This new primary sources reader illustrates and illuminates the variety of Christian ideas and practices of the past two millennia. Each chapter opens with a timeline that places religious events in their political, social, and intellectual context.
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Note: Each chapter concludes with a Bibliography. A Note on Scriptural References I. The Ancient Church in Religious Context A. Cult Worship 1. Letter of Emperor Tiberius on the Imperial Cult 2. Apuleius, Metamorphoses 3. Day of Atonement (Yoma) from the Mishnah 4. The Teachings (Didache); or, the Lord's Instructions to the Gentiles Through the Twelve Apostles 5. Justin Martyr, Apologia B. Charisma 1. Artemidorus of Daldis, The Interpretation of Dreams 2. 1 Enoch 3. Gregory of Nyssa, Life of St. Gregory Thaumaturgus 4. Hermas, The Shepherd 5. Tertullian, On the Soul C. Martyr 1. Anonymous, The Martyrdoms of Perpetua and Felicitas 2. Eusebius, The Ecclesiastical History D. Philosophy 1. Marcus Aurelius, Meditations 2. Philo of Alexandria, On the Preliminary Studies 3. Gospel of Thomas 4. Clement of Alexandria, Miscellanies 5. Tertullian, On the Prescription Against Heretics E. Bbishop 1. St. Ignatius of Antioch, Letter to the Ephesians 2. Irenaeus, Against Heresies II. Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages A. Asceticism 1. Athanasius, Life of Antony 2. St. Ephraem of Edessa, Life of St. Mary the Harlot, Niece of the Hermit Abraham 3. St. Benedict of Nursia, Rule B. Arianism 1.The Preliminary Epistolary War. (a) Letter of Arius to Eusebius, Bishop of Nicodemia. (b) Circular Letter of Alexander of Alexandria 2. The Council of Nicaea. (a) Letter of Athanasius, "To the Africans." (b) The Creed of Nicaea C. Original Sin 1. St. Augustine of Hippo, Confessions 2. Pelagius, Letter to Demetrias D. Relic Veneration 1. St. Jerome, Against Vigilantius 2. Gregory of Tours, Glory of the Martyrs E. Barbarian Conversion 1. St. Boniface, Miscellaneous Documents. (a) Willibald, Life of St. Boniface. (b) Letter of Bishop Daniel of Winchester to Boniface. (c) Letter of Boniface to Bishop Daniel 3. Rudolf of Fulda, Life of Leoba III. The High Middle Ages A. Investiture Crisis 1. Correspondence of Pope Gregory VII and Emperor Henry IV. (a) Henry to Gregory. (b) Gregory to Henry. (c) Henry to Gregory. (d) Gregory to the German Princes B. Crusade 1. Fulcher of Chartres, The First Crusade C. Scholasticism 1. Peter Abelard, History of My Calamities 2. Thomas Aquinas, Summa Theologica D. Sacrament 1. Peter Lombard, Four Books of Sentences 2. Statutes of Bishop Robert Grosseteste for the Diocese of Lincoln E. Mendicants 1. Documents on St. Francis of Assisi. (a) Thomas Celano, Life of St. Francis of Assisi. (b) Francis of Assisi, "Prayer." (c) Frances of Assisi, "The Canticle of Brother Sun" IV. The Late Middle Ages and Renaissance A. Pilgrimage 1. The Pilgrim's Guide to Santiago de Compostela 2. Desiderius Erasmus, A Pilgrimage for Religion's Sake B. Contemptus Mundi 1. Thomas a Kempis, The Imitation of Christ 2. Bernadino da Siena, On the Vanity of the World and Especially of Women C. Inquisition 1. Bernard Gui, Manual of the Inquisitor D. Mysticism 1. Meister Eckhart, Sermon 2. Catherine of Genoa, Purgation and Purgatory E. Humanism 1. Giannozzo Manetti, On the Dignity of Man 2. Florentino Vespasiano da Bisticci, Lives of Illustrious Men, "Pope Nicholas V" V. The Reformation Era A. Evangelicalism 1. Desiderius Erasmus of Rotterdam, Paraclesis: or, An Exhortation 2. Martin Luther, Preface to the New Testament 3. William Tyndale, Preface to Pentateuch B. Justification 1. Martin Luther, Preface to Epistle of St. Paul to the Romans 2. John Calvin, Institutes of the Christian Religion 3. Theresa of Avila, Life C. Anabaptists 1. Letter from Conrad Grebel to Thomas Muntzer 2. Thirteen Statements on the Order of Life and A Code for Public Behavior [in Munster] 3. Letter from a Dutch Anabaptist Martyr to Her Daughter D. Indoctrination 1. Woodcuts 2. Hymns. (a) Martin Luther, "A Mighty Fortress Is Our God." (b) Paul Speratus, "Salvation unto Us Has Come" 3. The Heidelberg Catechism 4. Letter from a Dutch Calvinist Minister on Rural Ignorance and Apathy 5. St. Ignatius Loyola, Spiritual Exercises E. Religious Toleration 1. Two letters on the St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre. (a) Theodor Beza to Christoph Hardesheim. (b) Joachim Opser, S.J., to the Abbot of St. Gallen Monastery 2. Sebastian Castellio, Concerning Heretics VI. The Confessional Age A. Nonconformists 1. The Life of Mrs. Lucy Hutchinson, Written by Herself 2. John Milton, Poetry. (a) "To the Lord General Cromwell." (b) "On His Blindness" 3. George Fox, Journal B. Witch-Hunt 1. Witches at Chelmsford 2. Recantation of Cornelius Loos 3. Cotton Mather, Witches C. Deism 1. Isaac Newton, Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy (Principia) 2. Voltaire, Philosophical Dictionary D. Methodism 1. John Wesley, Minutes of Some Late Conversations Between the Rev. Messrs. Wesley and Others 2. Methodist Hyms. (a) John Wesley, Preface to A Collection of Hymns for the Use of the People Called Methodists. (b) Charles Wesley, "Come, Sinners, to the Gospel Feast." (c) Charles Wesley, "O for a Thousand Tongues to Sing!" VII. North American Christianity to 1860 A. New World Missions 1. Jean de Brebeuf, "Instruction for the Fathers of Our Society Who Shall Be Sent to the Hurons" 2. Pierre Francois Xavier Charlevoix, "The Conversion and Holy Death of Catherine Tegahkouita " 3. Junipero Serra, Annual Records of the Mission of San Carlos de Monterey B. Great Awakening 1. Accounts of the Great Awakening. (a) Jonathan Edwards, Letter to George Whitefield. (b) George Whitefield, Diary. (c) Benjamin Franklin, Autobiography. (d) Nathan Cole, Diary. (e) Timothy Cutler, Letters C. Premillennialism 1. Ellen G. White, The Great Controversy D. Abolitionism 1. Samuel Sewall, The Selling of Joseph: A Memorial 2. David Walker, Four Articles 3. Frederick Douglass, Autobiography VIII. Nineteenth-Century Europe A. Romanticism 1. Friedrich Schleiermacher, On Religion, Speeches to Its Cultured Despisers 2. William Blake, Poetry. (a) "Mock on, Mock on, Voltaire, Rousseau." (b) "The Tiger" B. Socialism 1. Henri Saint-Simon, New Christianity: First Dialogue 2. Karl Marx, "The Social Principles of Christianity" 3. Leo XIII, De Rerum Novarum C. Higher Criticism 1. F.C. Baur, Paul, The Apostle of Jesus Christ, Life, Work, His Epistles, Doctrine: A Contribution to the Critical History of Primitive Christianity 2. Ernest Renan, The Life of Jesus D. Catholic Renewal 1. John Henry Newman, Apologia Pro Vita Sua: Being a History of His Religious Opinions 2. Gerard Manley Hopkins, Poetry. (a) "The Habit of Perfection." (b) "God's Grandeur." (c) "The Caged Skylark" 3. Therese of Lisieux, Story of a Soul E. Missionary Societies 1. Erastus Wentworth, Journal 2. Rebecca J. Parker, "The Key of the Home: A Picture of Work among the Women of India" IX. The Twentieth Century A. Fundamentalism 1. Introduction to The Scofield Reference Bible 2. The Scopes Trial Transcripts. (a) Clarence Darrow, Opening Speech. (b) William Jennings Bryan, Opening Speech. (c) Kirtley F. Mather, Testimony 3. Jerry Falwell, Listen America! B. Revivalism 1. Elsie W. Mason, The Man, Charles Harrison Mason 2. Sinclair Lewis, Elmer Gantry C. Modernism 1. The Modernist-Premillenarian Debate. (a) Shailer Matthews, "Will Christ Come Again?" (b) Reuben Torrey, "'Will Christ Come Again?' An Exposure of the Foolishness, Fallacies, and Falsehoods of Shailer Matthews" D. Nazism 1. Platform of the German Christians 2. Barmen Declaration 3. Franz Jaegerstaetter, Letters from Prison. (a) "Commentaries." (b) Farewell to His Family 4. Dietrich Bonhoeffer, Letters from Prison. (a)To His Parents. (b) To Eberhard Bethge E. Ecumenism 1. Encyclical of the Ecumenical Patriarchate: "Unto the Churches of Christ Everywhere" 2. Second Vatican Council, "The Constitution of the Church" 3. Joseph A. Harriss, "Which Master Is the World Council of Churches Serving...Karl Marx or Jesus Christ?" X. Western Christianity and Contemporary Society A. Social Justice 1. Dorothy Day, The Long Loneliness 2. Martin Luther King, Jr., "Letter from a Birmingham Jail" 3. Leonardo Boff and Clodovis Boff, Liberation Theology: From Confrontation to Dialogue B. Feminism 1. Rosemary Radford Ruether, Sexism and God-Talk: Toward a Feminist Theology 3. Joanmarie Smith, "The Nun's Story" C. Bioethics 1. Beverly Wildung Harrison, "Theology of Pro-Choice: A Feminist Perspective" 2. Edmund D. Pellegrino, "Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide" D. Religious Pluralism 1. John Hick, Problems of Religious Pluralism 2. James A. Borland, "A Theologian Looks at the Gospel and World Religions" Appendices A. Alphabetical List of Key Terms B. List of Ecumenical Councils C. Schematic History of Christian Churches
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