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werner heisenberg

1.

Bookseller: Vangsgaards Antikvariat

(DK-1171 Copenhagen K, ., Denmark)

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**Book Description: **Band V der Gesamt-Ausgabe der Werke. Endgültige Fassung. Georg Bondi, Berlin 1932. With a frontispiece portrait by Melchior Lechter. 8vo. 125+(3) pages. Bound in the orig. blue cloth binding with gilt lettering and decoration on the front cover and spine. Untrimmed. In a fine condition with no apparent signs of wear. * Inscribed by Werner Heisenberg to Niels Bohr on his birthday: 'Herzlichen Glückwunsch zum 7. Oktober mit vielen Dank für die vergangenen schönen Wochen / dein Werner Heisenberg [signature in full] / 5.10.1933.'** Outstanding association copy inscribed from one Nobel Prize winner in physics to another. The two major scientists first met at the "Bohr-Festspiele" in 1922, when Heisenberg was only 21. He immediately made a strong impression on Bohr, who invited him to Copenhagen. Heisenberg worked in Copenhagen in 1924-25 as Niels Bohr's assistant and later as associate professor at the University of Copenhagen in 1926-27 and it was during this stay Heisenberg developed his famous 'Uncertainty principle'.*** After the war Werner Heisenberg became a somewhat controversial figure, because he had decided to remain in Germany after the Nazi takeover in 1933 and continued to work for Germany throughout the period of the Third Reich as head of the "Uranium Project". It also remains controversial what happened at the famous meeting between Bohr and Heisenberg in 1941 - did Heisenberg reveal Germany's intentions of developing a nuclear bomb?**** In light of the political situation in Germany in 1930s, it is highly interesting that Heisenberg presents a work by Stefan George to Niels Bohr. Stefan George (1868-1933) was a German poet with an aristocratic life philosophy, who believed that the highest rank of mankind was the poet, and that society should be ruled by intellectuals. He had a great number of ardent followers and many considered him a prophet. His anti-democratic stand, his post-romantic Übermensch philosophy and his firm nationalistic beliefs appealed greatly to the Nazi regime, and Goebbels wanted him as a leader of the Academy of Arts, a position George declined. That Heisenberg presents Stefan George to Bohr may certainly show something of Heisenberg's political interest, if not at least his poetical.***** Unique object that unites two of the most important scientists of the 20th century, whose meetings changed world history. Bookseller Inventory # 424238

2.

Bookseller: Manhattan Rare Book Company, ABAA, ILAB

(New York, NY, U.S.A.)

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**Book Description: **Julius Springer, Berlin, 1925. Hardcover. Book Condition: Very Good. 1st Edition. FIRST EDITIONS of three papers that defined a discipline: THE THEORETICAL FOUNDATION FOR QUANTUM MECHANICS. "In May 1925, Heisenberg deliberately abandoned the classical picture of particles and orbits, and took a long, hard look at the mathematics that describes the associations between pairs of quantum states, without asking himself how the quantum entity gets from state A to state B. In the summer of 1925, working with Pasqual Jordan, Born translated Heisenberg's mathematical insight into the formal language of matrices, and Born, Heisenberg and Jordan together published a full account of the work, in what became known as the 'three-man paper'. The equations of Newtonian (classical) mechanics were replaced by similar equations involving matrices, and many of the fundamental concepts of classical mechanics- such as the conservation of energy- emerged naturally from the new equations. Matrix mechanics seemed to contain Newtonian Mechanics within itself, in much the same way that the equations of the general theory of relativity include the Newtonian description of gravity as a special case" (Gribben, Q is for Quantum). Heisenberg, Werner. Uber quantentheorestische Umdeutung kinematischer und mechanischer Beziehungen. Particle Physics: One Hundred Years of Discoveries: "Foundation of quantum mechanics, Heisenberg approach. Nobel Prize to W. Heisenberg awarded in 1932 'for the creation of quantum mechanics'". Heisenberg; Born, Max and Jordan, Pasqual. Zur Quantenmechanik.Particle Physics: One Hundred Years of Discoveries: "Invention of matrix formalism for the Heisenberg quantum mechanics. Systems with one degree of freedom." Heisenberg, Born, Jordan. Zur Quantenmechanik II. Particle Physics: One Hundred Years of Discoveries: "Development of matrix formalism for the Heisenberg quantum mechanics. Systems with arbitrary many degrees of freedom." IN: Zeitschrift fur Physik, Vols. 33 (pp. 879-893), 34 (858-888), 35 (557-615). Berlin: Julius Springer, 1925-1926. Octavo, volume 33 with half black cloth over marbled boards; volume 34 and 35 in half red cloth over red boards. Volume 33 is taller (wider margins) than the other two volumes. A few institutional stamps to preliminaries. All three volumes with stamps from the prestigious Gmelin Institute (after 1996, part of the Max Planck Institute). Overall, very good condition. Bookseller Inventory # 465

3.

Bookseller: Atticus Rare Books

(West Branch, IA, U.S.A.)

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**Book Description: **FIRST EDITIONS OF THREE LANDMARK PAPERS THAT TOGETHER FORMED THE THEORETICAL FOUNDATION OF QUANTUM MECHANICS. "In spite of its high-sounding name and its successful solutions of numerous problems in atomic physics, quantum theory, and especially the quantum theory of polyelectronic systems, prior to 1925, was, from the methodological point of view, a lamentable hodgepodge of hypotheses, principles, theorems, and computational recipes rather than a logical consistent theory. Every single quantum-theoretic problem had to be solved first in terms of classical physics; its classical solution had then to pass through the mysterious sieve of the quantum conditions or, as it happened in the majority of cases, the classical solution had to be translated into the language of quanta in conformance with the correspondence principle? In short, quantum theory still lacked two essential characteristics of a full-fledged scientific theory, conceptual autonomy and logical consistency" (Jammer, The Conceptual Development of Quantum Mechanics, 196). The work of Heisenberg, Born, and Jordan in these papers began to rectify these issues and together marked the "starting point for the new quantum mechanics," also called matrix mechanics (DSB). "In May 1925, Heisenberg took on a new and difficult problem, the calculation of the line intensities of the hydrogen spectrum. Just as he had done with Kramers and Bohr, Heisenberg began with a Fourier analysis of the electron orbits. When the hydrogen orbit proved too difficult, he turned to the anharmonic oscillator. With a new multiplication rule relating the amplitudes and frequencies of the Fourier components to observed quantities, Heisenberg succeeded in quantizing the equations of motion for this system in close analogy with the classical equations of motion. Im June Heisenberg returned to Göttingen, where he drafted his fundamental paper [the first paper offered], which he completed in July. In this paper Heisenberg proclaimed that the quantum mechanics of atoms should contain only relations between experimentally observable quantities. The resulting formalism served as the starting point for the new quantum mechanics, based, as Heisenberg's multiplication rule implied, on the manipulation of ordered sets of data forming a mathematical matrix. Born and his assistant, Pascual Jordan, quickly developed the mathematical content of Heisenberg's work into a consistent theory with the help of abstract matrix algebra [the second paper offered].Their work, in collaboration with Heisenberg, culminated in their "three-man paper" ["Dreimännerarbeit" - the third paper offered] that served as the foundation of matrix mechanics. Confident of the correctness of the new theory, Heisenberg, Pauli, Born, Dirac, and others began applying the difficult mathematical formalism to the solution of lingering problems" (DSB). In: Zeitschrift für Physik 33 (1925), 34 (1925), 35 (1926). 8vo. (9 x 6.25 inches; 225 x 156mm). Three full volumes. All but invisible ex-libris stamp on title pages; no other library markings whatsoever. Handsomely rebound in grey linen, gilt-tooled and lettered at the spine. Tightly and solidly bound. Very clean inside and out. Near fine condition. Bookseller Inventory # 9

4.

Bookseller: SOPHIA RARE BOOKS

(København, V, Denmark)

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**Book Description: **Julius Springer, Berlin, 1925. First edition. A very fine copy (not ex-library) of his breakthrough paper, announcing his discovery of matrix mechanics. "A severe attack of hay fever in early June forced Heisenberg’s retreat to the island of Helgoland. There he completed the calculation of the anharmonic oscillator, determined the constants of motion, and obtained from his multiplication rule the Thomas Kuhn summation rule for spectral lines. After nearly two weeks on Helgoland, Heisenberg returned to Göttingen, where he drafted his fundamental paper 'Über die quantentheoretische Umdeutung kinematischer und mechanischer Beziehungen', which he completed in July. In this paper Heisenberg proclaimed that the quantum mechanics of atoms should contain only relations between experimentally observable quantities. The resulting formalism served as the starting point for the new quantum mechanics, based, as Heisenberg’s multiplication rule implied, on the manipulation of ordered sets of data forming a mathematical matrix." (DSB). In: Zeitschrift für Physik, Vol. 33, pp.879-893. The complete volume offered (VIII,950 pp.) in a nice contemporary half calf binding with gilt spine lettering. Completely clean throughout - a fine copy. Bookseller Inventory # 2911

5.

Bookseller: Milestones of Science Books

(Ritterhude, D, Germany)

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**Book Description: **Julius Springer, Berlin, 1925. Hardcover. Book Condition: Very Good. 1st Edition. 8vo - over 7¾ - 9¾" tall. In: Zeitschrift für Physik. Vol. 33, pp. 879-893. Berlin: J. Springer, 1925. 8vo (22,5x16 cm). Whole vol. with 256 text illustr. and vii, 950 pp. Volume title with library stamp and shelf number. Contemp. half cloth with gilt spine and remnants of glue on spine. ---- PMM 417b; Poggendorff VI, 1070 - First edition of Heisenberg's groundbreaking paper announcing the invention of quantum mechanics, published in the "Zeitschrift für Physik" on July 25, 1925. - Entire volume, also includes two papers on quantum theory by Max Born and Pascal Jordan: "Zur Quantentheorie aperiodischer Vorgänge", pp. 479-508. (cf. DSB XV, 41). ---- Erste Ausgabe der grundlegenden Untersuchung. "Mit ihr war das Fundament der neuen, mit nicht vertauschbaren Größen operierenden Quantenmechanik geschaffen, die mit einem Schlag alle Unstimmigkeiten der älteren Theorie beseitigte" (DBE). - Im vollständigen Band, darin auch die beiden Arbeiten "Zur Quantentheorie aperiodischer Vorgänge" von M. Born u. P. Jordan (S. 479-508). Bookseller Inventory # 001726

6.

Bookseller: Charles Parkhurst Rare Books, Inc. ABAA

(Prescott, AZ, U.S.A.)

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**Book Description: **Julius Springer, Berlin, 1929-1930. First Edition. In "Zeitschrift fur Physik" Vol. 56, 1-61pp. and Vol. 59, 168-190pp; bound in blue cloth, spine lettering and call letters gilt; stamp of the Mount Wilson Observatory on front free endpaper, no other library markings. Both volumes are fine and housed in a custom clamshell. These are the only papers on which Heisenberg and Pauli, both Nobel Laureates in Physics (1932 and 1945) collaborated. These are unquestionably important early works in the development of relativistic quantum electrodynamic theory. Bookseller Inventory # pb.0775

7.

Bookseller: SOPHIA RARE BOOKS

(København, V, Denmark)

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**Book Description: **Julius Springer 1929-30, Berlin, 1929. First editions, first printings. A fine set, in the original wrappers, of the two papers in which Heisenberg and Pauli gave "for the first time the foundations for quantum electrodynamics in the way we know it today." (Abraham Pais). "Three years before the discovery of the positron Heisenberg and Pauli – in two papers ‘Zur Quantenmechanik der Wellenfelder’ and ‘Zur Quantenmechanik der Wellenfelder II’ of 29 March and 7 September 1929, respectively – took a decisive step forward to develop a consistent theory of quantum electrodynamics." (Mehra & Milton). "Heisenberg’s foremost scientific concern after 1927 involved the search for a consistent extension of the quantum formalism that would yield a satisfactory unification of quantum mechanics and relativity theory. This required the formulation of a covariant theory of interacting particles and fields that accounted for elementary processes at high energies and small distances. In 1929, drawing upon the work of Dirac, Jordan, Oskar Klein, and others, Heisenberg and Pauli succeeded in formulating a general gauge-invariant relativistic quantum field theory by treating particles and fields as separate entities interacting through the intermediaries of field quanta. "The formalism led to the creation of a relativistic quantum electrodynamics, equivalent to that developed by Dirac, which, despite its puzzling negative energy states, seemed satisfactory at low energies and small orders of interaction. But at high energies, where particles approach closer than their radii, the interaction energy diverged to infinity. Even at rest, a lone electron interacting with its own field seemed to possess an infinite self-energy, much as it did in classical electrodynamics. Attention was directed to the resolution of such difficulties for more than two decades." (DSB under Heisenberg). "Heisenberg and Pauli were well aware of the shortcomings of their theory: the divergence difficulties and the problem of negative energies for the electron. However, the importance of the Heisenberg-Pauli theory cannot be exaggerated; it opened the road to a general theory of quantized fields and thereby prepared the tools, albeit not perfect ones, for the Pauli-Fermi theory of beta-decay and for the meson theories." (Mehra & Milton). Mehra & Milton, Climbing the Mountain: The Scientific Biography of Julian Schwinger, pp. 186-87; Pais, On the Dirac theory of the electron. An annotation, in Werner Heienberg: Collected Works, Vol. AII, pp.95-105. 8vo: 229 x 156 mm. In: Zeitschift für Physik, vol. 56, no. 1-2, pp. 1-61; vol. 59, no. 3-4, pp. 168-90. The two complete issues offered here in the original printed wrappers, some light wear to the spine strip of the first issue and two small pieces missing from the lower left corner (front and rear), otherwise very fine with no stamps or other markings. Rare in such fine condition. A fine set, in the original wrappers, of the two papers in which Heisenberg and Pauli gave "for the first time the foundations for quantum electrodynamics in the way we know it today." (Abraham Pais). "Three years before the discovery of the positron Heisenberg and Pauli – in two papers ‘Zur Quantenmechanik der Wellenfelder’ and ‘Zur Quantenmechanik der Wellenfelder II’ of 29 March and 7 September 1929, respectively – took a decisive step forward to develop a consistent theory of quantum electrodynamics." (Mehra & Milton). "Heisenberg’s foremost scientific concern after 1927 involved the search for a consistent extension of the quantum formalism that would yield a satisfactory unification of quantum mechanics and relativity theory. This required the formulation of a covariant theory of interacting particles and fields that accounted for elementary processes at high energies and small distances. In 1929, drawing upon the work of Dirac, Jordan, Oskar Klein, and others, Heisenberg and Pauli succeeded in formulating a general gauge-invariant relativistic quantum field theory by treating particles and fields as separate entities in. Bookseller Inventory # 2627

8.

Bookseller: Antiquariat Eckert & Kaun

(Bremen, ., Germany)

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**Book Description: **Stuttgart, Belser-Presse 1971., 1971. Folio, 79 (3) S., 1 Bl. mit drei Lithographien, Orig.-Leinen m. Orig.-Leinenschuber. Eines von 185 (gesamt 205) nummerierten und vom Künstler im Impressum signierten Exemplaren.- Spies-Leppin 198 D I-II; Spindler, Typen 64.7.- (= Siebenter Druck der Belser-Presse).- Tadelloses Exemplar. Bookseller Inventory # 45711

9.

Bookseller: Rainer Kurz - Antiquariat

(D-83080 Oberaudorf, ., Germany)

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**Book Description: **Belser-Presse,, Stuttgart, 1971. Ca. 39,5 x 30 cm. Stuttgart, Belser-Presse, 1971. Ca. 39,5 x 30 cm. 79 S., (5) Seiten. Mit 3 Original-Farblithographien von Max Ernst. Orig.-Leinenband im Original-Schuber. Spindler 64,7. Siebenter Druck der Belser-Presse. Exemplar 72/185 (Gesamtauflage 205), im Druckvermerk von Max Ernst signiert. Festvortrag zur öffentlichen Jahressitzung der Bayerischen Akademie der Schönen Künste, München, am 9. Juli 1970. Die Farblithographien zu diesem Text schuf Max Ernst im Frühjahr 1971, sie wurden gedruckt von Pierre Chave in Vence. Handsatz aus 18 Punkt Univers. Orig.-Leinenband im Original-Schuber. Bookseller Inventory # 32719AB

10.

Bookseller: Max Rambod Autographs

(Calabasas, CA, U.S.A.)

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**Book Description: **German Physicist. Developed his famous theory of quantum mechanics and was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics for 1932. He lead the German effort to make an atom bomb. After the war, he claimed he purposely did not want to create the A-bomb on moral grounds, this has been disputed. Still one of the foremost nuclear physicist of the century. Typed Letter Signed, 1 page, dated January 3, 1950. Heisenberg writes: ".I am going to have so many obligations within the upcoming future because of the research council that I did not know if I could accept your invitation. Well, I do believe now that I could come to Istanbul perhaps just before Easter holidays end March - beginning April. Certainly provided that I get permission from the Allied authorities to travel abroad. I would then travel with the airplane from Frankfurt am Main and flight must go over Italy since I do not think getting permission to fly over Russian assigned territories. Therefore, I will apply for visa permit for an airplane route over Italy." Signed "W. Heisenberg". since he needs permission to travel from the Allied Forces which are still occupying parts of Germany, Heisenberg writes this letter after World War II. It is interesting that he assumes that they will never allow him to fly over Russian assigned territory as Russia had just developed the atomic bomb a few months before our letter and thus changed the balance of power in the world. But Heisenberg was still considered such an important nuclear scientist that they would not even let him fly over Easter Europe. Comes with a letter from the brother of the recipient, who requested and received this Heisenberg letter upon the recipient's death. In excellent condition. Bookseller Inventory # 11277

11.

Bookseller: Des livres autour (Julien Mannoni)

(Paris, ., France)

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**Book Description: **Belser-Presse, Stuttgart, 1971. Cartonnage Éditeur. Book Condition: Très bon. Max Ernst (illustrator). Ed. originale. In-folio. Stuttgart, Belser-Presse, 1971. 39,5 x 30 cm, in-folio, 79 pp. - 3 lithographies en couleurs hors texte, cartonnage et étui de l'éditeur en pleine toile bise, pièces de titre. Edition originale de cette conférence donnée à l'Académie bavaroise des Beaux-Arts de Munich le 9 juillet 1970. Texte bilingue allemand / anglais. Tirage à 205 exemplaires. Celui-ci l'un des 20 hors commerce, signé au colophon par Max Ernst. Les lithographies ont été tirées par Pierre Chave à Vence. Etui partiellement bruni, quelques infimes rousseurs à la tranche de gouttière. Signé par l'illustrateur. Bookseller Inventory # 1860

12.

Bookseller: Secret Knowledge Books

(Lawrence, KS, U.S.A.)

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**Book Description: **Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, 1985. Hard Cover. Book Condition: Very Good. Dust Jacket Condition: Very Good. First Edition. 8vo - over 7? - 9? tall. 4 thick oversize volumes, XI, 633 pp; X, 717 pp; X, 700 pp; X, 937 pp. cloth hardcover with dustjacket, Heisenberg's complete published scientific papers, reproduced in facsimile, including several top secret papers on the Nazi nuclear project. Text in German and English. Slight un-evenness of the bookblock of serie A vols 2 and 3. A very good set, not ex-library copy. Bookseller Inventory # 001583

13.

Bookseller: Milestones of Science Books

(Ritterhude, D, Germany)

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**Book Description: **Julius Springer, Berlin, 1926. Soft cover. Book Condition: Very Good. 1st Edition. 8vo - over 7¾ - 9¾" tall. Offprint from: Mathematische Annalen, Vol. 95, Nr. 5. Berlin: Julius Springer, 1926, pp. 683-705. Bound without wrapper; titel page torn at inner margin. Bookseller Inventory # 001727

14.

Bookseller: Atticus Rare Books

(West Branch, IA, U.S.A.)

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**Book Description: **FIRST EDITION, FIRST ISSUE OF TWO SEMINAL PAPERS: Heisenberg's groundbreaking contribution to magnetism and to the identification of the quantum mechanical exchange energy. "Heisenberg's masterly contribution in magnetism lies in identifying the quantum mechanical exchange energy, first appearing in the context of chemical bonding and spectroscopy, to be of central importance in explaining ferromagnetism? The question was this: If every atom has an outer cloud of electrons, then how do atoms approach each other to form a chemical bond? It was Heisenberg who showed that the interaction between electrons, called the exchange energy," was the key (ibid., 60). His "exchange interaction" is a force generated solely by the exchange of positions of two totally indistinguishable quantum particles - "a quantum mechanical effect which increases or decreases the expectation value of the energy or distance between two or more identical particles when their wave functions overlap" (Wikipedia). In the early 20th century physicists did not understand ferromagnetism on an atomic basis. "It was Heisenberg's work in the late 1920's that filled this void. To accomplish this, quantum mechanics had to be discovered first? It was indeed in the fitness of things that the quantum dynamics of the electron left an imprint on another area, namely magnetism, which too had to do with the magnetic effects of electron dynamics" (ibid., 58). What Heisenberg began to understand was the connection between ferromagnetism and electron bonding, two areas that most physicists believed were wholly unconnected phenomena. "It was Heisenberg, who saw the connection and established it in two seminal papers, written in 1926 and 1928 [the two papers offered here]" (Chatterjee, "Heisenberg and Ferromagnetism," Resonance, 2004, 63-64). Berlin: Julius Springer. 4to. (9 x 6.5 inches; 225 x 163mm). Two full volumes. Zeitschrift für Physik Volumes 39 and 49. Handsomely bound in black cloth over marbled paper boards; library labels removed with slight ghosting visible. Very minor rubbing at the edges on Volume 39. Both tightly and solidly bound. Near pristine throughout the interior. Bookseller Inventory # 217

15.

Bookseller: Jeff Weber Rare Books, ABAA

(Los Angeles, CA, U.S.A.)

Quantity Available: 1

**Book Description: **Zeitschrift fur physik, 1 2-1933, In:, 1933. hardcover. Book Condition: 1. FIRST EDITION of the final mathematical model of the atom. After Chadwick had discovered the neutron, Heisenberg was the FIRST TO STATE THAT THIS DISCOVERY ELIMINATED THE NEED FOR ASSUMING THE PRESENCE OF ELECTRONS IN THE NUCLEUS OF AN ATOM. Bohr and Heisenberg received word of Chadwick's discovery of the neutron in the middle of March 1932. Within three months of hearing of the neutron, Heisenberg succeeded in using it as the basis of a semiquantitative explanation of the composition and stability of nuclei. The discovery of the neutron made it possible to change the relation between nuclear physics and the domain of unsolved problems. A substantial number of nuclear problems now became solvable by ordinary quantum mechanics. The achievement of Heisenberg was to see this possibility and find a way to give it formal expression. "Three papers by Heisenberg completed in the latter half of 1932 mark the transition to the modern view on nuclear forces. These articles, important though they are, must not be considered as a clean break with the past, however. Heisenberg's nuclear theory is a hybrid of the old and the new. It has the virtue of being based on the proton-neutron model of the nucleus, but the drawback of a proton-electron model for the neutron. The key to understanding Heisenberg's 1932 papers is simply this: at that time he sided with Bohr." Pais, Inward bound. Bromberg, The impact of the neutron; Hahn, Autobiography, p. 272; Pais, Inward bound, p. 413. Three volumes. 8vo. 77, (1932), pp. 1-11; 78 (1932), pp. 156-64; 80 (1933), pp. 587-596. Navy cloth, gilt stamped spine. Ex library Carnegie Institution of Washington Mount Wilson Observatory with call number gilt stamped on spine and library blind-stamp on front free end paper. Clean copy, handsomely bound; covers lightly freckled, else fine. RARE. Bookseller Inventory # S0439

16.

Bookseller: Atticus Rare Books

(West Branch, IA, U.S.A.)

Quantity Available: 1

**Book Description: **Hardcover. Book Condition: Very Good. First editions of the three papers in which heisenberg formulated the final mathematical model of the atom -- the neutron-proton model for the atomic nucleus - and the papers in which he introduced the concept of nucleon isotropic spin (later named "isospin"). The books bear the stamp of Friedrich Hermann Hund, a German physicist well-known for his work on atoms and molecules. "After Chadwick had discovered the neutron, Heisenberg was the first to state that this discovery eliminated the need for assuming the presence of electrons in the nucleus of an atom" (Pais). Chadwick's discovery "made it possible to change the relation between nuclear physics and the domain of unsolved problems. A substantial number of nuclear problems now became solvable by ordinary quantum mechanics" (ibid). Still, "once it was accepted that the nucleus was composed of protons and neutrons and that quantum mechanics could be applied to it, the question remained which force acted between its constituents. Heisenberg assumed it to be an exchange force, i.e., a force based on the symmetry properties of a quantum-mechanical wave function" (Brandt, The Harvest of the Century, pp. 223-224). Only a few months after Chadwick's discovery, Heisenberg used Chadwick's neutron to construct the first quantum mechanical nuclear model. The main mechanism he proposed was an exchange force produced by protons and neutrons passing electrons around like basketball players tossing a ball" (Peacock, The Quantum Revolution, 94). Heisenberg postulated that the proton and neutron were two states of the same particle, the nucleon, differing only in isospin. In his theory, the nuclear force conserved isospin, which accounted for the similarities between protons and neutrons. Other forces, such as electromagnetism, broke isospin symmetry, which explained the nucleons' differences. Heisenberg was wrong about the nature of the proton and neutron, but was correct about the importance of isospin in the weak nuclear force. Heisenberg's theory was "quantitatively insufficient to explain nuclear forces. [and] the riddle of nuclear forces stayed a subject of research for decades to come. The lasting value of Heisenberg's approach lies in the revelation of inner symmetries of elementary particles and of quantum numbers associated with these symmetries. The discovery of further symmetries of this type would lead first to a classification of particles and then to an understanding of the forces between them" (Brandt, 226). In: Zeitschrift für Physik 77 (1932), 78 (1932), 80 (1933). Berlin: Julius Springer. 8vo. (9 x 6.5; 225 x 163mm). Three full volumes. The books bear the stamp (on ffp) of Friedrich Hermann Hund, a physicist well-known for his work on atoms and molecules. Friedrich Hermann Hund "was a German physicist from Karlsruhe known for his work on atoms and molecules. Hund worked with such prestigious physicists as Schrödinger, Dirac, Heisenberg, Max Born, and Walter Bothe. He published more than 250 papers and essays in total. Hund made pivotal contributions to quantum theory - especially concerning the structure of the atom and of molecular spectra" (Wikipedia). The set is also ex-libris with very, very slight 'ghosting' from the removal of spine labels. Small stamp appears on the rear of the title pages. Bound in black cloth over marbled paper hardboard. Very slightly rubbed at the edges. Tightly bound and very clean. The interior is clean and bright. Very good + condition. Bookseller Inventory # 11

17.

Bookseller: Autographen & Bücher Eberhard Koestler

(Tutzing, BY, Germany)

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**Book Description: **Leipzig, 16. III. 1935, Gr.-4°. 2 Seiten. Briefkopf. Gelocht. Haben Sie den verbindlichsten Dank für Ihren Brief und die Übersendung Ihrer Statistik über die in der Zeitschrift für Physik erscheinenden Arbeiten. Die Bedenken, die der Verlag gegen eine Prüfung der Arbeiten durch einen grösseren Mitarbeiterkreis trägt, ver stehe ich sehr wohl, und es besteht kein Zweifel, dass für manche Arbeiten bei einem solchen Verfahren grosse Verzögerungen eintreten würden. Die Verzögerungen würden aber fast immer solche Arbeiten treffen, deren Wert etwas zweifelhaft ist, während die eindeutig guten Arbeiten im allgemeinen das Sieb ohne Schwierigkeiten passieren würden. Inzwischen hat sich Herr Geh. Rat Scheel direkt an mich gewandt, und ich habe ihm die Gründe zu meiner Kritik noch etwas ausführlicher dargelegt. Es stellte sich bei einer Durchsicht des Bandes 93 heraus, dass von den 15 rein quantentheoretischen Arbeiten, die er enthält nur 8 einer kritischen Durchsicht standhalten, während 7 andere meiner Ansicht nicht in der Zeitschrift hätten zu erscheinen brau chen. Ich habe dies Herrn Geh. Rat Scheel im einzelnen auseinandergesetzt und hoffe, dass er mir die Kritik nicht übel nehmen wird. Was die 'Überfremdung' der Zeitschrift betrifft, so gründeten sich meine Bedenken hauptsächlich auf die Beobachtung, dass die aus den Ländern Polen, Tschechoslowakei, Rumänien etc. eingesandten Arbeiten, deren Anzahl nicht sehr gering ist, meist bei einer kritischen Beurteilung nicht standhalten. Durch Nichtaufnahme solcher Arbeiten würde sich das Bild der Zeitschrift schon wesentlich bessern. Dass die Anzahl der guten Arbeiten, die aus Deutschland stammen, in der nächsten Zeit geringer sein wird, als in früheren Jahren, ist mir natürlich klar. Dieser Umstand wird eben eine Reduktion des Umfanges unserer wissenschaftlichen Zeitungen zur Folge haben müssen und damit sollten sich die Verleger abfinden. Kleine Randläsuren und Eckfehlstelle ohne Textverlust. - Selten so früh. - Beiliegend ein Durchschlag des sehr interessanten Gegenbriefes von Mey. Bookseller Inventory # 43626

18.

Bookseller: Alden Books

(New York, NY, U.S.A.)

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ISBN: 0387138471 / 0-387-13847-1

**Book Description: **Springer. Book Condition: New. pp. 730 1st Edition. Bookseller Inventory # 0645359519

19.

Bookseller: Textbooks Den

(Oakland, CA, U.S.A.)

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ISBN: 0387138471 / 0-387-13847-1

**Book Description: **Springer Verlag. Hardcover. Book Condition: New. 0387138471 New Book. Please allow 4-14 business days to arrive. We will ship Internationally as well. Very Good Customer Service is Guaranteed!! Millions sold offline. Bookseller Inventory # OV-4BS-387138471

20.

Bookseller: Better World Books

(Mishawaka, IN, U.S.A.)

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ISBN: 9780387138473

**Book Description: **Springer Verlag, 1989. Book Condition: As New. First Edition. N/A. Book in almost Brand New condition. Bookseller Inventory # GRP70743799

21.

Bookseller: Michael R. Thompson Books, A.B.A.A.

(Los Angeles, CA, U.S.A.)

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**Book Description: **All attempts to explain the helium spectra using the old quantum mechanics of Bohr and Sommerfeld had failed. Incorporating both Pauli's exclusion principle and spin into Schršdinger's two-electron wave function, Heisenberg was finally able to derive a good approximation to the emission spectrum of helium. This result marks the second great triumph of wave mechanics after Schršdinger;s treatment of hydrogen. In the course of this derivation, Heisenberg hit upon a new insight and established the principle of "exchange interaction"Ña force generated solely by the exchange of positions of two totally indistinguishable quantum particlesÑwhich turned out to have much wider implications in both solid-state and nuclear physics. Van Vleck won the 1977 Nobel Prize in physics for his "fundamental theoretical investigations of the electronic structure of magnetic and disordered systems." Octavo. Contemporary blue buckram, with title, issue, and year in gilt on spine. Very good. With the pencil signature of Nobel Laureate John H. Van Vleck. Bookseller Inventory # 7984

22.

Bookseller: Kotte Autographs GmbH

(Roßhaupten, BY, Germany)

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**Book Description: **Göttingen, 19. IV. 1950., 1950. Oblong large 8vo. 1 p. To the pathologist and chemist Friedrich Ludwig Breusch (1903-1971) whom he sends "a copy of my last work on Quantum mechanics of elementary particles". - On stationery with printed letterhead. Bookseller Inventory # 21498

23.

Bookseller: Delhi Book Store

(new delhi, Del, India)

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ISBN: 0387138471 / 0-387-13847-1

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**Book Description: **Springer-verlag, 1989. Hardcover. Book Condition: Like New. 1st. Bookseller Inventory # 0387138471

24.

Bookseller: Vangsgaards Antikvariat

(DK-1171 Copenhagen K, ., Denmark)

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**Book Description: **Springer-Verlag, Berlin 1943. Mit 37 abbildungen. 173 pages. Orig. cover. Very good, with slight wear to the spine and a bit of staining to the cover. * With Niels Bohr's personal stamp to the halftitle leaf.** Highly interesting association copy: This Festschrift was made for Arnold Sommerfeld [1868-1951] - one of the grand old men of atomic physics - for his 75 years birthday on 5th December 1943. In October 1943, Niels Bohr had fled the Nazi regime from Denmark to the United States, so he most likely received it after the war. Heisenberg was at this time working for the Nazi regime and was sent to Copenhagen to search through Niels Bohr's institute to find information - possibly on building a nuclear bomb. In this way he could convince the occupation forces that they could safely allow the Institute to reopen. Bookseller Inventory # 423936

25.

Bookseller: Michael R. Thompson Books, A.B.A.A.

(Los Angeles, CA, U.S.A.)

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**Book Description: **Berlin: Julius Springer, 1928., 1928. Heisenberg's paper resolved the puzzle of magnetism in iron, which he developed independently of the quantum mechanical explanation of the nature of ferromagnetism offered that year by Yakov Frenkel (DSB, V, p. 160). First edition. Bookseller Inventory # 7985

26.

Bookseller: Nauka Japan LLC

(Tokyo, ., Japan)

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ISBN: 0387138471 / 0-387-13847-1

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**Book Description: **Springer Verlag. Hardcover. Book Condition: New. 0387138471. Bookseller Inventory # NJ001696

27.

Bookseller: Karl Books

(Johns Creek, GA, U.S.A.)

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**Book Description: **Belser- Presse, 1967. Hardcover. Book Condition: Fine. Fine condition hardcover. Hans Erni (illustrator). Limited Edition this copy is number 78. Quarto. SIGNED by Illustrator Hans Erni. 89 pp. Illustrated with four original etchings by Hans Erni. Text in German and English. As new condition, a beautiful copy with a low number, in original slipcase in Near Fine condition. Signed by Illustrator(s). Bookseller Inventory # 416A

28.

Bookseller: antiquariat-cezanne

(Waldsolms, H, Germany)

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ISBN: 354013848X / 3-540-13848-X

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**Book Description: **Berlin : Springer, 1993. Kunststoff. ** ehemal. Bibliotheks-Ex. mit kleinen Resten vom Rückenschild, Stempel im Vorblatt. ** sehr gutes, sauberes Exemplar. ** X, 700 S. : graph. Darst. Deutsch 1350g. Bookseller Inventory # 28634

29.

Bookseller: Ted Kottler, Bookseller

(Woburn, MA, U.S.A.)

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**Book Description: **Leipzig: S. Hirzel, 1930., 1930. First Edition. viii, 117 pp; 22 figs.; ads. Original cloth. Lower edge of front cover faintly nicked in two spots. Rear hinge starting. Else Very Good+. D. S. B. 17: 401. Werner Heisenberg: Nobel Prize, Physics, 1932, "for the creation of quantum mechanics, the application of which has, inter alia, led to the discovery of the allotropic forms of hydrogen.". Bookseller Inventory # 07909

30.

Bookseller: Antiquariaat A. Kok & Zn. B.V.

(Amsterdam, NL, Netherlands)

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**Book Description: **Leipzig, 1930. 117 pp. 22 figs. Original red cloth. - Name of previous owner in ed ink on title page (vague).*In a very good condition. As new. Bookseller Inventory # 237655

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