Strategic Assessment in War

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9780300080698: Strategic Assessment in War

How do military organizations assess strategic policy in war? In this book Scott Gartner develops a theory to explain how military and government leaders evaluate wartime performance, how much they change strategies in response to this evaluation, and why they are frequently at odds when discussing the success or failure of strategic performance.

Blending history, decision theory, and mathematical modeling, Gartner argues that military personnel do reevaluate their strategies and that they measure the performance of a strategy through quantitative, "dominant" indicators. But different actors within a government use different indicators of success: some will see the strategy as succeeding when others see it as failing because of their different dominant indicators. Gartner tests his argument with three case studies: the British shift to convoys in World War I following the German imposition of unrestricted submarine warfare; the lack of change in British naval policy in the Battle of the Atlantic following the German introduction of Wolf Packs in World War II; and the American decision to deescalate in Vietnam after the Tet Offensive. He also tests his approach in a nonwar situation, analyzing the Carter Administration's decision to launch the hostage rescue attempt. In each case, his dominant indicator model better predicts the observed behavior than either a standard-organization or an action-reaction approach.

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This analytical study of how military organizations and governments behave during war--specifically, how they adjust their strategies in response to enemy actions--emphasizes how hard it is to make good decisions in rapidly changing environments. Following the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait in 1990, for instance, a Saudi Arabian official suggested that his country gauge Iraq's intentions before seeking American military assistance. Replied King Fahd: "The Kuwaitis did not rush into a decision, and today they are guests in our hotels!" Scott Sigmund Gartner's prose can lean heavily on academic jargon--parts of Strategic Assessment in War read like a political scientist writing for other political scientists--but anecdotes such as the aforementioned exchange enliven the text. Indeed, Gartner has an eye for telling details. One standard problem for the military is evaluating the performance of its leaders. In the First World War, reports the author, British infantry officers found their careers ruined if their units didn't suffer enough casualties. Most of Gartner's critique focuses on three case studies drawn from the antisubmarine actions during the First and Second World Wars and the Tet Offensive during the Vietnam War. Another chapter provides an extended look at the Carter administration's behavior during the Iran hostage crisis. --John J. Miller

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Scott Sigmund Gartner
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Book Description Yale University Press, United States, 1999. Paperback. Book Condition: New. Language: English . Brand New Book ***** Print on Demand *****.How do military organizations assess strategic policy in war? In this book Scott Gartner develops a theory to explain how military and government leaders evaluate wartime performance, how much they change strategies in response to this evaluation, and why they are frequently at odds when discussing the success or failure of strategic performance. Blending history, decision theory, and mathematical modeling, Gartner argues that military personnel do reevaluate their strategies and that they measure the performance of a strategy through quantitative, dominant indicators. But different actors within a government use different indicators of success: some will see the strategy as succeeding when others see it as failing because of their different dominant indicators. Gartner tests his argument with three case studies: the British shift to convoys in World War I following the German imposition of unrestricted submarine warfare; the lack of change in British naval policy in the Battle of the Atlantic following the German introduction of Wolf Packs in World War II; and the American decision to deescalate in Vietnam after the Tet Offensive.He also tests his approach in a nonwar situation, analyzing the Carter Administration s decision to launch the hostage rescue attempt. In each case, his dominant indicator model better predicts the observed behavior than either a standard-organization or an action-reaction approach. Bookseller Inventory # AAV9780300080698

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Scott Sigmund Gartner
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Book Description Yale University Press, United States, 1999. Paperback. Book Condition: New. Language: English . Brand New Book ***** Print on Demand *****. How do military organizations assess strategic policy in war? In this book Scott Gartner develops a theory to explain how military and government leaders evaluate wartime performance, how much they change strategies in response to this evaluation, and why they are frequently at odds when discussing the success or failure of strategic performance.Blending history, decision theory, and mathematical modeling, Gartner argues that military personnel do reevaluate their strategies and that they measure the performance of a strategy through quantitative, dominant indicators. But different actors within a government use different indicators of success: some will see the strategy as succeeding when others see it as failing because of their different dominant indicators. Gartner tests his argument with three case studies: the British shift to convoys in World War I following the German imposition of unrestricted submarine warfare; the lack of change in British naval policy in the Battle of the Atlantic following the German introduction of Wolf Packs in World War II; and the American decision to deescalate in Vietnam after the Tet Offensive. He also tests his approach in a nonwar situation, analyzing the Carter Administration s decision to launch the hostage rescue attempt. In each case, his dominant indicator model better predicts the observed behavior than either a standard-organization or an action-reaction approach. Bookseller Inventory # AAV9780300080698

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Book Description Yale University Press. Paperback. Book Condition: New. Paperback. 256 pages. Dimensions: 8.2in. x 5.4in. x 0.8in.How do military organizations assess strategic policy in war In this book Scott Gartner develops a theory to explain how military and government leaders evaluate wartime performance, how much they change strategies in response to this evaluation, and why they are frequently at odds when discussing the success or failure of strategic performance. Blending history, decision theory, and mathematical modeling, Gartner argues that military personnel do reevaluate their strategies and that they measure the performance of a strategy through quantitative, dominant indicators. But different actors within a government use different indicators of success: some will see the strategy as succeeding when others see it as failing because of their different dominant indicators. Gartner tests his argument with three case studies: the British shift to convoys in World War I following the German imposition of unrestricted submarine warfare; the lack of change in British naval policy in the Battle of the Atlantic following the German introduction of Wolf Packs in World War II; and the American decision to deescalate in Vietnam after the Tet Offensive. He also tests his approach in a nonwar situation, analyzing the Carter Administrations decision to launch the hostage rescue attempt. In each case, his dominant indicator model better predicts the observed behavior than either a standard-organization or an action-reaction approach. This item ships from multiple locations. Your book may arrive from Roseburg,OR, La Vergne,TN. Paperback. Bookseller Inventory # 9780300080698

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