The Last Alchemist: Count Cagliostro, Master of Magic in the Age of Reason

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9780060006907: The Last Alchemist: Count Cagliostro, Master of Magic in the Age of Reason

Who was the mysterious Count Cagliostro? Depending on whom you ask, he was either a great healer and mystic or a dangerous charlatan whose revolutionary notions and influences threatened to undermine the monarchies of France and Russia. Whatever else he was, Count Alessandro di Cagliostro, the leader of an exotic brand of Freemasonry, was indisputably one of the most influential and notorious figures of the latter eighteenth century, overcoming poverty and an ignoble birth to become the darling -- and bane -- of upper-crust Europe.

Internationally acclaimed historian Iain McCalman has not written a work of biography in the strictest sense; rather, he uses seven key "episodes" in Cagliostro's political and spiritual evolution to provide a dazzling panoramic portrait of eighteenth-century European culture and history. McCalman documents how Cagliostro crossed paths -- and often swords -- with the likes of Catherine the Great, Marie Antoinette, and Pope Pius VI. He was a muse to William Blake and the inspiration for both Mozart's The Magic Flute and Goethe's Faust. LouisXVI had him thrown into the Bastille for his alleged involvement in what would come to be known as "the affair of the necklace." Yet in London, Warsaw, and St. Petersburg, he established "healing clinics" for the poorest of the poor, a radical notion at that time; and his dexterity in the worlds of alchemy and spiritualism won him acclaim among the nobility across Europe.

But it was his progress through the rites of Egyptian Freemasonry -- including the Illuminati, a genuinely conspiratorial secret society dedicated to the overthrow of established religion and monarchy -- that was both his highest achievement and his undoing. In 1791, on the order of Pope Pius VI, Cagliostro was arrested for heresy. He spent the last five years of his life in solitary confinement in an Italian prison, where he died in 1795.

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About the Author:

Iain McCalman was born in Nyasaland (now Malawi) in Africa in 1947. Although a third-generation African - his family is descended in part from Australians who fought with the Australian Light Horse in the Boer War - McCalman grew up knowing he would eventually have to leave Africa. His father, a Kenyan-raised British civil servant, "was very liberal for his time", says McCalman. "He always told us European colonials were caretakers, not owners, and we'd have to go one day. It really irritated my sister and me. Africa was our home. But he never bought property, always prepared us to leave."

At around the age of sixteen he began writing: "My first publication was an article in the Rhodesia Herald on early Portuguese exploration of the lands that now include Zimbabwe." McCalman says he grew up in Africa "in a context where people around me believed in magic, and I felt sympathy with that without it penetrating my own beliefs". This, he believes, was an advantage in writing about Cagliostro's life and work.

He migrated to Australia, where he completed his BA Hons in History and MA at Canberra's Australian National University, and his PhD at Melbourne's Monash University. He has worked in many Australian and overseas universities, and has received awards for his teaching and scholarship, most recently the Federation Centenary medal in 2002. Currently President of the Australian Academy of the Humanities, McCalman became a Professor in History in 1994 and Director of the Humanities Research Centre at ANU a year later. He is currently a Federation Fellow at the ANU - one of the few humanities recipients - and will use the fellowship to research a multi-media project on the "moving picture spectacles" of 18th-century painter (and key Cagliostro enemy) Philip de Loutherborg, and a history of the impact of spectacular Australian landscapes on scientists in Darwin's age.

Iain McCalman specializes in eighteenth-century and early-nineteenth British and European cultural history and has a particular interest in popular culture and "low life".

Along with his many academic achievements, McCalman has developed an interest in the uses of other media for history and has been active in developing collaborative projects linking university-based research to the work of other cultural institutions, and recently was a historical consultant for and participant in the television series The Ship, a re-enactment of Cook's Endeavour voyage. "I had to snatch my reading during occasional interludes between climbing 140 feet up the rigging, sleeping like a fruit bat in a hammock, and crunching on hard tack biscuits and sauerkraut," he says of the journey, and admits it was a little bit "Big Brother at sea".

He is also writing a travel-book cum political memoir called The Gun in the Lake, based on his early life and experiences in Nyasaland.

Review:

“Gracefully weaves in the politics and passions of the age....Cagliostro is [an] extraordinary figure.” (New York Times)

“Perceptive, intelligent and -- by no means least -- immensely entertaining” (Washington Post)

“A rollicking narrative [about] a fantastic rogue.” (Boston Globe)

“A rip-roaring biography.” (Providence Journal-Bulletin)

“A readable and entertaining account of the life and times of one of history’s more colorful and intriguing characters.” (Houston Chronicle)

“Engagingly told ...the stories fly as quickly and colorfully as scarves from a magician’s sleeve.” (Sacramento Bee)

“Lively....a fast-paced adventure and expose of the seamy side of the 18th century.” (Daily Telegraph (London))

“Gripping ... Iain McCalman breathes new life into ... Count Cagliostro ... curious, diverting and instructive.” (Weekly Standard)

“A lively bio [that] opens the files on a fascinating character--a con man for the ages.” (Kirkus Reviews)

“[A] rich, fantastic, devilishly romantic book ... utterly absorbing ... a charming puzzle from beginning to end.” (Simon Winchester, author of KRAKATOA)

“An enlightening account of the career of one of the most famous charlatans of the 18th century.” (Publishers Weekly)

“[A] fascinating life.... Smoothly written, deeply researched,and persuasively argued.” (Peter Gay, author of FREUD)

“Iain McCalman writes history which has the teasing, exciting psychological ambiguity of the best fiction.” (Peter Conrad, author of MODERN TIMES, MODERN PLACES)

“THE LAST ALCHEMIST is presented with wit and elegance.” (Norman Davies, author of EUROPE: A HISTORY)

” [A] fascinating biography ... recounts the astounding adventures of [a man] both revered and reviled by ... eighteenth-century celebrities.” (Booklist)

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Book Description Harpercollins, Scranton, Pennsylvania, U. S. A., 2003. Hardcover. Book Condition: New. Dust Jacket Condition: New. First Edition. Who was the mysterious Count Cagliostro? Depending on who you ask, he was either a great healer and mystic or a dangerous charlatan whose revolutionary notions and influences threatened to undermine the monarchies of France and Russia. He was the leader of an exotic brand of Freemasonry, and was indisputably one of the most influental and notorious figures of the latter eightenth century, overcoming poverty and ignoble birth to become the darling - and bane - of upper-crust Europe. The author documents how Cagliostro crossed paths - and often swords - with Catherine the Great, Marie Antoinette, and Pope Pius VI. In London, Warsaw and St. Petersburg he established "healing clinics" for the poorest of the poor, a radical notion at that time, and his dexterity in the worlds of alchemy and spiritualism won him acclaim among the nobility across Europe. In 1791 he was arrested for heresy, and spent the last five years of his life in solitary confinement. A fascinating biography of a man whose influential actions still reverberate today. Includes endnotes and black and white portraits. Dust jacket has very light rubbing. ; 8vo - over 7¾ - 9¾" tall. Bookseller Inventory # 001591

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Book Description HarperCollins, New York, 2003. Hard Cover. Book Condition: New. Dust Jacket Condition: New. First Edition. New York: HarperCollins, 2003. First edition, 8vo. Hard cover binding, 272 pp. Who was the mysterious Count Cagliostro? Depending on whom you ask, he was either a great healer and mystic or a dangerous charlatan whose revolutionary notions and influences threatened to undermine the 18th-century monarchies of France and Russia. Whatever else he was, Count Alessandro di Cagliostro, the leader of an exotic brand of Freemasonry, was indisputably one of the most influential and notorious figures of the day, overcoming poverty and an ignoble birth to become the darling and also the bane of upper-crust Europe. Historian Iain McCalman uses seven key episodes in Cagliostro's political and spiritual evolution to provide a panoramic portrait of European culture and history, documenting how Cagliostro crossed paths, and often swords, with the likes of Catherine the Great, Marie Antoinette, and Pope Pius VI. He was a muse to William Blake and the inspiration for both Mozart's Magic Flute and Goethe's Faust. New in new dustjacket. Size: 8vo - over 7¾" - 9¾" tall. Bookseller Inventory # 019065

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