photographic portraits and in the extensive portrait correspondence that Darwin undertook throughout his lifetime. His close friend and botanist Joseph Dalton Hooker would come to call Darwin’s epistolary exchange of photographic images as his "carte correspondence". Hooker was jokingly lamenting his role as an intermediary for Darwin and his correspondents from around the globe in their exchange of carte-de-visites, or small photographic prints made in large numbers and printed on hard card for ease of exchange. While collecting photographic portraits of friends and relatives was not a pursuit unique to Darwin (the exchange of photographic images was a popular activity for many Victorians), when placed in the context of Darwin’s correspondence more broadly, we can see an interesting trend. When Darwin sent his photograph to a close ally, such as the Harvard botanist Asa Gray, or when he was given a photograph as a token of esteem by a colleague, such as Daniel Oliver at Kew, the image became more than just a physical reminder of likeness. It performed the same function that his correspondence as a whole did for him; it created and reinforced his experimental and scientific network. One of his correspondents was Oscar Rejlander, a well-known London-based photographer born in Sweden who integrated theater, classical art and photographic dexterity in all his work. Rejlander produced a number of photographs for Darwin of various forms of expression, the most famous of which was crying baby, later dubbed by the Victorian press as 'Ginx's Baby'. Rejlander also took the opportunity to make some portraits of Darwin. These turned out to be, in Darwin’s own estimation, "The best photographs of me". Signed by Author(s). Bookseller Inventory # 1017

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Item Description: London: Henry Colburn, 1839, 1839. Octavo (233 × 140 mm) 3 volumes in 4 (vols. I–III and Appendix to vol. II). Attractive modern green half calf to style, double red morocco lettering pieces, flat bands reeded in gilt, repeated wave pallet in blind filling the compartments, marbled sides, tan endpapers. A wide-margined and generally clean set, some marginal foxing, particularly to the plates, which show off-set to the tissue-guards as usual, but overall a very good and handsomely presented set. 9 folding engraved maps by J. Gardner and J. and C. Walker; 47 etched plates after P. King, A. Earle, C. Martens, R. Fitzroy and others by T. Landseer, S. Bull, T. Prior and others. First edition. "The five years of the voyage were the most important event in Darwin's intellectual life and in the history of biological science" (DSB). Vol. I contains King's account of the expedition in the Adventure made between 1826 and 1830, surveying the coasts of Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego. In Vol. II (and its appendix volume) Capt. Fitzroy described the narrative of the Beagle's second voyage, between 1831 and 1836 to South America, the Galapagos Islands, Tahiti, New Zealand and Australia and other countries. In this set, the Darwin volume, "Journal and Remarks 1832-1836", is the first issue, printed before the end of January 1839, the month he was elected to the Royal Society, and so without the letters F.R.S. after his name on the second title. Freeman 10; Hill I, pp. 104–5; Sabin 37826. Bookseller Inventory # 80586

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Narrative of the surveying voyages of His Majesty's ships Adventure and Beagle, between the years 1826 and 1836, describing their examination of the southern shores of South America, and the Beagle's circumnavigation of the globe.

DARWIN, Charles; Capt. Robert Fitzroy; Capt. Philip Parker King.

Published by London Henry Colburn (1839)

Used Softcover First Edition

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Item Description: London Henry Colburn, 1839. Three volumes in 4 (vols I-III and Appendix to vol II), 8vo., 9 folding engraved maps by J. Gardner and J. and C. Walker; 47 etched plates after P. King, A. Earle, C. Martens, R. Fitzroy and others, modern half calf over old marbled boards, marbled edges, occasional light foxing. An excellent example of the first edition of Darwin's first published book, also his most widely read, and the account of probably the most important of all nineteenth century voyages, for it was on this voyage that Darwin prepared for his lifework, ultimately leading to "The Origin of Species". Volume I contains King's account of the first expedition which surveyed the coasts of Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego. He commanded this expedition in the "Adventure", accompanied by the "Beagle", first under Stokes and after his death by Fitzroy. The remaining volumes describe the second voyage of the "Beagle" which visited Brazil, Argentina, Chile, the Galapagos Islands, Tahiti, New Zealand, Australia, and other countries along the way. Fitzroy's account is contained in volume II with a separate appendix comprising a meteorological journal etc. Volume III is Darwin's account. "The five years of the voyage were the most important event in Darwin's intellectual life and in the history of biological science" (DSB). Freeman 10; Hill 1, pp104-105; Norman 584; Sabin 37826. Bookseller Inventory # 87682

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The Descent of Man and Selection in Relation to Sex.

DARWIN, Charles.

Published by D. Appleton and Company, New York (1876)

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From: Athena Rare Books ABAA (Fairfield, CT, U.S.A.)

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Item Description: D. Appleton and Company, New York, 1876. Half title + TP + [v]-vi = Preface to the Second Edition + [vii]-ix = Table of Corrections + [xi]xvi = Contents + 1-688 + [689]-[692] = Publisher's ads + 1 blank leaf. Octavo. Second Edition, Early American Issue.A Rare Inscribed Copy of "Descent of Man" - in Darwin's HandThe First Use of the Word "Evolution" in Any of His WritingsInscribed by Darwin to "Mrs(?) Clarks(?) / with the author's / affectionate regards. / Ch. Darwin"Almost all presentation copies of Darwin's books are signed by the publisher's secretary. This copy presents an extremely rare example of Darwin signing a book himself. After "On the Origin of Species" (1859), this is Darwin's most important work. Having very carefully sidestepped the issue of human evolution in "Origin," Darwin waited twelve years before tackling the issue in this book which was first published in England in 1871. Having made the commitment of presenting his ideas on the subject, Darwin applied evolutionary theory to human evolution while providing further details on his theory of sexual selection. In addition, the book addresses many related issues, including evolutionary psychology, evolutionary ethics, the differences between the human races, the differences between the sexes, the superiority of men to women, and the relevance of the evolutionary theory to society as a whole. The word "evolution" appears for the first time in any of Darwin's writings on page 2 of this book. Descent went through a large number of revised editions, many of which Darwin edited himself. Some edits were minor, and some extensive. In late 11873, Darwin tackled a new edition of the Descent of Man. Initially, he offered the self-employed Wallace the work of assisting him, for which Wallace quoted a rate of seven shillings an hour. But, when Emma found out, she had the task given to their son George, so Darwin had to write apologetically to Wallace. Huxley assisted with an update on ape-brain inheritance, which Huxley thought "pounds the enemy into a jelly. though none but anatomists" would know it. The manuscript was completed in April 1874. Murray planned a 12-shilling half-price edition to replicate the success of the cheap revision of the Origin. The second edition was published on 13 November 1874 with the price cut to the bone at 9 shillings. It was generally the edition most commonly reprinted after Darwin's death and to the present. Publisher's original terracotta cloth with gilt lettering on the spine and decorated with black designs on the covers. Lightly used but a beautifully preserved copy nonetheless. Comes a custom clamshell box. ADDITIONAL PHOTOS AND MORE INFORMATION ON THIS BOOK IS AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST. SECOND EDITION, Early American Issue - INSCRIBED by Darwin. Bookseller Inventory # 648

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Item Description: Hard cover. 56 plates & maps (some folding). Four vols. 8vo, orig. green cloth (very careful repairs to hinges & joints, Vol. III well-rebacked with orig. spine laid-down), spines lettered in gilt. London: H. Colburn, 1839. First edition of the full narrative of one of the greatest marine surveys of the 19th century. "The five years of the voyage were the most important event in Darwin’s intellectual life and in the history of biological sciences. Darwin sailed with no formal scientific training. He returned a hard-headed man of science, knowing the importance of evidence, almost convinced that species had not always been as they were since the creation but had undergone change. He also developed doubts of the value of the Scriptures as a trustworthy guide to the history of the earth and of man, with the result that he gradually became an agnostic. The experiences of his five years in the Beagle, how he dealt with them, and what they led to, built up into a process of epoch-making importance in the history of thought."–D.S.B., III, p. 566. In this set, the third volume with Darwin’s contributions, is the first separate edition, also issued in 1839. It bears the bookplate and signature, dated 1840, of Robert James Shuttleworth (1810-74), the famous botanist and conchologist. Very good set. ? Freeman 10 & 11. Bookseller Inventory # JHABES3121

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Narrative of the Surveying Voyages of the Adventure and the Beagle between the years 1826 and 1836, Describing Their Examination of the Southern Shores of South America, and the Beagle's Circumnavigation of the Globe

DARWIN, Charles (1809-1882), Robert FITZROY (1805-1865) and Philip Parker KING (1793-1856).

Published by London: Henry Colburn, 1839. (1839)

Used Softcover First Edition

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From: Arader Galleries (New York, NY, U.S.A.)

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Item Description: London: Henry Colburn, 1839., 1839. 4 volumes 8vo., (9 x 5 6/8 inches). (Without the half-title in volume one). 47 engraved plates (spotted and a bit browned) and 9 folding maps by J. Gardner and J. and C. Walker, including one loose in pocket at end of volume II (one or two repairs at folds). Modern full navy morocco, gilt. Provenance: with the faint penciled ownership inscription of Rev. John Allen Wedgwood (1796-1882), who officiated at the wedding of his cousins Emma Wedgewood and Charles Darwin in 1839, on the half-title of volume III. "IT DETERMINED MY WHOLE CAREER" (Darwin) First edition, first issue of volume III, which is Darwin's "Journal and Remarks 1832-1836", and his first printed book, and a pleasing association copy. This celebrated voyage, which lasted five years, was the "key formative event in Darwin's life. It 'determined my whole career' (Autobiography, 76), giving him an unrivalled opportunity to make observations, collect animals and plants, and explore some of the most beautiful, desolate, and isolated places in the world. Under FitzRoy the voyage's objectives extended to include geophysical measurements, and the 'Beagle' was equipped with a variety of instruments and devices, including a lightning conductor and a large number of marine chronometers for measuring longitude. The Admiralty intended the officers to make a chain of exceptionally accurate measurements round the globe. The ship also carried out trials on Beaufort's wind scale" (Desmond, Moore, and Browne). Between 1832 and 1836 the 'Beagle' visited the Cape Verde Islands, Brazil, Montevideo and Buenos Aires, Tierra del Fuego and Cape Horn, the Falkland Islands, Patagonia, the west coast of South America (Chiloé, Valparaíso, Lima), most famously the Galápagos Islands, Tahiti, New Zealand, Australia (Sydney, Tasmania, King George's Sound), the Cocos (Keeling) Islands, Mauritius, Cape Town, and St Helena and Ascension. In all these places Darwin collected a vast numbers of specimens: insects, birds, molluscs, small vertebrates, invertebrates, and plants, meticulously recording their provenance, appearance, and behaviour in his notebooks and diaries. Of these the specimens the greatest and most important by far became the birds from the Galápagos Islands, which the ornithologist and artist John Gould helped Darwin to classify on his return to England. The similarities and differences between the species inhabiting different islands, and between the island species and those of continental South America, gave rise to Darwin's initial thoughts on the possibility of transmutation of characteristics in species, and represents to history the origin of his revolutionary and controversial theories of evolution. Freeman 10; Hill I pp 104-5; Norman 584; Sabin 37826. For more information about this book, or a warm welcome to see it and other books in our library at 72nd Street, NYC, please contact Kate Hunter, M.A. Oxon, in the Rare Book Department. Bookseller Inventory # 72nhr162

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Journal of researches into the geology and natural history of the various countries visited by H.M.S. Beagle

Darwin, Charles

Published by Henry Colburn, London (1839)

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Item Description: Henry Colburn, London, 1839. Voyage of the Beagle--Darwin's First Published BookDarwin, Charles (1809-82). Journal of researches into the geology and natural history of the various countries visited by H. M. S. Beagle . . . [i-iv], [vii] viii-xiv, 615pp. plus pp. 609-629 addenda; 16-page publisher's catalogue dated August 1839. 2 folding maps, 4 text wood-engravings. London: Henry Colburn, 1839. 235 x 146 mm. Original plum cloth (Freeman binding b), minor fading and spotting, spine skillfully and subtly repaired. Edges of first folding map a bit frayed, minor foxing, but fine otherwise. 19th century owner's name partly erased from front pastedown. Bookseller Inventory # 41456

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Autograph Letter Signed re Chimpanzee Skulls!

Charles Darwin

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Item Description: A fine one-page autograph letter signed by Charles Darwin, 6th February (1873) to Italian scientist Enrico Giglioli. In full, "Dear Sir, I am very much obliged to you for your kindness in having sent me your studies on the skull of a chimpanzee. This subject is most important and interesting; but I grieve to say that I cannot read Italian; I will, however, get my wife to translate parts to me. With all my best thanks and all good wishes, I remain, Dear Sir, Yours very faithfully, Ch. Darwin". In very fine condition. Enrico Giglioli was an Italian zoologist and anthropologist. Darwin’s Origin of Species (1859) spurred much scientific interest in chimpanzees, which led eventually to numerous studies of the animals in the wild and captivity, with the observers mainly interested in behaviour as it related to that of humans. Rare and desirable in this format. Bookseller Inventory # 000156

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Power of Movement in Plants, The

Darwin, Charles

Published by IndyPublish (2003)

ISBN 10: 1404384154 ISBN 13: 9781404384156

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From: Better World Books (Mishawaka, IN, U.S.A.)

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Item Description: IndyPublish, 2003. Book Condition: Very Good. N/A. Former Library book. Great condition for a used book! Minimal wear. Bookseller Inventory # GRP77190809

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Origin of Species By Means of Natural Se

Darwin, Charles

Published by NEW AMERICAN LIBRARY (1958)

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Item Description: NEW AMERICAN LIBRARY, 1958. Book Condition: Very Good. N/A. Great condition for a used book! Minimal wear. Bookseller Inventory # GRP76213092

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Item Description: London, Smith, Elder and Co, 1839. 4to (306 x 242mm). pp. ix, (1), (2), v, (1), 97, (1) with 35 lithographed plates of which 32 hand-coloured. Contemporary red half morocco, gilt ornamented spine, with marbled sides. Preserved in a recent full red morocco box. 'The five years of the voyage (of the Beagle) were the most important event in Darwin's intellectual life and in the history of biological science' (DSB). This was the first publication resulting from the Beagle voyage, and it was a massive undertaking. Darwin edited the work, which appeared in five parts made up of nineteen numbers, between February 1838 and October 1843. 'Darwin contributed a geological introduction to Part I, the Fossil Mammalia (pp. 3-12), and a geographical introduction to Part II, the mammalia (pp. i-iv). He also contributed notices of habits and ranges throughout the text of Mammalia and Birds, and there are frequent notes, mostly from his labels, in the text of the Fish and the Reptiles' (Freeman, The Works of Charles Darwin p.26). The complete work consists of 5 parts of which this is the second part on Mammals by G.R. Waterhouse with a notice of their habits and ranges by Charles Darwin.Collation is conform to 'Darwin on line, bibliographical list'; Freeman 9. Bookseller Inventory # 8691

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On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life.

DARWIN, Charles.

Published by John Murray, London (1860)

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Item Description: John Murray, London, 1860. SECOND EDITION. Half title [with three quotes and date on verso] + TP + [v]-ix = Contents + [1]-502 + [1]-32 = Publisher's Advertisements, [with folding diagram following page 116], Octavo. Second Edition, Second Issue, Freeman 376. "A TURNING POINT, NOT ONLY IN THE HISTORY OF SCIENCE, BUT IN THE HISTORY OF IDEAS IN GENERAL" (DSB)Is there even a single credible candidate for a more influential and important book that has been published in the past 150 years? (At one time, Das Kapital might have been a contender, but the days of its historical impact have now clearly come and gone.) In the meantime, Darwin's brilliant theory of evolution has had the most profound impact on almost every corner of our intellectual landscape and it provides the foundational perspective for our modern world view. Still readable and gripping, this world-historical text easily ranks among the most important books published since Gutenberg invented his printing press in the mid-1450s. In June of 1842, Darwin completed a 35-page sketch of his evolutionary theory. By February of 1844, he had converted this into a coherent 231-page essay. There was then a 10-year break until late in 1854 when, having finally finished his barnacle volumes, Darwin returned to collating his notes on the evolution of species. On 14 May 1856, after consulting Charles Lyell, he began writing an extended treatise aimed at his peers. By March of 1858 "Natural Selection" was two thirds complete at 250,000 words, the whole book projected to run to three volumes. Then in June of 1858, Darwin received a letter about evolution from Alfred Russell Wallace, who had arrived at similar conclusions independently. This led to papers on the subject by both scientists being read to the Linnean Society of London on July 1, 1858 (PMM 344a). To stay ahead of the field, Darwin now had to publish more rapidly. Urged on by Hooker, he wrote an "abstract" of "Natural Selection," finishing a manuscript of 155,000 words in April 1859. The book, stripped of references and academic paraphernalia, was aimed not at the specialists, but directly at the reading public. Finally published as The Origin of Species on 24 November 1859 with a print run of 1250 copies, it expounded a theory of evolution that was recognizably superior and of infinitely greater impact than all previous hypotheses in explaining biological diversity. The publisher, Murray, gave Darwin an advance copy early in November and presentation copies were sent out on November 11th or shortly thereafter. Only 1,192 of the 1,250 copies were available to the book trade and Darwin famously wrote to his friend, Lyell, on November 24, 1859: "This morning I heard also from Murray that he sold the whole edition the first day to the trade."In January of 1860, this second edition, identified as "Fifth Thousand" on the title page, was published and incorporating some of Darwin's corrections and changes. In beautifully preserved, original green cloth covers decorated blind stamp with a gilt spine [Freeman variant a - with the upright of "L" in London over the right-hand upright of "H" in John]. The covers are unusually well-preserved and bright in color although there is a small spot to the foredge of the front board and a small (1") tear to the front edge of the front board about 1" up from the bottom. This is a notoriously fragile book with a text block that is often damaged with handling. The text of this copy is in remarkably good shape. There are neat and light, occasional pencil marginalia on several pages throughout. A folding lithographic diagram by William West (after Darwin) is bound after page 116. The 32-page publisher's catalogue at the end is dated January 1860. With the small label of the Paris book dealer, Friedrich Klincksiech to the corner of the inside cover. The original binder's ticket has also been preserved on the rear pastedown. Overall, a very pretty copy of this book which is so often seen in less than stellar condition. PHOTOS AVAILABLE UPON R. Bookseller Inventory # 678

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The Descent of Man

Darwin, Charles

Published by John Murray, UK (1871)

Used Hardcover First Edition

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Item Description: John Murray, UK, 1871. Hardcover. Book Condition: Near Fine. No Jacket. 1st Edition. London: John Murray, 1871, 1871. 2 volumes, octavo. Original green cloth, titles to spines gilt, sides with panels blocked in blind, blue coated endpapers. The covers are in good condition and very secure - both spines have been professionally rebacked. Gilt nice and bright. There is a scuffing to the covers and the corners are a bit bumped, but with very little loss - a quite presentable set. The bindings are very tight and square having been repaired, strengthened and re-cased. Internally both volumes are very good indeed. The endpapers have been expertly reinforced with matching period paper - something that could well be missed without careful scrutiny. Previous owner name and notes, in light pencil, to the verso of the half-title (which could be easily erased). Some foxing to first and last few leaves of each volume, but the text pages are clean and bright throughout, with very little foxing that I can see and no previous ink marks. The original adverts are complete and dated January 1871. Cloth very lightly rubbed, a lovely set. Engravings throughout. First edition, first issue with the errata on the verso of the title leaf of vol. II. Here the word "evolution" appears for the first time in any of Darwin's works, preceding its appearance in the sixth edition of The Origin of Species the following year. Darwin had hoped that one of his supporters might tackle the thorny question of human evolution, but was forced to face the logic of his own theory himself. Darwin deviated from his ostensible subject of mankind to describe sexual selection in the animal kingdom, enabling him to answer those who saw peacock tails as an expression of divine aesthetics. Darwin also set out a definite family tree for humans, tracing their affinity with the Old World monkeys, and laid out his views on the evolutionary origins of morality and religion. "The Descent, understood by Darwin as a sequel to the Origin, was written with a maturity and depth of learning that marked Darwin's status as an élite gentleman of science" (ODNB). Housed in a custom-made collector’s slipcase. Along with Darwin’s Origin of Species, one of the most important books in all of science, and thus, in all of human knowledge. Quite uncommon in the true first issue. Bookseller Inventory # 1308103

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Item Description: S.-Peterburg, 1864. 8vo. Bound in a beautiful recent pastiche-binding of red half calf with blue marbled paper over boards. Five raised bands and elegant gilding to spine. End-papers renewed. A bit of damp staining and a bit of brownspotting. A very nice and fine copy. XIV, 399, (1) pp. + 4 pp. of advertisements + 1 plate. Extremely rare first edition of the first Russian translation of Darwin's "Origin of Species", a main reason for the widespread effect of Darwinism in Russia, where the theory met less resistance in the 1860'ies than it did in Western Europe. In Russia Darwinism had a profound influence not only upon the different sciences, but also on philosophy, economic and political thought, and the great literature of the period. For instance, both Tolstoy and Dostoevsky referenced Darwin in their most important works, as did numerous other thinkers of the period."In 1864, S.A. Rachinsky, professor of plant physiology at St. Petersburg University, produced the first Russian translation of the "Origin". Although not a masterpiece of translation art, the book sold out so quickly that in 1865 it went through a second printing. By this time Darwin's ideas were discussed not only by scientists but also by such popular writers as Dmitri Pisarev and M. A. Antinovich." (Glick, p. 232). Rachinsky began translating the "Origin" in 1862 and wrote an important article on the theories presented in it, while working on the translation. This article and the translation of the "Origin" into Russian were responsible for the great success and rapid, widespread knowledge of Darwinian theory of evolution in Russia. "Darwin was concerned that the "Origin of Species" reach naturalists across the world, but translations of that complicated work raised problems for Darwin. If he found it difficult to make the reader "understand what is meant" in England and America, at least in those two countries he and the reader were discussing the "Origin of Species" in the same language. Foreign language editions raised not only the thorny question of translating Darwinian terms, but also the problem of translators, who often thought it proper to annotate their editions to explain the "significance" of Darwinism. The first Russian translation of the "Origin of Species" (1864) appeared, however, without any comment whatever by the translator, Sergei A. Rachinsky, professor of botany at the University of Moscow. Rachinsky had begun the translation in 1862 and published an article on Darwinism while continuing work on the translation in 1863." (Rogers, p. 485). In the year of publication of the translation, 1864, Pisarev wrote a long article in "The Russian Word", which purports to be a review of this translation; the critic complains about the absence of notes and commentaries by the translator. Pisarev furthermore points to several errors in the translation and to numerous infelicities of expression. Acknowledging the importance of the work, however, and of the spreading of Darwinism in Russia, he goes on in his own essay to provide a much more popular account of Darwin's theory and to impress upon his readers its revolutionary significance.Nikolai Strakhov also reviewed the translation immediately upon publication, acknowledging the effect it would have. Strakhov, however, recognized potential dangers inherent in the theory and expressed them in his review of Rachinsky's translation. He praised the work for its thoroughness and rejoiced in the evidence that man constituted the highest stage of organic development; but then he went on to argue that by moving into questions of philosophy and theology, the Darwinists were exceeding the limits of scientific evidence. Like Pisarev, Tolstoy enthusiastically embraced Darwinism. "The first mention of Darwin in Tolstoy's literary "Nachlass" is found in one of the drafts to "War and Peace". There Darwin is listed, apparently quite favorably, among leading thinkers "working toward new truth" [.] Thus by the late 186. Bookseller Inventory # 49697

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On the Origin of Species by means of natural selection, or the preservation of favoured races in the struggle for life. Fifth thousand.

DARWIN, Charles.

Published by London: John Murray, 1860 (1860)

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Item Description: London: John Murray, 1860, 1860. Octavo signed and sewn in twelves. Original diagonal-wave-grain green cloth, covers blocked in blind, titles to spine gilt, chocolate coated endpapers, edges untrimmed, Edmonds & Remnant's binder's ticket to rear pastedown. Housed in a dark green quarter morocco solander box by the Chelsea Bindery. Two ownership signatures to front free endpaper. Boards a little rubbed and bumped at extremities, light scattered spotting. An excellent copy. Folding diagram to face p. 117. Murray's general list advertisements, dated January 1860. Second edition, the usual issue with 1860 on the title page (a very few copies only have 1859). "The misprint 'speceies' is corrected and the whale-bear story diluted, an alteration which Darwin later regretted, although he never restored the full text" (Freeman). Freeman 376. Bookseller Inventory # 63516

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Autograph letter signed ("Ch. Darwin") to Germer Baillière.

DARWIN, Charles.

Published by Down, Beckenham, Kent: 5 July 1878 (1878)

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Item Description: Down, Beckenham, Kent: 5 July 1878, 1878. Single sheet of Joynson Superfine paper (257 × 203 mm) folded once to form a bifolium, printed letterhead, written in ink on one page. Creased where folded for posting, a little soiled at edges, still very good condition. Darwin writes to the French publisher Germer Baillière ("Dear Sir") to ask him to tell L. Cosserat "how greatly pleased I am with the appearance of the translation which he has done me the honour to make of my book on Coral-reefs", i.e. Les Récifs de corail, published that year (Freeman 309); and goes on to thank Germer Baillière for having sent him a copy of it. Not in the Darwin Correspondence Project. Bookseller Inventory # 66902

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