Politics and Policy-making in Education: Explorations in Policy Sociology

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9780415009317: Politics and Policy-making in Education: Explorations in Policy Sociology

Islamic theocracy is now firmly established in fundamentalist Iran, and waves of fundamentalism are sweeping the entire Islamic world, and its diaspora. This book examines the claim of those Islamists who contend that as a belief system and a way of life, Islam carries with it a theory of politics and the state which should be applied unquestioningly. Ayubi traces both the intellectual sources and the socio-economic bases of political Islam, arguing that it is a modern phenomenon, dating back only to the inter-war period. He describes its major proponents as urban, educated and relatively young people, whose energies were mobilized, but whose expectations were not fulfilled by the post-independence "populist" regimes in the Arab World. Islamic movements in six countries are studied in detail. Ayubi's broad definition of politics encompasses material on sex and the family, and on the emerging alternative economic and social network of Islamic banks, schools, and hospitals in the countries discussed. Ayubi stresses the traditional concern in Islam for the collective enforcement of morals, but argues that there is no case for the commonly held conception that politics begins from theological principles in the Arab world: the historical connection between Islam and politics can be explained as an attempt by the rulers to legitimize their actions. He suggests that radical Islamists are reversing this position by subjecting politics to their specific religious views, so their movement is in some senses an anti-state one. He concludes by discussing possible intellectual responses to fundamentalism, drawing on the thinking of contemporary Muslim liberals.

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Ball, Stephen J.
Published by Routledge (1990)
ISBN 10: 0415009316 ISBN 13: 9780415009317
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Ball, Stephen J.
Published by Routledge
ISBN 10: 0415009316 ISBN 13: 9780415009317
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