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This historic book may have numerous typos, missing text, images, or index. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. 1911. Not illustrated. Excerpt: ... CHAPTER III JAPANESE INTERNAL AFFAIRS, 1853-60 In the preceding chapter some account was given of the visits of foreign vessels during the fifty or sixty years preceding the advent of Commodore Perry, and of the circumstances attending the negotiation of the treaty of 1854. It was also shown how quickly, once the barrier of seclusion had been broken down, agreements with other foreign powers had followed, one on the heels of another; and the main features of these various agreements were explained. Before leaving this part of our subject it may be useful to glance in passing at what the Japanese had been doing to keep the country closed to all foreigners, except the two nations which were allowed to trade at Nagasaki. In consequence of the apprehensions aroused by the visits of foreign vessels, the Japanese Government, towards the end of the eighteenth century, decided to establish a system of coast defence. The duty of organizing and maintaining this system was entrusted to the daimios and hatamoto of maritime provinces, who were called upon to pay all the attendant expenses; but in districts ruled directly by the Shogunate, such as those which included the ports of Uraga and Nagasaki, this duty was assigned to officials appointed from Yedo for that purpose, and the expenditure for coast defence was defrayed by the Government, who recouped themselves for this outlay by levying contributions on the merchants of Yedo and Osaka. Those who were thus made responsible for the protection of the coast were called Kai-bo-gakari, or coast defence commissioners, and stations in communication with each other were established at suitable points along the sea-board. The bay of Yedo, and its vicinity, the inland sea, and the harbours in Kiushiu, including the immedia...
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Book Description Ams Pr Inc, 1991. Condition: New. book. Seller Inventory # M0404029396