Biennial report - Kansas State Board of Agriculture Volume 22

 
9781130156058: Biennial report - Kansas State Board of Agriculture Volume 22
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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1921 Excerpt: ...that number, and for exceptional years like 1919 the number might more nearly approximate 100,000. A slight increase in wheat acreage makes a tremendous increase in the number of men that must be imported. Each fifty acres increase above normal acreage requires the importation of one additional man; each million acres increase requires the importation of 20,000 additional men. It is customary in a few of our leading wheat counties for the working male population of the county to be more than doubled during Fig. 57. Map of Kansas, showing average acreage of wheat harvested each year, 1916 to 1920, each dot representing one thousand acres. the harvesting period. The following formula for finding the number of men needed in each county was first suggested by Geo. E. Piper during his connection with the Kansas State Agricultural College, and has been used with success as a rough indication of the needs in the county: Total acreage of wheat to be harvested _ Number farm laborers = Number 50 (average acres per man) already in county men to (No. farms x 1-3) be imported. Whether or not other small grains should be included with wheat in this formula depends upon the extent to which they conflict in date with the wheat harvest. The formula does not take into account that a considerable "overseeing the job," etc. Additional labor must be imported to replace that so employed. War demands for increased wheat production, with a greatly decreased labor supply, made the years of 1918 and 1919 the most difficult labor years the state has ever seen. Industrial conditions and high labor wages in the city carried the labor shortage into 1920, presenting a problem almost as serious as that of the previous year. On moist years, when there is a big growth of straw and...

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