Field operations of the Bureau of Soils Volume 1-27

9781130387346: Field operations of the Bureau of Soils Volume 1-27
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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1915 Excerpt: ...among the first to be cleared and they are still producing good crops. The deficiency in organic matter may be remedied by the growing of green manuring crops. These may be planted either at the last cultivation of the two staple crops or made a step of a regular rotation. Lime should be used in conjunction with the green manures in order to promote the decomposition of the vegetable matter. The use of winter cover crops and contour farming would do much to check erosion. The steeper slopes should be kept in grass and used for pasture. Deeper plowing would enable the soil to absorb and retain a larger amount of moisture. Frequent and shallow cultivation should be practiced in order to form a dust mulch and to decrease the loss of moisture by evaporation. The farmers should adopt definite rotation of crops, including some legume. Peaches of good color and flavor are produced on the type and peach growing on a commercial scale would doubtless prove profitable. ORANQERUBO FINE SAND. The soil of the Orangeburg fine sand is a gray to reddish-gray fine sand from 20 to 30 inches deep with an average depth of about 24 inches. This is underlain by a few inches of red loamy fine sand, which grades into a heavy, red fine sandy loam, extending to a depth of 3 feet or more. The texture of the subsoil and the depth of the soil are subject to considerable variation. Gravel is often scattered over the surface and throughout the soil in large quantities. The soil is loose and easily worked under a wide range of moisture conditions. The largest area of the type occupies the rolling country about 3 miles east of Woodlawn in the vicinity of the artificial lakes, Bonita, Highland, and Fern. It is traversed by a number of V-shaped draws and is one of the rougher portions of the ...

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