This introductory text presents an overview of the liberal arts--literature, art, music, philosophy, and history--with a particular emphasis on literature. The unique selection of works from each culture provides students with a global understanding of the humanities. Several pedagogical features of the Seventh Edition, such as chapter objectives, key terms, art images, and summary questions, help students understand the major concepts of the text. Each volume begins with a "Chronicle of Events" that provides a timetable of key events in world history. "Continuities" sections focus on the lasting contributions of each society.
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Defining the Humanities and Cultural Roots for the Twenty-First Century VI. Renaissance and Reformation: Fusion of the Roots 16. Humanism and the Early Italian Renaissance Beginnings of the Modern World Daily Lives: Marriage in Renaissance Florence Reading Selections: Francesco Petrarch, from the Rime Sparse (Scattered Rhymes); from Letters on Familiar Matters. Giovanni Pico della Mirandola, from the Oration on the Dignity of Man. Laura Cereta, Letter to Bibulus Sempronius: Defense of the Liberal Instruction of Women. 17. Art and Architecture in Florence The City of Florence Florentine Architecture Sculpture in Florence in the Fifteenth Century New Developments in Painting 18. The End of the Florentine Renaissance: Machiavelli, Leonardo, Michelangelo, and Raphael Niccolo Machiavelli (1469-1527) The Renaissance Artist Daily Lives: A Renaissance Banquet Reading Selections: Niccolo Machiaveli, from The Prince. 19. The Northern Renaissance and the Protestant Reformation Erasmus (1463-1536) The Protestant Reformation Reform and Counter-Reform Economic Expansion Cultural Relativism William Shakespeare (1564-1616) and the Late Renaissance Daily Lives: Theatergoing in Shakespeare's Time Reading Selections: Desiderius Erasmus, from The Praise of Folly. Michel de Montaigne, from the Essays. William Shakespeare, from the Sonnets; The Tempest. VII. Science and Splendor: The Seventeenth Century 20. The Consolidation of Modernity Daily Lives: The Suffering of Ordinary People in the Thirty Years' War The Thirty Years' War and Its Aftermath The Scientific Revolution Economic Life The Age of Absolutism Reading Selections: Rene Descartes, from the Discourse on Method. Thomas Hobbes, from Leviathan. John Locke, from the Second Treatise of Civil Government. 21. The Baroque Style in Art and Literature Baroque in the Visual Arts Baroque Painting Baroque Architecture and Sculpture in Rome: Gian Lorenzo Bernini Literary Baroque Reading Selections: Saint Teresa of Avila, from The Book of Her Life. Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz, A Philosophical Satire; Sonnet on a Portrait of Herself. Richard Crashaw, from The Flaming Heart. John Donne, from Holy Sonnets; from Elegies. 22. Two Masters of Baroque Music: Handel and Bach George Frederick Handel (1685-1759): Messiah Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750): Christmas Oratorio and Toccata and Fugue in D Minor 23. The Arts at the Court of Louis XIV Louis XIV (1638-1715) and Absolutism Versailles Daily Lives: Rituals at Versailles French Court Ballet and the Origins of Modern Theatrical Dancing French Neoclassical Drama Marie de la Vergne de La Fayette (1634-1693) and the Origins of the Modern Novel Reading Selections: Moliere, Tartuffe. Marie de la Vergne de La Fayette, from The Princess of Cleves. VIII. Reason, Revolution, Romanticism: The Eighteenth and Early Nineteenth Centuries 24. The European Enlightenment A Prerevolutionary Movement Aspects of Painting in the Enlightenment Reading Selections: Voltaire, Micromegas; from the Philosophical Dictionary. Montesquieu, from The Persian Letters. Jean-Jacques Rousseau, from The Social Contract. Mary Wollstonecraft, from A Vindication of the Rights of Woman. 25. The Enlightenment in the United States American Religion The American Revolution European Influences American Federalism Daily Lives: Education in a Moravian School for Girls From European Classicism to an "American Style" African American Voices in the Enlightenment Reading Selections: Jonathan Edwards, from A Faithful Narrative of the Surprising Work of God. Thomas Jefferson, The Virginia Statute of Religious Liberty. Phillis Wheatley, from Poems on Various Subjects, Religious and Moral; Letters to Samson Occom. David Walker, from David Walker's Appeal in Four Articles; Together with a Preamble, to the Coloured Citizens of the World. 26. The Classical Style in Music, the Development of Opera, and Mozart's Don Giovanni Opera The Don Juan Theme Don Giovanni: The Rake Punished 27. From Revolution to Romanticism The French Revolution The Art of the French Revolution: Jacques-Louis David (1748-1825) Romanticism: A Revolutionary Movement Enlightened Ideas, Romantic Style Friedrich Schiller, Hymn to Joy Individualism and the Romantic Hero Nature and "Natural People" Influence of Rousseau Daily Lives: Lord Byron Nature in Poetry, Music, and Art Art: Revolution, Individualism, and Nature The Romantic Woman and Romantic Love Reading Selections: William Wordsworth, from The Prelude; The Solitary Reaper; Lines. Lord Byron, Prometheus; On This Day I Complete My Thirty-Sixth Year. John Keats, Ode to a Grecian Urn. Percy Bysshe Shelley, Ode to the West Wind; Ozymandias. Emily Dickinson, Selected Poems. IX. Industrialism and the Humanities: The Middle and Late Nineteenth Century 28. The Industrial Revolution and New Social Thought Britain in the Lead Karl Marx (1818-1883) Material Progress Daily Lives: The Lives of the Urban Poor Under the Industrial Revolution Liberalism Slavery and the Abolitionist Movement Women's Rights Movements Reading Selections: Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, from The Communist Manifesto. The "Declaration of Sentiments" of the Seneca Falls Convention. John Stuart Mill, from The Subjection of Women. Frederick Douglass, from "What to the Slave Is the Fourth of July?": An Address Delivered in Rochester, New York, on 5 July 1852. 29. Art and Literature in the Industrial World: Realism and Beyond Architecture Painting: Realism Photography Realism in Literature The Poet and the City: Charles Baudelaire (1821-1867) Late-Nineteenth-Century Thinkers and Writers The New Painting Postimpressionism and Symbolism Reading Selections: Guy de Maupassant, A Fishing Excursion. Charles Baudelaire, from Les Fleurs du Mal/The Flowers of Evil; The Swan; from Poems in Prose (The Spleen of Paris). Friedrich Nietzsche, Zarathustra's Prologue. Fyodor Dostoevsky, from Notes from Underground. X. Discontinuities: The Early Twentieth Century 30. Colonialism, the Great War, and Cultural Change Colonialism The Great War (World War I) and Its Aftermath Daily Lives: Life in the Trenches Scientific Developments Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) The Postwar Decades Reading Selections: Wilfred Owen, Dulce et Decorum Est; Strange Meeting. Ezra Pound, from Hugh Selwyn Mauberly. Rudyard Kipling, Recessional. Mohandas ("Mahatma") Gandhi, from Letter to Lord Irwin; from A Conversation with Tobias and Mays. Sigmund Freud, from Civilization and Its Discontents. 31. Modernism: Visual Arts, Music, and Dance Modernist Painting, 1900-1930 Nonobjective and Expressionist Painting Dada and Surrealism Modernist Sculpture, 1900-1930 Modernist Painting in America Modernist Architecture, 1900-1930 Two New Art Forms: Photography and Film Igor Stravinsky (1882-1971), the Russian Ballet, and The Rite of Spring Modern Dance Jazz Daily Lives: Harlem Nightlife in the Twenties Modernism and Indigenous Cultures in Latin America 32. Modernism: Theater and Literature Influences of Asia on Modern European Theater Modernist Movements in Fiction and Poetry Surrealism Negritude The Harlem Renaissance Developments in Latin American Literature Reading Selections: Antonin Artaud, from The Theater and Its Double. Franz Kafka, A Country Doctor. T. S. Eliot, The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock. Ezra Pound, The River-Merchant's Wife: A Letter; In a Station of the Metro. Virginia Woolf, from A Room of One's Own. Leopold Sedar Senghor, Prayer to Masks. Leon Gontran Damas, They came that night. Claude McKay, If We Must Die. Langston Hughes, The Negro Speaks of Rivers; Danse Africaine. Marita Bonner, On Being Young--a Woman--and Colored. Jorge Luis Borges, Death and the Compass. Miguel Angel Asturias, Tatuana's Tale. Pablo Neruda, Ode to Broken Things. Octavio Paz, Madrugada al raso/Daybreak; Escritura/Writing; La exclamacion/Exclamation; Projimo lejano/Distant Neighbor. XI. Cultural Plurality: From the Middle Twentieth Century On 33. Absurdity and Alienation: World War II and the Postwar Period World War II The Postwar Period European Literature Daily Lives: The Existentialists' Life in Paris Under the German Occupation Postwar American Literature Postwar Music: Charlie Parker (1920-1955) Painting After World War II Sculpture After World War II Reading Selections: Primo Levi, from If This Is a Man. Jean-Paul Sartre, The Republic of Silence. Simone de Beauvoir, from The Second Sex. Albert Camus, from The Myth of Sisyphus. Eugene Ionesco, The Leader. Ralph Ellison, Prologue to Invisible Man. Allen Ginsberg, Sunflower Sutra. Frantz Fanon, from The Wretched of the Earth. 34. Postcolonialism, Postmodernism, and Beyond The United States from the 1960s into the Twenty-First Century The World After the Cold War The Arts in the Contemporary World Postmodernism, Culture, and the Arts Architecture from the International Style to Postmodernism Postmodern Visual Art: Polemics or Platitudes? The Ascendancy of Craft: The Expansion of the Tradition Postmodern Music and Dance Mass Culture and Popular Music Postmodern Literature and Theory Reading Selections: Modern African Poems: Chinua Achebe, Generation Gap; Wole Soyinka, Death in the Dawn and I Think It Rains. From the Caribbean: Derek Walcott, White Magic and For Pablo Neruda. From the United States: Sonia Sanchez, present; Ishmael Reed, beware: do not read this poem; Rita Dove, Persephone Abducted and Demeter Mourning; John Barth, Autobiography: A Self-Recorded Fiction. From Latin America: Ernesto Cardenal, Prayer for Marilyn Monroe; Clarice Lispector, He Soaked Me Up. From Israel/Palestine: Yehuda Amichai, Jerusalem; 18; 42; Mahmoud Darwish, Identity Card.
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