Edward O. Wilson On Human Nature

ISBN 13: 9780674634411

On Human Nature

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No one who cares about the human future can afford to ignore Edward O. Wilson's book. On Human Nature begins a new phase in the most important intellectual controversy of this generation: Is human behavior controlled by the species' biological heritage? Does this heritage limit human destiny?

With characteristic pungency and simplicity of style, the author of Sociobiology challenges old prejudices and current misconceptions about the nature-nurture debate. He shows how...evolution has left its traces on the most distinctively human activities, how patterns of generosity, self-sacrifice, and worship, as well as sexuality and aggression, reveal their deep roots in the life histories of primate bands that hunted big game in the last Ice Age. His goal is nothing less than the completion of the Darwinian revolution by bringing biological thought into the center of the social sciences and the humanities.

Wilson presents a philosophy that cuts across the usual categories of conservative, liberal, or radical thought. In systematically applying the modern theory of natural selection to human society, he arrives at conclusions far removed from the social Darwinist legacy of the last century. Sociobiological theory, he shows, is compatible with a broadly humane and egalitarian outlook. Human diversity is to be treasured, not merely tolerated, he argues. Discrimination against ethnic groups, homosexuals, and women is based on a complete misunderstanding of biological fact.

But biological facts can never take the place of ethical choices. Once we understand our human nature, we must choose how "human" in the fullest, biological sense, we wish to remain. We cannot make this choice with the aid of external guides or absolute ethical principles because our very concept of right and wrong is wholly rooted in our own biological past. This paradox is fundamental to the evolution of consciousness in any species; there is no formula for escaping it. To understand its essence is to grasp the full predicament of the human condition.

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About the Author:

Edward O. Wilson is Pellegrino University Professor at Harvard University. In addition to two Pulitzer Prizes (one of which he shares with Bert Hölldobler), Wilson has won many scientific awards, including the National Medal of Science and the Crafoord Prize of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.

Review:

Entertaining and stimulating. -- John Maynard Smith "Nature" Wilson's "On Human Nature" is an extremely important book--provocative, lucid, and fascinating. Compellingly interesting and enormously important...The most stimulating, the most provocative, and the most illuminating work of nonfiction I have read in some time. -- William McPherson "Washington Post Book World" Wilson is a sophisticated and marvelously humane writer. His vision is a liberating one, and a reader of this splendid book comes away with a sense of the kinship that exists among the people, animals, and insects that share the planet. With his customary clarity, Wilson presents his thoughts on charting human destiny, which he would prefer to see done through 'precise steering based on biological knowledge.' One of his central arguments is that virtually every aspect of human behavior is powerfully affected by biological factors that have a discoverable genetic basis. He analyzes four varieties of human behavior: aggression, sex, altruism, and religion. A work of high intellectual daring...Here is an accomplished biologist explaining, in notably clear and unprevaricating language, what he thinks his subject now has to offer to the understanding of man and society...The implications of Wilson's thesis are rather considerable, for if true, no system of political, social, religious or ethical thought can afford to ignore it...Clarity, precision and boldness distinguish Wilson's attempt to complete the Darwinian revolution. -- Nicholas Wade "New Republic"

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Other Popular Editions of the Same Title

9780674016385: On Human Nature: With a new Preface, Revised Edition

Featured Edition

ISBN 10:  0674016386 ISBN 13:  9780674016385
Publisher: Harvard University Press, 2004
Softcover

9780674634428: On Human Nature

Harvar..., 1988
Softcover

9780553262155: On Human Nature

Bantam, 1982
Softcover

9780553129434: On Human Nature

Bantam..., 1980
Softcover

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