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Of all the horrors of the last century--perhaps the bloodiest century of the past millennium--ethnic cleansing ranks among the worst. The term burst forth in public discourse in the spring of 1992 as a way to describe Serbian attacks on the Muslims of Bosnia-Herzegovina, but as this landmark book attests, ethnic cleansing is neither new nor likely to cease in our time.
Norman Naimark, distinguished historian of Europe and Russia, provides an insightful history of ethnic cleansing and its relationship to genocide and population transfer. Focusing on five specific cases, he exposes the myths about ethnic cleansing, in particular the commonly held belief that the practice stems from ancient hatreds. Naimark shows that this face of genocide had its roots in the European nationalism of the late nineteenth century but found its most virulent expression in the twentieth century as modern states and societies began to organize themselves by ethnic criteria. The most obvious example, and one of Naimark's cases, is the Nazi attack on the Jews that culminated in the Holocaust. Naimark also discusses the Armenian genocide of 1915 and the expulsion of Greeks from Anatolia during the Greco-Turkish War of 1921-22; the Soviet forced deportation of the Chechens-Ingush and the Crimean Tatars in 1944; the Polish and Czechoslovak expulsion of the Germans in 1944-47; and Bosnia and Kosovo.
In this harrowing history, Naimark reveals how over and over, as racism and religious hatreds picked up an ethnic name tag, war provided a cover for violence and mayhem, an evil tapestry behind which nations acted with impunity.
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Norman M. Naimark is Robert and Florence McDonnell Professor of History, Stanford University.From Booklist:
What strands link the last century's bloody spasms of ethnic cleansing--from the Armenian genocide and the Holocaust to Bosnia and Kosovo? Stanford University historian Naimark argues ethnic cleansing is a profoundly twentieth-century phenomenon, not a product of "ancient hatreds." Its essential elements are a pseudoscientific racialist nationalism, the intrusive, homogenizing power of the modern state, and political and other elites that manipulate nationalist ideas and state machinery for their own purposes. Naimark supplies a comparative history of European ethnic cleansing: the 1915 Armenian genocide and the expulsion of the Greeks from Anatolia in the '20s; the early Nazi campaign against the Jews (1939-41); Stalin's forced deportation of the Chechens-Ingush and Crimean Tatars; the expulsion of Germans from Poland and Czechoslovakia in the mid-'40s; and Bosnia and Kosovo. The ugliness of ethnic cleansing--its violence and brutality, its misogyny and totality, its effort to eradicate every trace of "the other"--poses unique challenges to an international community reluctant to intervene in the internal affairs of a sovereign nation state. Mary Carroll
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Book Description Harvard University Press, 2001. Hardcover. Condition: New. Seller Inventory # DADAX0674003136
Book Description Harvard University Press, 2001. Condition: New. book. Seller Inventory # M0674003136
Book Description Harvard University Press, 2001. Hardcover. Condition: New. Oversized book may require an additional fee for international or priority shipping. Seller Inventory # 21A3BN18S95R50337
Book Description Harvard University Press. Hardcover. Condition: New. 0674003136 New Condition. Seller Inventory # NEW7.0253146
Book Description Harvard University Press, 2001. Condition: New. BEST BUY.BRAND NEW BOOK.OFX/DD. Seller Inventory # 802885