Reinventing Biology: Respect for Life and the Creation of Knowledge (Race, Gender, & Scie)

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9780253329097: Reinventing Biology: Respect for Life and the Creation of Knowledge (Race, Gender, & Scie)

"Hubbard and Lynda Birke have asked an important question: how would the practices of biology change if organisms were considered subjects with agency? They have gathered an array of excellent scholars and a broad spectrum of perspectives...this is a fresh question and one very much on the minds of many people." - Londa Schiebinger. What would the study of life be like if "man" were not given a special place? The contributors to "Reinventing Biology" begin to answer that question, exploring what biology would look like if scientists gave more forethought and concern to the organisms with which they work. These essays address a broad spectrum of concerns: How are organisms raised, housed, and maintained, and what concern is given to using the minimum number needed to address the question at hand? What does it mean to raise animals or plants specifically as experimental resources? What guides the decisions about which animals are routinely bred for experimental purposes - dogs and cats are not, unlike guinea pigs, rats, and mice? What about experiments with "wild" animals and the impact of such experimentation on natural populations? The questions raised here point to contradictions in present-day biological research: debates about the lines between nature and culture, subject and object, organisms and machines - especially as machines become more sophisticated. "Reinventing Biology" also addresses the status and social responsibility of scientists, as well as the social construction of science and "nature." The contributors are Arnold Arluke, Lynda Birke, Anne Fausto-Sterling, Ruth Hubbard, Emily Martin, Judith C. Masters, Donna Mergler, Karen Messing, Stuart A. Newman, Lesley J. Rogers, Hilary Rose, Boria Sax, Vandana Shiva, Marianne van den Wijngaard, and Betty J. Wall.

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About the Author:

LYNDA BIRKE a biologist at the Centre for the Study of Women and Gender at the University of Warwick, is the author of Women, Feminism and Biology: The Feminist Challenge and Feminism, Animals and Science: The Naming of the Shrew. RUTH HUBBARD is Professor Emerita of Biology at Harvard University. Her most recent books are The Politics of Women’s Biology, Exploding the Gene Myth (co-authored with Elijah Wald) and Profitable Promises: Essays on Women, Science and Health.

Review:

In many ways an exploration of human-other boundaries, Reinventing Biology explores the paradox of animals being similar enough to humans to serve as models but different enough to justify using and killing them. Much more than a book about animal welfare, it explores how the scientific questions and answers would be different if biology operated from a paradigm of respect for the objects of study. Thirteen contributions are arranged in four distinct sections; individual topics vary extensively but each is first-rate. The consequences of the distancing of objectivity are explored in the first section. The biographical accounts in the second section provide a refreshing contrast to much scientific writing and encourage readers to explore their own relationships to other organisms. The practice of biology is reviewed with authors asking what is really learned from some research, and is the knowledge worth the pain and suffering. The last section explores how boundaries between humans and others are being breached. A welcome addition to the literature critiquing science and an excellent resource for courses on the conceptual framework of science or objectivity in science. All levels.G. E. Stratton, Rhodes College, 1996mar CHOICE.

(G. E. Stratton, Rhodes College, 1996mar CHOICE.)

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BIRKE, L. und R. (Edd.) HUBBARD:
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Book Description INDIANA UNIV. PRESS, 01. Book Condition: Wie neu. 1995. 312 S., gln Given the authors diverse backgrounds, each one has addressed the questions posed by the editors in her or his own way. Their reflections in turn pose further questions, partly about the relationship between humans and animals or between humans and othe Sprache: Deutsch. Bookseller Inventory # 18335

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