Historically, most studies that have explored the experiences of criminal defendants in the American criminal Justice system, whether it is in the area of policing, courts, or corrections, have focused almost exclusively on race. Hispanics have resided in the United States since 1598 and recently bypassed African Americans in the general population for the first time in history. In this context, this book will examine the Hispanic experience in the criminal justice system by exploring a series of crucial factors. Major topics include: Hispanics and the American police, policing the barrios, immigration lockdown, the dynamics of arresting Hispanics, criminalizing Mexican identity, Latinos and the 4th Amendment, the exclusion of Latinos from Grand and Petit juries, the penal system and the critical issues facing Hispanic prisoners, probation and parole, the legacy of capital punishment, life after prison, and the dynamics of education and globalization in America. This text presents a variety of studies that illustrate alternative ways of interpreting crime, punishment, safety, equality, and justice. The findings from these studies reveal that race, ethnicity, gender, and class continue to play a significant role in the legal decision-making process. Hispanics in the U.S. Criminal Justice System is written for professionals and students of criminal justice and law enforcement in helping to understand the historical legacy of brutality, manipulation, oppression, marginalization, prejudice, discrimination, power and control, and white America's continued fear about racial and ethnic minorities.
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Martin Guevara Urbina, Ph.D., is a Professor of Criminal Justice in the Department of Natural & Behavioral Sciences at Sul Ross State University--Rio Grande College, and an adjunct instructor of Sociology for Southwest Texas Junior College. Professor Urbina has taught at New Mexico State University, Western Michigan University, University of Wisconsin--Milwaukee, Howard College, and Texas A&M University--Central Texas. Dr. Urbina is author, co-author, or editor of over 50 scholarly publications on a wide range of topics, including several academic books. His books include Latino Police Officers in the United States: An Examination of Emerging Trends and Issues (forthcoming); Twenty-First Century Dynamics of Multiculturalism: Beyond Post-Racial America (2014); Ethnic Realities of Mexican Americans: From Colonialism to 21st Century Globalization (2014); Capital Punishment in America: Race and the Death Penalty Over Time (2012); Hispanics in the U.S. Criminal Justice System: The New American Demography (2012); Capital Punishment and Latino Offenders: Racial and Ethnic Differences in Death Sentences (2003, 2011); and A Comprehensive Study of Female Offenders: Life Before, During, and After Incarceration (2008). His work has been published in national and international academic journals, to include Justice Quarterly; Critical Criminology: An International Journal; and Social Justice: A Journal of Crime, Conflict & World Order.Review:
"Dr. Urbina's text provides the reader an extremely detailed account of how Latino/Latinas have been targeted, misidentified, and categorized to the extent that a large segment of society within the United States views them as a group of criminals and freeloaders. For lower- and upper-level courses that deal with critically analyzing criminal justice from an ethnic perspective would greatly benefit from adopting this text. Sociology and Criminology/Criminal Justice programs . . . would also see this textbook as quite useful."
--Jack Monell, Race and Justice
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