The Stoics of ancient Greece and Rome believed that the Universe is determined while only the human mind is free.
Strong AI is the philosophical belief that man-made computers may one day become so complex that they will become conscious without any new technology that we do not already posses.
J.S. Mill believed that all decisions and actions should bring the greatest good to the greatest number of people.
Immanuel Kant's moral imperative states that one should only make decisions that one would wish for everyone else to make.
The Self: An Ontological Study of Psychology is an inquiry into the heart of philosophy of mind. In an eloquent and often complex synthesis of such diverse fields as philosophy, physics and psychology, Jason P. Rudd has created a model of the mind that may help to bring us closer to a complete understanding of ourselves and of the Universe from which we came. Equipped with his new model, Rudd refocuses the study of philosophy and thinks through a new system of etheics that seems to naturally follow those laid out by history.
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Jason P. Rudd graduated from Maryville University St. Louis in 2003. His areas of study include philosophy, history of science, transcultural theology and occupational science. Rudd holds a graduate degree in occupational therapy and is currently working as a therapist and writer in St. Louis, Mo.Excerpt. © Reprinted by permission. All rights reserved.:
Upon my latest visit to the St. Louis Art Museum, I found myself unable to leave the room where the Max Beckmann paintings were on display. I was intrigued by the artist's enigmatic symbolism. His work is among the greatest of all twentieth century art. After leaving the room, I decided to stop by the museum's gift shop to see if I could find a book that might tell me a little more about Beckmann's work. The shop had a few books on Beckmann including one that I just had to have. Its title was Beckmann and The Self by Sister Wendy Beckett. I was especially interested in this book because it appeared to contain the artist's philosophical motivation for painting. After purchasing the book I went to my library of choice and began reading. The book was filled with illustrations and educative criticism that kept my interest throughout. While the reading did prove to be informative, and well worth my last twenty-five dollars, it did not contain an elaborate philosophy on B! eckmann's conception of self-identity as I had suspected. What it did contain was Beckmann's work in context of his time and a proposed theory behind the painting of his self-portraits.
Beckmann painted a large number of these self-portraits and even portrayed himself symbolically in most of his other works. After years of research on the work of Max Beckmann, Sister Wendy Beckett concluded that "he painted himself as if thereby to find himself. If he could make visible, he seemed to feel, these lineaments, that expression, that visual record of his experience, then he might come to a deeper understanding of what he was." (Beckett, 1997, p.9)
This may very well have been the motivation for Beckmann's work. All humans desire self-knowledge. Each of us seems to wrestle with this personal journey in our own way. Beckmann just so happened to use his artistic talents to create self-portraits. There may be some significance in the act of painting. The new area of study referred to as occupational science argues for the significance of all activity as a meaningful endeavor. By painting himself, Beckmann must have thought he would be able to study the painting to acquire a better understanding of himself. Could this have simply been his uniquely individualized method toward self-realization, or did Beckmann possess some profound knowledge that justifies his artistic stature?
On first interpretation it may seem primitive or even lacking to think that to know oneself, one need only to draw a self-portrait. It may seem easier, and more accurate, to look at one's own reflection. Even the ancient Greeks had polished metals for showing one's reflection. Could we not conclude that one need only to view one's physical reflection to obey the old parable "know thyself?" - not for holistic self-knowledge. To "know thyself" one must not only view the outer aspects of one's physical body, but also the inner aspects of one's self. The latter would definitely prove not to be a sufficient effect of viewing physical characteristics. To have true self-knowledge one must engage one's inner self in the workings of the outer body, or even the outer world.
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Book Description U.S.A.: Outskirts Press, 2003. Soft cover. Book Condition: New. No Jacket. Language: eng Language: eng. Bookseller Inventory # ABE-14991777784