This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1917 Excerpt: ...should be specially trained in its mechanism, and have a higher knowledge of its tactical use, but primarily it should be regarded as every man's weapon. D. Machine guns and automatic weapons, acting solely by fire, can prepare an offensive movement or repulse an attack, but can not themselves gain ground. This r61e must always be left to the infantry, or with cavalry, to the man and horse combined. It can therefore be said that, whenever action by fire alone is sufficient for the desired tactical result, it may be advantageous to use machine guns and automatic weapons rather than men, reserving the latter for combined operation by movement and fire. They may. and in fact often do, economize men. B. Machine guns and automatic weapons produce a dense, deep, but narrow cone of fire. Traversing widens the zone, but the consequent loss of density weakens the effect very considerably. Their fire has therefore the maximum power on narrowfronted, deep objectives. Flanking fire must therefore always be sought for, and frontal fire will only have its full effect against troops who are compelled by the accidents of ground or obstacles to narrow their front. All automatic machine rifles, by reason of their small detachments and ease of concealment, possess the power of surprise action with all the effect this produces. Opening fire by surprise should therefore ulways be sought for, and automatic machine rifles should never give away their positions by opening fire without full justification and a certainty of producing the desired effect. F. If the above general principles are departed from, as they may be in exceptional cases, the sole justification must be an affirmative answer to the question, Does the result hoped for justify the expenditure of ammunition? G. The ...
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