Wu, himself a prisoner in the Chinese laogai (forced labor camps) for 19 years, presents a well-documented analysis of the several thousand laogai where an estimated 16-20 million Chinese, perhaps 10% of them political offenders, labor on prison farms, & in factories & workshops, in a harsh atmosphere permeated by sadism, torture, & malnutrition. He provides the most comprehensive documentation of where & how China handles its prisons, & of the part played by prison labor -- a source of reliable & cheap production -- in China's surge into the international market economy. Illustrated.
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