The Design of High-Efficiency Turbomachinery and Gas Turbines

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9780262231145: The Design of High-Efficiency Turbomachinery and Gas Turbines

Solutions to present and future energy shortages will rely increasingly on improved designs of high-efficiency turbomachinery, from the steam and gas turbines in solar-energy "power-tower" systems to the promising gas-turbine engines made largely from nonmetallic ceramic and "carbon-carbon" materials. This comprehensive text makes available to students and practicing engineers methods for the design of such machines with configurations that are close to the optimum possible for the duty specified.

An introductory chapter outlines aims, defines terms and turbomachinery parts, and compares the characteristics and power ranges of gas turbines with other kinds of engines. A review of the basic principles of thermodynamics and efficiency definitions is provided in the second chapter. The rest of the book deals with the analysis and design of actual turbomachinery configurations and gas turbines, based on a consistent' application of thermodynamic theory and a more empirical treatment of fluid mechanics, one that relies on the extensive use of design charts.

The topics covered in the book's final eleven chapters are the thermodynamics of gas-turbine power cycles, diffusion and diffusers, energy transfer in turbomachines, the analysis and design of three-dimensional free-stream flow, the design and performance prediction of axial-flow turbines, the design and performance prediction of axialflow compressors and pumps, preliminary design methods for radial-flow turbomachines, convective heat transfer (including blade cooling and heat-exchanger design considerations), cavitation and two-phase flow in pumps, combustion systems and combustion calculations, and mechanical-design considerations (including vibration characteristics and material selection).

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From the Back Cover:

One of the only books to focus on turbomachinery and gas turbines from the “design” point of view. This volume reviews the necessary thermodynamics, gives extensive design data, provides engine and component illustrations (with comments on good and less-than-good design features), and contains many worked examples — allowing readers to produce preliminary designs that can be made and run quickly. More comprehensive than similar books, it features a simplified — and more accurate — thermodynamic treatment that eliminates the confusing use of “gamma” and specific heat together, and provides individual full-chapter coverage of on axial-flow turbines and compressors and radial-flow versions of the same.

About the Author:

David Gordon Wilson is Professor of Mechanical Engineering Emeritus at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He is the coauthor of the first two editions of Bicycling Science and was the editor of the journal Human Power from 1994 to 2002.

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Wilson, David Gordon
Published by The MIT Press (1984)
ISBN 10: 026223114X ISBN 13: 9780262231145
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Wilson, David Gordon
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