This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1849 edition. Excerpt: ...Halik. Vett. Script. Censur, p. 70; Theon. Progymnas. c. 2); Strabo, xiv. p. 680; Xenophon, Anabas. i. 2, 13. Chap. XVI. PHRYGIANS. 283 territory near the river Axius (afterwards a part of Macedonia) than to the Asiatic coast of the eastern Propontis, between Kios and the river Rhyndakus'. Otreus and Mygd6n are the commanders of the Phrygians in the Iliad; and the river OdryseX which flowed through the territory of the Asiatic Mygdonians into the Rhyndakus, affords another example of homonymy with the Odrysian Thracians2 in Europe. And as these coincidences of names and legends conduct us to the idea of analogy and affinity between Thracians and Phrygians, so we find Archilochus, the earliest poet remaining to us who mentions them as contemporaries, coupling the two in the same simile3. To this early Parian lambist, the population on the two sides of the Hellespont appears to have presented similarity of feature and customs. To settle with any accuracy the extent and con-Phryg1ans. dition of these Asiatic nations during the early days of Grecian settlement among them is imprac-1 Strabo, xii. p. 575-576; Steph. Byz. MvySovia; Thucyd. ii. 99. The territory Mygdonia and the Mygdonians, in the distant region of Mesopotamia, eastward of the river C'haboras (Plutarch, Lucullus, 32; Polyb. v. 51; Xenophon, Anab. iv. 3, 4), is difficult to understand, since it is surprising to find a branch of these more westerly Asiaties in the midst of the Syro-Arabian population. Strabo (xv. p. 747) supposes it to date only from the times of the Macedonian conquest of Asia, which is disproved by the mention of the name in Xenophon; though this reading in the text of Xenophon is by some called in question. See Forbiger, Handbuch der Alten Geographie, Part ii. sect. 98....
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Paul Cartledge is a reader in Greek History in the University of Cambridge. He is the author of numerous books, articles and reviews on all aspects of ancient Greek History, including The Greeks. A Portrait of Self and Others
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