This historic book may have numerous typos or missing text. Not indexed. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. 1893. Not illustrated. Excerpt: ... THE ARMY. THE highest regimental officer in this country is denominated a Colonel, in accordance with the Latin columna, and Italian colonna, a column, because he commands a column of soldiers. The word Lieutenant denotes the rank of one who is competent to take the place of a superior officer, lieu being French for place, and tenant, a holding. Thus we have a Lieutenant-Colonel and a Lieutenant-General.. Very appropriate is the title of Duke when bestowed upon a valiant soldier, as was the case with General Arthur Wellesley, created Duke of Wellington; the term signifying, according to the Latin dux (from the verb ducere, to lead), a leader, a commander. Next in rank to the Commander-in Chief comes a General, entrusted with the command of an entire army. The term Captain has been derived from the Latin caput, the head; and Corporal, from the Latin corpus, the body. The officer next in rank above a Captain is styled a Major, agreeably to the comparative of the Latin magnus, great, because his is the more dignified position of the two. A Major-General commands a division, and ranks next to a Lieutenant-General. The word Sergeant comes from the Latin servire, to serve; it is the duty of the non-commissioned officer so designated to instruct recruits in their drill and in discipline, so as to lighten the responsibility of his superior officer, the Captain. The officer who assists the superior officers in the execution of orders in despatching their correspondence and in a variety of other matters is denominated an Adjutant, from the Latin ad, to, and juxta, near, on account of his constant attendance upon them. An Orderly is so called because he attends upon and carries out the orders of an individual officer; while an Ensign is a commissioned officer who car...
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