This moral philosophy text with readings embraces Socrates' observation that ethics is "no small matter, but how we ought to live." How ought we to live? This hard question captures the full range of moral inquiry from traditional moral theory to contemporary moral issues, such as abortion, capital punishment, and war. But there is much more to moral philosophy: How should we be as people? When should we forgive? Are we capable of morality? What about non-western ethics? And most distressing of all, why be moral in the first place? These and other challenging questions show the profundity and inescapable importance of moral philosophy for a life worth living. Life's Hardest Questions combines lively and informative introductory discussions with classic and contemporary writings in moral philosophy.
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Frederik Kaufman is a professor of philosophy in the Department of Philosophy and Religion at Ithaca College, in Ithaca, NY. He has published articles in ethics, animal issues, environmental philosophy, and the metaphysics of death. In 2003 he published "Foundations of Environmental Philosophy with McGraw-Hill".
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Book Description McGraw-Hill Humanities/Social Sciences/Languages, 2009. Book Condition: New. Brand New, Unread Copy in Perfect Condition. A+ Customer Service! Summary: PART I. Foundations of Ethics Chapter 1 What is Ethics? Moral relativism The point and scope of morality Religion and morality Philosophical moral deliberation Chapter 2. Ethics and Consequences The role of consequences in ethics John Stuart Mill, fromUtilitarianism Kai Nielson, "Traditional Morality and Utilitarianism" Chapter 3. Respect for Persons The role of intentions in ethics Immanuel Kant, fromGrounding for the Metaphysics of Morals Fred Feldman, "Kantian Ethics" Chapter 4. Contract Ethics How ethics could be contractual Thomas Hobbes, fromThe Leviathan John Rawls, fromA Theory of Justice Chapter 5. Natural Law Ethics The natural law tradition St. Thomas Aquinas, fromSumma Theologia John Finnis, fromNatural Law and Natural Rights Chapter 6. Virtue Ethics The nature of happiness: human excellences Aristotle, fromNicomachean Ethics Susan Wolff, "Moral Saints" Interlude: Reflections on theoretical disunity in ethics PART II. Hard Questions About Conduct Introduction (brief discussion about ethics and conduct) Chapter 7. Toleration Hard Question: Should we tolerate hate speech on campus? Tolerating the intolerable Bernard Williams, "Toleration: An Impossible Virtue?" T.M. Scanlon, "The Difficulty of Tolerance" Chapter 8. Forgiveness Hard Question: When should we forgive? The moral logic of forgiveness Norvin Richards, "Forgiveness" Trudy Govier, "Forgiveness and the Unforgivable" Chapter 9. Abortion Hard Question: Is abortion a moral issue? Conceptual issues in abortion Michael Tooley, fromAbortion and Infanticide Don Marquis, "Why Abortion is Immoral" Chapter 10. War Hard Question: Is war ever the answer? The moral reality of war Michael Walzer, fromJust and Unjust Wars Jeff McMahan, from "The Ethics of Killing in War" Chapter 11. Animals Hard Question: Should we eat animals? Animals and morality Animal rights Peter Singer, fromAnimal Liberation Tom Regan, fromThe Case for Animal Rights Chapter 12. Sex Hard question: Is pornography morally wrong? Philosophy and human sexuality Donald Levy, Perversion and the Unnatural as Moral Categories Burton Leiser, "Homosexuality and the Unnaturalness Argument'" Chapter 13. Capital Punishment Hard Question: What is cruel and unusual punishment? Theories of punishment Ernest van den Haag, "The Ultimate Punishment: A Defense of Capital Punishment" Jeffrey Reiman, "Justice, Civilization, and the Death Penalty" Chapter 14. Environmental Ethics Hard Question: Ought we to respect nature? Intrinsic value and the natural world J. Baird Callicott, "Conceptual Foundations of the Land Ethic" William Baxter, "Optimal Pollution" Chapter 15. Global Ethics Hard Question: Am I responsible for world poverty? Globalization and morality Peter Singer, "Famine, Affluence and Morality" John Kekes, "On the Supposed Obligation to Relieve Famine" PART III. Hard Questions About Ethics Introduction: brief discussion about challenges to ethics Chapter 16. Feminism Hard Question: Are women from Venus and men from Mars? Feminist thought and moral philosophy Nel Noddings, fromCaring: A Feminine Approach to Ethics and Moral Education Virginia Held, fromFeminist Morality Chapter 17. Metaethics Hard Question: Could I do other than I did? Moral responsibility Moral realism J.L. Mackie, "The Subjectivity of Values" Thomas Nagel, "Moral Luck" Chapter 18. Challenges to Ethics Hard Question: Why be ethical? Amoralism and egoism Plato, Ring of Gyges,Republic Nietzsche,Beyond Good and Evil Hume, fromTreatise on Human Nature Chapter 19. The Good Life Hard Question: What is a good life? Good lives and m. Bookseller Inventory # ABE_book_new_007290108X
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