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The authors consider new evidence to answer questions which have remained a mystery for 400 years: "What was the reality of the Spanish threat and why did the Armada fail?" Material from archives in Spain and the Netherlands has been augmented by the discoveries of Armada wrecks.
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Colin Martin is Reader in Maritime Archaeology at the University of St. Andrews.
Geoffrey Parker is Professor of History at Ohio State University.
In the summer of 1588, the Spanish Armada of 130 ships was soundly defeated, not by the English so much as by weather. Drawing on historical documents and newly discovered Spanish shipwrecks, Martin (an underwater archeologist) and Parker ( Philip II ) here write a concise history describing the power struggles and political intrigues of Europe that led to the launching of the armada. They write of the commanders and the commanded, the weapons, rations, ships and supplies of 16th century naval warfare. They trace the horrible journey of the limping armada around Ireland and back to Spain. They blast several myths: " The invincible armada " was a phrase penned by an Englishman, Lord Burghley, after England's victorythe Spanish had never used it. Francis Drake's alleged comment about finishing his game of bowls when the armada was first spotted was not particularly nonchalanthe had hours to wait for the turn of the tide. The armada actually succeeded, argue the authors: the Spanish ships reached Calaistheir objectivelargely intact. Here, they were to rendezvous with the Duke of Parma and his Army of Flanders to invade England. It was Parma's unreadiness (because of poor communications) that foiled Spanish plans to place a Catholic ruler on the English throne. Illustrations.
Copyright 1988 Reed Business Information, Inc.
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Book Description Penguin Putnam~trade, 1989. Condition: Good. Shows some signs of wear, and may have some markings on the inside. Seller Inventory # GRP58118564
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Book Description Penguin, London, 1989. Paperback. Condition: VG-. 296pp. Extremities rubbed; crease bottom of front cover; owner name fep. Illus.; endnotes; index. Seller Inventory # 236532
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Book Description Penguin, 1989. Paperback. Condition: GOOD. 1989. Penguin. 1st Pub. Book - Good, edges rubbed. Softback. Profuse b/w and colour photos and plates. Numerous b/w maps and illus throughout. 9.5 x 7.5. 296pp. Seller Inventory # 359139