Environmental Chemistry: Chemical Principles for Environmental Processes

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9780139723254: Environmental Chemistry: Chemical Principles for Environmental Processes
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One part of a five-volume textbook intended for chemists, chemical engineers, environmental engineers, as well as non-science professionals such as political office-holders, legal professionals, and journalists. Covers the fate and transport of xenobiotics in air, water, and soil media, with an emphasis on the fundamental chemical principles of different processes and treatments adopted by environmental engineers. Specific topics include water softening, ion exchange, coagulation, disinfection, oxidation, reduction, sedimentation, activated sludge, adsorption, and membrane separation. Annotation c. by Book News, Inc., Portland, Or.

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From the Inside Flap:

Modern training of environmental engineering emphasizes the fate and transport of xenobiotics in air, water, and soil media. There are a number of books that follow this style available in chemodynamics, process dynamics, and modeling. It is the objective of this volume of Environmental Chemistry to enable students to thoroughly understand these concepts. This volume emphasizes the fundamental chemical principles of different processes and treatments adopted by environmental engineering. Our aim is that if we learn enough chemistry in these different processes, there will be no difficulty in redesigning or modifying existing processes.

Chemists and chemical engineers both in training and at work will find this book to be quite useful. It provides comprehensive information about how chemistry applies to environmental practice, so that it will be easy for chemists and chemical engineers to become professional environmental engineers. Another purpose of this volume is to provide ample information for non-science, non-engineering professionals such as political office-holders, legal professionals, and journalists. They can thumb through the pages and apply the information therein for better-informed decision-making in cases involving various options and alternatives. For practicing environmental and civil engineers, this book can serve as a constant companion. To properly handle and tackle environmentally related chemical problems, it is vital to have personnel who are knowledgeable in both the fields of chemistry and environmental engineering. Both ecologically illiterate chemists and chemically illiterate environmental engineers are inadequate for the conduction of environmental practices. Therefore, it should be mandatory that both graduate and undergraduate environmental engineering majors adopt a course in environmental chemistry or chemical processes for environmental engineering. This book can meet the needs of both. In the next century, the practice of environmental engineers will not only be limited to certain specialties, but also require a broad and general knowledge of many disciplines. To this end, the content of the previous volume, Vol. 4A, and this volume, Vol. 4B, reflects this more comprehensive nature.

The first volume of Environmental Chemistry (Vol. 4A), with the title Essentials of Chemistry for Engineering Practice, is a general review of environmental chemistry. It consists of both a review of general chemistry, physical chemistry, organic chemistry, analytical chemistry and colloid chemistry; and the interactions and relationships among the five essential global cycles, namely, those of the lithosphere (minerals and energy sources), atmosphere, hydrosphere, pedosphere (soil), and biosphere. We have tentatively divided the chapters of volume Vol. 4B into four major sections. The first section deals with processes involving chemical equilibria, followed by chemical processes, then biochemical processes, and finally physicochemical processes. This volume can be used in different orders under the section title. It has been written as a first course in the training of graduate students for the study of environmental science and engineering. Many environmental engineering curricula would not offer separate courses in chemical, biological, or physical processes. Vol. 4B can be used as the basis for teaching the fundamentals before the design portion is taught.

Each volume of Environmental Chemistry can be used independently. However, if the reader finds Vol. 4B difficult to start with, then it is necessary to begin with Vol. 4A. Finally, in this volume, there is an introduction to water quality, hydraulics, fluid mechanics, diffusion, and mass transfer, as these topics serve as the bridge from engineering to chemistry.

Teh Fu Yen
University of Southern California

From the Back Cover:

Master the fundamental chemical principles underlying environmental engineering.

Professionals seeking to control, minimize and prevent environmental pollution need an in-depth understanding of the principles of chemistry and chemical engineering. Environmental Chemistry: Chemical Principles for Environmental Processes, Volume 4B is designed to impart this understanding. It begins by reviewing fundamental equilibrium-related principles underlying industrial processes, including: Chemical equilibrium: ideal vs. real systems, activity coefficients, electrolyte and ionic strength, and the Debye-Hückel theory. Water softening: Carbonate systems, carbonate concentration diagrams, system and equivalent points. Precipitation and stabilization: Dissolution, solubility products, Langelier indexes, and complexation-coordination chemistry. Ion exchange: Exchange reactions, equilibria and kinetics; exchanger applications, and ion chromatography. Coagulation: Destablization, coagulants, flocculation, and sedimentation

Next, the book introduces key chemical processes, such as combustion, thermochemistry and incineration; pyrolysis; photometry and photochemistry; disinfection; oxidation, reduction, corrosion, aeration and stripping. It reviews biochemical processes (biochemical kinetics, activated sludge, biotreatment, and bioconversion), as well as physicochemical processes (sedimentation, flotation, filtration adsorption, and membrane separation). It concludes by presenting essential electromechanical, magnetic and sonochemical treatment options.

Replete with examples, figures, tables, equations, references and problems, this is an essential resource for all engineers, chemists and environmental professionals.

A companion text, Environmental Chemistry: Essentials of Chemistry for Engineering Practice, Volume 4A, presents an overview of environmental chemistry in each envirosphere.

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