How the Use of Marijuana Was Criminalized and Medicalized, 1906-2004: A Foucaultian History of Legislation in America

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9780773437722: How the Use of Marijuana Was Criminalized and Medicalized, 1906-2004: A Foucaultian History of Legislation in America

This book investigates the social construction of the processes of marijuana criminalization and marijuana medicalization. It is the first substantive study on the topic to include a detailed historical context and a new theoretical model for examining the contemporary U.S. drug policy debate. Using the Foucaultian problem based approach to marshal a qualitatively general historical investigation, the work scrutinizes the changing horizons of both processes. Through examining the conflicting public policy implications of competing moral paradigms, the manuscript considers how social/political circumstances play themselves out socially defining the use of the plant cannabis sativa as criminal, medicinal, or a paper product. The manuscript examines the criminalization of marijuana by analyzing America's federal legislative initiatives from 1906 to 1986, which resulted in the prohibition of the plant cannabis sativa. In addition, the manuscript examines the medicalization of marijuana by analyzing today's extremely successful medicinal marijuana movement (1996 to 2004). Both criminalization and medicalization affect state subjectivity and have markedly different outcomes for all societal actors impacted by each different process. The results reveal that: medicalization theory has utility for providing a framework by which both medicalization and criminalization can be studied; the Foucaultian method displays potential for the advancement of our understanding of the way new definitions and new deviant designations successfully emerge over time and become sovereign; and, the contemporary process of marijuana medicalization obviates any discussion of the unconstitutional nature of all anti-drug legislation in America.

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"London brings into view the surfaces by which past and present statements occur; as conductive, hostile or inconsequential to the production and subsequent reproduction of statements associated with either deviant designation." - Prof. Robert M. Regoli University of Colorado "London has found a strategic site for juxtaposing criminalization and medicalization. The end result is an account that challenges readers, no matter their orientation, to reconsider assumptions and conventional wisdom at both the 'folk' and 'expert' levels. The account provokes and invites critical thinking (and thus probably some criticism)..." - Prof. Lonn Lanza-Kaduce University of Florida"

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London, Jeffrey M.
Published by Edwin Mellen Pr (2009)
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London, Jeffrey M.
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