The Concrete Battleship: Fort Drum, El Fraile Island, Manila Bay

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9780929521060: The Concrete Battleship: Fort Drum, El Fraile Island, Manila Bay
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Fort Drum on El Fraile Island in the Philippines is unique in the development of United States coastal fortifications. Fort Drum is part of a chain of forts built across the entrance of Manila Bay to defend the Bay from naval attack. The construction of Fort Drum began in 1909 by reducing tiny El Fraile Island to the low water mark. Over the next ten years a multi-deck concrete island was built to mount two twin 14-inch guns in superimposed Army designed armored turrets. The completed work rises 40 feet above sea level, it is 350 feet long and 144 across at its widest point. The exterior walls are up to 28 feet thick and the top deck attains a thickness of 20 feet of re-enforced concrete. The interior of the fort held a large engine room, powder and shell magazines, a mining casemate, storerooms and tankage, a accommodations for 300 personnel. The design of the fort followed a naval pattern with turrets, a cage mast, and secondary armament in side casemates. Due to these characteristics, Fort Drum became known as the "Concrete Battleship." When completed in 1918, Fort Drum was the most powerful defense work in Manila Bay, but the advances in military technology during World War I already began to make the fort obsolete. The post World War I reduction in military spending, the restrictions of the Washington Naval Treaty of 1922, and economic depression of the 1930s resulted in Fort Drum being quickly reduced to caretaker status until the coming of World War II. Fort Drum became an important weapon during the Japanese siege of Corregidor and the other island forts during 1942 but only play a minor role during the American retaking of these islands in 1945. The battles of World War II would transform Fort Drum from an American-manned, fully operating fort to a burned-out hulk inhabited by lifeless Japanese sailors. This revised and enlarged 64 page softbound volume tells the story of The Concrete Battleship in words, diagrams, and photographs from its inception to the present day.

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About the Author:

Terrance McGovern has authored seven books and numerous articles on fortifications, four of those books being for Osprey s Fortress Series (American Defenses of Corregidor and Manila Bay 1898 1945; Defenses of Pearl Harbor and Oahu 1907 50; American Coastal Defenses 1885 1950; Defenses of Bermuda 1612-1995). He has also published 11 books on coast defense and fortifications through Redoubt Press or CDSG Press. Terry was Chairman of the US-based Coast Defense Study Group and continues to be a long-time officer. He has also been the editor of the Fortress Study Group annual journal, FORT. He is a director of the International Fortress Council and the Council on America s Military Past.

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Allen, Francis J.
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Book Description Pictorial Histories Publishing. Softcover. Condition: New. Revised Edition.. 64 pages. Softcover. New book. MILITARY. Fort Drum, El Fraile Island, Manila Bay. This book traces the history of this little-known World War II fort site which now lies abandoned and severely damaged in Manila Bay. 80 photos, maps. (Key Words: Military, Philippines, Forts, El Fraile Island, Francis J. Allen, Fort Drum, World War II, Second World War). book. Seller Inventory # 55872X8

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Allen, Francis J.
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Book Description Pictorial Histories Publishing. Softcover. Condition: New. Revised Edition.. 64 pages. Softcover. New book. MILITARY. Fort Drum, El Fraile Island, Manila Bay. This book traces the history of this little-known World War II fort site which now lies abandoned and severely damaged in Manila Bay. 80 photos, maps. (Key Words: Military, Philippines, Forts, El Fraile Island, Francis J. Allen, Fort Drum, World War II, Second World War). book. Seller Inventory # 55872X7

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Book Description Pictorial Histories Publishing, 1999. Paperback. Condition: New. Never used!. Seller Inventory # P110929521064

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