The Invisible War: African American Anti-Slavery Resistance from the Stono Rebellion through the Seminole Wars

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9780932863508: The Invisible War: African American Anti-Slavery Resistance from the Stono Rebellion through the Seminole Wars

The Invisible War attempts to redress a fundamental misconception lodged in the heart of American historiography: the notion that there was no significant collective resistance to or struggle against slavery by captured Africans who had been forcibly immigrated to the United States from the mother continent. Such a lacuna may stem from the extent to which then-contemporary records sought to disguise the true nature of what are presently called the Seminole Wars––as just another set of Indian wars, rather than a struggle of African resistance to slavery, conducted in alliance with Indian resistance to ongoing colonial encroachment. While academic and public understanding celebrate the heroes of the Underground Railroad for facilitating the movement of Africans towards freedom in the north, there is virtual silence surrounding the more logical, more sizeable, and more politically significant movement of self-liberated Africans southward to free territories in what is now Georgia and Florida. From these southern territories, communities of free Africans were to wage a constant struggle against the slavery-based colonies to the north. Both by force of arms and by example, they represented an ongoing threat to the existence of Anglo-Carolinian-institutionalized slavery. In witness whereof, a scant 40 years after the termination of the Third Seminole War, African fighters would ally with the northern armies during the Civil War in order to finally bring the enslavement system to an end. While any government at war might censor and reinterpret conflicts in order to quell public fears and solicit support, why has subsequent American scholarship failed to challenge the records, emphases and interpretations of the so-called Seminole Wars? Why hasn’t it replaced the old “master-slave” lexicon governing ethnic relations––which reflected Anglo-Carolinian efforts during the enslavement period to codify and legalize the institutions of slavery––with more objective contemporary terminology? This book challenges contemporary scholars to free the history of African Americans from the lexicon of enslavement, and to set the record of their struggle straight.

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About the Author:

Y. N. Kly is Professor Emeritus, School of Human Justice, University of Regina, and a former consultant to government and a wide range of ethnic groups on minority issues. Author of five books and numerous articles, he won the Gustavus Myers Outstanding Book Award in 1990 and 1995 for International Law and the Black Minority in the US, and for A Popular Guide to Minority Rights. He chairs an international NGO in consultative status at the UN.

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This book seeks to impel scholars to resist the lop-sided interpretive blanket which has viewed historical events from the perspective of the Anglo-American colonists and to view them also from the perspective of those captured, those resisting, those who did not see their captors as "masters," nor themselves as ‘slaves," who did not acknowledge as their names, the names which had been given them, or even as their religion, the religion which had been imposed on them, who did not agree to but were forced into exploitative and oppressive inter-ethnic relations. Why has American public understanding so celebrated the journeys to the north, and not what may have been the first North American liberation struggle, the Gullah War? Even today, American historiography and popular culture celebrate the Underground Railroad to the North, while ignoring the struggle waged against the enslavement system itself, waged by free Africans who had fled to the South—whose collective efforts and presence were deemed so threatening that colonial armies were sent out against them. The "flight" of hapless individuals, shepherded by courageous guides, to "freedom" in the northern U.S. and Canada has been magnified out of all proportion as the primary manifestation of African-American resistance to captivity. Who has not heard of Harriet Tubman? Of Sojourner Truth? But who has heard of the leaders and fighters of the resisting Africans who fled, not north, but south? Who challenged the system, rather than merely escaping it? Who has heard of Ibrahim? Of John Horse? Who knows the real truth of the Indian warrior, Osceola, who fought with Africans, one of whose wives was African? Who knows that the cover-up of African resistance went to the extent that their struggle of resistance and liberation was historically recorded as wars by resisting elements of American First Nations? Disguised as Indian wars (the Seminole Wars) in the official documents and newspaper reports of the victors, the captured Africans? anti-colonial war of liberation was waged from the free territories of the South, and threatened the hold of what was then a numerical minority of Europeans resting fearfully atop an expansive enslavement system trembling with acts of revolt, large and small, real and imagined, recognized and successfully disguised.

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Y. N. Kly
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Book Description Clarity Press, United States, 2008. Paperback. Book Condition: New. Language: English . Brand New Book. The Invisible War attempts to redress a fundamental misconception lodged in the heart of American historiography: the notion that there was no significant collective resistance to or struggle against slavery by captured Africans who had been forcibly immigrated to the United States from the mother continent. Such a lacuna may stem from the extent to which then-contemporary records sought to disguise the true nature of what are presently called the Seminole Wars--as just another set of Indian wars, rather than a struggle of African resistance to slavery, conducted in alliance with Indian resistance to ongoing colonial encroachment. While academic and public understanding celebrate the heroes of the Underground Railroad for facilitating the movement of Africans towards freedom in the north, there is virtual silence surrounding the more logical, more sizeable, and more politically significant movement of self-liberated Africans southward to free territories in what is now Georgia and Florida. From these southern territories, communities of free Africans were to wage a constant struggle against the slavery-based colonies to the north. Both by force of arms and by example, they represented an ongoing threat to the existence of Anglo-Carolinian-institutionalized slavery. In witness whereof, a scant 40 years after the termination of the Third Seminole War, African fighters would ally with the northern armies during the Civil War in order to finally bring the enslavement system to an end. While any government at war might censor and reinterpret conflicts in order to quell public fears and solicit support, why has subsequent American scholarship failed to challenge the records, emphases and interpretations of the so-called Seminole Wars? Why hasn t it replaced the old master-slave lexicon governing ethnic relations--which reflected Anglo-Carolinian efforts during the enslavement period to codify and legalize the institutions of slavery--with more objective contemporary terminology? This book challenges contemporary scholars to free the history of African Americans from the lexicon of enslavement, and to set the record of their struggle straight. Bookseller Inventory # AAJ9780932863508

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Book Description Clarity Press, United States, 2008. Paperback. Book Condition: New. Language: English . Brand New Book. The Invisible War attempts to redress a fundamental misconception lodged in the heart of American historiography: the notion that there was no significant collective resistance to or struggle against slavery by captured Africans who had been forcibly immigrated to the United States from the mother continent. Such a lacuna may stem from the extent to which then-contemporary records sought to disguise the true nature of what are presently called the Seminole Wars--as just another set of Indian wars, rather than a struggle of African resistance to slavery, conducted in alliance with Indian resistance to ongoing colonial encroachment. While academic and public understanding celebrate the heroes of the Underground Railroad for facilitating the movement of Africans towards freedom in the north, there is virtual silence surrounding the more logical, more sizeable, and more politically significant movement of self-liberated Africans southward to free territories in what is now Georgia and Florida. From these southern territories, communities of free Africans were to wage a constant struggle against the slavery-based colonies to the north. Both by force of arms and by example, they represented an ongoing threat to the existence of Anglo-Carolinian-institutionalized slavery. In witness whereof, a scant 40 years after the termination of the Third Seminole War, African fighters would ally with the northern armies during the Civil War in order to finally bring the enslavement system to an end. While any government at war might censor and reinterpret conflicts in order to quell public fears and solicit support, why has subsequent American scholarship failed to challenge the records, emphases and interpretations of the so-called Seminole Wars? Why hasn t it replaced the old master-slave lexicon governing ethnic relations--which reflected Anglo-Carolinian efforts during the enslavement period to codify and legalize the institutions of slavery--with more objective contemporary terminology? This book challenges contemporary scholars to free the history of African Americans from the lexicon of enslavement, and to set the record of their struggle straight. Bookseller Inventory # AAJ9780932863508

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Book Description Clarity Press 2/25/2015, 2015. Paperback or Softback. Book Condition: New. The Invisible War: The African-American War of Liberation, 1739-1858. Book. Bookseller Inventory # BBS-9780932863508

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Book Description Clarity Press, Inc. Paperback. Book Condition: New. Paperback. 192 pages. Dimensions: 8.4in. x 5.5in. x 0.6in.The Invisible War attempts to redress a fundamental misconception lodged in the heart of American historiography: the notion that there was no significant collective resistance to or struggle against slavery by captured Africans who had been forcibly immigrated to the United States from the mother continent. Such a lacuna may stem from the extent to which then-contemporary records sought to disguise the true nature of what are presently called the Seminole Warsas just another set of Indian wars, rather than a struggle of African resistance to slavery, conducted in alliance with Indian resistance to ongoing colonial encroachment. While academic and public understanding celebrate the heroes of the Underground Railroad for facilitating the movement of Africans towards freedom in the north, there is virtual silence surrounding the more logical, more sizeable, and more politically significant movement of self-liberated Africans southward to free territories in what is now Georgia and Florida. From these southern territories, communities of free Africans were to wage a constant struggle against the slavery-based colonies to the north. Both by force of arms and by example, they represented an ongoing threat to the existence of Anglo-Carolinian-institutionalized slavery. In witness whereof, a scant 40 years after the termination of the Third Seminole War, African fighters would ally with the northern armies during the Civil War in order to finally bring the enslavement system to an end. While any government at war might censor and reinterpret conflicts in order to quell public fears and solicit support, why has subsequent American scholarship failed to challenge the records, emphases and interpretations of the so-called Seminole Wars Why hasnt it replaced the old master-slave lexicon governing ethnic relationswhich reflected Anglo-Carolinian efforts during the enslavement period to codify and legalize the institutions of slaverywith more objective contemporary terminology This book challenges contemporary scholars to free the history of African Americans from the lexicon of enslavement, and to set the record of their struggle straight. This item ships from multiple locations. Your book may arrive from Roseburg,OR, La Vergne,TN. Paperback. Bookseller Inventory # 9780932863508

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