Personality Psychology: Science of Individuality

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9780131469037: Personality Psychology: Science of Individuality

This book presents personality from the perspective of existing research. It provides an overview of personality research and demonstrates the relationship between research and real individuals. Readers are encouraged to explore the relationship between the research and their own personalities. It also introduces primary source literature in personality psychology by covering the content, methods, and issues in the journals with minimal jargon. Personality Psychology: The Science of Individuality presents content on its own merits rather than forcing it to fit existing theories. Readers avoid the sometimes inaccurate connections to historical theories found in other books on personality. The book also includes discussions often neglected in other books, such as entire separate chapters on intelligence and cognitive style, the unconscious, and evolutionary personality psychology. Readers will learn important areas in enough depth to appreciate the issues and complexities. The book always attempts to make clear why a particular study is important. This may facilitate the readers' ability to study the subject further. Chapter Two includes a short personality questionnaire designed to measure the Big 5 factors. Since discussions of methodology refer back to the Big 5 factors throughout the book, readers benefit by having a personal involvement through their scores on the questionnaire. It may also help to make some of the material personally relevant. A valuable book for any reader interested in understanding the existing research into personality, or who wishes to understand more about his or her own personality.

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Brody, Nathan; Ehrlichman, Howard
Published by Pearson (1997)
ISBN 10: 0131469037 ISBN 13: 9780131469037
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Book Description Pearson, 1997. Book Condition: New. Brand New, Unread Copy in Perfect Condition. A+ Customer Service! Summary: 1. Personality and Personality Psychology. What Is Personality? What's Ahead in This Book? 2. Personality Measurement. Correlation and Experimentation. Understanding Correlation. Cause and Correlation. The Need for Measurement. Reliability. Validity. Threats to Validity. Social Desirability. Varieties of Personalities Measures. BFT. The Big Five Test. 3. From Words to Traits: The Nature of Dispositions. Traits and Dispositions. Are Traits Mythical? Situational Specificity. The Principle of Aggregation. Does Aggregation Solve the Situation-versus-Trait Debate? Person-Situation Patterning. When Traits Predict Behavior. Cross-Situational Aggregates. Longitudinal Continuity. Stability and Change in Adult Personality. 4. The Big Five: Are We Finished? The Lexical Hypothesis. Organizing the Lexicon. Factor Analysis. What Do We Know About the Big Five? Beyond the Big Five. 5. Genetic and Environmental Influences. The Concept of Heritability. Methodological Issues in the Study of Genetic and Environmental Research. Types Of Genetic and Environmental Influences. Results of Twin and Family Studies: Personality Traits. Results of Twin and Adoption Studies: Attitudes. Results of Twin and Adoption Studies: Intelligence. Intelligence and Personality Compared. Do Parents Influence Personality and Intelligence? Implications of Research on Genetic and Environmental Influences. The Future. 6. Personality and the Brain. Direct and Indirect Biological Influences. Studying Biological Contributions to Personality. Is a Biological Role in Personality Plausible? Extraversion. Neuroticism. Hemispheric Asymmetry and Individual Differences in Emotions. Temperament in Childhood. Change and Stability in Temperament. Childhood Temperament and Adult Personality. Environment and Biology in Temperament. Gender Differences. 7. Personality and Evolution. Individuality and Human Nature. What Is Evolutionary Psychology? The Nature of Human Nature. "Why?" Questions. How Evolution Works. Why Is Sugar Sweet? The Concept of Fitness. Sexual Selection. Testing Evolutionary Hypotheses: Sex Differences in the Psychology of Mating. Is It Convincing? Evolutionary Analysis of Jealousy. Considerations and Caveats. Gender Differences and Similarities. Science and Politics. 8. Motives and Goals. Expectancy-Value Theory. What Are People's Motives? Freud's Theory of Motivation. Henry Murray. Contemporary Research on Needs. Motive Incentives. Achievement Motivation. Implicit and Self-attributed Motives. Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation. Power Motivation. Affiliation and Intimacy Motives. Content Analysis of Archival Data. Goals. Personal Strivings. Life Tasks. Motives, Goals, and Traits. 9. Unconscious Processes. Acts and Reasons: Can We Explain Why We Do What We Do? Responses and Awareness. Conscious and Unconscious Processes Compared. The Unconscious and Personality. Conclusion. 10. Cognitive Form. Intelligence as a Dimension of Personality. The Social Relevance of Intelligence. 11. Our Thoughts, Our Feelings, Our Selves. Self-Esteem. Attributions. Self-efficacy. Self- consciousness. The Self in the Social Context. Cognition and Affect. Concluding Thoughts. 12. Applications. Personality and Therapy. Personality and Work. Personality and Health. 13. Conclusion: Personality in the Twenty-First Century.<. Bookseller Inventory # ABE_book_new_0131469037

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