F. Scott Fitzgerald:
Short Story Collections
Welcome to a brand new series of monthly features called Legends of Literature. The first literary big-hitter in the spotlight is F. Scott Fitzgerald - a writer who died 68 years ago but whose influence remains as strong as ever.
This Side of Paradise is the book that established F. Scott Fitzgerald as the prophet and golden boy of the newly dawned Jazz Age. Published in 1920, when he was just twenty-three, the novel catapulted him to instant fame and financial success.
Abe - Which of Fitzgerald's works do you believe is most underrated?
KC - "His second novel, The Beautiful and Damned (1922), deserves its due. Some would argue his first, This Side of Paradise (1920), is better, and many critics dismiss them both as juvenile efforts that only hint at the brilliance of Gatsby and Tender Is the Night. But I have a real fondness for B&D that in a large part arises from its main female character, Gloria Gilbert Patch. She starts out the book as a very spoiled flapper but becomes hardened in a way that is at once tragic and yet necessary. I'm not so keen on her husband, Anthony, because I don't think Fitzgerald felt any sympathy for him. There are many parts of the book that are as relevant today as they were 86 years ago: the relationship between wealth and work, for example."
Abe - If Fitzgerald were alive today which new authors do you suppose he would have felt closest to or been the most impressed by?
KC - "I had this conversation with our executive director, Professor Ruth Prigozy, and she insists that FSF would have loved early E. L. Doctorow. He's not a 'new' writer, of course, but I think she's absolutely right: Fitzgerald admired the New York sensibility. Of course, inasmuch as I am a Midwesterner by birth, I would like to think he might appreciate Jane Smiley: A Thousand Acres would appeal to his sense of character and ethical corruption by money, and Moo would satisfy his fondness for social satire. I don't think he would necessarily appreciate the young men who cast themselves in his shadow. Although (perhaps because) his first novel is a coming-of-age story, he tended to deride what he called the 'adventures of a young man' novel. To that end, I don't think he would appreciate Keith Gessen alluding to him by entitling his debut All the Sad Young Literary Men."
Abe - Why is Fitzgerald's work still relevant to Generation X and Y readers?
KC - "For starters, Fitzgerald was fascinated with youth, and he was one of the first to recognize the insidious way American culture has tended to mistake growing up for growing old. I think young readers always identify with the sense of being on the far side of a generational divide, of having been born into a period of in which everything is new and rapidly changing - and to that end I think these generations appreciate him. Most of all, however, is the romance. Fitzgerald makes love cool for young people - he is the poet of both its glamour and its sadness. For all the arch cynicism we are apt to mask our feelings behind in our early twenties, people want to feel emotions that are rich and powerful but not sentimental, and Fitzgerald's profound awareness that the lachyrmose is cathartic is one of his richest legacies."
Abe - Personally, which of F. Scott Fitzgerald's works do you think is his best?
KC - "Honestly, I would vote for Tender Is the Night. Gatsby is hard to argue against because its conciseness gives the appearance of perfection. But if one chooses to be nitpicky, the imperfections are there in terms of structure and, occasionally, narrative technique. This isn't to say Tender isn't riddled with problems. It's such a big book in terms of scope, however, and the style is so abstract that every time I re-read it I'm constantly drawn in by trying to figure out exactly what is being said. That and it is historically dense as well."
Abe - Knowing that his life was filled with excesses and alcoholism, do you think Fitzgerald's talent was fulfilled?
KC - "I think we tend to forget that for all of Fitzgerald's excesses he was a working writer and that his quickest and most reliable way of earning money was the short story. We tend to think he was hampered in his career because he 'only' wrote four and a half novels. (The final one, The Last Tycoon, was incomplete at the time of his death). Well, Philip Roth (to name one example) has written a dozen-something novels, but only a Roth specialist can name every single one. For Fitzgerald's productivity to be measured in novels is thus unfair. The man did nearly 170 stories in 20 years, most of them at least 5,000 words. That is a lot of work. And those stories stand up to anybody else's in the 20th century - even the more commercial ones. So I think that for all the personal tragedy that his drinking caused, our sense of it having crippled him professionally is a bit overstated. Unfortunately, self-destructive is always a more engaging storyline than hard work."
Abe - How do you think his life and legacy would have differed had Fitzgerald lived to see the success and acclaim his novels garner today?
KC - "I think we would have felt his reputation was deserved. I'm not sure the knowledge would have made him any happier, however. He was by nature a melancholic and a memorializer. Even if he knew how omnipresent Gatsby is, and how many people remember him, he would have said, 'Yes, but not as much as Hemingway!' He would have seen the dark cloud in any silver lining."
If you would like to learn more about F. Scott Fitzgerald you can visit the Fitzgerald Society at www.fitzgeraldsociety.org