An introductory textbook to biological oceanography describing the major marine environments and the marine organisms living in pelagic and benthic habitats. Emphasis is placed on biological production and food chains and their geographical variation according to different physical and chemical regimes. The exploitation and conservation of marine resources are considered. There are sections on both fisheries oceanography and benthic habitats such as coral reefs. Many in situ photographs of planktonic organisms have been incorporated together with in situ observations of plankton behaviour. Overall the book presents a combination of descriptive material and theoretical concepts. Numerous questions and worked examples are provided throughout the text guiding the student in obtaining a thorough understanding and practical working experience of ecological concepts. This title will be welcomed as a companion volume to the hugely successful Open University Oceanography series.
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The comprehensive coverage this book offers encompasses the properties of seawater which affect life in the ocean, classification of marine environments and organisms, phytoplankton and zooplankton, marine food webs, larger marine animals (marine mammals, seabirds and fish), life on the seafloor, and the way in which humans affect marine ecosystems. The second edition has been thoroughly updated, including much data available for the first time in a book at this level. There is also a new chapter on human impacts - from harvesting vast amounts of fish, pollution, and deliberately or accidentally transferring marine organisms to new environments. This book complements the Open University Oceanography Series, also published by Butterworth-Heinemann, and is a set text for the Open University third level course, S330.About the Author:
University of British Columbia
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