Papers of the Archaeological Institute of America (Volume 4)

9780217528627: Papers of the Archaeological Institute of America (Volume 4)

This historic book may have numerous typos, missing text or index. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. 1892. Not illustrated. Excerpt: ... VI. THE TIGUAS AND THE PIROS. T the close of the last chapter I stated that the lan guage spoken by these two tribes is related to the idioms of the Tchuas, consequently also of the Tanos, Taos, Picurics, and Jemez. The Tigua language is virtually the same as that spoken at Taos and Picurics, the difference not being greater than that between dialects of Southern Germany and those of some of the northern Cantons of Switzerland.1 It follows, and is recognized at Taos as well as at Isleta, that the most northerly and the most southerly pueblos in New Mexico are Tiguas, separated from each other by a stock linguistically related, the Tehuas, and by one whose linguistic affinities appear much more remote, the Queres. The phenomenon which we have observed in regard to the Jemez, namely, a division into two branches settled apart from each other, is repeated by the Tiguas. In an air line the most southerly village of the northern Tiguas, Picuries, lies eighty miles north of the most northerly settle 1 I have heard Indians from Taos and from Isleta converse with each other a number of times, and always in their respective dialects, without the aid of an interpreter. Benavidcs, about the year 1629, recognized the Taos and Picuries as Tiguas. Of the latter he says (Memorial, p. 30): "V aunque estos Indios son de nacion Tioas, por estar tan apartados dellos, suponen por si." Of the Tans he states " de la misma nacion que el antecedente, au- que algo varia la lengua." Mr. A. S. Gatschet, the eminent linguist, has termed the southern Tigua "Tano." He has in this been misled by Oscar Loew. The Tanos idiom is a dialect of the Tehua, and has no more in common with the idioms of Isleta and Taos than the Tehua has with the Tigua in general. ment of their southern kindred. I have...

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