This book is a comprehensive summary of numerous studies carried out for several decades at the Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute (AARI), Russia. In fact it is an edited translation of the AARI report on the dangers posed by highly unusual and often dramatic deterioration in local ice conditions that can create conditions for severe accidents for vessels operating in the Arctic seas. Such ice phenomena have been the main cause of the majority of marine accidents in ice-infested waters. The authors identified and classified the ice phenomena dangerous for shipping in the Arctic seas. For every phenomenon is described in detail with respect to its origination and development, hydrometeorological conditions at the time of its occurrence, its geographical locale and distribution in time, occurrence probability, and other pertinent specifics. The book is addressed to a wide range of specialists involved in the shipping business in polar non-polar freezing waters. It is a good source of information for ship designers and operators, ice hydrologists, oceanologists, regulatory agencies, research institutions, design offices, shipping companies, naval and maritime academies and organizations, universities and colleges. Ch.1. Classifying the ice phenomena dangerous for shipping. Ch.2. Ice compressions. Ch.3. Intensive ice drift - ice rivers. Ch.4. Sticking of snow-ice pillow to vessel's bow. Ch.5. Narrowing channel in fast ice behind icebreaker. Ch.6. Stamukhas and icebergs. Ch.7. Unusually early freezing of sea areas. Ch.8. Intrusion of sever ice features into shipping lines. Ch.9. Icing of vessels. References, Subject Index and Name Index.
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