Terrorism Today: The Past, the Players, the Future

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9780023017315: Terrorism Today: The Past, the Players, the Future

Exploring a subject largely ignored by academic writers, this introductory book uncovers terrorist activities in the United States and around the world, drawing from the authors' blend of academic and professional experiences. Balanced treatment of practical examples, technology, history, and research. For anyone in law enforcement, criminal justice, criminology, justice administration, security, sociology, or political science.

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About the Author:

Jeremy Spindlove

Jeremy Spindlove is presently the Regional Director in Loss Prevention, Health and Safety for a world leader in third party logistics management. He has spent thirty years in both public and private sector security operations and administration on an international scale. During his police service in Great Britain he was the first officer on the scene at the now notorious Guildford pub IRA bombings. During his service as an aviation security expert with British Airways, he was assigned to trouble spots in Europe, North Africa and the Middle East, spending two years in Baghdad and extensive duty in Beirut. Jeremy Spindlove also served as the Director of Security for the Vancouver International Airport Authority in British Columbia. He has presented seminars on aviation security to IAMTI at the University of British Columbia. He has collaborated on this text with Clifford Simonsen, a career military police officer, criminologist, writer and teacher. This has allowed the combining of a unique blend of writing experience and acumen with first hand knowledge and personal experiences. Jeremy is an active member of the American Society for Industrial Security.

Clifford Simonsen

Presently the President of Criminology Consultants International, Clifford Simonsen has over forty years of experience in criminal justice, security and law enforcement. As a career Army Officer, he retired as a Military Police Colonel. His background includes a Ph.D. in Public Administration, (with an emphasis on criminal justice administration and deviance), from Ohio State University and a Masters in Criminology from Florida State University. He is also a graduate of the Army War College and the Industrial College of the Armed Forces. Dr. Simonsen is the author of dozens of articles on the fields of crime, criminal justice, delinquency and security and is the author or co-author of several texts in a broad range of disciplines. These include Corrections in America: An Introduction (8th Ed), Juvenile Justice in America (3rd Ed), Private Security in America and Security Administration. Dr. Simonsen has taught at several universities, full-time or as an adjunct. He is an active member of the American Society for Industrial Security (Lifetime Certified Protection Professional), the American Correctional Association, the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences and the International Association of Professional Security Consultants. Dr. Simonsen is pleased to be associated with Jeremy Spindlove and share in his depth of experience with terrorism on both a local and international scale.

Excerpt. © Reprinted by permission. All rights reserved.:

When the authors decided to write the first edition of an introductory text about a subject as complex and rapidly changing as terrorism, it became a daunting task very quickly. The very concept of terrorism includes such a wide range of activities that the most difficult task became how to make a text short enough to be effective for instructors, casual readers and student but long enough to convince colleagues, professionals and practitioners that it adequately covers an acceptable depth into this fascinating discipline. We must admit that at times it seemed like we were trying to paint a moving bus, with the players, organizations and operations changing faster than the words could be written down.

This second edition, which picks up where the first left off (a few months before 9-11, is also written in an admittedly broad-brush manner, re-examines where terrorism came from, where it is today, and where it seems to be going as we reel from the impact of 9-11, the War on Terrorism and the arrangement of new pieces on the world chessboard. This new world arrangement has need of new and specific countermeasures. The student will soon appreciate that there is no easy answer to the question, "What is terrorism?" It will become apparent, in the course of reading this new edition, that most terrorism actions are committed by poorly articulate groups of fanatics or dissidents, often with conflicting goals and little interface. Of course, there are exceptions to every rule. However, it: shown that many of these groups are continuing their plans to Upset security and safety in the United States and around the globe. The knowledge we have assembled will, it is hoped, stimulate students and others to seek out ways to offer better safety and security to all persons worldwide.

Your authors have attempted to provide a clear overview of many of the sectors and operations that comprise the broad terms terrorism an counterterrorism. We explore some specific subjects and locations in greater depth than others, reduce redundancy and cover as many differences and similarities as possible. The second edition is presented in the firm belief that any learning experience should be enjoyable as well as educational. For the instructor, we offer a text that has been organized and written with the goal of making the planning for teaching and the learning experience interesting as possible, and effective at the same time. This is accomplished by covering the essentials of the subject and each chapter with a large array of pedagogical tools.

Security is an ancient need for humans, a basic rung on the ladder of Maslow's hierarchy of needs. But never, has America's—and all o mankind's—sense of security been so badly shaken as by the events of 9-11 and by escalating terrorist acts abroad and in the American homeland. As with most fields of human endeavor that are just now entering into an academic discipline, the available material presenting scientific theory, literature and research is not very extensive in the field of terrorism. The Information Age has provided most of the materials we have gathered fog this introductory text. They have come from a large range of resources found on government sites on the Internet, along with articles, news clips and textbooks dealing with specific areas of interest. Much of the information and data are current, fresh as this morning's news, from diverse sources. We continue to challenge our colleagues in academia and in the operational security, law enforcement and the military to conduct the basic research, collect the data, and develop the theories that will help us transform terrorism into a true topic for academic development and practical knowledge for those who battle this 21st century scourge.

THE TRADITION CONTINUES

The methodology for textbook development, used successfully in the past for several other introductory texts, will continue to be the foundation for this one. It will build on the comments of readers, instructors and students to provide future editions of this text that work well for all three, such as:

  • An engaging writing style, resulting in a book that is highly readable and effective as an informational, teaching and learning tool;
  • A balanced treatment of practical examples, technology, history and data from available documents and academic research;
  • An eye-pleasing design for easy reading, with features such as clearly understood examples of current and historical photographs, illustrations and other supplemental materials to augment the basic text;
  • A systems approach to exploring the varied elements of terrorism, terrorists and the various motives for terrorist groups as a potentially integrated and interrelated series of subsystems;
  • An unbiased presentation of a wide range of topics makes for a text suitable for instructors and students from many disciplines and points of view;
  • In-chapter; and end-of-chapter materials that augment the textual materials with examples of events, persons, stories, terms to remember, review questions and bibliographic suggestions for further reading;
  • An Instructor's Manual that features test banks and other aids for the busy instructors, many whom are adjuncts who are tilling the fields of law enforcement, security or the military in a full-time capacity.

ORGANIZATION OF THE TEXT

This second edition is divided into three major parts and fourteen chapters that build from an historical background to predictions about the twentyfirst century regarding terrorism. It should be noted that materials have been placed in the body of the text, such as "Terrorism Bytes," "Terrorism Briefs" and "Terrorism Players." And "Terms to Remember," "Review Questions," and extensive "Endnotes" have been placed at the end of each chapter, for their content and applicability to the subject matter being covered. These should be considered as important as the textual materials themselves for presentation and study. The materials selected come from the best and most current available sources in the field. Your authors choose to present them in their original form, or blend them into their own writing to minimize confusion.

PART ONE THE DEFINING AND HISTORY OF TERRORISM

An in-depth historical look at terrorism and its origins, types and history will provide the student with a background necessary to understand the background of yesterday and the evolution of terrorism today.

Chapter 1 Defining Terrorism

This chapter will set the basic definitions for terminology used throughout following chapters and allow the student to understand and differentiate between terrorist acts and ordinary criminal acts. Defining issues, operational terms, useful typologies, as well as forms and tactics of terrorism will be explored. Terrorism as criminal behavior and its use as a method of action are covered. Such acts as ambush and assassination, arson, bombing, hijacking, hostage taking, kidnapping, blackmail and protection are included.

Chapter 2 A Brief History of Terrorism

In this rather short chapter, the act of violence can be described as a logical progression, but taking place in microseconds in a single individual. Violence perpetrated for ideological reasons and for a systematically promoted cause or complaint is shown to be much different. Pogroms by the Church, the Inquisition, the Holocaust, the PLO, the Phoenix Program, Tiananmen Square and guerrilla warfare are among the examples, which illustrate how individual terrorism can grow into a national or religious crusade. Also explored are the motives and methods employed by individual terrorists or groups with some perceived agenda as compared to the motives of a state for suppressing dissent and revolution. The reader/student is introduced to the concept of state-sponsored terrorism a concept that supports terrorist groups and individual terrorists with weapons, money and supplies to achieve their goals. From the Crusades to the frictions between religions around the world today, this section discusses how these got started and where they seem to be today.

PART TWO TERRORISM AROUND THE WORLD

The reader/student will be brought up to the events of the twentieth and early twenty-first century in general terms leading to terrorism from both the left and right wings. The right wing factions of various countries and regions will be examined and discussed and the difference shown as to goals and objectives. The left wing factions of various countries and regions will be examined in a similar methodology and contrasted with the right wing's goals and the difference discovered as to goals and objectives. Regions and nations are covered in the investigation of terrorism its many different factions and their interrelationships.

Chapter 3 North America and the Caribbean

The reader/student examines the events leading up to 9-11 and the dots that were not connected to prevent that cataclysmic event and what has happened since. The kinds of terrorists and groups found in Canada are discussed, as is their conflict with their French and English origins. The general types of "home-grown" terrorism in the United States are examined and analyzed to see how they compare with those in other parts of the world of the world. The United States is shown to be no longer free from the violent terrorist actions plaguing the rest of the world thus far, but perhaps not for long. The peaceful and idyllic islands of the Caribbean and Cuba are shown to have been impacted by the drug terrorism trade and use as shipping stops.

Chapter 4 Great Britain and Northern Ireland

The background for the "Irish Problem" is detailed and brought up to date with examples of friction and terrorism on both sides of the issues. This long chapter provides a model for the student in examining the other terror spots of the world. It shows similarities and differences in the use of terrorism in meeting political or religious goals. Ireland and Main...

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