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After a decade of dictatorship, the resurrection of democratic forces in Chile began with the debt crisis and recession of the early 1980s. Mass demonstrations erupted and political parties revived with unexpected vigor despite the repression of General Augusto Pinochet's regime. The United States pressed for democratization. In 1988, to the astonishment of the world, Pinochet allowed his oppenents to win an honest plebiscite and accepted the resulting transition to democracy. The Struggle for Democracy in Chile, 1982-1990 is the first book to discuss in comprehensive detail that unusual transition. This book provides background on the evolution of the military dictatorship in the 1970s and then concentrates on its erosion in the 1980s. It concludes with the installation of Patricio Aylwin as the democratically elected president in 1990. Here, eleven leading experts examine how the most significant social and political sectors reacted to liberalization in the 1980s, and how the opposition took advantage of the dictatorship's own legality to bring about an end to authoritarian rule. First the book examines the Pinochet regime's supporters, with essays by Arturo Valenzuela ("The Military Power"), Augusto Varas ("The Crisis of Legitimacy of Authoritarianism"), Eduardo Silva ("The Political Economy of Regime Transition"), and Guillermo Campero ("Entrepreneurs under the Military Regime"). Second, it studies Pinochet's opponents, with chapters by María Elena Valenzuela ("The New Roles of Women"), Alan Angell ("Unions and Workers in the 1980s"), Manuel Antonio Garretón ("The Political Opposition and the Party System"), Carlos Portales ("External Factors and the Authoritarian Regime"), and Felipe Larraín ("The Economic Challenges of Democratic Development").
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Editors Paul W. Drake and Iván Jaksic contribute an analytical introduction. Drake is a professor of political science and history at the University of California, San Diego, and past president of the Latin American Studies Association. He is the author of Socialism and Populism in Chile, 1932-52 (1978). Jaksic, an associate professor of history and director of the Center for Latin America at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, is the author of Academic Rebels in China: The Role of Philosophy in Higher Education and Politics (1989).
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Book Description University of Nebraska Press, 1991. Paperback. Condition: New. Never used!. Seller Inventory # P110803265883
Book Description University of Nebraska Press, 1991. Paperback. Condition: New. Seller Inventory # DADAX0803265883
Book Description University of Nebraska Press, 1991. Condition: New. book. Seller Inventory # M0803265883