The Evolution of the Hebrew Language

9780217278881: The Evolution of the Hebrew Language

This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1889. Excerpt: ... APPENDIX. A. Archaic Hebrew in the Pentateuch. Beside the use of the pronoun hu for the feminine as well as for the masculine, as also naQsar in both genders for hoy and girl, to the exclusion of hi, nansarah, Professor Green mentions as peculiarities in the Hebrew of the Pentateuch tsakhaq "laugh" never sakhaq; Hannah nefesh "afflict the soul", never tsum"fast" nor the later derivative taanith; lekhem panim, "shevvbread" never lekhem hammansareketh; mamlakah "kingdom" never mamlakuth, malkuth, malukah; shesh "fine linen", never buts. See Pentateuch in Schaff-Herzog Dict. 13. In archaic syntax the subordinate clause has an infinitive or participle, while the conclusive clause has an indicative tense Ex. Jud. 1, 7 "thumbs and great toes cut off were". The Pual participle mak'uttsatsim "cut off" precedes the indicative past hayu. I Sam 17, 57 "as David returned (inf.) Abner took him (indic)". C. In archaic syntax the nominative follows the genitive. In Jud. 1, 7 Adonibezek in saying b8honoth yedehem veraglehem "thumbs and great toes of their bands and feet" postponed the genitive, yet in saying shibh:m mSIakim behonoth "seventy kings' thumbs and great toes" he placed I he adjective first, then the genitive, and after it the nominative. AlsoV. II Ki. 7.14, chariot horses. In Dan 5, 6 we read "then the king's countenance was changed in him". Here the Chaldee places malka, "the king" first and "his countenance" follows. This is contrary to the usual order. To smooth the transition the possessive suffix i is added to zio "countenance". Such examples are most valuable for showing how far the eastern Asiatic syntax, as we may call it, lingers in Biblical Hebrew and Chaldee as a vestige of the primitive Semitic syntax. D. Additional examples of the evolution of co...

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