Get Teaching with REA’s NEW PRAXIS II Social Studies: Content Knowledge (0081) Test Prep! If you’ve always wanted to enrich the lives of students as a Social Studies teacher, then REA has just what you need. This newest addition to our PRAXIS II series is designed to help teacher candidates master the information on the Social Studies Content Knowledge (0081) exam and start teaching! Our test prep is perfect for college students, teachers, and career-changing professionals who are seeking certification as a teacher of secondary Social Studies. Written by an education professional, our comprehensive review chapters cover all the Social Studies topics tested on the exam, including:
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About the Author
Jeanne M. Bowlan teaches social studies at the Upper Academy in Elizabeth, New Jersey. Ms. Bowlan earned her B.A. from Wells College and her M.A. in History from Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey. In her high school teaching career, Ms. Bowlan has taught Advanced Placement European History, United States History, Sociology, and Anthropology. Ms. Bowlan has also taught college courses in European History, Women’s Studies, and Writing.
ABOUT THIS BOOK
If you’re looking to secure certification as a secondary social studies teacher, many
states and districts require the Praxis II Social Studies: Content Knowledge 0081 test
(Praxis II 0081). Think of this book as your toolkit to pass the test. It will help take the
mystery and anxiety out of the testing process by equipping you not only with the nuts
and bolts, but also, ultimately, with the confidence to succeed alongside your peers across
the United States.
We at REA have put a lot of thought into this, and the result is a book that pulls
together all the critical information you need to know to pass the test. Let us help you
fill in the blanks literally and figuratively! We will provide you with the touchstones
that will allow you to do your very best come test day and beyond. In this guide, REA
offers our customary in-depth, up-to-date, objective coverage, with test-specific modules
devoted to targeted review and realistic practice exams complete with the kind of detail
that makes a difference when you’re coming down the homestretch in your preparation.
We also include a quick-view answer key and a competency-categorized progress chart to
enable you to pinpoint your strengths and weaknesses.
ABOUT THE PRAXIS SERIES
Praxis is Educational Testing Service’s (ETS) shorthand for Professional Assessments
for Beginning Teachers. The Praxis Series is a group of teacher-certification and
licensing tests that ETS developed in concert with states across the nation. There are three
categories of tests in the series: Praxis I, Praxis II, and Praxis III. Praxis I includes the
paper-based Pre-Professional Skills Tests (PPST) and the Praxis I Computer-Based Tests
(CBT). Both versions cover essentially the same subject matter. These exams measure
basic reading, mathematics, and writing skills and are often a requirement for admission
to a teacher education program.
Praxis II embraces Subject Assessment/Specialty Area Tests, of which the Praxis II
Social Studies: Content Knowledge 0081 is a part. Most Praxis II examinations cover the
subject matter that students typically study in teacher education courses such as language
acquisition, school curriculum, methods of teaching, and other professional development
courses. However, the Praxis II 0081 is expressly for prospective and practicing social
studies teachers; it measures skills and knowledge in the areas of U.S. History, World
History, Government/Civics/Political Science, Geography, Economics, and the additional
behavioral sciences of Anthropology, Sociology, and Psychology.
Praxis III is different from the multiple-choice and essay tests typically used for
assessment purposes. With this assessment, ETS-trained observers evaluate an instructor’s
performance in the classroom, using nationally validated criteria. The observers may
videotape the lesson, and other teaching experts may critique the resulting tapes.
Who Takes the Test?
Most people who take the Praxis II Social Studies: Content Knowledge are seeking
initial certification. Thirty-five states require the Praxis II 0081 and you should check
with your state’s education agency to determine which Praxis examination(s) you should
take; the ETS Praxis website (www.ets.org/praxis/) and registration bulletin may also help
you determine the tests you need for licensure.
When and Where Can I Take the Test?
ETS offers the Praxis II Social Studies: Content Knowledge test three times a year,
usually mid-month in March, June, and November. Pre-registration is required for this
test, so contact your district’s administrative office for exact availability in your area.
How Do I Get More Information on the ETS Praxis Exams?
To receive information on upcoming administrations of any of the Praxis II Subject
Assessments, consult the ETS registration bulletin or website, or contact ETS at:
Educational Testing Service
Teaching and Learning Division
P.O. Box 6051
Princeton, NJ 08541-6051
Phone: (609) 771-7395
Special accommodations are available for candidates who are visually impaired,
hearing impaired, physically disabled, or specific learning disabled. For questions
concerning disability services, contact:
ETS Disability Services: (609) 771-7780
TTY only: (609) 771-7714
Provisions are also available for examinees whose primary language is not English.
The ETS registration bulletin and website include directions for those requesting such
accommodations. You can also consult ETS with regard to available test sites; reporting
test scores; requesting changes in tests, centers, and dates of test; purchasing additional
score reports; retaking tests; and other basic facts.
Is There a Registration Fee?
To take a Praxis examination, you must pay a registration fee, which is payable by
check, money order, or with American Express, Discover, MasterCard, or Visa credit cards. In certain cases, ETS offers fee waivers. The registration bulletin and website give qualifications for receiving this benefit and describe the application process. Cash is not accepted for payment.
Can I Retake the Test?
Some states, institutions, and associations limit the number of times you can retest.
Contact your state or licensing authority to confirm their retest policies.
HOW TO USE THIS BOOK
What Do I Study First?
Read over REA’s subject reviews and suggestions for test taking. Studying the reviews
thoroughly will reinforce the basic skills you will need to do well on the exams. Make
sure to do the practice questions in this book so that you will be familiar with the format
and procedures involved with taking the actual test.
When Should I Start Studying?
It is never too early to start studying; the earlier you begin, the more time you will
have to sharpen your skills. Do not procrastinate! Cramming is not an effective way to
study because it does not allow you the time needed to learn the test material.
FORMAT OF THE TEST
The Praxis II Social Studies: Content Knowledge test covers six major content areas
and has 130 multiple-choice questions. You will have 2 hours to complete the exam.
A number of the questions are interdisciplinary and reflect the complex relationship
among the multiple fields of social studies. Approximately sixty-percent (60%) of the
questions require recall, knowledge, and recognition; the remainder will require higherorder
thinking. You will be asked to interpret material such as written passages, maps,
charts, table, diagrams and photographs. Ten-to fifteen-percent of the multiple-choice
questions will contain content covering the diverse experiences of people in the United States with regard to gender, culure, and/or race, and/or content relating to Latin America, Africa, Asia, or Oceania.
You should spend less than a minute on each question on each of the practice tests
and on the real exams, of course. You have to answer 130 questions in two hours.
The reviews in this book will help you sharpen the basic skills needed to approach
the exams and offer you strategies for attacking the questions. By using the reviews in
conjunction with the practice tests, you will better prepare yourself for the actual tests.
You have learned through your coursework and your practical experience in schools most
of what you need to know to answer the questions on the test. In your classes, you gained
the expertise to make important decisions about situations you will face in the classroom.
The reviews in this book will help you fit the information you have acquired in practice
into its specific testable category. Reviewing your class notes and textbooks along with
systematic use of this book will give you an excellent springboard for passing the Praxis
II Social Studies: Content Knowledge (0081) test.
The number of raw points awarded on the Praxis II Social Studies: Content
Knowledge is based on the number of correct answers given. Most Praxis examinations
vary by edition, which means that each test has several variations that contain different
questions. The different questions are intended to measure the same general types of
knowledge or skills. However, there is no way to guarantee that the questions on all
editions of the test will have the same degree of difficulty. To avoid penalizing test takers
who answer questions that are more difficult, the initial scores are adjusted for difficulty
by using a statistical process known as equating. To avoid confusion between the adjusted
and unadjusted scores, ETS reports the adjusted scores on a score scale that makes them clearly different from the unadjusted scores. Unadjusted scores or raw scores” are simply
the number of questions answered correctly. Adjusted scores, which are equated to the
scale ETS uses for reporting the scores are called scaled scores.” For each edition of a
Praxis test, a raw-to-scale conversi...
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Book Description Research & Education Association, 2010. Paperback. Book Condition: New. First. Bookseller Inventory # DADAX0738605093
Book Description Research & Education Association, 2010. Paperback. Book Condition: New. book. Bookseller Inventory # M0738605093
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