The Pastoral Role of the Roman Catholic Church in Pre-Famine Ireland, 1750-1850

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9780813214573: The Pastoral Role of the Roman Catholic Church in Pre-Famine Ireland, 1750-1850

In this new volume, noted Irish historian Emmet Larkin turns his attention to the pastoral challenges the Roman Catholic Church faced in ministering to an exploding population of Irish Catholics in the years before the Great Famine of 1847. The extraordinary increase in the population of Ireland from the mid-eighteenth to the mid-nineteenth century combined with a lack of financial resources available to the church as well as a shortage of clergy and sacred space proved to be crucial for adopting new methods of ministering to the Irish Catholic community. How the Irish Church attempted to respond to these various challenges, and how it was thus uniquely shaped by them, is the central theme of this study.



Using impressive statistical and documentary support, Larkin analyzes the population boom, the Irish clergy between 1750 and 1850--its makeup, conduct, and duties--and the shortage of chapels. Larkin describes how the Church in Ireland tried to cope with its problems not only by increasing the number of priests and chapels, but also through the informal sanction of the unique Irish custom of "Stations." The custom involved transforming the Irish secular clergy into a part-time itinerant ministry in a circuit of their parishes for some four months of the year at Christmas and Easter, when they collected their dues and provided their parishioners with catechesis and the sacraments of confession and communion in the designated houses of the more substantial members of their congregations. While the custom of Stations certainly had the pastoral advantage of rationalizing and ameliorating the difficulties in regard to the shortage of clergy and sacred space, it also had the effect of further rooting religious practice in the home rather than in the church or chapel, which was totally at variance with the Tridentine norm of church-centered practice on the continent, and which rendered the Pre-Famine Irish Church increasingly unique in the Universal Church.



This study continues Larkin's ongoing research on the Church in Ireland. Among his many previously published works are The Historical Dimensions of Irish Catholicism and The Roman Catholic Church and the Emergence of the Modern Irish Political System, 1874-1878, both from CUA Press.


ABOUT THE AUTHOR:


Emmet Larkin is professor of history at the University of Chicago.



PRAISE FOR THE BOOK:



"As part of his remarkable history of the Catholic Church in Ireland, Emmet Larkin here recreates pre-famine Irish Catholic society in all its richness and vibrancy. In a work of commanding authority and impressive analytical power, Larkin demonstrates how Irish Catholics emerged from the era of persecution to build a truly national Church--capable of providing sufficient pastoral care in the face of a rapidly expanding population and thus enabling the Church to defeat the efforts of the state-supported 'New Reformation' to proselytise the Irish people."--Stewart J. Brown, Professor of Ecclesiastical History, University of Edinburgh



"There are some books that deal with aspects of pre-Famine Irish Catholicism, but none can compete with Larkin's in broad coverage, detail, source evidence, subject knowledge, and brilliance of interpretation."--Lawrence J. McCaffrey, Professor Emeritus of History, Loyola University Chicago



"In this penultimate volume of his monumental study of Irish Catholicism, Larkin draws upon his unparalleled mastery of both archival and statistical sources to demonstrate how difficult it was, during the unprecedented population explosion culminating in the famine of the 1840s, for the Church to carry out the pastoral mission prescribed by the Council of Trent. His work sets the agenda for the next generation of historians of religion in modern Ireland."--David W. Miller, Professor of History, Carnegie Mellon University



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From the Back Cover:

"As part of his remarkable history of the Catholic Church in Ireland, Emmet Larkin here recreates pre-famine Irish Catholic society in all its richness and vibrancy. In a work of commanding authority and impressive analytical power, Larkin demonstrates how Irish Catholics emerged from the era of persecution to build a truly national Church--capable of providing sufficient pastoral care in the face of a rapidly expanding population and thus enabling the Church to defeat the efforts of the state-supported 'New Reformation' to proselytise the Irish people."--Stewart J. Brown, Professor of Ecclesiastical History, University of Edinburgh. "There are some books that deal with aspects of pre-Famine Irish Catholicism, but none can compete with Larkin’s in broad coverage, detail, source evidence, subject knowledge, and brilliance of interpretation."—Lawrence J. McCaffrey, Professor Emeritus of History, Loyola University Chicago

"In this penultimate volume of his monumental study of Irish Catholicism, Larkin draws upon his unparalleled mastery of both archival and statistical sources to demonstrate how difficult it was, during the unprecedented population explosion culminating in the famine of the 1840s, for the Church to carry out the pastoral mission prescribed by the Council of Trent. His work sets the agenda for the next generation of historians of religion in modern Ireland."—David W. Miller, Professor of History, Carnegie Mellon University

"[This book] will be one of the most important books in Irish history to be published in recent decades. The matter of the book—archival material and empirical data—is all original and of compelling importance. Yet even this is overshadowed by the thesis the book offers and the fascinating argumentation Larkin uses to establish it."—James H. Murphy, Associate Professor of English and Director of Irish Studies, DePaul University

About the Author:

Emmet Larkin is professor of history at the University of Chicago.

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