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By the 1740s the French colonists along the St Lawrence and in the Acadian peninsula had emerged from the pioneer and heroic stage of their history. The most settled parts of Canada and Acadia were then more distant from their beginnings than are the Prairie Provinces of today from theirs. The book tells the story of these emerging but still colonial societies. As the forest gave way to an agrarian landscape, and moose and deer, beaver and muskrat to farmyard animals, fur traders and adventurers came to be outnumbered by farmers living in settled communities with traditional ways of life. The export of fur and skins was supplemented by that of lumber, flour, and dried cod. Trade flourished, and with it both farm and town. Yet these very settled, European-style communities of farmers, craftsmen, and fishermen were surrounded and influenced by the forest frontier of the fur trade and the Indian, a zone of riches, danger, and imperial rivalry with the neighbouring English. The Acadian settlements and Placentia had been swallowed up by the British Empire in 1713. In French grand strategy, these centres were replaced as the anchor of the fishery by the colony of Ile Royale. For its part, Canada, by means of its far-flung Indian alliances and its fur trade, attempted to keep the English out of the North American interior. All of New France found its place in the world defined by the economic and political needs of empire. Imperial rivalries plunged it into war in 1702 and again in 1744. But the French empire also underpinned its economy, bringing it markets and both state and private investment. The diverse strands of imperial policy, of Indian relations and the life of the turbulent West, and of social and economic development are brought together in these pages, leading to the conclusion that it was not the frontier or the North American environment but rather France itself that was the most potent influence in the development of New France.
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Book Description McClelland and Stewart, 1987. Hardcover. Condition: New. Brand New!. Seller Inventory # VIB077101533X