Moscow: Governing the Socialist Metropolis (RUSSIAN RESEARCH CENTER STUDIES)

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9780674587410: Moscow: Governing the Socialist Metropolis (RUSSIAN RESEARCH CENTER STUDIES)
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Once the hub of the tsarist state, later Brezhnev's "model Communist city"--home of the Kremlin, Red Square, and St. Basil's Cathedral--Moscow is for many the quintessence of everything Russian. Timothy Colton's sweeping biography of this city at the center of Soviet life reveals what such a position has meant to Moscow and ultimately to Russia itself.

Linchpin of the Soviet system and exemplar of its ideology, Moscow was nonetheless instrumental in the Soviet Union's demise. It was in this metropolis of nine million people that Boris Yeltsin, during two frustrating years as the city's party boss, began his move away from Communist orthodoxy. Colton charts the general course of events that led to this move, tracing the political and social developments that have given the city its modern character. He shows how the monolith of Soviet power broke down in the process of metropolitan governance, where the constraints of censorship and party oversight could not keep up with proliferating points of view, haphazard integration, and recurrent deviation from approved rules and goals. Everything that goes into making a city--from town planning, housing, and retail services to environmental and architectural concerns--figures in Colton's account of what makes Moscow unique. He shows us how these aspects of the city's organization, and the actions of leaders and elite groups within them, coordinated or conflicted with the overall power structure and policy imperatives of the Soviet Union. Against this background, Colton explores the growth of the anti-Communist revolution in Moscow politics, as well as fledgling attempts to establish democratic institutions and a market economy.

As it answers persistent questions about Soviet political history, this lavishly illustrated volume may also point the way to understanding Russia's future.

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About the Author:

Timothy J. Colton is the Morris and Anna Feldberg Professor of Government and Russian Studies, and the Director of the Davis Center for Russian and Eurasian Studies, at Harvard University.

Review:

A sprawling, affectionate history of who governed the socialist metropolis, and how they did...a lively, judicious analysis...[Colton's] felicitous phrases shine like polished onion domes amid concrete-block high-rises. Startling revelations fall thickly and accumulate...Timothy J. Colton has given us a blueprint for reading the contemporary capital, superbly demonstrating the depth of the Soviet-era contribution to the ancient city's outer face and inner structure.
--Stephen Kotkin (New York Times Book Review)

Here is a blockbuster of a book, massive in its exploration of the fluctuating fortunes of a capital city long associated with Stalin's urban massif of crenellated 'frosted wedding cakes' in concrete and steel, yet also the home of the Kremlin, Red Square and St Basil's Cathedral. This juxtaposition is...sufficient for Timothy J. Colton not only to regard Moscow as unique but also to embark on an astonishingly detailed and wholly absorbing investigation of what this meant in the past and what present changes mean for Moscow and for truncated Russia...[A] monumental and absorbing study, furnishing rich material for the historian, erstwhile Sovietologist, demographer, architect and well-tempered traveller.
--John Erickson (Times Higher Education Supplement)

Truly [this] is a grand history of one of the world's ancient and great cities, and, for that, it is also a major modern contribution to the field of urban history. More significantly, however, by digging so deeply into the history of Moscow under the tsars, the communists, and the current rulers, Colton has created an important angle on modern Russian history. This is Russia's story from the bottom up, merging political with social history. (Foreign Affairs)

Colton's is a model narrative. A city emerges from it, at once vital and deeply damaged, more at the mercy of ideologues and fanatics than any other comparable settlement in this century (more, for example, than Rome or Berlin), yet resistant to them because its people could not in the end be marshalled into the plans.
--John Lloyd (London Review of Books)

[Colton's] writing reflects a significant amount of original research--documents from the Moscow Party and city archives, contemporary press accounts, oral histories and surveys--as well as a mastery of current and past scholarship...[His] approach is laudable. Colton pulls together disparate topics, those subjects which are often treated by other scholars as if they have not relation to each other...One of Colton's triumphs is that he rescues architecture and urban planning from the purview of aesthetes, charting how successive regimes attempted to use Moscow's built environment as a tool in creating the socialist metropolis...Moscow is a welcome addition to the ever-expanding scholarship of Soviet history and serves as a helpful reference book.
--Bay Brown (Moscow Times)

[An] important book...[Colton] gives us an encyclopedic account of how the 'socialist metropolis' was governed from the Bolshevik seizure of power in 1917 to the victory of the 'democrats' in 1990...[The author takes] seriously two things that the dominant social approach to the Soviet experiment largely neglects: the party and socialism.
--Martin Malia (Washington Post Book World)

Colton has written a faithful chronicle of Moscow from revolution (1917) to revolution (1989), adding a historical prefix and postscript for both fleshing out a comprehensive biography of the city...There is no comparable work, let alone one that uses the newly accessible people and documents Colton has so successfully mined...None match Colton's Soviet-period detail and analytic insight...The book is essential for any academic library. (Choice)

A short review can hardly do justice to the richness of this work. It stands as a testimony to scholarship of the highest order.
--Richard Sakwa (Labour History Review)

From personal interviews to published memoirs, from newspapers to statistical surveys, from official documents to literature, Colton has made good use of them all. Furthermore, he openly admits having received invaluable input from some of the finest minds in academia, and his acknowledgements section reads like a 'who's who' of international sovietology. The list includes scholars who have also produced urban histories, but what is most significant about the roster is that it includes representatives from many different disciplines. This point not only highlights the inter-disciplinary nature of Colton's work, but also the fact that his book should be of great interest to people outside the history departments of the world. To put it most simply, this 'city biography' contains something for almost everyone. (Urban History Review)

Moscow had a very different fate this century, as is documented in Timothy Colton's exhaustively researched tome. A powerfully, assertive Soviet Union rose from the ashes of the Russian Empire, and Moscow was its capital. Colton provides a thorough social and political history of the city's rise, with useful maps and illustrations. The book is a mine of information that regular visitors of Moscow will quarry with pleasure...The book, like the city it documents is huge, a monumental history of a monumental city.
--Peter Rutland (National Interest)

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