Chemical Concepts in Pollutant Behavior (Environmental Science and Technology: A Wiley-Interscience Series of Texts and Monographs)

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9780471038252: Chemical Concepts in Pollutant Behavior (Environmental Science and Technology: A Wiley-Interscience Series of Texts and Monographs)

A text for an interdisciplinary environmental course that identifies the physical and chemical properties that determine environmental behavior, describes the processes in the natural environment that can be effective in transforming chemicals, and defines the molecular characteristics that can cause a particular compound to react in those processes.

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From the Inside Flap:

Chemicals are continuously released into the environment. Whether it’s done intentionally—as in the case of pesticide application or disposal in a landfill—or unintentionally during a tank car accident or spill, there are numerous possibilities to consider. Will they evaporate into the atmosphere, or leach into surface water, or be immobilized by strong adsorption to soil? How long will they persist in the environment? Can they be transformed into other compounds? How readily might they be absorbed by and possibly concentrate in animals? This book identifies chemical properties that determine environmental behavior, describes the processes in the natural environment that can be effective in transforming chemicals, and defines the molecular characteristics that can cause a particular compound to react in those processes. Unique in approach, the book synthesizes basic ideas from numerous fields of chemistry to solve the question of how a given chemical will distribute in the environment and its potential to be changed. It is an ideal text for interdisciplinary environmental courses. Chemical Concepts in Pollutant Behavior:

  • Illustrates how the chemical properties of a compound affect its distribution in the environment
  • Describes the major breakdown processes that are active in the environment and considers the potential for different compounds to react in these processes
  • Reviews the rates at which these transformations occur—providing a basis for predicting the rate at which a compound might be transformed as well as the products of the transformation
  • Discusses the influence of chemical properties on the potential to accumulate in organisms and distribute in food chains
  • Provides information for evaluating the reliability of data when analyzing "environmental samples"
  • Examines specific problems to illustrate how the different concepts are integrated
  • Contains numerous tables, figures, and references as well as a comprehensive bibliography

From the Back Cover:

The best intermediate-level text on determining the environmental fate and distribution of organic compounds

For each chemical introduced into the environment, there is the chance that that chemical will travel from its release point and move through various ecosystems at large. Great distances can be covered; detection has revealed unexpected compounds on mountain peaks and in polar regions. The relatively new field of environmental chemistry seeks to understand and predict these distributions; over its twenty-five years of development, scientists have greatly refined existing knowledge of how organic compounds behave in the world outside the laboratory.

Chemical Concepts in Pollutant Behavior, fully updated in this Second Edition, provides a detailed applied chemistry resource for understanding the current state of environmental chemistry. Based on tried-and-true methods developed by the author over years in the classroom, this student-friendly text requires an introductory knowledge of chemistry yet develops in-depth coverage of:

  • Physical chemical parameters
  • Sorption
  • Evaporation
  • Absorption and bioconcentration
  • Photochemical processes
  • Redox processes
  • Hydrolysis
  • Metabolic transformation
  • Synthesis, or how the above processes interact

While taking up traditional problems of interactions between water, soil, and air, the text also explores discussions of uptake by plants from soil and absorption by foliage from the air. Though the text remains focused on compound behavior, the author takes a holistic approach to the subject, emphasizing its interdisciplinary nature.

Well-referenced and illustrated, Chemical Concepts in Pollutant Behavior, Second Edition represents an excellent text for intermediate students of chemistry as well as an accessible reference for professionals working with environmental issues requiring chemistry expertise.

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Ian J. Tinsley
Published by John Wiley & Sons (1979)
ISBN 10: 0471038253 ISBN 13: 9780471038252
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Tinsley, Ian J.
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Ian J. Tinsley
Published by Wiley (1979)
ISBN 10: 0471038253 ISBN 13: 9780471038252
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