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The Ibaloi village of Kabayan Poblacion combines a subsistence agricultural economy with a market economy that has grown up as a result of subsequent waves of colonization. The Spanish arrived in the sixteenth century, following the trail of gold and slave-bearing Chinese trade junks, and were followed in 1898 by the Americans. The Ibaloi, who were gold miners and traders, cattle barons and vegetable producers, have since then come to be known as an Hispanicized uplands people, acculturated to Western ways and struggling to come to grips with new economic realities.
This book examines the Ibaloi property system and demonstrates that the changes which have taken place since the Spanish arrival were complex and had numerous directions and relationships, many of them steered by the nature of Ibaloi society itself, others by the Spanish, and still others by the resources of Benguet Province. What began as a study of the Ibaloi property system rapidly became an exercise in understanding developments over time in social stratification, ritual and law.
Wiber’s research has led her to challenge the dependency theory of legal pluralism, whereby peripheral zones are forced into economic dependency by having to exist within two legal structures, their own and another imposed by a central power zone, in favour of the social science view of legal pluralism. Thus all heterogeneous societies experience legal pluralism, but in different and individual ways, as people have a tendency to manipulate the law to their own advantage. She also takes issue with the narrowness of current anthropological terms relating to property systems and whether they are applicable to non-Western societies and argues for a reorientation of anthropology to end the tendency to generate simplistic models of property, kinship and law.
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Melanie G. Wiber received her Ph.D. in anthropology from the University of Alberta. Her research interests include development studies, legal anthropology and gender studies. She is the author of Politics, Property and Law in the Philippine Upland (WLU Press) and co–editor with Joep Spiertz of The Role of Law in Natural Resources Management, which is available in North America from WLU Press.Review:
"[P]rovides a more general critique of the conventional theoretical association of bilateral kinship with communal property and unilineal kinship with corporate property....this well-written monograph provides a welcome eye-opener for development experts working to increase local-level participation in environmental conservation efforts in the Philippine uplands. It also breaks new ground in understanding the theoretical underpinnings of property law in non-Western societies." -- The Journal of Asian Studies
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Book Description Wilfrid Laurier University Press, Waterloo, ON, Canada, 1994. Soft Cover. Condition: Good. GOOD softcover, underlining/some marginalia in pencil, uncreased spine, clean exterior; a good reading/study copy. Seller Inventory # 081367