Introduction to Materials Management

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9780131852167: Introduction to Materials Management

Arnold offers readers the skills and know-how to develop a system for planning and controlling the flow of materials through distribution and manufacturing operations, and to use that system's resources to achieve a desired customer-service level. This introductory- to intermediate-level text, now in its second edition, includes more example problems and end-of-chapter problems, and expands and enhances coverage based on feedback from previous users.

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From the Publisher:

Arnold offers readers the skills and know-how to (1) develop a system for planning and controlling the flow of materials through distribution and manufacturing operations, and (2) use that system's resources to achieve a desired customer-service level. This is the only introductory-to-intermediate text on this subject.

From the Inside Flap:

Preface

Introduction to Materials Management is an introductory text designed for students in community colleges and university programs. It is used in technical programs such as industrial engineering or manufacturing engineering, and in business programs. The text has also proved suitable for those already in industry, whether or not they are working in materials management.

This text has been widely adopted by colleges and universities not only in North America but in other parts of the world. It is listed in the American Production and Inventory Control Society (APICS) CPIM Exam Content Manual as the text reference for the Basics of Supply Chain Management (BSCM) CPIM certification examination. It is used by production and inventory control societies in other countries, such as South Africa, Australia, New Zealand, Germany, France, and Brazil. In addition, it is used by consultants in presenting in-house courses to their customers.

While the third edition covered most of the content of the BSCM examination, over time some additions were made to the examination content. These gaps have been addressed in the fourth edition. Additions have been made in the following:

kanban supply chain concepts system selection theory of constraints and drum-buffer-rope need for new products

In this context, Stephen Chapman, my co-author for this edition, has been invaluable in adding his expertise to the text.

Also new is the addition of key terms, identified when first used by boldface print and an arrow in the margin. As well, the language has been clarified where it proved difficult for students to understand.

The fourth edition of this text is accompanied by a new Introduction to Materials Management Casebook, by Arnold, Chapman, and Lloyd M. Clive. The Casebook takes the student beyond the problems in the textbook by presenting a situation followed by related analysis questions. Most text chapters have cases associated with them, and some cases bridge several chapters. Cases vary in level of difficulty, with the more challenging cases requiring students to think about the management issues involved in their decisions on the job.

Materials management means different things to different people. In this text, materials management includes all activities in the flow of materials from the supplier through to the consumer. Such activities include physical supply, operations planning and control and physical distribution. Other terms sometimes used are business logistics and supply chain management. Often the emphasis in business logistics is on transportation and distribution systems with little concern for what goes on in the factory. While there are chapters in this text devoted to transportation and distribution, most emphasis is placed on operations planning and control.

Distribution and operations are managed by planning and controlling the flow of materials through them and by utilizing the system's resources to achieve a desired customer service level. These activities are the responsibility of materials management, and affect every department in a manufacturing business. If the materials management system is not well designed and operated, the distribution and manufacturing system will be less effective and more costly. Anyone working in manufacturing or distribution should have a good basic understanding of the factors influencing materials flow. This text aims to provide that understanding.

The American Production and Inventory Control Society has defined the body of knowledge, the concepts, and the vocabulary used in production and inventory control. This is important, not only in developing an understanding of production and inventory control, but in making clear communication possible. Where applicable, the definitions and concepts in the text subscribe to APICS vocabulary and concepts.

The first six chapters of this text cover the basics of production planning and control. Chapter 7 discusses the important factors in purchasing; Chapter 8 is on forecasting. Chapters 9, 10, and 11 look at the fundamentals of inventory management. Chapter 12 discusses physical inventory and warehouse management, and Chapter 13 examines the elements of distribution systems including transportation, packaging, and material handling. Chapter 14 discusses the factors influencing product and process design. Chapter 15 looks at the philosophy and the environment of Just-in-Time manufacturing. It explains how operations planning and control systems relate to Just-in-Time. Chapter 16 examines the elements of total quality management.

The text covers all the basics of supply chain management and production and inventory control. The material, examples, questions, and problems lead the student logically through the material. The style is simple and user-friendly. Students who have used the material attest to this.

Help and encouragement have come from a number of valued sources, among them friends, colleagues, and students. We thank the faculty of other colleges and the many members of APICS chapters who continue to offer their support and helpful advice. Thanks to Doug Kopscik, Greenville Technical College, and Daniel C. Steele, University of South Carolina, for their reviews of the third edition text and suggestions for the fourth edition.

I would also like to thank my wife, Vicky Arnold, for her assistance throughout the time Introduction to Materials Management was in preparation.

This book is dedicated to those who have taught us the most—our students.

J. R. Tony Arnold, Professor Emeritus
Fleming College
Peterborough, Ontario

Stephen N. Chapman, PhD, Associate Professor
Department of Business Management, College of Management
North Carolina State University

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