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On 14 August 1598 an English force of around 4000 fell into an Irish ambush outside Armagh and suffered perhaps as high as 50 percent casualties. The battle of the Yellow Ford marked the nadir of English fortunes in Ireland and is the starting point for this study. Spring 1650, on the other hand, witnessed a radically different set of circumstances. The English army stood triumphant in the aftermath of a decisive and violent suppression of the Irish rebellion. Oliver Cromwell's victorious departure from that island sets the terminal date for this volume. In the intervening half century England suffered defeat at Cadiz (1625), Rhe (1627), and Newburn (1640), while a "British Civil War" was fought, a sovereign beheaded and a republic established. Warfare did not exert pressure on English governments steadily; the British wars from 1598 to 1650 - ebbed and flowed. England had the ability to mobilize and fight a battle or two, but only rarely could government sustain a major campaign, as was achieved in Ireland in 1598-1601 and 1649-1650. Success depended upon eliciting the two-fold support of the county communities - cooperation with the lieutenancy in raising forces, equipment, coats, horses, and whatever else the central government needed, and the willingness of the shires' representatives to grant extraordinary supply in parliament. The relationship between war and government is approached through five topical areas, with a pair of essays considering each topic. Irish wars are examined in regards to logistics; the domestic consequences of government's involvement in war are explored through the institution of lieutenancy in the English shires; government's deployment of expeditionary forces and the navy are dealt with in reference to the voyages to Cadiz and Rhe and the implementation of ship money; Scotland's prayer book rebellion affords a look at one of the military revolution's primary facets, army finance; the episode of the Bishops' Wars leads to a wider conflagration, the Civil War, the one chapter in which the authors put a human face on the rather rigid facade of government. Aside from the study of the Cromwellian Irish campaign, the chapters fall into roughly chronological order. The organization should facilitate the reading of the volume in select chapters or in its entirety, cover to cover.
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I often research and write collaboratively and have been involved in assembling anthologies. My first such effort, War and Government in Britain ". . . is an admirable effort to bring together recent research . . . . Fissel's own article on the Short Parliament is in many ways the central piece . . . . Throughout, Fissel does a fine job of coordinating the work of a talented and diverse group of contributors" (Albion). "This well-planned volume consists of five pairs of linked essays focusing on the demands war made on English government and society . . . . [including that of ] Dr Fissel himself [on] the significance of the basic question of consent to taxation and survival of the institution itself in the Short Parliament . . . . [T]here may be the emergence of a new synthesis here . . . . "(History, February 1993).
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Book Description Manchester Univ Pr, 1991. Condition: New. book. Seller Inventory # M0719028876